初三英语总复习笔记 七年级( 七年级(上)Unit 1 复习要点
短语和句子 1,Good morning/ Good afternoon / evening .早上/下午/晚上好 2,(It's) Nice to meet/see you. = (It's)Good to meet/see you.= (I'm) Glad to meet/see you = (I'm) Pleased to meet/see you= (I'm) Happy to meet/see you. 很高兴见到你 3,Welcome to China 欢迎到中国来. 4,Thanks /Thank you . 谢谢 5,You're welcome ./ That's all right (OK) .不用谢,6,Stand up . 起立 Sit down .坐下 7,This is…..介绍第三者的用语,复数用 These are… 8,How do you do ? 您好 9, How are you ? 您好吗? How is she\he? 她\他好吗? 10,I'm fine . 我很好. 11,What's your/his /her name ?= May I know/have your/his /her name? Could you please tell me your/his /her name?你/他/她叫什么名字? 12,My name is Jane . 我名叫简 13,Where are you from ? = Where do you come from? Where is he/she from? = Where does he/she come from?你/他/她/他们来自哪里? 14,I am / He (She) is /They are from Canada/Japan/the U.S.A/England/Cuba/China.我/他/她/他 们来自加拿大/日本/美国/英国/古巴/中国. 15,Cheers .干杯 16,How old are you ? 你几岁了? 17,I'm five (years old) 我五岁了 18,What's your phone number ?你的电话号码是多少? My telephone number is……= It's….. 19,What class /grade are you / is he /she in ?你/他/她在哪个班级/年级? 20,I am / He /She is in Class Four , Grade One .我/他/她在一年级四班. 21,Who is that ? 那是谁? 22,That's Lucy 那是露西.. 23,What's this / that in English ? It's …… 这/那用英语怎么表达? 24,This / That is an orange 这/那是一个桔子..25,What are these / those ? 这/那些是什么? 26,They are schoolbags / books /buses .它们是书包/ 书/公共汽车. 27,Is this /that a telephone ? 这/那是一部电话吗? 28,Yes, it is.\ No, it isn't. 29,Are these /those pencils ?这些是铅笔吗? 30,Yes, they are.\No, they aren't. 31,How do you spell it 你是怎么拼写它的?M?A?P, map. 32,Can you spell it? Yes, M?A?P, map.33,Excuse me . 请问,打扰了 34,in the same class 在相同的班级 35,good friend 好朋友 36, .Mr. Mrs Miss Ms 用于姓之前 (Mr. 表示先生,是对中年男子的尊称,婚否不限; Mrs 表示夫人,是对中年已婚女子的称呼:Ms,是对不知婚否女子的称呼;Miss 是对未婚女 子或老师的称呼) 语法 1, be 中 am,is,are 的基本用法,区别及其引导的一般疑问句和回答. am 接在 I 之后,is 放在单数的名词或代词之后,are 放在复数的名词或代词之后,否定句在 be 后加 not,一般疑问句将 be 提前.回答:Yes,人称代词+ be./ No, 人称代词+be + not. He is Mr. Chen. He is not Mr. Chen. Is he Mr. Chen? Yes, he is. / No, he is not. I am a student. I am not a student. Are you a student? Yes, I am. / No, I am not. They are teachers. They are not teachers. Are they teachers? Yes, they are. / No, they are not.
1

  2.名词的复数:
  1)一般在名词词尾加?s carcars; apple--apples
  2)以 s,x,ch,sh 结尾的词,在词尾加es,如:boxboxes; busbuses; watch watches.
  3) 部分国人的复数:以 an 结尾的单词,在词尾加?s;以结尾的单词,单复数同形.如: ChineseChinese, JapaneseJapanese, AmericanAmericans Brazilian?Brazilians, CanadianCanadians.
  3)以辅音字母+y 结尾,变 y 为 i 再加 es,如:familyfamilies.
  5)以 fe,f 结尾,变 fe,f 为 ve 再加 s,如:lifelives.
  6)特殊情况,如:mousemice; footfeet, tooth--teeth, Chinese--Chinese, Japanese--Japanese
  3. 基数词的表达:0?100 zero one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen nineteen twenty twenty-one thirty …forty… fifty…sixty…
  4. a,an,the 的用法: a /an 都表示"一,一个",如果单词的音标是元音音标开始的,我们在前 用 an, an apple / a 'u';/ an 's'
Unit 2 Looking Different
Topic 1 small - big / large / wide long - short black ? white tall - short young ? old new - old
  1. a small nose 一个小鼻子
  2. a big head 一个大头
  3. long\short hair 长/短头发
  4. a wide mouth 一个大嘴巴
  5. round faces 圆脸
  6. your favorite movie star 你最喜爱的电影明星
  7. guess again 再猜
  8. a good student 一个好学生
  9. have a sister 有一个姐妹
  10. her/his name 他/她的名字
  11. in the same school 在同一所学校
  12. in different grades 在不同的年级
  13. Your face is long . =
  14. His hair is short. =
  15. Do you have long hair? Yes, I do. No, I don't. Yes, we do. No, we don't.
  16. Does she / he have big eyes? Yes, she / he does. No, she / he doesn't.
  17. Do they have new friends?Yes, they do. No, they don't.
  10. I know. 我知道 I don't know. 我不知道. I see.我明白
  11. I'm thirteen years old. = I'm 13 years old.= I'm
  13. = I'm thirteen. Topic2
  1. What does she look like? 她看起来怎么样?
  2. that boy 那个男孩
  3. my friend 我的朋友
  4.look the same=have the same looks 看起来一样
  5. look different =have different looks 看起来不一样
  6. blond hair and blue hair 金发碧眼
  7. good friend 好朋友
  8. 表示颜色的词语: What's 颜色 and 颜色? It's……
  9. 关于颜色的提问:What color…? -- What color is the skirt? -- It's white. -- What color are the shirts? - They are white.
2

