阅读技能训练 ?? 猜测词义
How to guess the meaning of words?
A French student goes to London for his holiday. He knows a little English, but he can’t speak it very well. One day he goes to a restaurant. He wants to have some eggs, but he can’t remember the English word for “egg”. He looks around and sees a picture of a hen. He shows the picture to the waiter. “ What do you call her children?” he asks. “Chicks, sir.” “ And what do you call chicks before they’re born?” “ Eggs, sir.” “Very well,” says the French student. “ Give me two eggs and a cup of tea, please”.
If you meet the new words when reading, what will
you do ?
?Pay no attention and continue reading. ?Look them up in the dictionary.
? Guess
the meaning.

  1. I will not make friends with a dishonest person. dis+honest
  2. When the little boy finished, his father was speechless. speech+less 说不出话的
  3. If some athletes use drugs, it is unfair to the others. un+fair 首先要熟悉基本的构词法及其规律, 首先要熟悉基本的构词法及其规律 其 次要掌握一定的词根和词缀。 次要掌握一定的词根和词缀。如:un-, im-, mis-, -less, -ness等。 等

  1. It will be very hard but also very brittle?? that is , it will break easily. 脆的
  2. The purpose of the campaign was to catch “ringers”, students who take tests for other students. 冒名替考者
  3. A calendar is a list of the days, weeks, months of a particular year. 日历 释义常由定语从句或由…is, or, that is 释义常由定语从句或由 (to say), in other words, be called,be , known as等词汇或破折号来表示。 等词汇或破折号来表示。 等词汇或破折号来表示

  1. He replied quickly, but after he considered the problem more carefully, he regretted having made such a hasty decision.

  2. Your ideas are so not clear to me.
nebulous that they are
and , or , such as, like, for example, for instance常连接同义词组 。 常连接同义词组

  1. Although the early morning had been very cool, the noonday sun was tropical. 热的
  2. He had been getting better but during the night his condition deteriorated. 恶化
表转折关系的词常有but, while, 表转折关系的词常有 however, instead of , rather than , unlike, yet, though 等。

  1.The clock is so accurate that it will never lose a second in more than 200 million years.

  2. All his attempts to unlock the door was futile, because she was using the wrong key.
徒劳的, 徒劳的,无效的
常用关联词如: 常用关联词如 because,as,since,for, , , , , so,as a result, so, so … that, such … that , 等表示前因后果。 等表示前因后果。

  1. In the old days, when girls from rich families were married to their husbands, they expected to bring with themselves plenty of dowry. 嫁妆
  2. But sometimes, no rain falls for a long, long time. Then there will be a drought.

  3. The snake slithered through the grass.
爬行, 爬行 滑行
How to guess the meaning of words?
定义 生活 常识 构词法
对比 转折 同义词 因果 关系
Let’s try!

  1. She asked the hairdresser to trim her hair because it was too long. 修剪
  2. Although people in many countries consider raw meat delicious, we Chinese people seldom eat any meat that is uncooked. 未烹饪的
  3. …Yet, shopkeepers may have to spend extra hours to deal with problems, such as shoplifters, who always take away things from the shop without paying for them. 冒充顾客在商店行窃的人
  4. Mark Twain was not the author’s real name; it was a pseudonym. 笔名 化名 笔名,

  5. Bananas, oranges, pineapples, coconuts and some other kinds of fruit grow in warm areas.
  6. The fisherman make their canoes from trees. They go from island to island in these light boats and collect trutles’ eggs.
  7. Finally the enemy surrendered. They threw down their guns and walked out of the home with their hands over their heads.
  8. Jogging has become very popular in some countries. It is believed to be a good exercise for old people.
  1. 椰子
  2. 独木舟
  3. 投降
  4. 慢跑

