中考英语作文专题复习与跟踪指导--提示作文 中考英语作文专题复习与跟踪指导 提示作文
提示作文是最近几年全国中考英语书面表达的主要题型之一,它具有题型灵活?内容易 受控制。简单易写等特征。而且在中考书面表达一项所占的分值也有上升趋势。 提示作文又称情景作文,它是命题作文的初级阶段?它是根据所提供的情节来进行写作, 特点是文章的中心思想和信息内容都在提示的情节中得到暗示,写这类作文时同学们不必为 文章的构思、主题、内容花费太多的时间,而要把更多的精力集中在重点分析语段结构的组 织,语言的表达以及如何确定文章的开头、结尾、发展段落上。 提示作文包括:中英文提示作文?英文提示作文和中文提示作文。 一、提示作文的写作实践技巧
  1.明确中心思想:由于提示作文一般不给标题,同学们必须善于从所提示的情景中确定 中心思想,明确写作意图,并在把握主题内容的基础上,确定文章的题目?主题句?写作方法以 及开展段落的方式。
  2.保持原汁原味:在写作过程中我们必须按照提示的范围和要求来写文章?提示的内容 是文章的总体框架,我们应该在提示内容的范围内进行分析?构思?想象和发展段落。
  3.符合逻辑性?连续性:我们要依据提示情景或词语,按照一定逻辑关系来写支持句,发 展段落,句与句、段与段之间衔接要自然?连贯?切忌把中文提示的情景逐词逐句地翻译,而应 当根据所提示的内容发展思路,用自己熟悉的英文词语句型?句式来表达思想内容。
  4.语法准确:应根据要表达的内容确定句子的时态、语态,力求句型、句式的变化。表 达要符合英语表达习惯,灵活、适当地运用简单句、并列句、复合句,增强文章的可读性,避免 句式单一呆板。 二、英文提示作文 中英文提示作文的特征是:中文提供情景内容,英文常提供关键词语。写作文时需要根据 中文情景内容扩展思路,连词成句,组句成段,抓住英文提供词语,把它们分别连成句子(简单 句、并列句、复合句)。
  1、中考经典展示(2003 桂林) 请你根据中英文提示,写出意思连贯?符合逻辑的字数为 60 词左右的英文文段。 中文提示:假如你是 Li Lei,作为一名导游,现在要向你的游客们介绍一下桂林。 要点包括:

  1)位于广西北部;
  2)市区人口六十万;
  3)以风景美丽而闻名世界;
  4)山清水秀,环境干 净、整洁;
  5)每年有许多游客;
  6)坐船游览漓江风光,免费公共汽车游览市区各景点;
  7)在桂 林玩得愉快。 英文提示: population, environment, tourist, scene(风景), scenic spots(景)雪, on free buses
  2、写作实践范例指导 根据中英提示词语,写出意思连贯?符合逻辑,词数在 60-90 之间的英文,所给英文提示 词语都必须用上。格林先生是一位著名医生,挽救了许多病人的生命。他工作很认真,经常很 晚回家。一次下班回家途中目睹了一起交通事故:一个司机开车撞倒了骑车的老人后逃跑了, 老人受了重伤?格林先生看到后做了些什么。老人怎样了呢。 英文提示:Mr Green, famous, save, work, come off work, help, traffic accident, run away, hit, policeman, operate on, take...to [本文写作思路、方法点拨] 写本文可以根据中英文提示,按照中文提示的事情发展顺序去组织材料,连词成句,发展 段落,同时可以适当增加细节内容和点评?第一段介绍格林先生及工作情况?第二段叙述巧遇 交通事故。第三段叙述挽救病人等情况。 参考范文: Mr Green is a famous doctor. He saves a lot of patients' lives. He works hard and carefully. He often gets back home very late after work. He is always ready to help others。 One day he saw a traffic accident happen on his way home from work. Mr Green took the old man to his hospital as quickly as possible after he called the policeman. He tried his best to operate on the old man in the hospital. The old man was saved.
  3.新题导练:根据下面的中文提示写出一篇 60-90 词的英语短文。 中文提示:2003 年 10 月 15 日我国成功发射"神州五号"载人宇宙飞船,这是继 1999 年我 国第一艘无人飞船"神州一号"发射以来的又一次伟大的壮举,它向全世界充分显示出中国的 科学技术实力。 许多航天科技人员和杨利伟等航天人为此做出了巨大的贡献。 你对上述内容 有何感想。对今后如何打算。 英文提示:manned spacecraft(载人飞船),Shenzhou 5, China's space science and technology, a great feat(伟大壮举), astronaut, set an example (树立榜样), lay solid foundations (打好基础)
书面表达写作指要:本文可以采用三段式来写:
  1.谈谈你的看法及感想;
  2.扼要地介绍"神 州一号"。"神州五号";
  3.叙述你受启发后的打算。 One possible version: I'm very happy when I heard the news that China's first manned spacecraft,Shenzhou 5,was launched on October 15,20
  03. I would never forget the day when all the Chinese people were proud of the successful launch. The first unmanned "Shenzhou 1"space craft and "Shenzhou 5" spacecraft, showed China's space science and technology has reached a very high level. The launch of the "Shenzhou 5" is a great feat. The dreams of thousands of astronauts have come true. I'm a high school student now. Yang Liwei has set a good example for us all. I want to study hard and lay solid foundations for my future. When I grow up, I want to become an astronaut like Yang Liwei. 三、英文提示作文 我们应该认真阅读。分析所给英文提供的情景。确定出文章主题,围绕文章中心去选 择材料,并从这些材料中分析?挑选出既能符合题目,又能表达本文意图的内容。 依据文中提供 的思路用自己熟悉的英文来表达思想。切忌照搬英文提供的原句。
  1.中考导向预测: Directions: For this part, you can write a composition based on the given information. Your composition should be no less than 80 words. Remember to write clearly. Situation: We know the importance of learning English. You can tell everyone about the good ways that you learn English. Your composition should cover the following ideas. Learning English by playing games, listening to music, seeing films or watching TV plays and so on. Of course, you can use your imagination to write.
  2.写作实践范例指导: Direction: For this part, you are allowed to write a composition of no less than 80 words about "Early rising" in at least three paragraphs. Your composition should be based on the given information. Study the following information carefully before you write, remember to write clearly.
  1. Early rising is good for people's health.
  2. Why is early rising good for the people?
[写作思路、方法点拨] 从提示上看,本文是一篇说明文。我们可以这样写本文,第一段直接点明主题,介绍"早起 ";第二段分别按顺序说明"早起"好处有哪些方面。 Early rising Early rising is a good habit for everyone. It is beneficial to us in many ways. Firstly, it helps to keep us healthy. We can breathe the fresh air in the morning. It's fun for us to take a walk along the street. Secondly, early rising helps us with our studies. When we get up very early in the morning, everything around us is quiet. In the morning we learn more quickly and memorise what we learn easily. Thirdly, early rising gives us enough time to get ready for our work, such as to wash our hands and faces and eat breakfast properly.
 

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