  10. give something to somebody= give somebody something 给某人某物 Give the book to Maria = Give Maria the book. 把书给 Maria.
  11. short brown hair
  12. look at the photo\ picture 看着这张照片
  13. look (at) = have a look (at)
  14. the girl in yellow = the girl in a green skirt
  15. in 可表示"用某种语言在…..里面, 穿着" in English in the morning \ afternoon \ evening in a green car in a red coat in red
  16. which 疑问词的使用 Which girl? The girl in red. 哪个女孩?穿红色衣服的那个女孩. Which bag? The blue one. 哪个包?蓝色那个.
  18. 区别 has/have 与 am/is/are 的用法: has/have 表示"有", 即"某人有某物", am/is/are 表示"是" 即"…是…"
  19. 有实意动词的一般现在时态的用法:动词原形??第三人称单数形式
  1) 直接加"s",如:makemakes; comecomes.
  2) 动词以 o,s,ch,sh,x 结尾,再后加"es",如:dodoes; watchwatches; wishwishes; missmisses; guessguesses
  3) 特殊情况,如:havehas;
  4) 辅音字母+y,把 y 改为 i,加?es, 如:Studystudies
  20. 句型转换:
  1) 主语为第三人称单数, 否定句, 在动词前加 doesn`t,再把动词改回原形, 一般疑问句, 在句首加 does,再把动词改回原形,回答,Yes,人称代词+does./ No, 人称代词+does+not. She has small eyes. She doesn`t have small eyes. Does she have small eyes? Yes, she does./ No, she doesn`t.
  2) 主语为除第三人称单数之外的人称,否定句,在动词前加 don`t, 一般疑问句,在句首加 do,回答,Yes,人称代词+do./ No, 人称代词+do+not. They have small eyes. They don`t have small eyes. Do they have small eyes? Yes, they do./ No, they don`t.
  21. 选择疑问句: 选择疑问句是个一般疑问句+or+与 or 前同类型的单词, 我们不能用 Yes/No 来回答, 要在 or 前后两种情况中选择一种回答. Is he tall or short? He is tall. Does she have a pen or a pencil? She has a pencil. Topic3
  1. 名词性物主代词与形容词性物主代词的用法区别:因为名词性物主代词与形容词性物主代 词的汉语意思是一样的,名词性物主代词可独立使用,后面不要跟名词;形容词性物主代词 不可独立使用,后面要跟名词.如:It is my shirt.= It is mine. my 为形容词性物主代词,mine 为名词性物主代词,your, his,her,our,its,their,my 等都属于形容词性物主代词,形容词性物 主代词通常置于名词前, 修饰限定名词,作定语;而名词性物主代词(mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs)相当于"形容词性物主代词+名词",当主语,宾语,或表语;"如: Is this your coat? ==Is this coat yours? 这是你的大衣吗?
  2. whose cap is it?
  3. It's Sally's.
  4.名词的所有格:
  5. Whose jacket is this? =
3

