中考英语阅读理解的解题技巧与策略 中考英语阅读理解的解题技巧与策略 “阅读理解”的解题步骤与思路点拨 a. 浏览问题,通读全文。做阅读理解题之前,首先要匆匆读一下短文后面的题目,然后带 着这些问题去阅读所给的材料,获取文中的各种信息。通读全文时,尤其要注意短文首段或每 一自然段的首句。文章最后一段往往是总括全文的,是事件的结局或作者表达的态度、意图、 目的等。特别是短文的末尾一句,往往起着画龙点睛的作用。命题者也常常就这一句设置一个 题目,而且往往是难度较大的题。这样一来便容易抓住中心,为下一步准确、快速地解题打下 良好的基础。通读全文, 以了解全文达意为目的,不认识的猜,猜不出的跳过去, 一气呵成, 不回 读。 b. 解答问题,选定答案。浏览全文,获取了文中的主要信息之后,就可以一边认真阅读题 目,一边细心答题了。首先,要弄懂题干的内容和要求,然后到文中去找相应的信息。其次, 依照题目和找到的信息,进行推理判断。如果遇到的题目很难或无法根据所给材料做出明确的 判断,这时,要统观全文,在理解文字表面意思的基础上进行深入分析、推理,找到解决问题 的突破口,然后结合文章主题和有关常识进行思考,从而可以推断出正确答案。如果遇到百思 不得其解的问题,可暂时将其搁置一旁,等做完其它题目之后,然后再回头来推敲这些悬而未 决的题目。 值得一提的是,虽然有时候在选项里会出现原文中的某些语句,但它们往往是迷惑项,与答案 的选定根本不相干。 c. 力求稳妥,复核检查。在完成了全部的题目之后,还必须快速地、有针对性地重读一遍短文, 特别是要留意与题目相关的文字。 阅读理解 1 Mr. Lee was in bed and was trying to go to sleep when he heard the bell ring. He turned on the light and looked at his clock. It was twelve o'clock. "Who can it be at this time of night?" He thought. He decided to go and find out. So he got of bed, put on his dressing gown (浴袍) and went to the door. When he opened the door, there was nobody there. "That is very strange." Then he went back to his bedroom, took off his dressing gown, got back into bed, turned off the light and tried to go to sleep. A few minutes later he heard the bell again. Mr. Lee jumped out of bed very quickly and rushed to the door. He opened it, but again he found no one there. He closed the door and tried not to feel angry. Then he saw a piece of paper on the floor. He picked it up. There were some words on it : "It is now after midnight, so it is April Fool's Day. April fool to you!" "Oh, it was the English boy next door!" Mr. Lee exclaimed (惊叫) and almost smiled. He went back to bed and feel asleep at once. The bell did not ring again.
  1. When did Mr. Lee go to bed? He went to bed . A. before twelve o'clock B. after twelve o'clock C. when the bell rang D. when he saw the boy
  2. Why did he rush to the door when he heard the bell ring the second time? A. He wanted to open the door for the visitor B. He wanted to find out who the visitor was. C. He was afraid of the ring D. He was waiting for someone.
  3. From this passage, we learn that we can on April Fool's Day. A. say "Hello" to each other B. dance and sing at night C. play jokes on each other D. send pressents to children
  4. What did Mr. Lee think about the English boy?
He thought he . A.was a good boy C. shouldn't ring the bell at midnight
B. was friendly with him D. did a dangerous thing just now
阅读理解 2 Babies love chocolate and sometimes they also eat the paper around it. My cat enjoys a meal of good, thick paper, old letters, for example. She does not like newspapers very much Of course, the best paper comes from wood. Wood comes from trees, and trees are plants. Vegetables and fruit are plants, too, and we eat a lot of them. So can we also eat wood and paper? Scientists say, "All food comes in some way from plants." Well, is that true? Animals eat grass and grow fat. Then we eat their meat. Little fish eat little sea-plants, then bigger fish swim along and eat the ……Chickens eat bits of grass and give us…… Think for a minute. What food does not come from plants in some way? Scientists can do wonderful things with plants. They can make food just like meat and cheese. And they can make it without the help of animals. It is very good food, too. Now they have begun to say, "We make our paper from wood. We can also make food from wood. The next thing is not very difficult." What is the next thing? Perhaps it is?food from paper. Scientists say, "We can turn paper into food. It will be good, cheap food, too, cheaper than meat or fish or eggs." So please keep your old books and letters. (Don't feed [喂] your cat.) One day, they will be on your plate, if what scientists say may come true.
  1. The writer asks us to keep our old books and letters because . A. they are useful for reading B. They may be used to feed cats C. We can make food from them soon D. we can read them at breakfast
  2. From the passage (段落),we can infer(推断) that do not come from plants in some way. A. few kinds of food B. meat and fish C. cheese and chicken D. wood and paper 阅读理解 3 The police do many things for us. They help keep our things and us safe. They help keep cars moving safely. They take care of people who are hurt. Then they see these people get to a doctor. The police go around town to see that everything is all right. They get around town in many ways. Some of them walk or go by car. In some big cities,some of the police ride on horses. It is strange to see these animals in the street. As they go around town, police help people. Sometimes they find lost children. They take the the children home. If the police see a fight,they put an end to it right away. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell the people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well. Some police stand at crossings. They tell the cars when to go and when to stop. They make sure that the cars do not go too fast. They help children cross the street. They also help people who can't walk too well. Without the police,our streets would not be safe. Cars might go too fast and hurt people. Lost people might never be found. The police do a good job. We need them. And we should thank them for a job well done.
根据短文内容,选择正确答案。
  1. The police do many things for us. They help keep our things and us . A. warm B. clean C. quiet D. safe
  2. How do some of the police get around in some big cities? A. By taxi. B. On horses. C. By bus. D. On bikes.
  3. In the text,“put an end to” means “”. A. stop B. cut C. kill D. fly
  4. The text is mainly talking about the of the police. A. life B. road C. job D. day 阅读理解 4 Have you ever been ill? When you are ill,you must be unhappy because your body becomes hot, there are pains all over your body. You don't want to work, stay in bed, and you feeling very sad. What makes us ill? It is germs(细菌). Germs are everywhere. They are very small and you can't find them with your eyes,but you can see them with a microscope. They are very small and there could be hundreds of them on a very small thing. Germs are always found in dirty water. When we look at dirty water under the microscope,we shall see them in it. So your father and mother will not let you drink dirty water. Germs aren't found only in water. They are found in air and dust. If you cut your finger,if some of the dust from the floor goes into the cut(割开处),some of the germs would go into your finger. Your finger would become big and red,and you will have much pain in it. Sometimes the germs would go into all of your body,and you would have pain everywhere. 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。
  1. Which of the following is TRUE? A. If things are very small,they are germs. B. If things can't be seen,they must be germs. C. Germs are only in dirty water. D. Germs are everywhere around us.
  2. What is a microscope used for? A. Making very small things look much bigger. B. Making very big things look much smaller. C. Helping you read some newspapers. D. Helping you if you can't see things clearly.
  3. Why don't your parents let you drink dirty water? A. You haven't looked at it carefully. B. Water can't be drunk in this way. C. There must be lots of germs in it. D. Water will make you ill.
  4. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Germs can be found both in water and in the air. B. Germs can go into your finger if it is cut. C. If your temperature is not OK,there must be germs in your body. D. If your finger isn't cut,there aren't any germs on it.
  5. What's the main idea of the passage? A. Germs may make us ill. B. Germs are in dirty water. C. Don't drink dirty water. D. Take care of your fingers.
 

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