中考英语"完形填空" 中考英语"完形填空"题分析
"完形填空"题主要考查考生在阅读理解的基础上对英语基础知识的综合运用能力. 这个题型要求考生通读全文,掌握大意,综合运用所学的词汇,语法等方面的知识,从所 给的选项中选出最佳选项,填入空白后,使短文意思通顺,前后连贯,结构完整.本文拟 对 2004 年河南省中考英语的"完形填空"题作一简要分析,以期对同学们在做此类题目时 有所启发.(原试题序号不变) the journey they had a One day, two friends were walking through the desert. 36 quarrel, and one friend hit 37 one in the face. The one who was hit was hurt, 38 he didn't say anything. Instead, he wrote in the sand, "Today my best friend hit me in the face." until they found an oasis 绿洲) They decided to get some water. The ( . They kept on 39 one who had been hit fell into the mire(泥潭)and was in danger, but the friend 40 him. When he felt all right, he wrote on 41 , "Today my best friend saved my life." The one who had hit and saved his best friend asked him, "After I 42 you, you wrote in the sand and now you write it on a stone. 43 ?" The other friend replied, "When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand where winds of forgiveness(宽恕)can blow 44 away. But when someone does something 45 for us, we must write it on a stone where no wind can ever blow it away."
  36. A. During B. Before C. For D. After
  37. A. some B. another C. the other D. each
  38. A. and B. but C. or D. so
  39. A. jumping B. running C. singing D. walking
  40. A. saved B. left C. hurt D. hit
  41. A. the sand B. a stone C. a tree D. the desert
  42. A. helped B. quarreled with C. hit D. complained to
  43. A. How B. Why C. What D. When
  44. A. them B. it C. this D. these
  45. A. good B. harmful C. dangerous D. interesting 答案及简析:
  36. A.四个选项均为介词,都可以用来表示时间.根据下文可知,两个朋友吵架,其中 一个人打了另一个人的脸是他们在沙漠里旅行期间所发生的事情,故此空应填 A.
  37. C.短文首句已说明是"两个朋友在……",表示"二者中的一个"用 one,"另一 个"用"the other".空白前的"one friend"已作出提示,故此空应填 C.
  38. B.这是一个并列复合句,前一个分句中又含有一个宾语从句.这个分句叙述了挨打 的那个人受伤了,后一个分句说他并没有作声,所表示的是转折关系,所以,此空应填表 示转折关系的并列连词 but.
  39. D."keep on"后面跟动词的-ing 形式时,表示"继续做某事".四个选项填入空白 处,语法都正确,但根据短文首句中"two friends were walking through the desert"可以确定 此空应填 D.
  40. A.四个选项均为及物动词,都可以在后一个并列分句中作谓语动词,其后都可以带 宾语.但是,前一个并列分句叙述了挨打的那个朋友掉进泥潭里,再根据 but 所表示的转折 意义及他在石头上写的"Today my best friend saved my life"的语境可以判断出此空应填 A.
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  41. B.四个选项均为名词,都可以作介词 on 的宾语.从单句看,语法都正确,但从下文 所叙述的打了朋友后又救了朋友生命的那个人所说的"now you write it on a stone"可知,这 位被打的朋友是把"Today my best friend saved my life"写在石头上,故此空应填 B.
  42. C.四个选项填入空白后,语法都正确.但根据上文"The one who was hit was hurt" 的语境,此空应填 C.
  43. B.四个选项均可用作疑问词提出疑问.但从下文这位被打的朋友解释的原因可以推 测出,这里是那位朋友在询问为什么他打了他的朋友的脸以后,他的朋友把"Today my best friend hit me in the face" 写在沙土里, 而现在遇险被搭救后, "Today my best friend saved 却把 my life"写在石头上,故此空应填 B.
  44. B.这是一个含有时间状语从句的主从复合句,主句中又含有一个由关系副词 where 引导的定语从句.主句中人称代词 it 用来指代时间状语从句中的"someone hurts us"的内 容.定语从句的空白处填入 it 应与主句中的 it 指代的内容相一致,故此空应填 B.
  45. A.四个选项均为形容词,填入空白处都可作后置定语,修饰复合不定代词.但根据 上文受伤的朋友所说的"当有人伤害我们,我们应当把它写在宽恕之风能够把它刮走的沙 土里"及 but 所表示的转折意义,就可以判断出,此空应填 good.受伤朋友的意思是,当 有人为我们做好事,我们必须把它写在风不能刮走的石头上,故此空应填 A. 摘自 中学英语园地
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