本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7cai 中考英语一轮复习
九年级英语重点知识梳理
Unit1
  1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group by 还可以表示: "在…旁""靠近""在…期间""用, , , , " "经过""乘车"等 , 如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o'clock. The thief entered the room by the window. The student went to park by bus.
  2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影. talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话
  3. 提建议的句子: ①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don't you + do sth.? 如:Why don't you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? ④Let's + do sth. ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Why not go shopping? 如: Let's go shopping 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

  4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多.
  5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth. 如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说.
  6. aloud, loud 与 loudly 的用法 三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关. ①aloud 是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大, 常用在读书或说话上.通常放在动词之后.aloud 没有比较级 形式.如: He read the story aloud to his son. 他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听. ②loud 可作形容词或副词.用作副词时,常与 speak, talk, laugh 等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后.如: She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点. ③loudly 是副词,与 loud 同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后.如: He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑.
  7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如: I like milk very much. I don't like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶.我一点也不喜欢咖啡. not 经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾
  8. be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth. I am / get excited about going to Beijing.=== I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋.
  9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事 如: The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束.
1
=== be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:
② end up with sth.
  10. . first of all 首先
以…结束 如:
The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终. to begin with 一开始 later on 后来,随
  11. also 也,而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间 either 也(用于否定句)常在句末 too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末
  12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错. make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误.
  13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don't laugh at me! 不要取笑我!
  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录
  15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如: She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球. enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快.
  16. native speaker 说本族语的人
  17. make up 组成,构成
  18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一 如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一.
  19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事… 如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了. 句中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是 to study English
  20. practice doing 练习做某事 如: She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语.
  21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如: LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京.
  22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败. I won't write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写
  23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.
  24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事 如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子.
  25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如: I was angry with her. 我对她生气.
  26. perhaps === maybe 也许
  27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了.
  28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生 see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如:
2
如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画.
  29. each other 彼此
  30. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如: The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜.
  31. too many 许多 too much much too 太 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls 修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

  32. change… into… 将…变为… 如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书.
  33. with the help of sb. == with one's help 在某人的帮助下 如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下
  34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky. 你和安娜相比,你是幸运的.
  35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来) instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词 如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I'm going to Shanghai instead.去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上 海. I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去. He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳. Unit2
  1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 否定形式: didn't use to do sth. / used not to do sth. 如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球. Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He didn't use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟.
  2. 反意疑问句 ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she? Lily will go to China, won't she? ②否定陈述句+肯定提问 如: She doesn't come from China, does she? You haven't finished homework, have you? ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn't she? ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly 等.其反意疑问句用肯定式. 如: He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗? They hardly understood it, did they?他们几乎不明白,不是吗?
  3. play the piano
  4. 弹钢琴 ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣
3
②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣 如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣.
  5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人 interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物
  6. still 仍然,还 用在 be 动词的后面 如:I'm still a student. 用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.
  7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗
  8. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog. be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.
  9. on 副词,表示(电灯,电视,机械等)在运转中/打开, 其反义词 off.
  11. with the light on 灯开着 walk to school 步行到学校
  10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处
spend 动词,表示"花费金钱,时间" ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱,时间) ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱,时间)去做某事 如:
He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着 He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥. Pay for 花费 如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了 10 元买这本书.
  12. take 动词 有"花费"的意思 常用的结构有: take sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book. take … to do sth.
  13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天.
  14. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词 be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 如:Don't worry about him. 不用担心他. Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子.
  15. all the time 一直,始终
  16. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如: A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院. Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家.(home 的前面不能用 to)
  17. hardly adv. 几乎不,没有 hardly ever 很少 hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词,情态动词之后,实义 动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly hardly + 实义动词 如: I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们. I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了.
  18. miss v. 思念,想念, 错过
  19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:
4
I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住.
  20. be different from 与…不同
  21. how to swim 怎样游泳 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和 what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短 语.如: The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始. I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪.
  22. make sb./ sth. + 形容词 make sb./ sth. + 动词原形
  23. move to +地方 搬到某地 make you happy make him laugh 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

