中考英语题型分类之单选
中考英语单项选择题热点考点讲义
一、 时态考点 英语中每个动词的使用都应考虑其正确的时态, 而随着时间状语的不同和语境逻辑的变 换,每个动词的时态运用也各不相同。就总体情况而言,时态概念抽象,形式变化多样,语 境丰富灵活,用法纷繁复杂,是中学英语语法中的难点,其热点考查内容如下: 一、考查一般现在时用法 一般现在时可表示:现在持续性的动作或存在的状态,常以now, at present为存在标志; 现阶段经常发生的动作或者存在的状态, 常以usually, often, always, seldom, never, sometimes, every day为标志;客观事实或普遍真理,常以语境逻辑为存在标志。 例:Mid-Autumn Day usually in September or October every year.(2008北京朝 阳区) A. come B. comes C. is coming D. will come 析:B。usually 暗示该空表示现在一般性动作,因此应用一般现在时动词形式 comes。 二、考查一般过去时用法 一般过去时表示:过去特定时间发生的动作,常以an hour ago, last week, just now, in 1995等时间状语为标志; 过去经常性、 习惯性的动作, 常以usually, often, always, seldom, never, sometimes, every day为标志。 例
  1:We were in Qingdao last week and great fun there.(2008 北京) A. will have B. have had C. had D. have 析:C。last week 暗示该空应用一般过去时,因此应填 had。 例
  2:It’s four years since Mike to Tibet. (2008 石家庄) A. has been B. is coming C. will come D. came 析:D。分析语境逻辑不难发现,since 从句应用一般过去时,因此该空应填 came。 例
  3:?Did you wash your clothes? ?No, I was going to wash my clothes but I visitors. (2008 苏州) A. have had B. have C. had D. will have 析:C。由答句可知,主人公正准备洗衣服,忽然来了客人,因此该空应用一般过去时, 应填 had。 三、考查现在进行时用法 现在进行时常表示:现在正在进行的动作,常以now或Look, Listen等动词为标志;目 前这段时间正在进行但现在不一定正在进行的动作,常以语境逻辑为标志;反复性、一贯性 动作,常与always连用,带有赞扬或批评的情感色彩。 例
  1:?What is Mum doing now? ?She some clothes. (2008 北京朝阳区) A. washes B. is washing C. washed D. has washed 析:B。now 暗示该空表示“正在洗” ,因此应填 is washing。 例
  2:?Cindy, dinner is ready. Where’s John? ?He homework in his room.(2008 温州) A. does B. did C. is doing D. will do 析:C。Where’s John?暗示该空表示“现在正在做” ,因此应填 is doing。 例
  3:?Whose watch is lost? ?Mr. Smith’s. Look! He it everywhere.(2008 芜湖) A. looked for B. was looking for C. looks for D. is looking for 析:D。Look!暗示该空表示“现在正在寻找” ,因此应填 is looking for。 四、考查过去进行时用法 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作,常以 then, at the time, at that time, at this
time, yesterday, just now 等过去特定时间点为标志,也可以以 when, while 等连词引导的时间 状语从句为标志,还可以以上下文语境逻辑为标志。 例
  1:The children a P. E. class on the playground when it suddenly began to rain. (2008 河北) A. have B. are having C. had D. were having 析:D。when it suddenly began to rain 暗示该空表示“正在下雨” ,因此应用过去进行时 动词形式 were having。 例
  2:?What did the teacher say just now? ?Sorry. I didn’t catch it. I something else.(2008 河南) A. think B. will think C. was thinking D. had thought 析:C。just now 暗示该空表示“正在想” ,因此应用过去进行时动词形式 was thinking。 例
  3:I e-mails to my pen pal when Susan called me last night.(2008 山西) A. was sending B. am sending C. sent. 析:A。when Susan called me last night 暗示该空表示“正在发送” ,因此应填过去进行 时动词形式 was sending。 例
  4:?I called you at 5:00 yesterday afternoon. But there was no answer. Where were you? ? I in the supermarket.(2008 襄樊) A. was shopping B. am shopping C. have shopped D. do shopping 析:A。at 5:00 yesterday afternoon 暗示该空表示“正在购物” ,因此应用过去进行时动 词形式 was shopping。 例
  5:?Did you notice your mother go out a moment ago? ?No, I didn’t. I TV then.(2008 厦门) A. have watched B. am watching C. was watching 析:C。then 暗示该空表示“正在看” ,因此应用过去进行时动词形式 was watching。 五、考查现在完成时用法 现在完成时表示:
  1. 发生在过去某一时刻的动作对现在造成影响,常有下列标志:yet, just, already, never, ever 等副词; 动作发生的次数; is the + 序数词+time 句型; the past/last+时间段; It in recently, lately 等时间性副词;语境逻辑。
  2. 发生在过去某一时刻的动作一直延续到现在, 并且有可能继续延续下去,常以 for+ 时间段或 since+时间点为存在标志。 例
  1:?Hello! Can I speak to Alice? ?Sorry. She isn’t here right now. She to the shop.(2008 北京) A. goes B. will go C. has gone D. was going 析:C。由语境逻辑可以推出她已经去了商店,因此该空应用现在完成时动词形式 has gone。 例
  2:?What are you going to do this Saturday? ?I yet.(2008 烟台) A. haven’t decided B. won’t decide C. am not decided D. didn’t decide 析:A。yet 暗示该空表示“到现在为止还没有决定” ,因此应用现在完成时动词形式 haven’t decided。 例
  3:How’s Annie? I her for a long time.(2008 河北) A. don’t see B. won’t see C. didn’t see D. haven’t seen 析:D。for a long time 为现在完成时标志。 例
  4:John, our foreign teacher, left Nantong two years ago, and I him since then. (2008 南通) A. don’t see B. won’t see C. didn’t see D. haven’t seen 析:D。since then 为现在完成时标志。 例
  5:It is said that Chery (奇瑞) a new kind of car recently.(2008 芜湖)
A. has developed B. developed C. develops D. had developed 析:A。recently 为现在完成时标志。 例
  6:?China’s 24th science research team at Changcheng Station on January 5, 20
  08. ?Wonderful! Our scientists a lot in this field already.(2008 哈尔滨) A. have arrived; improve B. arrived; has improved C. arrived; have improved 析:C。on January 5, 2008 暗示第一空应填一般过去时动词形式 arrived;already 暗示第 二空应用现在完成时动词形式 have improved。 例
  7:? you ever Chinese mooncakes, Diana? ?No, never. But I have had noodles.(2008 福州) A. Do; try B. Will; try C. Did; try D. Have; tried 析:D。ever 为现在完成时标志。 友情提醒:for+时间段和since+时间点均需和持续性动词搭配。 例
  8:He our school for two weeks.(2008青海) A. left B. has left C. has been away from 析:C。for two weeks为时间段,因此该空应用持续性动词的现在完成时形式。 六、考查一般将来时用法 一般将来时有下列表达方式: be going to do表示: 根据计划将要做某事; 由目前情况判断有可能但是不一定会发生某 事;will/ shall do表示:根据计划将要做某事;某事一定会发生;be to do表示:根据计划将 要做某事;征求对方意见;必要性;可能性。 例
  1:?Has he returned the library book yet? ?Not yet. Don’t worry. He it soon.(2008襄樊) A. returned B. has returned C. will return D. returns 析:C。soon暗示该空表示“将要还” ,因此应填一般将来时动词形式will return。 例
  2:Look at those clouds. It soon, I’m afraid.(2008莆田) A. rains B. was raining C. is going to rain 析: soon暗示该空表示 C。 “有可能下雨” 因此应用一般将来时动词形式is going to rain。 , 友情提醒:
  1. 条件状语从句、时间状语从句中应用一般现在时代替一般将来时。 例
  1:He’ll send us a message as soon as he in Sichuan.(2008北京) A. is arriving B. will arrive C. arrived D. arrives 析:D。句中as soon as引导时间状语从句,应用一般现在时代替一般将来时。 例
  2:I don’t know if my uncle . If he , I will be very happy.(2008湖北 恩施州) A. comes; will come B. will come; will come C. comes; comes D. will come; comes 析:D。两空均表将来动作,第一空因if引导宾语从句,可用一般将来时;第二空因If 引导条件状语从句,必须用一般现在时代替一般将来时。
  2.祈使句用一般现在时的形式表达一般将来时,回答时应用一般将来时。 例
  1:?Don’t forget to give my best wishes to your mother. ?.(2008烟台) A. No, I won’t B. OK, I will C. Yes, I won’t D. Yes, I do 析:A。该空强调主人公将不会忘了,因此应填No, I won’t。C所示内容肯定与否定前 后不一致,因此为错误选项。 例
  2:?Please bring your homework to school tomorrow, Steven. ?OK, I .(2008河北) A. will B. won’t C. do D. don’t 析:A。OK暗示该空表示“明天将把家庭作业带到学校”,因此应用一般将来时。 跟踪练习:

