中考英语写作指导 初中英语重要句型 初中英语写作中常见的句型
句型 1:There+be +主语+地点状语/时间状语 There's a boat in the river.河里有条船. There are seven days in a week.一周有七天. 句型 2:What's wrong with+sb./sth.? What's wrong with you?你怎么啦? What's wrong with your watch?你的手表有什么毛病? 句型 3:How do you like...? How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样? 句型 4:What do you like about...? What do you like about China?你喜欢中国的什么? 句型 5:had better(not)+动词原形 You'd better ask that policeman over there.你最好去问问那边的那个警察. 句型 6:How+adj./adv.+主语+谓语! What a/an+adj.+n.+主语+谓语! How cold it is today !今天多冷啊! What a fine picture it is!多美的一幅图画呀! 句型 7:Thank+sb.+for(doing)sth. Thank you for coming to see me.感谢你来看我. 句型 8:So+be/情态动词/助动词+主语 He is a student.So am I.他是一个学生,我也是.
句型 9:...not...until... He didn't have supper until his parents came back.直到他的父母回来他才吃饭. 句型 10:比较级+and+比较级 The baby cried harder and harder.那孩子哭得越来越厉害. 句型 11:the +比较级,the +比较级 The more one has,the more one wants.越有越贪. 句型 12:...as+adj./adv.+as... ..not as(so)+adj./adv.+as... Do you think that art is as important as music?你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗? Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.上个星期天的天气不如 今天的天气潮湿. 句型 13:more/less+adj.+than... I think English is more useful than Japanese.我认为英语比日语有用. I think art is less important than music.我认为艺术不如音乐重要. 句型 14:stop...from doing sth. The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.绿色长 城将阻挡风吹走土壤. 句型 15:both...and... Both you and I are students.我和你都是学生. 句型 16:either...or... Either you or he is wrong .不是你错就是他错. 句型 17:neither...nor... Neither he nor I am a student.我和他都不是学生.
句型 18:...as soon as... As soon as I see him,I'll give him the message.我一见到他,我就把你的消息 告诉他. 句型 19:...so+adj./adv.+that... I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.我累得连话也不想说了. 句型 20:Though...+主句 Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.虽然我喜欢 给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间. 句型 21:be going to This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.今天下午我要去买本英语书. 句型 22:be different from I think this is different from Chinese names.我认为这与汉语名字不同. 句型 23:Welcome(back)to... Welcome to Shenyang!欢迎到沈阳来! Welcome back to school!欢迎回到学校! 句型 24:have fun doing We're going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.这学期我们 将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语. 句型 25:...because.../...,so... I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson.因为这是我们 的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字. he was ill,so she didn't go to school.她生病了,因此没有上学. 句型 26:Why don't you...?/Why not...?
Why don't you come to school a little earlier?为什么不早点到校呢? Why not join us?为什么不加入我们? 句型 27:make it Let's make it half past nine.让我们定在九点半吧! 句型 28:have nothing to do They have nothing to do every day.他们每天无所事事. 句型 29:be sure/be sure of/about sth./be sure to do sb. I think so,but I'm not sure.我想是这样,但不敢确定. I was not sure of/about the way,so I asked someone.我对于怎么走没有把握, 所以我问别人了. It's sure to rain.必定会下雨. 句型 30:between...and... There is a shop between the hospital and the school.在那家医院和那所学校之 间有一家商店. 句型 31:keep sb./sth.+adj./V-ing/介词补语/adv. You must keep your classroom clean.你们必须保持教室干净. Sorry to have kept you waiting.对不起,让你久等. Can you keep him in the room ?你能让他在这个房里吗? Keep them here.让他们在这儿呆着. 句型 32:find +宾语+宾补 He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .他发现要环游这个大城 市是很难的. 句型 33:...not...anymore/longer
The old man doesn't travel any more.这位老人不再旅行了. He isn't a thief any longer.他不再是个贼. 句型 34:What's the weather like...? What's the weather like in spring in your hometown ?在你们家乡春天天气怎么 样? 句型 35:There is no time to do/have no time to do There was no time to think.没有时间思考. I have no time to go home for lunch.我没有时间回家吃午饭. 句型 36:Help oneself to... Help yourself to some fish.吃鱼吧! 句型 37:used to do I used to read this kind of story books.我过去常读这种故事书. 句型 38:borrow ...from I borrowed a book from him.我从他那借了一本书. 句型 39:lend sb.sth./lend sth.to sb. He lent me a story book/He lent a story book to me.他借了本故事书给我. 句型 40:have been to Have you ever been to Haw aii?你曾去过夏威夷吗? 句型 41:have gone to Where's he?He's gone to Washington.他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了. 句型 42:be famous for Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名.
