初三系列复习资料(
  19)补全对话考点集汇,讲解和训练 十九、补全对话及其解题方法 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 补全对话是以书面形式考查考生英语口头交际能力和逻辑思维能力的一种题型。 该题给考生三段对话, 每段对话挖去 3-4 个句子,让考生把挖去的句子补全。考查点主要是:
  1. 情景会话能力;
  2. 逻辑思维能力; 【名师解难】 名师解难】 补全对话命题的范围集中在初中阶段学习过的 30 个交际项目。因此牢固掌握着 30 个交际项目所包括 的各种句型,习惯用语是至关重要的。除此而外,我们还要做到下面几点:
  1. 通读对话全文,摸清对话发生的地点、时间,人物的身份,对话的内容。
  2. 理清上下句的逻辑关系,使你填入的话和整篇对话文理通顺,融为一体;
  3. 符合说英语国家人的习惯,不要按中国人的习惯去应答。
  4. 注意空白处的标点。是问号就应填问句;是句号,就应填陈述句。 【中考范例】 中考范例】 请看 2004 年陕西省中考试题: VI. 补全对话(共 10 空,每空
  1.5 分,计 15 分) 根据下面对话中的情景,在每空中填入一个适当的语句,使对话恢复完整。 (A) A: Good afternoon, John! B: 1, Li Wei. A: I hear you are going to Kunming for a winter holiday. B: Yes, I’ll go next week. A: 2? B: It’s neither too cold nor too hot. It’s warm there. A:
  3. B: Thank you. 【解析】这段对话发生在 John 和 Li Wei 之间。Li Wei 向 John 问下午好,按照说英语国家人的习 解析】 惯,John 也应该回答下午好,所以第 1 个空应填:Good afternoon。第二个空的下一句是回答昆明 地天气情况,因此我们可以推断,第 2 个空应该是询问昆明的天气,应填:What’s the weather like in Kunming? / How is the weather there? 从第 3 个空的答语 Thank you, 我们可以推断对方一定是说 了祝愿的话。所以这个空可以填:Have a good time./ Have a good journey./ I’m sure you will have a good time. (B) A: Hi, Peter! How are you today? B:
  4. And you? A: I’m OK. Are you free tomorrow? B: 5? A: We’re going to the park. 6? B: Of course. I’d like to go with you. 7? A: We are going to meet at the school gate at one o’clock. Please be there on time. B: OK. Thank you. 第 【解析】 解析】这段对话写的是两个熟人见面互相问候并相约去公园的事。 4 个空应该是回答对方的问 话 How are you today?的答语, 所以应是: Fine, (I’m fine.) thank you. 第 5 个空紧接问句 Are you free
tomorrow? 根据整个谈话的内容判断: 应回答 Yes, why?/ Yes, what’s up? 第 6 个空是个问句, 因为 句末是问号,其答语是:Of course. I’d like to go with you. 由此我们判断,对方是在邀请和他一起 到公园去,因此,此空应填:Would you like to go with us?/ Will you go with us? 第 7 个空又是一个 问句,其答语是:We are going to meet at the school gate at one o’clock. Please be there on time. 由此 我们判断对方问的是见面的时间和地点,所以应填:When and where are we going to meet?/ When and where shall we meet?
(C) A: Dad. I can’t find my socks. 8? B: Let me see. Are they white? A: Yes. 9? B: I saw them in our sitting-room just now. You may go and get them. A: Oh! Here they are! B: You should put your things away. A:
  10. 【解析】这是父子(女)之间的一段谈话。谈话的内容地找东西。第 8 个空是个问句,而且空前的句 解析】 子是 Dad. I can’t find my socks. 由此,我们判断:儿子(女儿)是想问父亲见到没有,英语应该是: Have you seen them? 当父亲问他是不是白色的时候, 他回答 Yes. 既然父亲知道是白色的, 那就肯定 见到过, 因此第 9 个空应填儿子 (女儿) 的问话: 你在什麽地方见到的?英语就是: Where did you see them?/ Where are they? 第 10 个空的前面一句是父亲教训他的话, 那末紧接着他应该表示接受。 英语 就是:Yes, I will./ OK, I will. / OK, I won’t do that again. 【满分演练】 满分演练】 (
  1) A: Hi, Bill! You’re reading the novel again. B: Yes, Tom. I’ll never be tired of it. A: 1?? B: Three times. Every time I read it, I can always learn something new. A: Really? 2?? B: Charles Dickens. I think he is a great English writer. What about you? A:
  3. He is also my favorite foreign writer. Please let me have a look at it.? B: OK, here you are! What do you think of this novel? A:
  4. I haven’t seen such a novel for long. Where did you buy it? B: In the Rose Bookshop. A: I don’t know where it is. 5? B: No. Only 10 minutes walk from here, next to the People’s Cinema. A: Oh, I see. I’m going there to get one, too. Thank you! B: You’re welcome! (
  2) ??(Li Meng and John have just finished swimming.) Li Meng: How nice and cool the water is! But I’m feeling a bit hungry now. 1 ?? John: Sounds good.
