根据《大纲》中对听力教学的要求的规定, 听力测试题型按命题目的分为两类,情景反应和 理解能力. 情景反应主要指听对话或听录音中提出的一 个问题及说出的一句话,考生在听懂对话或句子 的基础上判断语言情景,根据语言交际的功能作 出恰当的反应. 理解能力的测试包括单句理解和短文理解两 方面.单句理解重点考查同义句,近义句,看图 听句子等.短文理解通常是考查一个完整的小故 事,一件事或一则幽默笑话.考查对短文的理解, 重点是对短文中的人物,时间,地点和情节进行 设题.
一,解题方法与技巧
提前审题,
  1. 提前审题,快速浏览 做题前,要求看清题目要求;然后快速浏览 试题内容.它可以帮助我们预知要听的重点,准 确观察出选项之间的不同之处,以便听时给以足 够的重视. 这一题型常围绕以下问题进行考查:(
  1) 谁 (Who); (
  2) 做什么 (What…do);(
  3) 地点 (Where);(
  4) 时 间 (When);(
  5) 身体,天气,学习情况等怎么样 (How);(
  6) 年龄 (How old);(
  7) 数额 (How much); (
  8) 职业 (What) (
  9) 数量 (How many);(
  10) 颜色 (What colour);(
  11) 时态运用等 (如It's rainy./It was rainy.).
关键词语,
  2. 关键词语,快速记录 在听的过程中,很多关键信息,关键词语稍 纵即逝,等到答题时又难以回忆,如年,月,日, 时刻,电话号码,人名,地名等.只有边听边及 时做好这些关键词语的记录,才能为我们答题提 供好的帮助. 生词,难点,
  3. 生词,难点,果断放弃 听力测试是有严格时间限制的,如遇到实在 听不懂的生词,难点,要果断放弃,应集中精力, 紧跟磁带速度,继续做后面的题,切不可犹豫不 决,一误再误.
仔细检查,
  4. 仔细检查,理顺关系 听力结束后,不要急于做题.要利用头脑中 还保留的短暂记忆和笔录的内容,对那些不太肯 定的答案进行语法上的推敲.如听短文填词中有 这样一句话: The boy the cap to his mother. 听到的音是 [past],很多同学可能会填上past,没有考虑句子 的意思及语法.past只能作介词或副词,而这里 应该填谓语动词passed,该题是用了past和passed 的同音现象进行迷惑.
二,真题解析

  1. 听句子,选择恰当的答语.
(
  1) A. Good morning, Miss Black. B. Nice to meet you, too. C. Fine, thanks. And you? [录音原稿]Good morning, class. [解析]Good morning. 的答语还用Good morning. 故选A. (
  2) A. Thanks for asking me. B. Certainly. Here you are. C. Yes, I'm all right. [录音原稿]Excuse me. May I use your dictionary? [解析]当你愿意把东西借给别人时应说: Certainly. Here you are. 故选B.
(
  3) A. I'm sure. B. The same to you. C. You're welcome. [录音原稿]Thanks for helping me. [解析]You're welcome. 是对别人表示谢意的应答 语,故选C. (
  4) A. It's Thursday. B. It's 9 o'clock. C. It's June 10th. [录音原稿]What time is it, please? [解析]What time is it? 是询问时间,故应选B. (
  5) A. I think so. Why? B. I like it very much. C. He isn't in.
[录音原稿]Mike, are you free this afternoon? [解析]材料中的……,are you free this afternoon? 是用来询问对方是否有空的,故应选A.
  2. 听句子,选择与你所听的句子意思最接近的选 项.(20
  04. 扬州) (
  1) A. Joy like English best. B. Joy does well in English. C. Joy studies English hard. [录音原稿]Joy is good at English. [解析]be good at 意为"在……方面做得好,擅 长",与do well in同义,故选B. (
  2) A. This month is July. B. Next month is August. C. This month is August.
[录音原稿] Next month will be September. [解析] 我们只要听懂了Next month will be September. 就知道这个月是八月了,故选C. (
  3) A. The teacher asked Bill to be quiet. B. The teacher asked Bill to speak loud. C. Bill asked the teacher to be quiet. [录音原稿] "Don't make any noise, Bill." the teacher said. [解析]材料中的Don't make any noise 意为"别吵 闹", 也就是要Bill保持安静,故选A. (
  4) A. I'm free every day. B. I'm free on Sunday. C. I'm not free on Sunday. [录音原稿] I'm free every day except Sunday.
[解析] except Sunday 意为"除了星期天",听清 了 材料就知道"星期天没空"故选C. (
  5) A. Tom jumps higher than Peter. B. Peter jumps higher than Tom. C. Peter does not jump so high as Tom. [录音原稿] Tom does not jump as high as Peter. [解析] not as…as意为"不如,与……不一样". 从Tom does not jump as high as Peter. 可知 道"Peter跳得比Tom高",故选B.
  3. 听句子,选图画.选出与所听到的句子内容相 符的图画.
A B C D (
  1) (
  2) (
  3) (
  4) [录音原稿] (
  1) Something is wrong with my bike. I have to mend it now. (
  2) I often help mum clean the room.
(
  3) You look very beautiful in this white dress. (
  4) We mustn't spit anywhere. It's very bad. [解析] (
  1) 当我们听到句中的关键词bike时就可确定应选 图B,因为四幅画中只有它才有一辆自行车. (
  2) 我们只要听清了句中的关键词组clean the room就不难确定选图D了. (
  3) 只要我们清楚图C的意思是一个女孩子在试穿 衣服,并且听清了You look very beautiful in this white dress. 就可判断此句与图C意思一致. (
  4) 当我们听到We mustn't spit anywhere. It's very bad. 就会明白图A与此句表达的意思相符.

