中考英语语法总复习 文章来 源莲 山课件 w ww.5 Y K J.cOm 动词的时态: 初中英语的动词时态主要有五种:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在进行时,现在完成 时.
  1. 一般现时的用法:主要由动词原形表示,但在第三人称单数时要在词尾加-s 。否定句和 疑问句要用助动词 do, does. A. 经常性或习惯性的动作。如 The trees get green in spring . 。 B 现在特征或状态。如 The Changjiang River is the longest in our country. He doesn` t work in the factory . C.普遍真理。如 The sun rises in the east . Five and two in seven . 2 现在进行时: 现在进行时是由助动词 be 的人称形式加现在分词构成。 主要表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。如: Where are they swimming? They are swimming in the river. 有些动词的现在进行时表示近期按计划或安排要进行的动作。这些动词是:go ,come, leave ,start ,arrive , return ,work sleep,stay,play,do,have ,wear….. She is coming to see me tomorrow.
  3. 一般将来时: 主要表示将要发生的动作或情况。 由助动词 shall 或 will 加动词原形构成。/ be going to 加动词原形构成 It won’t rain tonight . I shall meet you at the station. He is going to have a swim tomorrow.
  4.一般过去时:由动词的过去式表示。 表示在过去某个时刻发生的动作或情况。包括过去习惯性动作。如; Did you knock at the door just now? / He finished reading the book yesterday.
  5.现在完成时:由 have 的人称形式加过去分词构成 A 到现在为止已经完成的动作。如: I have lent my book to Ann. 我把书借给了安。 He has never seen a real tiger. 他从来没有见过真老虎。 B、从过去开始延续到现在的动作或状态。如: She has lived here since 19
  91. 从一九九一年起她就住在这里。 时 态 常用的时间副词 一般现在时 every( year,otherday ,twodays,week,month…) ,often ,always,usually ,sometimes, in the morning,in summer,on Sunday 一般过去时 last week, just now,yesterday, yeaterday morning ,the day before yesterday,then, at that moment,(a few days) ago, 一般将来时 tomorrow, next month, in two days, 现在进行时 now 现在完成时 since ,for(one year….), just, already, yet ,in the last five years, …before.so far
被动语态:
被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。由“助动词 be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。 Be 有人 称,数量和时态变化。 一般现在时:be (is am are) +及物动词的过去分词 一般过去时:be (was were)+ 及物动词的过去分词 情态动词的过去分词:情态动词+be +及物动词的过去分词 用动词的适当时态填空:
  1. Light(travel)faster than sound. He (get) up early in the morning
  2. John usually (go) home on Sunday morning.
  3. Cats (like ) fish while dogs (like ).
  4. He always(sleep) with his windows open.
  5. One tree (not make) a wood. Two and three(be ) five .
  6. I (say ) you are wrong. Everything (go )well in spring .
  7. He(not wok) on Sundays. He (take) a walk after supper.
  8. Lucy (prefer) coffee to milk. Lily (hate) traveling.
  9. Children (love ) to play games. The boy (look ) like his mother.
  10. The sun (rise ) in the east and (go) down in the west.
  11. Where you (go ) just now? I (go) to the library.
  12. He(live) in China last year, but he (live) in Japan now. He (live )there for three months. He (live) there by the end of this year.
  13. He (pay) ten yuan for his new book yesterday. It (cost) him so little.
  14. What you (wear )yesterday? I (wear ) a blue skirt.
  15. He (feel ) very tired last night ,he (fall) asleep very quickly .
  16. He(say )he ( will)write to me as soon as he came home.
  17. He (take )his temperature half an hour ago.
  18. We (win ) the league match last week, we (be ) the winners.
  19. She (keep)me waiting for an hour last night . She (be )late.
  20. He (find )it difficult to get to sleep. because he (be)too glad.
  21. He (read ) a book when I (see) her .
  22. Great changes (happen ) in the village last year.
  23. He (drive ) to Shanghai last week, he (choose )many presents for his family.
  24. Just now ,he (mistake ) me for Lucy.
  25. What you (do )now ? I (look) for my pen .
  26. Look ,they (read)over there, others (dance)under the tall tree.
  27. Listen ,someone(sing)English songs next room.
  28. It’s five o’clock. . I(do )my homework, My brother (play)games , my mother (cook) supper, my father (mend ) his car in the garden.
  29. Tom (fly ) kites with his classmates on the hill now.
  30. Who (wash ) clothes over there ? It’s my mother.
  31. you (look ) for a ball? Yes .I am .
  32. He always (try )out his new ideas.
  33. The world population (grow ) faster and faster .
  34. What Lucy (wear) today ? She (wear)a dark blue skirt.
  35. you ( make )a cake ? No . I(make) dumplings.