Li Meng: Do you know 2 ?
John:
Yes, there is.
Li Meng:
  3? John: It’s only five minutes’ walk. Let’s go.
Li Meng: Yeah, let’s go. Oh, I almost forgot my CD player. John: 4 ?
Li Meng: Pop music. I often listen when I’m not busy. How about you? John: Light music. I think it can relax myself. 5?
Li Meng: Sure. John: OK. I can lend you some CDs. I’ll bring them to our school tomorrow. (
  3) Paul: 1? Fred: No, I don’t. But I have to cook this evening. Paul: 2? Fred: Because my mother is going out on business. I’ll have to cook myself. Paul: 3? Fred: My mother does. She can cook very well. Paul: Can your father cook? Fred: No, he can’t. Paul: 4? Fred: I’ll cook Italian noodles. Paul: 5! Fred: Thank you.? (
  4) Mrs Lee: Hello. 681785
  02. David: Hello.1?
Mrs Lee: Sorry.
  2. Can I take a message?? David: Yes. This is David, Bruce’s friend. I want to ask him for some Chinese ancient coins. He told me he had got some recently.
  3. I don’t care if they were made of different metals. I just want to add some more coins in my collection. Mrs Lee: OK. I’ll tell him. Would you like him to ring you back later? David: Well, I won’t be at home later this day. Would you please ask him to ring me tomorrow morning??
Mrs Lee: Sure. 4? David: Oh, sorry.
  5. The new number is 661298
  53.
Mrs Lee: OK. I’ll write a message for him. David: Mrs Lee: It’s really nice of you, Madam. Thank you very much. Goodbye! Bye! (
  5) A: Excuse me, I want to go to the library. 1 ? B: Go down this street and turn right at the second crossing. Go up the road to the end, you’ll find it. A: 2? B: It’s about 1,000 metres away from here. A: Oh. That’s quite a long way. B: Yes. You’d better take a bus. A: 3?
B: You can take the No.5 bus. It’ll take you there. A: 4? B: It takes about fifteen minutes. A:
  5. B: It’s a pleasure. (
  6) Kate: Hello! 1?
Mrs Read: I’m sorry Ann isn’t here right now. 2? Kate: This is Kate.
Mrs Read: She isn’t back yet. 3? Kate: That’s very kind of you. I’m calling to ask her if she is free tomorrow. It’s March 12th, Tree Planting Day tomorrow. And
  4. Mrs Read: I think she’ll be very glad to join you. Kate: We’ll meet at the school gate at 7:
  00.
  5.
Mrs Read: OK. I’ll let her know. Kate: Many thanks. Goodbye.
Mrs Read: Goodbye. (
  7) A:Good afternoon. What can I do for you?? B:I’d like to buy a washing machine.? A:Well,
  1.?Some are made in China, and some are made in other countries.? B:This one looks very nice. 2? A:In Germany.? B:3? A:Sure. You put the clothes in the machine, close the door and press this button.? B:It’s easy. How much is it?? A:4,000 yuan.? B:Wow, that’s too expensive!4 .? Do you have a cheaper one?? A:How about this one?? B:Oh,this one looks very good. And the price is OK.
  5.? (
  8) (Two friends meet each other after May Day.)? A:Nice to see you.? B:
  1. A:How did you spend May Day?? B:
  2.? A:Did you go to any other places?? B:No. What about you?? A: 3 I felt a bit sick then.? B:Oh, what a pity!
【练习答案】 练习答案 练习答案 (
  1)
  1. How many times have you read it?
  2. Who wrote it?/ Who is the writer?
  3. So do I ./ Me, too.
  4. It’s exciting / wonderful / great.
  5. Is it far from here? (
  2)
  1. Shall we have something to eat?/ Let’s have something to eat, shall we?/ How about having something to eat?
  2. if / whether there is a restaurant near here?
  3. How far is it from here?
  4. What kind music do you like?
  5. Would you like to try? (
  3)
  1. Do you like cooking?
  2. Why do you have to cook this evening?
  3. Who cooks every day in your family?
  4. What will cook this evening?
  5. Enjoy your noodles! (
  4)
  1. Could I speak to Bruce, please?
  2. He’s not in at the moment.
  3. I’m not sure he would give me one or two.
  4. Has he got your telephone number?
  5. My telephone number has changed. (
  5)
  1. Where is it? / How can I get to it?
  2. How far is it (from here)?
  3. Which bus should I take?
  4. How long does it take me to get there?
  5. Thank you very much. (
  6)
  1. May I speak to Ann, please?
  2. Who’s that (speaking)?
  3. Can I take a message?
  4. we are going to plant trees.
  5. Please tell her to be there on time. (
  7)
  1. We have (There are) many different kinds of washing machines here.
  2. Where is it made?
  3. Can you show me how to use it?
  4. I can’t afford it.
  5. I’ll take it. (
  8)
  1. Nice to see you, too.
  2. I went to …
  3. I stayed at home all the time.
 

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