中考英语中的动词时态(二)
现在进行时 ?语法要点
现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作,其结构为:助动词 be (am/is/are) + v-ing
?图解时态

  1、现 在 进 行 时 的肯定句、否定句的构成(以行为动词 work 为例) 、 的肯定句、否定句的构成( 为例) 肯定句 I am(I’m)working. He is(He’s)/She is(She’s)/It is(It’s)working. We are(We’re)/You are(You’re)/ They are(They’re)working. I am not working. He/She/It is not(isn’t)working. We/You/They are not(aren’t)working. 否定句

  2、现 在 进 行 时 的一般疑问句的构成及其简略答语(肯定、否定) 、 的一般疑问句的构成及其简略答语(肯定、否定) (以行为动词 work 为例) 为例) 一般疑问句 简略肯定回答 简略否定回答 Am I working? Are you working? Is he/she it working? Are we working? Are they working?
  3、现 在 进 行 时 的用法 、 用法 说话时正在发生或 进行的动作 Yes, you are. Yes, I am. /we are. Yes, he/she/it is. Yes, you are. Yes, they are. 例句 No, you are not(aren’t). No, I am not./we are not(aren’t). No, he/she/it is not(isn’t). No, you are not(aren’t). No, they are not(aren’t) 特别提示 常用时间状语:now 有时与 listen, look, be quiet 等连用
Is it raining now? 正在下雨吗? Listen! Millie is singing in the next room. 听!Millie 正在隔壁房间唱歌。 Please be quiet. Dad is sleeping. 请安静!爸爸在睡觉。
现阶段正在进行的 动作,不一定表示说 话时这个动作正在 进行 根据计划或安排,在 最近将要进行的动 作。常与表示将来的 时间状语连用 表示反复出现的习 惯性动作;表示说话 人的赞扬、遗憾、讨 厌、不满等情感
He is working in a factory this week. 这星期他在工厂工作。 David is teaching English and learning Chinese in Beijing. David 在北京教英语,学中文。 They are leaving for Hong Kong next month. 他们准备下个月去香港。 The train is arriving at 10:15 tomorrow. 火车将于明天 10:15 到。 Sandy is always playing computer games. 仙蒂总是玩电脑游戏。 You are always asking questions. 你总是爱提问。
常用时间状语: at present, at the moment, this week, these days 等
仅用于少量的动词:go, come,leave,start,arrive, return 等。 常与 always 连用
1
提示: 提示: 有些表示“感觉,感情,存在,从属”等动词不能用进行时。但如果它们词义改变,也 可用进行时态,如: 正确:I like English. 错误:I am liking English. Tom looks pale. What’s wrong with him? (look 为系动词,意为“显得,看上去”) Tom is looking for his books. (look 为实义动词,意为“寻找” ) 又如:I remember him very well. I think I understand what he wants. 表示感觉的动词:see, hear, smell, taste, feel, notice, look, appear 等 表示感情的动词:hate, love, fear, like, want, wish, prefer, refuse 等 表示存在状态的动词:be, exist, remain, stay 等 表示占有与从属的动词:have, own, belong, form 等 表示思考理解的动词:understand, know, believe, think, forget, remember 等
?直击考点
一、单项填空 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 、 、 、 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  1. ?Excuse me, where is Lily? ?Oh, she the volleyball match on the playground. A. watches B. will watch C. is watching D. watched (06 年 广西海宁) 答案】 【答案】C 解析】 【解析】根据”where is Lily?”可判断,watch 是说话时正在发生的动作,应用现在进行时态。
  2. ?Hurry up! It’s time to leave. ?OK, . A. I’m coming B. I’ll come C. I’ve come D. I come (06 年 湖北孝感) 答案】 【答案】A 解析】 、 【解析】英语中某些动词如 come, go, start, arrive, leave, stay 等,如表示主语“意图”“打 算”“安排”时,常用现在进行时表示将来时态。本题是比较典型的用法。 、 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 动词的适当形式填空 二、用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。
  1. Please be quiet! We (listen) to the songs sung by the “Super Girl” Li Yuchun. (06 年 盐城) 答案】 【答案】are listening 解析】 【解析】根据语境 be quiet 可推断,listen 是说话时正在发生的动作,用现在进行时。
  2. ?Mr. Brown likes children very much, doesn’t he? ?Yes, that’s true. He (write) a children’s book these days. (06 年 兰州) 答案】 【答案】is writing 解析】 【解析】根据时间状语 these days 以及语意,可推断主语 He 这些天在写 a children’s book, 因此用现在进行时。
  3. Look, the child (fly) a kite on the playground. (06 年 莆田) 答案】 【答案】is flying 解析】 【解析】根据 Look 可判断,fly 这个动作在说话时正在发生。
?知识运用
一、单项填空 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 、 、 、 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
2
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
)
  1. Who over there now? A. singing B. are sing C. is singing D. sing )
  2. It’s eight o’clock. The students an English class. A. have B. having C. is having D. are having )
  3. Listen! The baby in the next room. A. crying B. cried C. is crying D. cries )
  4. Look! The twins new sweaters. A. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear D. is wearing )
  5. Don’t talk here. Grandparents . A. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep )
  6. Let’s hurry. They for us at the school gate. A. wait B. will wait C. waiting D. are waiting )
  7.Look!The twins their mother do the housework. A. want B. help C. are helping D. are looking )
  8. Listen! She in the classroom. A. is singing B. sing C. to sing D. is sing )
  9. It’s Sunday today. The Class 2, Grade 7 students in Beijing Sunshine Secdonary School
a trip in the hill now.
A. go on ( B. are going on C. will go on D. going on D. raining )
  10. Don’t go out, Simon. It heavily. A. rain B. rains C. is raining 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 二、用所给动词的适当形式填空。

