taoti.tl1
  00.com 选资源互助社区
你的首
中考英语语法精讲例析
连词
(一) 知识概要? 连词是一种在句子与句子之间, 短语之间以及名词等其他词语之间起连接作用的虚词, 它不 能单独作句子的成份。 按其意义可分为并列连词和从属连词两大类。 ?并列连词连接的双方 是对等的。常有的并列连词有 and, both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, as well as 等。但如果连接的两部分意义不趋向一致,意义有转折的并列连词有:but, however, while (而),only (只不过)。还有表示选择关系的并列连词,如:or, or else, otherwise… 再有 的是连接双方,互为因果,或表示前因后果的连词有:for, so, therefore (因此),then 等。? 从属连词在初中范围内常常用来连接名词性从句, 如: that, if, whether, 其次用来连接状语从 句。其中有原因状语从句,常用的连接词有:when while, as, since, before, after, once, as soon as, until, till 连接条件状语的连词有: unless, as long as 等, if, 而原因状语的连接词有 because, since, as, now that (既然)。 目的、 结果、 方式、 比较、 地点等状语从句的连接词有: that, so… so that, such…that, as…as, than, where… 它们在句子与文章中几乎无处不见。?具体用法见下 表。? 连词用法一览表 种类 功用 例句 并列连词 连接具有并列关系的 词 He knows neither English nor French. 短语 Are you going by bus or on foot? 分句 Mary was a good girl, but she had one shortcoming. 从属连词 引导: 状语从句 I'll do it as you told me. You will be late unless you hurry. 连接代词和连接副词 主语从句 What he said proved true. When we'll start has not been decided yet. 表语从句 This is why he didn't come yesterday. That is where he lives. 宾语从句 The man asked me which I liked best.? I can't understand why she is so late. 关系代词和关系副词 定语从句 Nicotine is a drug that gets one into the habit of smoking.? He came last night when I was out. (二) 正误辨析? [误] Both my parents are not here. They went to the concert just now.? [正] Neither of my parents is here. They went to the concert just now.? [析] 在英语中 both 一般用于肯定句中, 如用于否定句中, 其意义也不同于汉语, 如: Both of us are not right. 在英语中应被理解为"我们俩不都对。"而 Neither of us is right。 才能被理 解为"我们俩无一正确"。? [误] He or his parents has some tickets for the film.? [正] He or his parents have some tickets for the film.? [析] 由 or 连接两主语时,谓语动词应与相临近的那一个主语保持一致。? [误] You should study hard, and you won't pass the exam.? [正] You should study hard, or you won't pass the exam.? [析] or 作为连词,这里的意思为"否则"。又如:Hurry up, or you'll be late for school.
taoti.tl1
  00.com 选资源互助社区
你的首
[误] Though he is poor, but he is ready to help others.? [正] Though he is poor, he is ready to help others.? [正] He is poor, but he is ready to help others.? [析] "虽然……但是"是中文中的常用结构,但在英文中用了"虽然"则不要用"但是",用了 "但是"则不能再用"虽然",二者只可用其一。? [误] Either you or I are on duty.? [正] Either you or I am on duty.? [析] either…or 连接两个主语时,其谓语动词与相临近的一个主语相呼应,这也叫作就 近原则。类似的用法还有 or, neither… nor, not only…but also 等。? [误] Tom is our English teacher and teaching English in our school now.? [正] Tom is our English teacher and is teaching English in our school now.? [析] 并列句中常常在后面的句子中作一些省略,以免重复,但不是所有词都可作任意的 省略的。当你连接的是两个系动词时,后面的那个系动词不可省略,也就是讲连接的部分不 可省略。? [误] My father likes swimming and to collect stamps.? [正] My father likes swimming and collecting stamps.? [析] 由并列连词连接的两个部分要保持相等的语法结构。如是动名词则都用动名词,如 用不定式则都应用不定式,这是初学者要注意的一点。? [误] My father is reading a newspaper, I am doing my homework.? [正] My father is reading a newspaper while I am doing my homework.? [析] 两个并列句中间不可用逗号连接,要用并列连词来连接。? [误] My father asked me that if I wanted to learn how to drive.? [正] My father asked me if I wanted to learn how to drive.? [析] 宾语从句的连接词只能有一个不能重复使用。? [误] We will go both to Beijing and Shanghai.? [正] We will go to both Beijing and Shanghai.? [析] 用 both…and…作连接词时,其相连接的部分结构也要相同。? [误] Not only Mary but also her brothers is going to dance.? [正] Not only Mary but also her brothers are going to dance.? [析] 由 not only… but also…连接两个主语时,其重点在其后面的那一个主语,所以谓语 形式应采用就近原则。? [误] The teacher as well as his students are coming.? [正] The teacher as well as his students is coming.? [析] 由 as well as 连接两个主语时,谓语动词与 as well as 后面的名词无关,而与前面的 名词相一致。? [误] Tom does not swim nor play football.? [正] Tom does not swim or play football.? [析] nor 主要用于连接句子的对等连词,如在否定句中连接某一部分时要用 or, 但要注意 句子的含意, This animal does not like a cow or a horse. 这个动物既不像牛也不像马。 如: This animal does not like a cow but a horse. 这个动物不像牛而像马。? [误] For there is no light in the classroom. The students must have gone home. [正] The students must have gone home, for there is no light in the classroom. [析] 由 for 引出的原因状语从句在使用时要注意不能将该从句置于句 首,而应置于主句
taoti.tl1
  00.com 选资源互助社区
你的首
