本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7cai 中考英语一轮复习
九年级英语重点知识梳理
Unit1
  1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group by 还可以表示: "在…旁""靠近""在…期间""用, , , , " "经过""乘车"等 , 如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o'clock. The thief entered the room by the window. The student went to park by bus.
  2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影. talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话
  3. 提建议的句子: ①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don't you + do sth.? 如:Why don't you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? ④Let's + do sth. ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Why not go shopping? 如: Let's go shopping 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

  4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多.
  5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth. 如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说.
  6. aloud, loud 与 loudly 的用法 三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关. ①aloud 是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大, 常用在读书或说话上.通常放在动词之后.aloud 没有比较级 形式.如: He read the story aloud to his son. 他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听. ②loud 可作形容词或副词.用作副词时,常与 speak, talk, laugh 等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后.如: She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点. ③loudly 是副词,与 loud 同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后.如: He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑.
  7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如: I like milk very much. I don't like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶.我一点也不喜欢咖啡. not 经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾
  8. be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth. I am / get excited about going to Beijing.=== I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋.
  9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事 如: The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束.
1
=== be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:
② end up with sth.
  10. . first of all 首先
以…结束 如:
The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终. to begin with 一开始 later on 后来,随
  11. also 也,而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间 either 也(用于否定句)常在句末 too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末
  12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错. make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误.
  13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don't laugh at me! 不要取笑我!
  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录
  15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如: She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球. enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快.
  16. native speaker 说本族语的人
  17. make up 组成,构成
  18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一 如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一.
  19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事… 如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了. 句中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是 to study English
  20. practice doing 练习做某事 如: She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语.
  21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如: LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京.
  22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败. I won't write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写
  23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.
  24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事 如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子.
  25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如: I was angry with her. 我对她生气.
  26. perhaps === maybe 也许
  27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了.
  28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生 see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如:
2
如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画.
  29. each other 彼此
  30. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如: The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜.
  31. too many 许多 too much much too 太 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls 修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

  32. change… into… 将…变为… 如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书.
  33. with the help of sb. == with one's help 在某人的帮助下 如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下
  34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky. 你和安娜相比,你是幸运的.
  35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来) instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词 如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I'm going to Shanghai instead.去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上 海. I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去. He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳. Unit2
  1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 否定形式: didn't use to do sth. / used not to do sth. 如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球. Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He didn't use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟.
  2. 反意疑问句 ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she? Lily will go to China, won't she? ②否定陈述句+肯定提问 如: She doesn't come from China, does she? You haven't finished homework, have you? ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn't she? ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly 等.其反意疑问句用肯定式. 如: He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗? They hardly understood it, did they?他们几乎不明白,不是吗?
  3. play the piano
  4. 弹钢琴 ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣
3
②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣 如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣.
  5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人 interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物
  6. still 仍然,还 用在 be 动词的后面 如:I'm still a student. 用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.
  7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗
  8. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog. be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.
  9. on 副词,表示(电灯,电视,机械等)在运转中/打开, 其反义词 off.
  11. with the light on 灯开着 walk to school 步行到学校
  10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处
spend 动词,表示"花费金钱,时间" ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱,时间) ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱,时间)去做某事 如:
He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着 He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥. Pay for 花费 如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了 10 元买这本书.
  12. take 动词 有"花费"的意思 常用的结构有: take sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book. take … to do sth.
  13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天.
  14. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词 be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 如:Don't worry about him. 不用担心他. Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子.
  15. all the time 一直,始终
  16. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如: A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院. Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家.(home 的前面不能用 to)
  17. hardly adv. 几乎不,没有 hardly ever 很少 hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词,情态动词之后,实义 动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly hardly + 实义动词 如: I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们. I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了.
  18. miss v. 思念,想念, 错过
  19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:
4
I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住.
  20. be different from 与…不同
  21. how to swim 怎样游泳 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和 what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短 语.如: The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始. I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪.
  22. make sb./ sth. + 形容词 make sb./ sth. + 动词原形
  23. move to +地方 搬到某地 make you happy make him laugh 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

  24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如: It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多.
  25. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 She helped me with English.
  26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 她帮助我学英语. 她帮助我学习英语. She helped me (to) study English. 15 岁的 fifteen-year-olds 作名词指 15 岁的人 fifteen years old 指年龄 15 岁 如: a fifteen-year-old boy 一个 15 岁的男孩 Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15 岁的人喜欢唱歌. I am fifteen years old . 我是 15 岁.
  27.支付不起… can't /couldn't afford to do sth. can't / couldn't afford sth. 如:I can't/couldn't afford to buy the car. I can't/couldn't afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车.
  28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力
  29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦
  30. in the end 最后
  31. make a decision 下决定 下决心
  32. to one's surprise 令某人惊讶 如: to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶
  33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如: His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪
  34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如: You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友.
  35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如: She is able to do it. 她能够做到.
  36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如: My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了.
  37.不再 ①no more == no longer 如:
5
如:
Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑.
I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球. ②not …any more == not …any longer 如: I don't play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球.
  38. go to sleep 入睡 Unit3
  1.语态: ①英语有两种语态:主动语态和补动语态 主动语态表示是动作的执行者 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者 Cats Fish eat fish. by cats. (主动语态)猫吃鱼. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃.
is eaten
②被动语态的构成 由"助动词 be +及物动词的过去分词"构成 助动词 be 有人称,数和时态的变化,其变化规则与 be 作为连系动词时完全一样. 时态 一般现在 时 一般过去 时 情 态 动 词 被动语态结构 am are +过去分词 is was +过去分词 were + 过去分词 can/should may +be+过去分词 must/…… The work must be done right now. 例句 English countries. This bridge was built in 19
  89. is spoken in many
③被动语态的用法 当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被 动语态.
  2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如: Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如: LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州.
  3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞 让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词) have sth. done
  4. enough 足够 形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮 enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物 enough to 足够…去做… 如: I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京. She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了.
  5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话.
6
如:
I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话.
  6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句 He seems to feel very sad. It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心.
  7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语.常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept 等.连系动词除 be 和 become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词. 如: They are very happy.
  8. 倒装句: 由 so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样 She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学
 

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