  9. The shop sells stationery, such as pens,
pencils, paper, envelopes, and so on. 文具
  10. She did not hear what you said because she was completely engrossed in her reading.
  11. This boss wanted privacy because he knew that being alone would help him solve his problem.
  12. The pupils assembled in front of the school hall. They came together to listen to the headmaster announce the results of the sports meeting.
  10. 全神贯注的
  11. 清净
  12. 聚集

  13. He is one of the most loquacious men I know His brother, however, does not like to talk much. 话多的
  14. Man differs most from all the other animals in their ability to learn and use language. …不同 与…不同
  15. The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year. 牧羊人
  16. Those new comers were not used to the life in the suburbs which was so different from that inside the city. 郊区 城外 郊区,

  17. A stunt person is a man or woman who does all the dangerous bits of acting work in films or on TV. 特技演员
  18. My birthday was a few days ago. It was just like an ordinary day, no presents, no party, no cake… 普通的
  19. The official asked the man what his occupation was. The man told him that he worked as an engineer. 工作 职业 工作,
  20. Doctors believe that smoking cigarettes is detrimental to your health. 有害的
4 points

  1. The World MUN(世界大学生模拟联合国 is based 世界大学生模拟联合国) 世界大学生模拟联合国 on understanding, compromise, learning and friendship. (06, 福州课改区 福州课改区) A.友谊 A.友谊 B. 理解 C. 和解 D. 屈服
  2. Wang Zhizhi said, “I realized I had made a big mistake. I want to say sorry to my fans and to the Bayi Team(八 八 一队) 一队 which trained me and gave me the chance to play in the NBA. I was too young to make the right decision. I hope I could make up my fault this time and win back my place in the national team. (
  06,广东) ,广东) A. 表现出色 B. 弥补过失 C. 珍惜机会 D. 得到谅解
3 points

  3. I am Peter. In 2007 I got engaged(订婚 But 订婚). 订婚 unluckily I lost my job. Though I got a job again six months later, I was very short of money. One day, I came to your shop to buy a ring. (06, 山西 山西) A.项链 B.耳环 C.戒指 D. 圆环 B.耳环 C.戒指 A.项链
  4. Can a soft-looking girl be tough (坚韧的 inside? 坚韧的) 坚韧的 Taiwan’s pop singer Evonne Xu is like this. If she thinks something is right, she goes out of her way to do it. (07, 威海 威海) A. to get off B. to get in the way C. to go away D. to try one’s best
exchange your scores

  5. You have often looked into a mirror, of course. But you haven’t seen the real picture of your face yet. And why couldn’t you see it? When you look into a mirror, you don’t see your face as other people see it. You see a reversed picture. (06, 杭州 杭州) A.暂存的 B.相反的 B.相反的 C.模拟的 D.虚幻的 C.模拟的 D.虚幻的 A.暂存的
  6. Nowadays more and more people care about the exploitation(开采 of the natural resources, 开采) 开采 such as oil. (07, 哈尔滨 哈尔滨) B.现象 C.资源 D. 污染 C.资源 A. 商品 B.现象
3 points
  7. The life of an ant is usually 45-60 days…Grownup ants cannot eat hard food. Instead they have the juice that they get from pieces of food. An ant has two eyes. Each eye is made up of many smaller eyes. They are called compound eyes.(07,河南 河南) 河南 A. 明亮的 B. 柔弱的 C. 模糊的 D. 复合的
  8. The Venus flytrap is a very strange plant. Its leaves can open and close very quickly. Inside the leaves, there are three small hairs. If a fly touches one of the hairs, the leaf closes quickly. They fly cannot get out. In about half an hour, the leaf presses the fly until it is dead. (07, 安徽 ) A. 挤压 B. 关上 C. 打开 D. 松开