  4. 听对话和对话后的问题,选择正确答案. (20
  03. 北京) (
  1) A. By bike. B. By bus. C. On foot. [录音原稿] Woman: Jim, how do you usually go to school? Man: By bus. It's far from my home. Question: How does Jim usually go to school? [解析] 由所提供的选项我们可确定和交通工具 有关,我们一听到答语中的By bus. 及所提问 题就可确定选B. (
  2) A. Milk. B. Water. C. Tea.
[录音原稿] Man: Which would you like to drink tea or milk? Woman: Some milk, please. Question: What does the girl want? [解析] 根据所提供的选项我们知道问题与事物有 关,答句中的Some milk, please.为我们选 择正确答案指名了方向. (
  3) A. To do the housework. B. To clean their classroom. C. To visit the Science Museum. [录音原稿] Man: What are you going to do tomorrow?
Woman: We're going to visit the Science Museum. Will you come with us? Man: Yes, I'd love to. Question: What are they going to do tomorrow? [解析] 由三个选项可确定问题与问干什么有关, 材料中的visit the Science Museum告诉我们 应选C. (
  4) A. He's lost his way. B. He's got a cold. C. He can't find his ruler. [录音原稿] Woman: What's wrong with you? Man: I'm not feeling well, doctor. Woman: Mm… You've got a cold. Question: What's wrong with the man?
[解析] 由所提供的选项的内容可猜测问题与问他 出了什么事有关,材料中的got a cold说明 他患感冒了,故选B. (
  5) A. 60 yuan. B. 70 yuan. C. 80 yuan. [录音原稿] Man: Can I help you, madam? Woman: Yes, I want a T-shirt. How much is that blue one? Man: Eighty yuan. Question: How much is the blue T-shirt? [解析] 所提供三个选项的内容告诉我们这个问题 与问多少钱有关,句中的Eighty yuan.为我 们揭开了谜底,故选C.

