中考英语写作指导
初中英语重要句型 句型
  1:There+be +主语+地点状语/时间状语 There's a boat in the river.河里有条船。 There are seven days in a week.一周有七天。 句型
  2:What's wrong with+sb./sth.? What's wrong with you?你怎么啦? What's wrong with your watch?你的手表有什么毛病? 句型
  3:How do you like..? . How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样? 句型
  4:What do you like about..? . What do you like about China?你喜欢中国的什么? 句型
  5:had better(not)+动词原形 You'd better ask that policeman over there.你最好去问问那边的那个警察。 句型
  6:How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语! What a/an+adj.+n.+主语+谓语! How cold it is today !今天多冷啊! What a fine picture it is!多美的一幅图画呀! 句型
  7:Thank+sb.+for(doing)sth. Thank you for coming to see me.感谢你来看我。 句型
  8:So+be/情态动词/助动词+主语 He is a student.So am I.他是一个学生,我也是。 句型
  9:. ..not..until.. . . He didn't have supper until his parents came back.直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。 句型
  10:比较级+and+比较级 The baby cried harder and harder.那孩子哭得越来越厉害。 句型
  11:the +比较级,the +比较级 The more one has,the more one wants.越有越贪。 句型
  12:. ..as+adj./adv.+as.. . . .not as(so)+adj./adv.+as.. . Do you think that art is as important as music?你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗? Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。 句型
  13:more/less+adj.+than.. . I think English is more useful than Japanese.我认为英语比日语有用。 I think art is less important than music.我认为艺术不如音乐重要。 句型
  14:stop..from doing sth. . The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.绿色长城将阻挡风吹走 土壤。 句型
  15:both..and.. . . Both you and I are students.我和你都是学生。 句型
  16:either..or.. . . Either you or he is wrong .不是你错就是他错。
句型
  17:neither..nor.. . . Neither he nor I am a student.我和他都不是学生。 句型
  18:. ..as soon as.. . As soon as I see him,I'll give him the message.我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。 句型
  19:. ..so+adj./adv.+that.. . I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.我累得连话也不想说了。 句型
  20:Though..+主句 . Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要 耗费我大量时间。 句型
  21:be going to This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.今天下午我要去买本英语书。 句型
  22:be different from I think this is different from Chinese names.我认为这与汉语名字不同。 句型
  23:Welcome(back)to.. . Welcome to Shenyang!欢迎到沈阳来! Welcome back to school!欢迎回到学校! 句型
  24:have fun doing We're going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习 和讲英语。 句型
  25:. ..because../.. . .,so.. . I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson.因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我 并不知道你们所有人的名字。 he was ill,so she didn't go to school.她生病了,因此没有上学。 句型
  26:Why don't you..?/Why not..? . . Why don't you come to school a little earlier?为什么不早点到校呢? Why not join us?为什么不加入我们? 句型
  27:make it Let's make it half past nine.让我们定在九点半吧! 句型
  28:have nothing to do They have nothing to do every day.他们每天无所事事。 句型
  29:be sure/be sure of/about sth./be sure to do sb. I think so,but I'm not sure.我想是这样,但不敢确定。 I was not sure of/about the way,so I asked someone.我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别 人了。 It's sure to rain.必定会下雨。 句型
  30:between..and.. . . There is a shop between the hospital and the school.在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。 句型
  31:keep sb./sth.+adj./V-ing/介词补语/adv. You must keep your classroom clean.你们必须保持教室干净。 Sorry to have kept you waiting.对不起,让你久等。 Can you keep him in the room ?你能让他在这个房里吗? Keep them here.让他们在这儿呆着。 句型
  32:find +宾语+宾补 He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。
句型
  33:. ..not..anymore/longer . The old man doesn't travel any more.这位老人不再旅行了。 He isn't a thief any longer.他不再是个贼。 句型
  34:What's the weather like..? . What's the weather like in spring in your hometown ?在你们家乡春天天气怎么样? 句型
  35:There is no time to do/have no time to do There was no time to think.没有时间思考。 I have no time to go home for lunch.我没有时间回家吃午饭。 句型
  36:Help oneself to.. . Help yourself to some fish.吃鱼吧! 句型
  37:used to do I used to read this kind of story books.我过去常读这种故事书。 句型
  38:borrow ..from . I borrowed a book from him.我从他那借了一本书。 句型
  39:lend sb.sth./lend sth.to sb. He lent me a story book/He lent a story book to me.他借了本故事书给我。 句型
  40:have been to Have you ever been to Haw aii?你曾去过夏威夷吗? 句型
  41:have gone to Where's he?He's gone to Washington.他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。 句型
  42:be famous for Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。 句型
  43:No matter +疑问句+主句 No matter when you come,you are welcomed.无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。 句型
  44:be afraid(of/todo/that.. .) I'm afraid not.恐怕不能。 Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。 He's afraid to go out at night.晚上他不敢出去。 I'm afraid that he can't come here tomorrow.恐怕他明天不能来这儿。 句型
  45:. ..as..as possible/..as..as sb.can . . . I hope to see him as soon as possible.我希望能尽快见到他。 He ran here as fast as he could.他尽最大努力跑到这儿。 句型