  9. British workers have the longest working week in Europe, with 23 vacation days?the shortest vacation. So they feel overworked, 75% say their weekends or vacations are too short and 40%would sacrifice a day’s pay for one more vacation day. (07, 江西 江西) A. Use up. B. Put up. C. Take up. D. Give up.
  10. We need to stop our discrimination (歧视 against the 歧视) 歧视 migrant workers (农民工 of China! They may not 农民工) 农民工 make as much money as some people in cities, they may not have everything we have, but they are good honest people just trying to survive this game of life. (07 临沂 临沂) A.活过来 B.挺过来 C.活得累 D.活得长 A.活过来 B.挺过来 C.活得累 D.活得长 5 points
How to guess the meaning of words?
  1) 根据构词法猜词
  2) 根据释义猜词
  3) 根据对比和转折关系
  4) 根据同义词关系猜词
  5) 根据因果关系猜词
  6) 根据常识和生活经验猜词

  2. Go over what we learned today. Finish additional exercises.



   阅读技能训练 ?? 猜测词义 How to guess the meaning of words? A French student goes to London for his holiday. He knows a little English, but he can’t speak it very well. One day he goes to a restaurant. He wants to have some eggs, but he can’t remember the En ...


   详细是:阅读的三大层次; 做题九个技巧; 文章的四大总结; 一般来说,阅读一篇文章可以分为三个层次。 第一,从文章的整体结构上来把握文章的大意。这个阶段,需要做 到的事把文章所想要阐述的事物弄清楚, 比如这篇文章说明的什么样的 社会问题, 或者介绍了什么样的风土人情, 或者描述了个什么样的事件。 当然,很多情况下不可能马上就把文章所希望阐述的问题具体搞清楚, 但是起码要找到关键的名词, 也就是说起码要弄清楚文章的目的事物或 目的事件。这样子看文章才能有的放矢。要做到这点其实只需要找到一 两个 ...


   英语阅读理解英译汉翻译技巧   翻译过程包括两个阶段:正确理解和充分表达。理解是表达的前提,而表达是理解的目的和结果,二者缺一不可,因此,考生在做英译汉部分试题时:    (1)切记不可急躁,一定要先通读全文,把握全文的主旨、内容,把握画线部分的语境。   (2)在着重理解画线部分时,首先要在语义上弄清全句的整体意思和每个单词的意思;其次要分析清楚句子结构,理出句群,找出各分句之间的关系。    (3)可考虑先打一份翻译草稿,再根据文章意义和汉语结构进行调整。    (一)词的译法    1. ...


   Onions 资料库:2011 年高考英语总复习??高考英语阅读理解解题技巧探究 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 提 要:高考英语试题中阅读理解占 40 分,是试卷中所占比例最大的一部分。阅读理解能力的高低, 是能否取得高考英语成绩好坏的关键所在。阅读理解的重要性已被广大英语教师和考生所共同认识。本文 要主要讨论两个方面的问题:(1)了解高考阅读理解题型和命题方法;(2)熟悉高考英语阅读理解解题方法和 技巧。 关键词:高考英语;阅读理解;解题技巧 关键词 众所周知 ...


   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 50 多万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! 高考英语阅读理解考点聚焦及例题讲解 高考英语阅读理解考点聚焦及例题讲解 聚焦 一,考点聚焦 1,题型特点 阅读是理解和吸收书面信息的能力. 《中学英语教学大纲》规定,中学生应侧重培养阅读理 解能力. 阅读材料的选取原则为: (1)阅读量不少于 1000 个单词.近三年超过 2000 字篇数为 5 篇,读速要求为 44.2,44.6 和 46.3wpm. (2)题材多样化,包括科普,社 ...


   2011 届中考英语专题复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十五 十五: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内容。中 考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语篇阅读能力、 分析和判断能力。 要求学生能较快地通过阅读 理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断,然后根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断。 文章的难易程度和初三课文基本相同, 要求阅读 速度为每分钟 40-50 个词。 中 ...