  36. It(rain )hard now. If it(not stop ) ,we(not go )to the park.
  37. The children (go )the park next week.They (have )a good time there.
  38. He with his father (play)football tomorrow .
  39. My friend (come) to see me in two days.
  40. What you (do )this Sunday ? Nothing much . we ( go )shopping? That’s a good idea. When we (meet) ?
  41. There (be )a football match the day after tomorrow.
  42. Jim (have ) a swim this evening. After that ,he (do )his homework.
  43. ClassThree (not have )any classes next week.
  44. I(buy )a skirt for my daughter next month.
  45. you(start)your homework? Yes, but I(not finish) it yet.
  46. What you(do )with the library book? Ijust (return)it .
  47. Excuse me . I (lose ) my cat. you (see) it anywhere?
  48. If I (lose )the book, I must pay for it.
  49. I( come )to get my pan back. . you ( finish)using it? Not yet.
  50. you ever (milk) a cow? No, never.
  51. How long you ( be) at this school ? For two years.
  52. He (teach ) in this school for ten years . I( live )here since last year.
  53. More than two days (pass) since we left.
  54. you (take )her temperature? Yes, I have. I(have)a cold for a week.
  55. you (sleep )well? Yes, I (sleep)well all night.
  56.I never(hear)of that before.
  56. Chinese (speak ) by the largest people in the world.
  57. This bike (make ) in Shanghai .Bananas(grow )in the south of China.
  58. Metal (use)for making machines.
  59. Sheep (keep) farmers for producing wool and mutton.
  60. The watch (buy) two years ago . It (buy) for two years.
  61. The bike (use ) for ten years. It (break )down for two months.
  62. you (wear )it a lot ? Yes . It (wear ) for ten years.
  63. The young tree must (tie ) to the stick.
  64. Trees should (plant ) in spring .
  65. Silk (produce ) in Suzhou.
  66. Some of the things (show ) in the museum now .
  67. The PRC (found)on October 1,19
  49.
  68. The lost boy (find ) yesterday.
  69. The book (write ) in English It can (read ) by many people.
  70. Old people should (speak )to politely .
  71. The teacher should (listen ) to carefully.
  72. She (surprise ) at the news just now.
  73. She (see)to run into the room by me five minutes ago.
  74. The ground (cover) with snow in winter.
  75. Fruit should (harvest) at the right time.
  76. There are twenty more trees to(plant).

