I. Combination of Letters
ann / enn: year anniversary, millenniums, annals (编年史,历史 记载), annuity (年金,养老金), perennial (终年的, 四季不断的), biennial (两年一次的) anim: mind unanimous(意见一致的, 无异议的), magnanimity(宽宏大量),animadvert(批判, 非难) anthrop: of man, of mankind anthropology, misanthrope(厌恶人类的人, 不愿 与人来往者), philanthropy(慈善事业), anthropoid(类人猿;似人类的)
aqu / aqua: water aquatic, aqueduct, aquarium(养鱼池, 玻璃缸, 水族馆) arch: government, rule anarchy (无政府状态,混乱), hierarchy, monarchy, oligarchy(寡头政治, 寡头政治的执政 团) astro / aster: star; outer space astronomy, astrology(占星术, 占星学), disaster, astronaut audi: hear audible, audience, audition(听, 听力, 试听)
bell: war antebellum (战前的,尤指南北战争前的), belligerent(好战的, 交战国的, 交战的), rebellious bio: life antibiotic, biography, biology, biochemist biblio book biblio: bibliography, bibliophile(爱书者, 藏书家), bibliomania(藏书癖, 藏书狂), bible, biblical brev / brevi: short, brief brevity, abbreviate, breviary([天主教]每日祈祷 书;摘要, 缩略)


cent: one hundred century, centennial, centigrade, centimeter cess / ceed / ced: go, walk process, recede, recession, proceed, procedure, accede, concede, concession, access, accessible (易接近的), ancestor, cede(放弃), cession, antecedent chron: time chronology, anachronism(时代错误), chronic (慢性的, 延续很长的) cord / card: heart accord, discord, cordial(兴奋剂, 兴奋性饮料; 热忱的, 诚恳的, 兴奋的), cardiac
cid / cis: cut, kill incision(切割, 切开, 切口), homicide(杀人, 杀 人者), fratricide(杀兄弟(或姐妹)的行为, 杀害兄 弟者), suicide, insecticide clam / clamat: cry out clamorous, declamation(雄辨), acclamation (欢呼, 喝彩, (以欢呼,鼓掌等表示的)拥护, 赞成) cognit / gnos: learn, know agnostic([哲]不可知论者), incognito(隐名埋姓 地, 化名地;隐名埋姓的, 化名的), cognition, recognize contra: against contradiction, controversy, contrary

corp / corpor: body incorporate, corporeal, corporation cracy / crat / cratic: rule, government democracy, democratic, democrat, aristocracy, aristocrat, aristocratic cred / credit: believe, belief incredulous, credulity(易信, 轻信), credence dem: people democracy, demagogue(煽动政治家), epidemic(流行的, 传染的, 流行性;时疫, 疫疾流 行, (风尚等的)流行, 流行病)
dom: rule dominate, dominant, dominion(主权, 领土, 统治 权, 支配, 控制) dic / dict: word; speak dictation, dictator, dictionary, benediction, dictum (格言, [律] 法官的附带意见), abdicate(退位, 放弃职位,权力等), verdict, diction duct / duc: lead conduct, induct(感应), abduct (拐走), aqueduct, education, educe dynam: power, strength dynamic, hydrodynamics(流体力学, 水动力学), dynamite(炸药, <俚> 能产生不凡效果的人或物; 炸毁, 使失败)

ego: i egoist, egoism, egocentric eu: good, well, beautiful eulogize(称赞, 颂扬), euphemism, eupeptic (消化良好的, 助消化的) flu: flow affluence (富裕), influenza fact / fac / fic / fec / fect: to make, to do factory, fiction, affect gamy / gamic: marriage monogamy, polygamy, bigamy(重婚, 重婚罪)
gen / gener: class, race genus(种, 类), generic([生物]属的, 类的, 一 般的, 普通的, 非特殊的), genuine graph / gram: write epigram(警句, 讽刺短诗), telegram, stenography(速记, 速记法) greg flock, herd greg: segregate(隔离), aggregate(合计, 总计, 集合 体;合计的, 集合的, 聚合的;聚集, 集合, 合计), egregious(异乎寻常的, 过分的, 惊人的) helio: sun
helicopter, heliotrope(向日葵,), heliograph (照相制版, 太阳摄影机, 日光仪;用太阳摄影机 拍摄, 用日光仪传递), helium(氦) hydro: water hydrodynamics(流体力学, 水动力学) ject / jac / jact: throw inject, reject, projectile(射弹;发射的), trajectory(轨道, 弹道, 轨线), interjection labor / laborat: work laboratory, collaborate, laborious lib / libr: book
lith: stone neolithic(新石器时代的), paleolithic(旧石器 时代的), megalith(巨石) library, libretto(歌剧,音乐剧等的歌词或剧本), libel(以文字损害名誉, 诽谤罪, 侮辱;诽谤, 中伤, 诬蔑, 损害名誉) loqu / locut: talk, speak soliloquy(自言自语, 独白), loquacious(多话 的, 饶舌的, 潺潺的) luc: light elucidate(阐明, 说明), lucid(明晰的), translucent(半透明的, 透明的)