   亿库教育网 http://www.eku.cc 百万教学资源免费下载 高考英语阅读理解专项练习( 高考英语阅读理解专项练习(一) 阅读理解专项练习 My grandfather grew up in war-torn Europe. When German soldiers occupied his hometown ,the thriving city of Tarow, Poland, he refused to obey them and eventually joined the S ...


   taoti.tl100.com 你的首选资源互助社区 2010 年沈阳中考英语阅读理解、简答题教案 沈阳中考英语阅读理解 阅读理解、 1、细节题型。 、细节题型。 特殊问句; 划线词语、 【提问方式】Wh-特殊问句; From the text...,According to...,True/not true,划线词语、 提问方式】 特殊问句 划线词语 句子,简单计算、排列事件顺序、识图等。 句子,简单计算、排列事件顺序、识图等。 【解题方法】抓住提问中的关键字眼,仔细阅读相关细节的材料内容 ...


   09 年 MBA 英语阅读理解(精读精解)13 英语阅读理解( 精读精解) [日期:2008-10-09] 来源:太奇 MBA 网 作者: [字体:大 中 小] 背景: As a track star in high school, Sallie Krawcheck ranked amon g her state's best at the high jump. But she hasn't jumped for a nyone since, and her unshakable indep ...


   如何提高中学生英语阅读理解能力 阅读是学生接触外语信息,参加外语实践的重要途径。大量阅读有助于扩大词汇量,丰 富语言知识,了解英语国家的社会和文化。结合历年的中考情况来看,阅读理解题的分值比 重越来越大。最近几年,中考阅读理解就一直是 4 篇,所占分值达 40 分,约占总分的 30% 左右,这就要求学生在阅读的速度、阅读技巧等方面要下大工夫。阅读理解能力的高低直接 影响学生的英语成绩。阅读既然如此重要,那么有哪些好的阅读方法呢? 一、广泛阅读,保证一定数量 俗话说“读书破万卷,下笔如有神”, ...



   武当山特区 2010 年小学英语教研工作计划 本学期英语教研工作要继续以 《英语课程标准》 为指导, 全面实施素质教育, 坚持面向基层学校,面向全体学生,以“一学三抓”为工作重心,即学习教育教学理 论,抓学科常规的学习,实施和调研,抓课题的研究和管理,抓教师(特别是青年教师) 教学业务素质的提高。在减轻学生负担的同时努力提高小学外语教学质量。 一. 学习教育理论转变教育观念 1. 组织教师系统学习一本理论书籍以及杂志上有关教学改革的经验文章, 探寻以先进的,正确的教育教学思想,切切实实地改革 ...


   考研英语固定词组归纳 (2008-05-30 09:50:22) 1 a host of /a body of 大量 2 a test for 检测目的 3 a test on 对……进行测试 4 a test with 检测手段 5 above all 最重要的; 6 according to 根据 7 achieve equilibrium 取得平衡 8 achieve one's purpose 达到目的 9 achieve success 获得成功 10 achieve victor ...


   智冠家教辅导中心(内部资料) 小学英语六年级( 小学英语六年级(下)英语期中考试题 一.将上边图片前的序号填在下面单词前的括号内(10 分) 上边图片前的序号填在下面单词前的括号内( . ( ( ) 1.sandals ) 4.Sweater B. ( ( C. ) 2.lamp D. ( E. ) 3.slippers ) 5.watermelons ( 二.按要求写出单词对应形式。 20 分) 按要求写出单词对应形式。 1、long(反义词) 、 (反义词) 3. tall (反义词 反 ...


   词汇学教程 Chapter 5 Word Meaning and Componential Analysis 5.1 Word Meaning 1. What is ‘word meaning’? Word meaning can be defined as a reciprocal relation between name and meaning. ‘Meaning’ is what the form stands for. Eg: desk: something you sit at ...


   My Feeling after session <<Front of the class>> Brad Cohen, the role of the film called <<Front of the class>> , touched my heart deeply. As a child with Tourette syndrome, Brad always suffered from unfair treatment and prej ...