之后, 并在主句与从句之间加一逗号。 更要注意的是 because, as, since 与 for 4 个表示原因的 连词中 because 是因果关系,是最强的一个,而 for 是最弱的一个。有些语法书中干脆把 for 叫做并列连词 [误] My brother will pass the English exam is no question.? [正] That my brother will pass the English exam is no question.? [析] 主语从句的引导词 that 是不可省略的。这一点不要和宾语从句的引导词相提并论。 [误] This map will show you how will you get to the hotel.? [正] This map will show you how you will get to the hotel.? [析] 名词性从句作宾语从句使用时,最重要的一点是要用陈述语句。特别要注意的是那 些使用双宾语的动词,如:tell, ask, show…? [误] While the clock struch ten, all the lights went out.? [正] When the clock struck ten, all the lights went out.? [析] while 是强调两个动作在同时进行中,如:While I am doing myhomework, my father is reading a newspaper. 而这里的 when 是"正当某某时刻","就在这一时间点上",其重点强调 在某一特定时刻某动作的发生。? [误] While I was walking along the street yesterday, I met an old friend.? [正] When I was walking along the street yesterday, I met an old friend.? [析] 这里用 when 表达在一个动作的进行中,另一个动作突然发生了。正在进行的动作 用一进行时态,而突然发生的动作用一般时态。? [误] While I heard the bad news I felt sad.? [正] When I heard the bad news, I felt sad.? [析] while 不能表达一点儿的时间,即瞬时某一时间点。? [误] After school some students play football, or others go to the library. [正] After school some students play football, while others go to the library. [析] while 在此处意为"而,然而"。? [误] She sang when she walked along the dark street.? [正] She sang as she walked along the dark street.? [析] as 用于句中时,其要点是强调两个动作的同时进行。这里用 when 虽然不能讲是语 法上的错误,但则看不出来小女孩因独自走黑暗的街道因害怕而唱歌的心情。? [误] I finished my homework until twelve o'clock last night.? [正] I didn't finished my homework until twelve o'clock last night.? [正] I did my homework until twelve o'clock last night.? [析] until 用在句中时其含义是某一动作一直持续到某时结束,那么句中的动词则一定要 用持续性动词,如果要用瞬间,或截止性动词时一定要用否定句式。因截止性动作的否定式 应看作是持续性的动作。如离开 leave 是瞬间动作,因一出门即为离开了,而不离开则是长 时间的。? [误] I have studied English when I was twelve.? [正] I have studied English since I was twelve.? [析] since 引出的时间状语从句是表达了一个时间点, 而这个时间点是主句动作的启始点, 所以主句一般要用完成时态。? [误] Because he didn't study hard, so he didn't pass the exam. ? [正] He didn't pass the exam because he didn't study hard.? [析] because 与 so 在英文中两者不能并用的,只能在句中用其一。?
taoti.tl1
  00.com 选资源互助社区
你的首
[误] He was such excited that he could not speak.? [正] He was so excited that he could not speak.? [析] so 与 such 的用法可以分为四种情况,①用于单数可数名词之前,其格式是 such+不 定冠词+形容词+单数可数名词,如:It is such a beautiful book that every child likes it. 也可以 用 so, 其格式是 so+形容词+不定冠词+单数可数名词, It was so beautiful a book that every 如: child likes it. ②在不可数名词前或可数名词复数前这时只能用 such, 如:It is such good weather that we want to swim. 又如:They are such good students that they can pass the exam easily. ③在 few, little, much, many 这 4 个字前只能用 so 而不能用 such, 如: have so much I money that I can buy everything I want. ④当 that 前只有形容词或副词时, 这时只能用 so, 如: She is so beautiful that every one likes her. He ran so fast that I couldn't keep up with him.? [误] He got up earlier this morning so as to that he could catch the first bus. [正] He got up earlier this morning so as to catch the first bus.? [正] He got up so earlier that he could catch the first bus.? [析] so…that 与 so that 的用法有相同之处,那就是其后接从句,而 so as to 其后要接不定 式,即动词原形。这样的词组还有:in order to。? [误] I want to buy same stamp that you have.? [正] I want to buy the same stamp as you have.? [析] the same…as (that)这是个固定用法,在 same 前的定冠词是不能少的。而 the same… that 意为"我要的就是那一个"。而 the same…as 为"要的是和……一样的东西"。 [误] Before I do not give you the answer, I'll ask you some questions.? [正] Before I give you the answer, I'll ask you some questions.? [析]这种错误是由于受中文的影响。 在中文中可以讲"我没给你答案前"。 而英文用了 before 就不要再用否定句了。? (三) 例题解析? 1 ? We bought Granny a present, ___ she didn't like it.? A. but B. and C. or D. so ? [答案] A. ? [析] 由于句意的原因,应选择转折连词。? 2 ? Run quickly, ___ we'll miss the early train.? A. and B. but C. so D. or ? [答案] D. ? [析] or 这里应译为:否则。? 3 ? I'll give the book to him ___ he comes back.? A. since B. as soon as C. before D. until ? [答案] B. ? [析] as soon as 引出的时间状语从句应用一般现在时表示将来要发生的动作。? 4 ? Don't cross the road ___ the light turns green.? A. when B. while C. until D. as ? [答案] C. ?
taoti.tl1
  00.com 选资源互助社区
你的首
[析] until 应译为"直到……才",因为前面的祈使句为否定句。又如:She did not go to bed until her mother came back. 应译为"直到她妈妈回来她才睡觉"。? 5 ? Miss Gao has been a teacher ___ 19
  90.? A. before B. after C. since D. in ? [答案] C. ? [析] 因为主句为完成时,所以应用 since 表示该动作的启始点。? 6 ? - Which would you like better, tea ___ milk?? - Tea, please.? A. but B. and C. or D. with ? [答案] C. ? [析] 在疑问句与否定句中应用 or 来表示一种选择。? 7 ? We love spring ___ there's beautiful flowers every where.? A. though B. but C. or D. because ? [答案] D. ? [析] 因为这里表示的是因果关系。? 8 ? Please leave ___ 7∶00,
 