  24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如: It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多.
  25. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 She helped me with English.
  26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 她帮助我学英语. 她帮助我学习英语. She helped me (to) study English. 15 岁的 fifteen-year-olds 作名词指 15 岁的人 fifteen years old 指年龄 15 岁 如: a fifteen-year-old boy 一个 15 岁的男孩 Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15 岁的人喜欢唱歌. I am fifteen years old . 我是 15 岁.
  27.支付不起… can't /couldn't afford to do sth. can't / couldn't afford sth. 如:I can't/couldn't afford to buy the car. I can't/couldn't afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车.
  28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力
  29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦
  30. in the end 最后
  31. make a decision 下决定 下决心
  32. to one's surprise 令某人惊讶 如: to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶
  33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如: His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪
  34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如: You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友.
  35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如: She is able to do it. 她能够做到.
  36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如: My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了.
  37.不再 ①no more == no longer 如:
5
如:
Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑.
I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球. ②not …any more == not …any longer 如: I don't play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球.
  38. go to sleep 入睡 Unit3
  1.语态: ①英语有两种语态:主动语态和补动语态 主动语态表示是动作的执行者 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者 Cats Fish eat fish. by cats. (主动语态)猫吃鱼. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃.
is eaten
②被动语态的构成 由"助动词 be +及物动词的过去分词"构成 助动词 be 有人称,数和时态的变化,其变化规则与 be 作为连系动词时完全一样. 时态 一般现在 时 一般过去 时 情 态 动 词 被动语态结构 am are +过去分词 is was +过去分词 were + 过去分词 can/should may +be+过去分词 must/…… The work must be done right now. 例句 English countries. This bridge was built in 19
  89. is spoken in many
③被动语态的用法 当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被 动语态.
  2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如: Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如: LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州.
  3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞 让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词) have sth. done
  4. enough 足够 形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮 enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物 enough to 足够…去做… 如: I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京. She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了.
  5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话.
6
如:
I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话.
  6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句 He seems to feel very sad. It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心.
  7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语.常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept 等.连系动词除 be 和 become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词. 如: They are very happy.
  8. 倒装句: 由 so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样 She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学
 

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   如何提高英语水平 [ 李莉 发表于 2010-6-1 16:53:00 ] 对于学习英语 (论坛) 的人来说,最大的问题不是单词、语法,最困难的往往是口语。很多人考 试都很厉害,容易拿高分,但是在实际应用的时候确实“金口难开”,说不出来。英语水平不是靠单 词和语法堆出来的,更多的是综合水平的体现。下面为大家介绍一些实用的提高英语水平的方法,希 望对大家有所帮助。 第一、 第一、看英语电影 用看英语电影来练习口语与听力是个好办法。 要了解电影情节你其实并不需要很清楚的知道每个 单词,但附上英语 ...

英语被动语态的翻译浅析

   2009年10月 第27卷第5期 湖北大学成人教育学院学报 Journal of Adult Education College of Hubei University Oct.,2009 V01.27 NO.5 英语被动语态的翻译浅析 王金平 (武汉科技大学中南分校外语学院语言研究所,湖北武汉,430223) 摘要:本文比较了英汉两种语言里被动语态的不同,并根据这些不同提出了英语被动语态翻译成汉语 的几砷常用方法,即净弋汉语的被动旬、主动旬j一乇主句。 关键词:芰‘被暑。吾态;汉语被砂语态 ...

张汉熙高级英语教案第一册

   www.TopSage.com 大家网 1 / 74 《高级英语》教案 高级英语》 "ADVANCED ENGLISH" TEACHING NOTES FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT 更多精品在大家! http://www.TopSage.com 大家网,大家的! 2 / 74 3578251.doc TopSage.com 课程名称:高级英语 课程名称 教学对象: 教学对象:英语本科三,四年级学生 教学内容: 教学内容:ADVANCED ENG ...

高考英语卷词汇试题1

   高考英语词汇归类 一、从用法上复习归纳词汇,过语法关 英语词汇大多具有本身词义外, 还有其语法功能, 我们在复习时就不要把着眼点单纯放 在单词记忆上,而 要从它们的语法功能上去把握它们。如在复习动词时我们就要根据它们 变化形式多、搭配活跃等特点,从它们 的用法上进行分类记忆。这样,既可记住词汇,又 可攻克语法难关。 1.宾语不同,意义也不同 英语中有些动词可同时后接不定式和动名词作宾语, 但意义不同。 它们是高考试题的考 查重点。这类词主 要有: go on doing (继续干同一件事) ...

0B_资料_大全_BKQ-新概念英语3课文文本-更新第7,9,47,51,

   今人不见古时月,今月曾经照古人。 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 。-张先 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 -黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 《 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 - 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 。-李商隐 深知身在情长在,怅望江头江水声。-李商隐《暮秋独游曲江》 深知身在情长在, ...