  77. He (mistake ) for Jim by the man yesterday.
  78. Great changes(happen ) in the village since 19
  85.
  79. The cheapest pen (choose ) by him at last .
  80. The car must (drive ) slowly by old men. 综合练习:
  1. The girl (draw ) a co on the blackboard with chalk now.
  2. When you (lose ) the book?
  3. How many times your uncle (be )to Dalian ? Twice
  4. The girl always (prefer) Chinese to maths .
  5. The girl (learn )to milk since last year .
  6. ?What`s the girl crying for? She (cut) her finger.
  7. Stop .(guess). Mrs Hu has told me who won the high jump.
  8. The dog often (follow)the young man everywhere.
  9. Can you (guess) it isn`t his ?
  10. Hurry up, or you(catch) the train .
  11. Rechard (give) you a call as soon as you comes back.
  12. The little boy hurt his head . He (need) an operation at once.
  13. Don`t worry. We (send) for the policemen.
  14. My radio (break).I can`t listen to it.
  15. Robert lay quietly while the doctors (operate) on him.
  16. Don`t worry .They (take) good care of your sin if you go to save the soldiers.
  17. Most people (hate) the bad weather.
  18. The spy (cover) the blanks while the policemen came in .
  19. Don`t go to see him . He (change) his mind .
  20. Jim (make) a few friends since he came to China.
  21. Don`t worry. The foreign children (get ) on well on well with their classmates.
  22. Who (wear) the sweater outside last night?
  23. Look. You brother (fight) with John.
  24. the door ?(lock)
  25. Glasses (make)of glass .
  26. Silk (sell) in some shops in the town..
  27. The factory (produce) machines.
  28. Do you know the Frenchman/ Yes , I(know ) him for two years.
  29. The farmers often ( sell) their vegetables in the market.
  30. How many televisions (make ) in the factory last week?
  31. Athermos is used for (keep ) the water hot.
  32. Can the motorbike ?(ride)
  33. The old woman (lock ) the box when she goes out .
  34. Don’t be afraid . The dog must (tie ) to the tree.
  35. All the new words (not look ) up in the dictionary yet .
  36. How many babies (bear) in the world every year”
  37. The woman (have ) ababy this morning.
  38. The shoes in your size (sell) out.
  39. Jack fell over while he (pass0 the stick on to the second runner.

  40. Sorry , I kept you (wait) so long.
  41. The boy is always made (wash ) his face in the morning.
  42. What (be) the population in the world by the end of this century?
  43. Mr Brown has stopped smoking since he (operate ) on ?
  44. Tom said he (be) a teacher when he grew up.
  45. His jacket (wear ) out . He wants to buy a new one .
  46. The woman (seem)always angry.
  47. Will you go to see the film? Thanks, but (see) it ?
  48. Miss Li (be ) Washington for one and a half years.
  49. When will you finish the book ?(write )
  50. I (leave ) my pen in the bedroom . I have to write with a pencil.
  51. Stop talking . The headmaster (come).
  52. The book can (keep) for two weeks.
  53. After supper she went on (do) her homework.
  54. It was a cold night . An old man (lie) under a chair in the park.
  55. Doctors (need ) in every part of the world.
  56. She (say ) she works in an office.
  57. His father (die ) for two months .
  58. By the end of this month , Bill (catch) up with Bruce.
  59. Why you always (follow) me?
  60. The girl (hurry ) off just now .
  61. How much you (spend) on the next travel ?
  62. Mr Brown (come) in ten minutes
  63. All the children (take ) good care of in the school.
  64. I (go ) with you if you agree with me .
  65. What (happen ) at the corner of the street now?
  66. The young man was very lazy , so he (send ) away .
  67. The woman (not hear ) from her husband since last April .
  68. The boy was sad because his team (beat ).
  69. Two of the players (hurt ) while playing football.
  70. Please go and see a film with me when you (finish)
  71. How soon you (go ) again to Chengdu?
  72. Could you tell me what (grow ) in the South ?
  73. His little sister still (sleep ) when he (get ) up yesterday.
  74. I`ll pass the message on to Luny as soon as I (see ) her next week .
  75. Mum (have ) supper at six every evening.
  76. What this (call ) in English ?
  77. Do you feel like (walk ) to the corner with me ?
  78. Each of the pupils an hour to finish the paper yesterday.( give )
  79. Your uncle under the tree , isn`t he ? (lie )
  80. He asked me if it (rain ) the next morning.
  81. You`d better (go )to see a doctor.
  82. We (learn ) over ten English songs by the end of last term.
  83. The team (choose ) yesterday afternoon.

  84. He doesn`t let us (draw ) on the wall .
  85. I like (read ) in bed .
  86. It (get ) late
 

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