相关内容

中考英语语法精讲例析--动词

   中考英语语法精讲例析--动词 (一) 知识概要 动词在语言中是必不可少的一部分。 它的语法现象也较多, 但在初中范围主要有以下几方 面问题。① 时态:初中范围主要有一般现在时,一般过去时,现在完成时,过去完成时, 将来时与过去将来时六种时态。 语态: ② 主动语态与被动语态。 助动词和情态动词。 非 ③ ④ 谓语动词,也就是不定式,动名词及现在分词的用法。时态主要掌握以下几种时态的应用 要点和习惯用法。 1 一般现在时:主要有以下三方面,① 用来表示状态,特征或不受时间限制的客观存在 ...

中考英语语法精讲例析---连词

   taoti.tl100.com 选资源互助社区 你的首 中考英语语法精讲例析 连词 (一) 知识概要 连词是一种在句子与句子之间, 短语之间以及名词等其他词语之间起连接作用的虚词, 它不 能单独作句子的成份。 按其意义可分为并列连词和从属连词两大类。 并列连词连接的双方 是对等的。常有的并列连词有 and, both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, as well as 等。但如果连接的两部分意义不趋向一致,意义有转折的并列 ...

中考英语语法精讲例析---连词学习啊

   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...

中考英语语法精讲例析--形容词和副词

   中考英语语法精讲例析--形容词和副词 (一) 知识概要 形容词的用法很活跃, 在英语中用处也很多, 但英语中修饰可数名词和不可数名词的修饰语 和词组有时不同, 要特别加以注意。 下面将初中学习阶段中遇到的修饰可数名词的词和词组 归 纳 如 下 : many, no, several, some, a few, a lot, lots, plenty, plenty of, a lot of, a large number of, enough。 而 修 饰 不 可 数 名 词 的 词 或 ...

初中英语语法-精华

   英语语法 初中英语语法 学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 。 1、名词 名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 名词 2、代词 代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 代词 3、形容词 形容词(adj.. ...