  6. Is it your jacket? =
  7. a new classmate 一个新同学
  8. in different clothes 穿不同的衣服
  9. find this man 找到这位男子
  10. help us find him 帮助我们找到他
  11. help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
Unit 3 Getting Together
Topic 1 Do you like the English corner? 核心词汇: could, tell, sure, call, any, study, problem, speak, live, say, want, visit, often, helpful, classmate, poor, 常用词组: for short, English corner, pen pal, the Great Wall, not…at all, a little 重点句型:
  1. Do you like the English corner?
  2. May I study English with you?
  3. Do you like pets? 交际用语:
  1. - Excuse me. Could you please tell me your name? ? Sure. My name is Michael.
  2. ? May I know your name? ? No problem. I'm… 语法精粹:
  1. do 和 does 引导的一般疑问句及其肯定和否定回答; 一般现在时的第三人称单数 Do you have any friends here? Yes, I do. / No, I don't. Does he speak Chinese? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.
  2. 人称代词的运用. I like it very much. You can call me Mike for short.
  3. 情态动词 may 与 could 的运用. Topic 2 This is a photo of my family. 核心词汇: yourselves, glad, parent, both, office, worker, driver, farmer, cook, work, farm, hospital, drive, aunt, uncle, grandparent, grandmother, son, daughter 常用词组: come in, at home, have a seat, on a farm, in a school/a hospital/an office, a photo of, family tree, look after 重点句型:
  1. Come in and make yourselves at home.
  2. What a nice place!
  3. Please have a seat.
  4. My grandmother lives with us and looks after Rose at home. 交际用语:
  1. ? What does your mother do? ? She is a teacher.
  2. ? What do your parents do? ? They are both office workers.
  3. ? What do you do? ? I'm a student.
  4. ? Where does she work? ? She works in a school.
4
语法精粹: 一般现在时含有助动词 do/does 的特殊疑问句,询问职业和工作场所. What do/does…do? Where do/does…work? Topic 3 Would you like something to drink? 核心词汇: food, fish, meat, chicken, rice, vegetable, noodle, hamburger, bread, dumpling, drinks: drink, tea, milk, water, juice meals: breakfast, lunch, supper, dinner others: why, take, wait, something, eat, love, more, full, many 常用词组: would like, what about, a cup of tea, why not…, wait a moment, something to drink/eat, a bowl of noodles, have dinner with…, help oneself to…, some more… 重点句型:
  1. ? What would you like to have?
  2. ? Would you like something to eat/drink?
  3. ? Would you like to have dinner with me? 交际用语:
  1. Help yourselves. / Help yourselves to some fish.
  2. May I take your order?
  3. Wait a moment, please.
  4. Let me see.
  5. Why not have some fish and eggs?
  6. Good idea.
  7. They are very friendly. 语法精粹: 可数名词和不可数名词
Unit 4 Having Fun
Topic 1 How much is it? 核心词汇: madam, try, buy, thirty, ninety, hundred, pair, store, need, few, thing, salt, kilo, bottle, everything, list 重点句型:
  1. I want some clothes for my daughter.
  2. Would you like some sugar or bread?
  3. I don't want any sugar. 交际用语:
  1. What can I do for you?
  2. Thanks a lot.
  3. Not at all.
  4. May / Can I help you?
  5. How much is it?
  6. It's only 70 yuan.
  7. I'm just looking.
  8. What do you think of this pair of running shoes?
  9. I don't like them at all.
  10. Are you kidding?
5
语法精粹:
  1. some, any 的使用.
  2. 可数名词与不可数名词. Topic 2 Would you like to go for a picnic? 核心词汇: free, Sunday, picnic, forget, guitar, swim, plan, kite, message, ask, back, pardon, afraid, wrong, sing, song, fun, fly, carry, next 常用词组: for a picnic, go swimming, go shopping, speak to, take a message, ask sb. to do sth., tell…about… give me a call, have to, French fries 重点句型:
  1. Don't forget to bring your guitar.
  2. May I speak to Maria?
  3. Could you ask him to give me a call? 交际用语:
  1. ? Hello. - Hello, Jane! This is Kangkang. - Are you free this Sunday? - Yes, What's up? - Would you like to go to West Hill for a picnic?
  2. May I speak to Maria?
  3. Can I take a message?
  4. Yes, thanks. Could you ask her to call me back this evening?
  5. Sure.
  6. Pardon?
  7. Steve, how about flying a kite with me?
  8. I'd love to, but I'm afraid I have no time.
  9. I'd like that, thanks.
  10. What about having a picnic with old Mcdonald tomorrow? Topic 3 What are your favorite animals? 核心词汇: zoo, great, animal, elephant, lion, panda, clever, horse, pig, past, quarter, half, star, bed, homework, watch 常用词组: have time, next time, start school, get up, watch TV, on one's way 重点句型:
  1. I'm afraid I'll have no time.
  2. What animals do you like best?
  3. It's time to go home.
  4. I can't find my way home. 交际用语:
  1. What time is it, please? / What's the time, please?
  2. It's one o'clock./It's a quarter past one./It's twenty to two.
  3. What's wrong with you?
  4. See you next time.
  5. Here we are.
6

  6. It's very kind of you to help us. 语法精粹:
  1. 时间表达方式.
七年级下册
Unit 5 School Life
Topic 1 How do you usually go to school? 核心词汇: gate, plane, train, ship, boat, group, taxi, weekday, early, catch, walk, ride, park, game, today, life, break, finish, basketball, read, clean, house, library, music, week, listen, never, sometimes, every, once, twice, which 常用词组: the same to, on foot, in one's fre
 

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