  5. 从A,B,C三个答案中,选出一个与你所听到 的一段对话内容相符合的问题答案. (
  1) Q: Where do you think these two people are? A. At home. B. Outside. C. In a baby shop. (
  2) Q: What is the man worried about? A. Having meals outside. B. The woman's parents' smoking. C. Their small house. (
  3) Q: Who will tell the parents to smoke outside? A. Nobody will. B. The man will. C. The woman will. (
  4) Q: How long will the parents stay?
A. For a week. B. For about two days. C. For a few weeks. (
  5) Q: Which of the following is right? A. The man doesn't smoke himself. B. The man and the woman will have a baby. C. The woman has made a joke. [录音原稿] W: That was my mother on the phone. She and my father will be here on Saturday. M: Yeah! W: What's the matter? Don't you like them? M: Sure, I do. It's their smoking. I really don't want them to smoke in the house.
W: They're just here for the weekend. It's not a big problem, is it? M: Second-hand smoking. It's a big problem around here, and the smell will stay for a week. W: I know what you mean. But what can we do? M: We can ask them to smoke outside. W: I guess you are right. OK. You can tell them when they get here. M: Me? Are you joking? They are your parents. You tell them. [解析] (
  1) 由That was my mother on the phone. 以及他们 谈论的内容我们可以确定他们在家里.
(
  2) 对话中的I really don't want them to smoke in the house. 告诉了我们他所担心的事情. (
  3) 根据对话的最后一句话Me? Are you joking? They are your parents. You tell them. 可确定由女方告诉她父母到外面去吸烟. (
  4) 由They're just here for the weekend.可知他们 将呆上两天左右的时间.weekend 就是指 weekend Saturday和Sunday. (
  5) 根据男方说的话I really don't want them to smoke in the house. 以及It's a big problem around here, and the smell will stay for a week. 可确定他不吸烟,故A符合对话内容.

  6. 根据短文的意思,从每题所给的A,B,C三个 选项中选取出一个正确答案. (
  1) Roy often after school. A. does his homework B. watches TV C. goes out to play (
  2) Roy is this year. A. eleven B. nine C. seven (
  3)Roy's parents began to feel at about seven. A. happy B. surprised C. worried (
  4) Roy's parents went to for help at last. A. their neighbours B. the police C. the teacher
(
  5) Roy when his parents went to look for him. A. was watching TV upstairs at home B. was making a birthday cake in the kitchen D. was playing in the garden [录音原稿] Roy is a school boy. He often goes out to play after school. But he never gets home late for supper. It was his eleventh birthday last Friday. But his parents didn't see him at supper time. They waited and waited, but Roy didn't come. At about seven o'clock, they felt very worried. They had to go out to look for their son here and there, but they couldn't find him. At last they went to the police station for help. To their great surprise, when they came back home, they saw Roy sitting at the supper table and enjoying the birthday cake, "Why didn't you come upstairs to watch TV with me, Day?" asked Roy when he saw his father.
[解析] (
  1) 在录音中我们听到 "He often goes out to play after school." 这就是说,罗伊放学后常到外面 玩.因此,A,B都不是正确选项. (
  2) 从录音中的 "It was his eleventh birthday last Friday." 我们能够得知,罗伊现在十一岁了. 故应选A. (
  3) 录音中的 "At about seven o'clock, they felt very worried." 告诉我们,他的父母不见他回家, 感到非常焦急.由此可见,A,B都不能选. (
  4) 由录音中的 "At last they went to the police station for help." 我们可以看出,他的父母找 不到他,就去警察署寻求帮助.这说明,B是 正确选项.
(
  5) 我们从罗伊在见到爸爸以后说的 "Why didn't you come upstairs to watch TV with me, Day?" 可 以看出,他的父母在寻找他的时候,他一个人在 楼上看电视.因此B,C都不是正确选项.
  7. 听一段对话.根据其内容和以下所给的表格的要求, 在横线上填上有关Linda的信息,每空一词.(20
  03. 吉林) (
  1) Age next Friday (
  2) Birthday 27th (
  3) Hobbies and listening to popular music (
  4) Best friend (
  5) New present A
[录音原稿] M: Tina, do you know it's Linda's birthday next week? W: No, I don't. Jim, you're her best friend. Do you know what day her birthday is? M: Yeah, of course, it's on Friday. It's the 27th of June. W: How old will she be? M: She will be twelve. I want to give her a present, but I don't know what to get her. Can you help me decide? W: What does she like doing?
M: She likes reading. W: Why don't you get her a book? M: She already has a lot of books. I want to get her something different. W: What else does she like doing? M: She likes listening to popular music. W: How about getting her a CD? M: That's too expensive. I can't afford to get her a CD. W: Then I know what you should get as a new present. A magazine about popular music. She'll be pleased about her favorite things. M: That's a great idea! Thanks, Tina.
[解析]
  1. twelve/12 由She will be twelve. 可知Linda下周 五就十二岁了.
  2. June 材料中It's the 27th of June. 告诉我们她的 生日具体是哪一天.
  3. reading/books 根据She likes reading. 和She already has a lot of books. 以及She likes listening to popular music. 我们就可确定她的爱好是看书 或听流行音乐.
  4. Jim Tina 说的话Jim, you're her best friend. 告诉 了我们Linda最好的朋友是Jim.
  5. magazine 由A magazine about popular music. 可 知Jim 在Linda生日那天要送一本有关流行音乐 的杂志给她.
 