中考英语语法复习--连词

   连词在句中的作用 是把词与词、 是把词与词、短语与 短语、 短语、句子与句子连 接起来。 接起来。它不能在句 中单独作句子成分。 中单独作句子成分。 并列连词和从属连词 的用法: 的用法:连词是连结单 短语、 词、短语、从句或句子 的虚词, 的虚词, 在句子中不单 独作句子成份。 独作句子成份。连词按 其性质可分为: 其性质可分为: 1、并列连词 如:and, or, but, 、 for, 等, 连接并列的词与词,短 连接并列的词与词, 语与短语,句子与句子。 语与短语,句子与句子。如: ...

高二英语语法总结精讲

   高二上学期英语语法总结 1.不定式被动态的一般形式的内涵及用法。 .不定式被动态的一般形式的内涵及用法。 2.用作主语、定语、宾语和状语的不定式的四种功能的用法 .用作主语、定语、宾语和状语的不定式的四种功能的用法。 ①当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示动作的承受者时, 不定式一般用被动形式。 不定式被 动形式在句中可作主语、表语、状语、补语等。如:To be obeyed was natural to her.她生性 让别人听命于她。(作主语)The problem remained to ...

2011年高考英语语法复习教案-连词与介词

   高考语法专题: 高考语法专题:连词与介词 考纲新研读 固定搭配是介词考查的核心。做介词题时,要认真分析语境逻辑, 固定搭配是介词考查的核心。做介词题时,要认真分析语境逻辑,认 真分析句子结构,根据含义、搭配及语境,选择正确的选项。 真分析句子结构,根据含义、搭配及语境,选择正确的选项。连词的考查重点 是并列连词和从属连词的正确使用。 是并列连词和从属连词的正确使用。 连词 1.连词的种类 连词的种类 (1)并列连词 并列连词:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, ...

备战2011年职称英语考试之重点语法精讲汇总

   一 语态是动词的一种形式,它表示主语和谓语的关系.语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态.如果主语是动作 的执行者,或者是说动作是由主语完成的,要用主动语态;如果主语是动作的承受者,或者是说动作不是由主 语而是由其他人完成的,则用被动语态. 被动语态考点聚焦 (一)被动语态的概念: 不知道或没必要提到动作的执行者是谁时用被动语态.强调或突出动作的承受者常用被动语态(by 短 语有时可以省略). (二)被动语态的构成方式: be + 过去分词,口语只也有用 get / become + 过去分词表示. ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编连词动词及动词词组动词的时态

   知识点 8:连词 : ( ) 1. (2009甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) . ( 甘肃兰州 Tom Mary speaks good Chinese, so they can communicate with these Chinese students very well. A. Neither, nor B. Not only, but also 答案】 【答案】 B ( ) 2.(2009甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州 C. Both, and D. Either, or You s ...

热门内容

初中英语常考点总结

   初中英语常考点总结 decide/ask/tell/want/plan/expect/wish/hope/would like (not)to do sth Yesterday/last/ago Ved&V 不规则 情态动词/do/does/did 后+动词原形 情态动词 动词原形 often/usually/always/sometimes/every/on Sundays 是一般现在时的标志词 名词不加 S 动词加 S,名词加 S 动词不加 S , 介词+doing 介词 on/ ...

新概念英语第四册 (12)

   Unit 2 Lesson 12 Banks and their customers 银行和顾客 First listen and then answer the following question. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 Why is there no risk to the customer when a bank prints the customer's name on his cheques? When anyone op ...

New Standard English 新标准大学英语4练习答案 Unit7

   Unit7 Active reading (1) Reading and understanding 3 Choose the best summary of the passage. 2 The passage is the story of a home, the people who lived there and how life has changed over the years, as narrated by the house itself. 4 Choose the bes ...

2011广西学士学位英语考前串讲

   学位英语考前串讲 近三年的命题规律 命题趋势预测 精华考点梳理 高分技能提示 Questions 近三年统考命题规律 不超纲、守样题、题型稳 命题难度因年而异 命题材料的时效性阅读、完形填空 作文命题的贴切性:紧扣成教特点,让考生有 话可说,有话要说。 最常用的语法考点、最明显的词义辨析、最 容易忽视的短语词组 命题趋势预测 总体而言,试题难度有所加大 阅读材料会增加长度和难度,拉开分数层次 作文依然采用命题提纲作文的方式,命题由个 人的小问题逐渐转向社会热门大问题 语法项目不会太难,同义词 ...

0JJOS往事追忆_高考英语真题阅读理解理

   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 32 ...