  1. ?Mary, why didn’t you come to attend my birthday party? ?I’m very sorry. We an important meeting. A. are holding B. were holding C. held D. had held
  2. ?Listen, there is a great noise over there. ?Oh, two football teams an important match. A. are having B. were having C. had D. had had
  3. ?Don’t forget to bring your little sister here when you come tomorrow. I want to buy a skirt for her. ?I . A. don’t B. didn’t C. haven’t D. won’t
  4. I really don’t know if he , but if he , I’ll try to let you know. A. will come, comes B. comes, will come C. will come, will come D. comes, comes
  5. You don’t have to introduce her to me; I her a few times. A. met B. meet C. have met D. had met
  6. I don’t know how long it will be before he to see us. A. will come B. comes C. has come D .had come
  7. ?I saw her smoking at about five o’clock yesterday afternoon. ?Bu she little. A. smokes B. had smoked C. smoked D. is smoking
  8. ?Have you read this wonderful magazine? ?Yes, I it only last week. A. read B. have read C. had read D. was reading
  9. ?Can you introduce something about this movie to me? ?Why it? I saw it last Wednesday. A. didn’t you see B. don’t you see C. haven’t you seen D. hadn’t you seen
  10. ?I passed the driving test the day before yesterday. ?Did you. I it yet. A. hadn’t passed B. haven’t passed C. don’t pass D. didn’t pass
  11. I in Beijing for some time, then I went to Shanghai for an important meeting. A. stay B. stayed C. have stayed D. had stayed
  12. Let’s hurry up. I’m afraid that they for us impatiently. A. wait B. are waiting C. waited D. have waited
  13. ?I still saw light in your room when I passed by your home at midnight. ?Oh, I an important book. A. read B. am reading C. was reading D. have read
  14. Don’t make a noise here, boys and girls; my baby inside. A. sleeps B. is sleeping C. has slept D. had slept
  15. ?I phoned you last night, but I don’t know why you didn’t answer me. ?Oh, I TV. A. watched B. am watching C. was watching D. had watched 参考答案: 1~5 BADAC 6~10BAACB 11~15BBCBC
二、被动语态考点 被动语态描绘各种情况下的被动动作,其热点考查内容如下: 一、考查一般现在时被动语态用法 一般现在时被动语态常描绘现在经常性、习惯性被动动作,动词形式为:is/am/are +过 去分词,主语为第三人称单数名词或代词时使用 is,主语为 I 时使用 am,主语为复数名词 或代词时使用 are。 now, every day, always, usually, often, seldom, never 等词常为一般现在时被 动语态成立的时间标志。 例
  1:The letter in French. I can’t read it.(2008 石家庄) A. is writing B. is written C. wrote D. writes 析:B。该空表示“被写” ,因此应用一般现在时被动语态动词形式 is written。 例
  2:Maria at 6:30 every morning by her mother to get ready for school.(2008 湖北恩施州) A. was woken up B. woke up C. wakes up D. is woken up 析:D。every morning 暗示该空描绘现在习惯性被动动作,因此应用一般现在时被动语 态动词形式 is woken up。 例
  3:?Do you plant trees in spring? ?Yes. Many trees in our city every year.(2008 长沙) A. are planting B. are planted C. were planted 析:B。every year 暗示该空描绘现在阶段习惯性被动动作,因此应用一般现在时被动 语态动词形式 are planted。 二、考查一般过去时被动语态用法 一般过去时被动语态常描绘过去特定时间发生的被动动作,动词形式为:was/wer
 

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