  1. ?Where is Daniel? ?He (have) lunch at school now.
  2. Listen! The birds (sing) in the tree.
  3. Tom and Jack (play) games at the moment.
  4. Look! The children ( have ) a good time over there.
  5. It’s fine today. The sun ( shine ).
  6. The foreigner ( talk ) with our principal right now.
  7. Look at the girl! What she (draw) on the blackboard?
  8. Be quick! They (wait) for us outside the school gate. 根据括号中的提示,将下列句子改成现在进行时。 三、根据括号中的提示,将下列句子改成现在进行时。
  1. We have a PE lesson on Monday. (right now)
  2. I watch TV every day. (at present) (now) (It’s 11:30 a.m.) (Look!)

  3. Do you often read newspapers?

  4. Kitty and Amy have lunch at school.

  5. His father often helps him with his English.
  6. My father sleeps in the next room.
(Don’t make any noise.)
3
四、根据要求改写句子。 根据要求改写句子。 写句子
  1. The boy is playing basketball. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答.)
  2. They are singing in the classroom. (改为否定句)
  3. is, who, over there, dancing? (连词成句)
  4. You are doing your homework. (用"I"作主语,改写句子)
  5. The children are playing games near the house. (对划线部分提问)
4
参考答案
一、1?5 CDCAB 6?10 DCABC 二、
  1. is having
  2. are singing
  3. are playing
  4. are having
  5.is shining
  6. is talking
  7. is drawing
  8. are waiting 三、
  1. We are having a PE lesson right now.
  2. I am watching TV at present.
  3. Are you reading newspapers now?
  4. It’s 11:30 a.m. Kitty and Amy are having lunch at school.
  5. Look! His father is helping him with his English.
  6. Don’t make any noise. My father is sleeping in the next room. 四、
  1. Is the boy playing basketball? Yes, he is.
  2. They aren’t singing in the classroom.
  3. Who is dancing over there?
  4. I am doing my homework.
  5. What are the children doing near the house?
5
 

相关内容

中考英语-动词的时态复习

   动词的时态 动词的五种形式: 动词的五种形式: 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 work study go see do have come take eat works studies goes sees does has comes takes eats working studying going seeing doing having coming taking eating 过去式、 过去分词。 过去式、 过去分词。 worked studied went ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编:连词、动词及动词词组、动词的时态

   3Q 中考网 www.lmyy.com 知识点 8:连词 : ( ) 1. (2009?甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) . ( 甘肃兰州 Tom Mary speaks good Chinese, so they can communicate with these Chinese students very well. A. Neither, nor B. Not only, but also 答案】 【答案】 B ( ) 2.(2009?甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州 C. Both, a ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编连词动词及动词词组动词的时态

   知识点 8:连词 : ( ) 1. (2009甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) . ( 甘肃兰州 Tom Mary speaks good Chinese, so they can communicate with these Chinese students very well. A. Neither, nor B. Not only, but also 答案】 【答案】 B ( ) 2.(2009甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州 C. Both, and D. Either, or You s ...

高中英语动词时态

   英语动词的时态 及物动词 a.动词后要求有宾语,否则意思不完整的 动词后要求有宾语, 动词后要求有宾语 动词.及物动词可有被动结构. 动词.及物动词可有被动结构. She studies English very hard. I always review my lessons in the evening. b. 及物动词的另两种结构 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语(直 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语( 接宾语) 还要求有一个宾语( 接宾语)外,还要求有一个宾语(间接宾 ), ...