句型 43:No matter +疑问句+主句 No matter when you come,you are welcomed.无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎. 句型 44:be afraid(of/todo/that...) I'm afraid not.恐怕不能. Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.当说英语时不要害 怕犯错误. He's afraid to go out at night.晚上他不敢出去. I'm afraid that he can't come here tomorrow.恐怕他明天不能来这儿. 句型 45:...as...as possible/...as...as sb.can I hope to see him as soon as possible.我希望能尽快见到他. He ran here as fast as he could.他尽最大努力跑到这儿. 句型 46:practise/enjoy/finish doing A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.一个年青人和格林先生 练习说英语. Tom enjoys playing football very much.汤姆很喜欢踢足球. He finished reading the story book.他看完了那本故事书. 句型 47:It's said that... It's said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.据 说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨. 句型 48:Not all/everyone... Not all sharks are alike.并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样. Not everyone likes dumplings.并不是每个人都喜欢饺子. 句型 49:be based on
His argument is based on facts.他的论断是以事实为根据的. 句型 50:...so that... Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.把树放入洞穴中,让它立直. 句型 51:be+num.+metres/kilometres/years...+long/wide/deep/high /old... The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.绿色长城长 7000 公里. The river is about 2 metres deep.这条河大约有 2 米深. The boy is about 12 years old .这个男孩约 12 岁. 句型 52:keep...from doing The heavy rain kept us from starting out.大雨阻止了我们出发. 句型 53:with one's help... With Tom's help,I've come to America to study further.在汤姆的帮助下,我 来到美国深造. 句型 54:I don't think... I don't think any of them is interesting.我认为他们中任何一个都无趣. 句型 55:What's the population of...? What's the population of Germany ?德国的人口有多少? 句型 56:prefer to do...rather than do They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.他们更喜欢买一辆新车, 而不愿去修理它. 句型 57:be worth(doing)... This book is worth reading.这本书值得读. 句型 58:regard ...as
They regarded their pets as members of their families.他们把宠物视为家庭成 员. 句型 59:be confident of I'm confident of success.我确信会成功. 句型 60:seem to do/seem +adj./(介词短语) He seems to be angry.他似乎生气了. The house seems too noisy.这房子似乎太吵了. 句型 61:be angry with /about /at(doing) We're all very angry with ourselves.我们都很生自己的气. I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.我很生气他决定把工 厂建在这儿. I was angry at being kept waiting.这样一直等我很生气. 句型 62:pay for/pay ...for He paid for the book and went away.他付完书款便离开了. I paid him £200 for the painting.买这幅画我付了他 200 英镑.
初中英语写作中常见的十二种句型 句型(一) such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…??如此……以致…… 例如:(
  1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个 好老师,我们都爱她. (
  2)It was such a hot day that they didn't go out for a walk as usual. 这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步. 注意点:
  1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that…,
例句(
  1)可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her.
  2.在 such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是 many/few 或 much/little 时,用 so 不用 such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数 +that…,so+much/little+不可数名词+that… (
  1)There are so many people in the room that I can't get in.房间 里人太多,我进不去. (
  2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他 能买一辆小汽车. 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also… 例如:(
  1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔 盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔. (
  2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没 有去过长城. (
  3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去 上海. (
  4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对. (
  5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack 和 Tim 是英国人. 注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑"就近原则",对比 both…and… 来记忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数. 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…??有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …??足够……做某事 例如:(
  1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting. 有足够的地方容下这些人开会. (
  2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够 大,能搬动这只箱子. 注意点: enough 做副词修饰形容词或副词时, 放在所修饰词的后面, 句子可以用 so… that…句型改写.例句(
  2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大,能搬动这只箱子. 句型(四)
too+形容词/副词+to do…??太……以致不能…… 例如:(
  1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来. (
  2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom 太矮了,拿不到那个苹果. 注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用 so…that…结构改写, 例如例句(
  1)可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn't say a word. 句型(五) So that …??以便/以致…… 例如:(
  1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学 习很努力,为了能通过考试. (
  2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很 早,结果赶上了早班车. 注意点: 在例句(
  1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(
  2)中,是引导结果状语.一般来讲, 从句中含有情态动词的,为目的状语.无情态动词的,为结果状语. 句型(六) 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如:(
  1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life. 努力工作,你就会过上幸福生活. (
  2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就 迟到了. 注意点: 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写.例句(
  2)可以改写成:If we don' t hurry up,we'll be late for school. 句型(七) (
  1)It's time for sth.是干某事的时间了. It's time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了. It's time that sb did sth.该干某事了. 例如:(
  1) It's time for the meeting.该开会了. (
  2)It's time for us to go to school.我们该上学了. (
  3)It's high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了. 注意点: 在句型(
  3)中,可以在 time 前加 rush, high 等修饰词,这个句型是虚拟语 气的一种,含有"稍迟一点"的含义.而(
  2)则是"正是干某事的时候".
句型(八) (
  1)It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间 (
  2)sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/ 花时间干某事 (
  3)spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事 (
  4)sth. cost sb. Some money??某事花某人一些钱 (
  5)pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱 例如:(
  1)It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两 小时的时间. (
  2)He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每 天早上花半小时读英语. (
  3)He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做 家务. (
  4)The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我 298 元. (
  5)I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了 298 元. (
  6)I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了 298 元买这辆自行车. 注意点:cost 主语一般为物;spend,pay 主语一般为人.例(
  1)中 it 用做 形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语. 句型(九) (
  1)Why not do…?为什么不干某事? (
  2)Let's do …让我们干某事吧. (
  3)Shall we do …?我们干某事好吗? (
  4)Would you like so
 

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