相关内容

_2010年高考英语听力训练困难及对策的探究的

   2010 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策的探究 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策 对策的探究 高三备课组 李翠萍 2010 年 1 月 16 日 自海南高考英语听力测试成绩计入总成绩以来,体现了听力在高中英语学习中的重要 地位。然而,听力历来是中学英语教学的薄弱环节,如何提高学生的英语听力水平,特别是 在高考的关键时刻,是广大师生关注的问题。通过学习、实践、总结,认识到高中学生听英 语主要有三方面的困难: (1)心理上的困难; (2)语言上的困难; (3)内容上的困难。要提 高高三学生的英语听力水 ...

英语听力训练与提高

   如何提高英语听力 我结合四年来的学习经验和一些参考书目,针对考研英语听力的难度和题型,总结出提高 英语听力的方法与技巧若干,拿出来和大家分享,请大家根据自己的实际情况选择适合自己的 方法。 1. 读是听的基础。 许国璋老先生曾有一句话,把语音学好了以后就会尝到甜头的。这句话是千真万确的,只有会 正确读出口来才会听懂。让每一个词的发音在大脑里留有一个印象,再一次听到这个词时,就 会与大脑里的那个印象相契合并且迅速做出反应,这样就容易听懂得多了。 朗读的素材可以是college English课 ...

英语听力训练方法-讲座

   听力训练方法 " The Improvement of English Listening Abilities on the Basis of the Teaching Syllabus and TEM Tests Integration of four skills in English Learning 听 说 写 读 I. EFL听力理解 难点及听力理解模式 EFL 听力理解难点 " Sufficient audio input " Vocabulary (reading, mem ...

英语听力训练提高技巧

   英语听力训练提高技巧 一. 猜 “猜”是英语听力训练中一种最常用的手段。英语听力中的“猜”不同于没有由来的猜测,它并不是等待 偶然,因为它本身是一种需要技巧的手段。我们从小说着汉语长大,有时都难免听不明白别人含糊不清, 或者不常用的表达,也得用到“猜”的技巧,更何况是一门外语。在听一段英语的时候,可以通过语音、 情节、上下文和语法等途径去“猜”听不明白或者疏漏的部分 1 语音猜词 从语音入手是猜词的主要方法。如果在听的时候听到最常用的词语,例如 he, she, yesterday 等等,我 ...

英语听力训练方法大全

   场景一:学习 作为一个学生即将离开自己的家乡去异地求学,首先要做的事情就应该是挑选并申请学校。 申请学校的时候,不要忘了征求一下自己的老师和父亲的意见。 1.申请学校 必备词汇表 apply for 申请 business degree 商学院学位 pay your own way 自己支付各种费用 2.选修课程 选好学校之后,就是选修课程了。一年选多少课程是一个合适的量呢?在大学英语四级里, 往往女孩子会倾向多选课程,结果使自己非常疲惫。当她向男生抱怨的时候,男生就会像先 知一样说“我早就 ...

中考英语听力训练课件

   根据《大纲》中对听力教学的要求的规定, 听力测试题型按命题目的分为两类,情景反应和 理解能力. 情景反应主要指听对话或听录音中提出的一 个问题及说出的一句话,考生在听懂对话或句子 的基础上判断语言情景,根据语言交际的功能作 出恰当的反应. 理解能力的测试包括单句理解和短文理解两 方面.单句理解重点考查同义句,近义句,看图 听句子等.短文理解通常是考查一个完整的小故 事,一件事或一则幽默笑话.考查对短文的理解, 重点是对短文中的人物,时间,地点和情节进行 设题. 一,解题方法与技巧 提前审题, ...