高中英语动词时态

   英语动词的时态 及物动词 " a.动词后要求有宾语,否则意思不完整的 动词后要求有宾语, 动词后要求有宾语 动词。及物动词可有被动结构。 动词。及物动词可有被动结构。 She studies English very hard. I always review my lessons in the evening. " b. 及物动词的另两种结构 " 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语(直 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语( 接宾语) 还要求有一个宾语( 接宾语)外,还要求有一个宾语( ...

高中英语动词时态

   英语动词的时态 及物动词 a.动词后要求有宾语,否则意思不完整的 动词后要求有宾语, 动词后要求有宾语 动词。及物动词可有被动结构。 动词。及物动词可有被动结构。 She studies English very hard. I always review my lessons in the evening. b. 及物动词的另两种结构 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语(直 及物动词中有少数动词要求一个宾语( 接宾语) 还要求有一个宾语( 接宾语)外,还要求有一个宾语(间接宾 ), ...

初中英语动词时态讲解

   初中英语动词时态讲解 Go for it! 九年级 动词的构成 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. be 动词 助动词 情态动词 系动词 实义动词 be 动词 be动词的几种形式 1) 2) 3) 4) am is are was were being Been be动词的用法 1. 与名词、数词、形容词、介词连用 1) 2) 3) 4) I am a doctor. He is ten. They are tired. The cat is under the table. be动词的用法 2. ...

初中英语动词时态讲解

   初中英语动词时态讲解 Fun With English! 九年级 江苏省西亭高级中学 动词的构成 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. be 动词 助动词 情态动词 系动词 实义动词 be 动词 be动词的几种形式 be动词的几种形式 1) 2) 3) 4) am is are was were being Been be动词的用法 be动词的用法 1. 与名词、数词、形容词、介词连用 1) 2) 3) 4) I am a doctor. He is ten. They are tired. The ...

初中英语动词时态精讲

   动词的时态 动词时态的概述 在英语中,不同时间里以不同方式发生的动作或存在的状态,要用不同的动词形式来表示, 动词的这种不同形式被称为动词的时态。 初中八大英语时态 一般现在时、一般过去式、一般将来时、现在进行时、现在完成时、过去进行时、过去完成 时、过去将来时 一般现在时: 一、一般现在时:表示经常的习惯性的动作或存在的状态。常与表示频度的时间状语连用。 如:always 总是,usually 通常,often 经常,sometimes 有时,seldom 很少,never 从来不 1. ...

高考英语动词时态练习

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高考英语动词时态练习 1 Here the bus! A is coming B comes C has come D has been coming 2 It's the third time I him this month. A had seen B see C saw D have seen 3 If you go to the western suburbs of the c ...

热门内容

药物分析英语词汇

   由 http://sibara.blog.163.com 整理于网络 药物分析英语词汇 Abbe refractometer 阿贝折射仪 absorbance 吸收度 absorbance ratio 吸收度比值 absorption 吸收 absorption curve 吸收曲线 absorption spectrum 吸收光谱 absorptivity 吸收系数 accuracy 准确度 acid-dye colorimetry 酸性染料比色法 acidimetry 酸量法 acid- ...

初三英语词组总结

   Unit 1 How do you study for a test ? 1 not at all =not in the slightest 根本不 2 end up 4 later on 结束 在某方面出错 随后 3 make mistakes in sth 5 be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth/sb 害怕…… 6 laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 7 take notes=write down the notes 做笔记 8 make ...

大学英语四级作文技巧及范文

   CET 4 Composition Skills 四级英语作文技巧及范文 1.文章结构: .文章结构: (ten sentences, 120words) ( ) Para. 1. S1 General talk of the topic S2 Thesis: the writer's attitude towards it Para. 2. S3 The writer's reasons to have this attitude S4 Support I S5 Detail I S6 D ...

英语词组

   您先 让我来 哪一天都行 你疯了吗 你在开玩笑吧 你确信 随便你 注意 请便 别客气 祝福你 干杯(见底) 我能帮你吗 机会很小 振作起来 来吧 祝贺你 克制一下 算上我 or 帮个忙 好吗 别担心 写封信给我 祝你玩的愉快 after you allow me any day will do are you crazy are you kidding are you sure as you wish be careful be my guest bless you bottoms up c ...

英语专业硕士生导师博达、萧枫、卢龙谈如何准备英语专业研究生考试

   英语专业硕士生导师博达,萧枫,卢龙谈如何准备英语专业研究生考试 考上英语专业研究生应具备的几个条件:进入考研论坛外语专业版和名师进行交流 1.树立专业精神,确立研究方向. 人不"专"则不能立"业" .对考英语专业研究生的学生来说,首先应该确定好研究方向.有了研究方向,我们的 努力就有了方向感和目的性,从而达到最大的效益.孔子说: "知知者不如好知者,好知者不如乐知者. "只有选择我 们最喜欢的专业方向,我们才最有可能取得最大的成就, ...