  46:practise/enjoy/finish doing A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。 Tom enjoys playing football very much.汤姆很喜欢踢足球。 He finished reading the story book.他看完了那本故事书。 句型
  47:It's said that.. . It's said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.据说最危险的鲨鱼之一 是大白鲨。 句型
  48:Not all/everyone.. . Not all sharks are alike.并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。 Not everyone likes dumplings.并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。 句型
  49:be based on His argument is based on facts.他的论断是以事实为根据的。
句型
  50:. ..so that.. . Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。 句型
  51:be+num.+metres/kilometres/years..+long/wide/deep/high/old.. . . The Great Green Wall is
  7,000 kilometres long.绿色长城长 7000 公里。 The river is about 2 metres deep.这条河大约有 2 米深。 The boy is about 12 years old .这个男孩约 12 岁。 句型
  52:keep..from doing . The heavy rain kept us from starting out.大雨阻止了我们出发。 句型
  53:with one's help.. . With Tom's help,I've come to America to study further.在汤姆的帮助下,我来到美国深造。 句型
  54:I don't think.. . I don't think any of them is interesting.我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。 句型
  55:What's the population of..? . What's the population of Germany ?德国的人口有多少? 句型
  56:prefer to do..rather than do . They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。 句型
  57:be worth(doing). .. This book is worth reading.这本书值得读。 句型
  58:regard ..as . They regarded their pets as members of their families.他们把宠物视为家庭成员。 句型
  59:be confident of I'm confident of success.我确信会成功。 句型
  60:seem to do/seem +adj./(介词短语) He seems to be angry.他似乎生气了。 The house seems too noisy.这房子似乎太吵了。 句型
  61:be angry with /about /at(doing) We're all very angry with ourselves.我们都很生自己的气。 I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。 I was angry at being kept waiting.这样一直等我很生气。 句型
  62:pay for/pay ..for . He paid for the book and went away.他付完书款便离开了。 I paid him £200 for the painting.买这幅画我付了他 200 英镑。 初中英语写作中常见的十二种句型 句型(一) such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…??如此……以致…… 例如:(
  1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。 (
  2)It was such a hot day that they didn’t go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没 有像往常一样去散步。 注意点:
  1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that…,例句(
  1)可以改 写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her.
  2.在 such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是 many/few 或
much/little 时,用 so 不用 such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…,so+much/little+不 可数名词+that… (
  1)There are so many people in the room that I can’t get in.房间里人太多,我进不去。 (
  2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also… 例如:(
  1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支 铅笔。 (
  2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 (
  3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。 (
  4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 (
  5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack 和 Tim 是英国人。 注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则” ,对比 both…and… 来记忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…??有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …??足够……做某事 例如: (
  1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这 些人开会。 (
  2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。 注意点: enough 做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用 so…that…句型 改写。例句(
  2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气 很大,能搬动这只箱子。 句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do…??太……以致不能…… 例如:(
  1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。 (
  2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom 太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。 注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用 so…that…结构改写,例如例句(
  1) 可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn’t say a word. 句型(五) So that …??以便/以致…… 例如:(
  1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力,为了能通过 考试。 (
  2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。 注意点: 在例句(
  1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(
  2)中,是引导结果状语。一般来讲,从句中含有 情态动词的,为目的状语。无情态动词的,为结果状语。 句型(六) 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如:(
  1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作,你就会过上幸
福生活。 (
  2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。 注意点: 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句(
  2)可以改写成:If we don’t hurry up,we’ ll be late for school. 句型(七) (
  1)It’s time for sth.是干某事的时间了。 It’s time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It’s time that sb did sth.该干某事了。 例如:(
  1) It’s time for the meeting.该开会了。 (
  2)It’s time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。 (
  3)It’s high time that you went to bed.你该
 

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