有效的英语听力训练方法揭秘

   有效的英语听力训练方法揭秘 这里介绍的几个方法,是经常使用的有效的听力训练方法。结合以上听力学习的原则,将 以下方法运用到实际的学习过程中,你会发现,听力的提高是"有法可依"的! 1.跟读的方法: 这是遵循模仿的原则来使用的方法,也是语言学习过程中最有效的方法之一。 跟读的方法有两种,一句一句的跟读,直到整篇文章读完;另一种是跟着原声将整段 或者整篇文章跟读下来。后一种方式,对整体文章的把握具有很好的效果。建议采用。跟 读的方法在前期过程中要反复使用。有些发音优美的文章值 ...

英语听力

   2011 年高考英语听力复习攻略:数字型试题主要考查数字,包括数量、年龄、时间、价格等,可以出 现在听力考试的所有题型中;地点型试题主要考查地点,该项内容的考查多为以 where 开头的特殊疑问句; 推断型试题不仅包括推断数字和地点,还常考查学生对人物身份、关系,人物态度、情感以及事件原因的 推断;主题型试题主要考查学生对短对话或短文独白的主要内容的把握能力。 对于高考听力, 把握考查测试点和相关技巧是非常重要的, 下面就常见的高考听力考点 做一下归纳和总结。 一、数字。数字型试题主要考查数 ...

英语听力

   一,听说训练中应注意几个问题 一般英语学习者,在全面提高英语的前提下,要提高听,说能力,应首先注意以下三点: 1.注意区分和模仿正确的语音,语调 在英语里有不少读音相近,但意思却截然不同的词汇,象 cure[kjue](医愈)和 kill[kill](杀死) ,menu (菜单)和 manure(肥料)等.设想如果有一个医生想说:"I'll cure you."(我要治好你的病. )却因发音 不好,说成:"I'll kill you."(我要杀死你. ...

英语听力

   英语听力 Boiling Water Under Boiling Clouds You may be surprised to hear that it’s actually easier to boil water on stormy days than it is when the weather is clear and sunny. Can you guess why? The reason is that the boiling point of water changes sli ...

热门内容

2005年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛初一年级组试题(附答案)

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2005 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛初一年级组试题 决赛初一年级组试题 I. 辨音 辨音(Words) (共 5 小题,计 5 分) 选出你所听到的句子中含有的单词.每个句子只读一遍.(答案涂在答题纸上) 1. A. funny 2. A. their 3. A. news 4. A. busy 5. A. class B. grandfather C. telephone B. shi ...

国际金融 英语教材 Chapter 4

   International finance -2010 Chapter 4 Forward Exchange and International Financial Investment Topics covered " Exchange Rate Risks " The Three Traditional Foreign Exchange Instruments " Forward Foreign Exchange " International Investments - with c ...

杭州市2010年各类高中招生文化考试英语试题及参考答案

   2010 年杭州市各类高中招生文化考试 年杭州市各类高中招生文化考试 英 考生须知: 考生须知: 1,本试卷满分 120 分,考试时间 100 分钟. 2,答题前,在答题纸上写姓名和准考证号. 语 3,必须在答题纸的对应答题位置上答题,写在其他地方无效.1 至 60 小题在答题纸上涂黑作答,答题方式详见答题 纸上的说明. 4,做听力题时,先将答案划在试卷上.录音内容结束后,你将有一分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上. 5,考试结束后,试题卷和答题纸一并上交. 试题卷 I. 听力部分 (2 ...

2011年4月英语二试题参考答案

   2011 年 4 月英语二试题参考答案(部分试题) 月英语二试题参考答案(部分试题) 1. 1、You may use my bike( )you give it back to me tomorrow morning A:unless B:provided C:though D:because 选A unless 2.He could not ( )his tears on hearing that he was not admitted to tluniversity A:hold up ...

高一英语必修2Module4学案

   高一英语必修 2Module4 学案 Made by Wangjinghua Step1.Write the folowing words and expressions: 1.n.喜欢 2. n.不喜欢 3. n.艺术家 4. adj.彩色的 5. adj.当代的 6. adj.令人愉快的 7. n.图画 8. vt.绘画 9. n.画家 10. n.画子 11.景色/风景 12. adj.传统的 13.有活力的 14. n.方面 15. vt.模仿 16.观察 17. n.现实/逼真 1 ...