四,代词 有两种:人称代词和物主代词. 1,人称代词分为:第一,第二,第三人称,且有单复数之分. 2,人称代词的主格在句中做主语,一般用在动词前(疑问句除外) ;宾格在句中做宾语,多 用于动词,介词后. 3,形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词,表示该名词是属于谁的. 4,名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词.如: This is my bag. = This is mine. That is her ruler. = That is hers. 一般看后面有没有名词,如有,就用形容词性物主代词;如无,就用名词性物主代词. 请牢记下表:
练一练: 1,按要求写出相应人称代词. I (宾格) she (形容词性物主代词) he(复数) us(单数) theirs(主格) its(宾格) 2,想一想,把下表补充完整.
we (名词性物主代词)
  1)That is not kite. That kite is very small, but is very big. ( I )

  2)The dress is . Give it to . ( she )
  3)Is this watch? ( you ) No, it's not . ( I )
  4) is my brother. name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are . ( he )
  5) dresses are red. ( we ) What colour are ? ( you )
  6)Show your kite, OK? ( they )
  7)I have a beautiful cat. name is Mimi. These cakes are . ( it )
  8)Are these tickets? No, are not . aren't here. ( they )
  9)Shall have a look at that classroom? That is classroom.( we )
  10) is my aunt. Do you know job? a nurse. ( she )
  11)Where are ? I can't find . Let's call parents. ( they )
  12)Don't touch . not a cat, a tiger! ( it )
  13) sister is ill. Please go and get . ( she )
  14)The girl behind is our friend. ( she ) 五,形容词,副词 1,形容词表示某一事物或人的特征,副词表示某一动作的特征.形容词和副词有三种形式: 原形,比较级,最高级.比较级:+er 最高级:the …+est 两个重要特征:as……as中间一定用原形,than的前面一定要+er. 2,形容词,副词比较级的规则变化如下: (
  1)一般直接+er.如:tall - taller, fast - faster 单音节词如果以-e结尾,只加 -r.如:late - later (
  2) 重读闭音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母, 须双写这个字母, 再加-er. big - bigger, 如: fat - fatter (
  3)以辅音字母加-y结尾的词, 变y为i, 再加-er.如:heavy - heavier, early - earlier (
  4) 双音节和多音节词的比较级应在原级前加more构成. 如: beautiful - more beautiful, careful - more careful, quietly - more quietly, interesting - more interesting (
  5)有些不规则变化的,须逐一加以记忆.如:good/well ? better, bad/ill ? worse, many/much ? more, far ? farther/further, old ? older/elder… 练一练: 1,写出下列形容词,副词的比较级. big good long tall old short thin heavy young fat light strong high far low early late well fast slow 2,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空.
  1) I can swim as ( fast ) as the fish, I think.
  2) Look! His hands are ( big ) than mine.
  3) I think you do these things ( well ) than your classmates.
  4) Whose bag is ( heavy ), yours or mine?
  5) Does Jim run as ( slow ) as David? Yes, but Mike runs ( slow ) than
  6) You have seven books, but I have ( many ) than you. I have ten.
  7) I jump ( far ) than some of the boys in my class.
  8) I'm very ( thin ), but she's ( thin ) than me.
  9) It gets and ( warm ) when spring comes here. 六,介词 1,一种虚词.不能单独作句子成分,它只有跟它后面的宾语一起构成介词短语,才能在句 子中起作用.有:in, on, under, with, behind, about, near, before, after, for, to, up, down, from, in front of, out of, from…to…, at the back of… 2,表示时间的介词有:at, on, in. (
  1)at表示"在某一个具体的时间点上",或用在固 定词组中.如:at ten o'clock, at 9:30 a.m., at night, at the weekend…(
  2)on 表示"在某日或某日的时间段".如:on Friday, on the first of October, on Monday morning… (
  3) in表示"在某一段时间 (月份, 季节) 里". in the afternoon, in September, 如: in summer, in 2005… 3,in一词还有其他的固定搭配,如:in blue(穿着蓝色的衣服) ,in English(用英语表 达) ,take part in(参加) . 练一练: 1,选用括号内恰当的介词填空.
  1) What's this ( at, on, in ) English?
  2) Christmas is ( at, on, in ) the 25th of December.
  3) The man ( with, on, in ) black is Su Hai's father.
  4) He doesn't do well ( at, on, in ) PE.
  5) Look at those birds ( on, in ) the tree.
  6) We are going to meet ( at, on, in ) the bus stop ( at, on, in ) half past ten.
  7) Is there a cat ( under, behind, in ) the door?
  8) Helen's writing paper is ( in, in front of ) her computer.
  9) We live ( at, on, in ) a new house now.
  10) Does it often rain ( at, on, in ) spring there? 2,圈出下列句子中运用不恰当的介词,并将正确的答案写在横线上.
  1) Jim is good in English and Maths.
  2) The films were in the ground just now.
  3) They are talking to their plans.
  4) How many students have their birthdays on May?
  5) Women's Day is at the third of March.
  6) I can jog to school on the morning.
  7) Did you water trees at the farm?
  8) Can you come and help me on my English?
  9) I usually take photos in Sunday morning.
  10) What did you do on the Spring Festival?



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