man / manu: hand manufacture, manuscript, emancipate mar / mari: sea marine, mariner, submarine miss / mit: send missile, anti-missile, dismiss, admit, nov: new novice, novel, innovation omni: all omniscient, omnipotent, omnivorous oper: work operate, cooperation

pac / paci: peace pacify, pacific, pacifist pel / puls: drive compulsion, repel, expel, compel phil: love philosophy, philhellene, philanthropy, philology pos / posit / pon: place, put postpone, preposition, positive port / portat: carry portable, transport, export rect / recti: right rectify, rectitude, correct
reg: rule, king regal(帝王的, 适于帝王的), regicide(弑君者, 弑君) rid / ris: laugh derision(嘲笑), risibility(爱笑, 幽默感) rupt / rump: break corrupt, erupt, interrupt, abrupt, bankrupt, rupture(破裂, 裂开, 断绝关系等,割裂) sci: know science, omniscient, conscious scrib / script: write transcribe(转录), subscribe, circumscribe (在...周围画线, 限制)
sed / sid / sess: sit sedentary(久坐的, 坐惯的, 土生的, 不移栖的, 沉 积的;惯于久坐的人), session(会议, 开庭), residence sens / sent: think, feel resent(愤恨, 怨恨), sensitive, consent sequ / secut follow secut: sequence, prosecute(实行, 从事, 告发, 起诉), consecutive(连续的, 联贯的) solv / solut: loosen absolve(宣布免除), dissolute(放荡的, 风流的, 肆意挥霍的), absolute
spect / spec: see, look retrospect, introspect, circumspect, expect, respect, inspect, spectator, aspect tact / tang: touch tangent(接触的, 切线的, 相切的, 离题的;切线, [数]正切), contact tempor: time contemporary, extemporaneous(无准备的, 即 席的, 不用讲稿的, 善于即席讲话的, 临时的), temporize(见风驶舵) tent / ten: hold tenable, tenacity(坚韧), tenure(土地等的使 用和占有, 官职等的)保有, 任期, 土地使用期限)

terr: land, earth territory, subterranean(地下的), Mediterranean urb: city urban, urbane(彬彬有礼的, 文雅的), suburban vac / van / viod: empty vacant, vacuous, vanish veni / vent: come intervene, prevent, convention vert / vers: turn advert(注意, 留意;广告), revert, invert, version, adversity(逆境,灾难,不幸), adversary (对手, 敌手), avert, controvert, convert
via / vi: way, road deviation(背离), viaduct(高架桥, 高架铁路, 间道), trivial(琐细的, 价值不高的, 微不足道的) vinc / vict: conquer invincible, victory, convict(证明...有罪, 宣告...有 罪;罪犯) viv life viv: vivid, convivial(欢宴的, 欢乐的), revive, survive vis / vid: see vision, evidence, improvise(临时准备;即兴发 挥), supervise, visual, television, revise
voc / vok / vocat: word, speak evoke, invoke, advocate, convoke, avocation(副 业, 业余爱好), provocation, invocation volv / volut: roll revolver(左轮手枪,旋转者,旋转式装置), revolve(旋转, 考虑, 循环出现), revolution, evolve(发展, 进展,进化), evolution, convolution(回旋, 盘旋, 卷绕) vor: eat herbivorous(食草的), omnivorous(杂食的, 什 么都吃的, 什么都读的, 随手乱拿的)
II. Affix
ambi-: tow ambiguous, ambiguity, ambient (周围的), ambivalent (矛盾心理的) anti-: against anti-Japanese war, antiaircraft (防空的), antibiotic (抗生素), antibody (抗体), antifreeze (防冻剂), antimagnetic (防磁的), antimatter (反物 质) arch-: first, chief, head archetype, archbishop
auto-: self, autonomous, autocrat, automation, autotimer, autograph, autocratic, autocracy, automobile, autobiography, bene-: good benediction, benefactor, beneficiary, benevolent, bi- tow bi-: bicycle, bipartisan, bicameral de-: down, away debase, decadence, decay, decamp, decease, decelerate, decipher, declaim, declassify, decline

-cle / cule: small molecule, corpuscle, follicle, particle, article co / com / col-: with, together combine, commerce, communicate, coeditor, collateral, conference dia-: cross, through diagonal, diameter, diagram, dialectic, diaphanous dis / dif-: no discord, disagree, differ, distrust equi-: equal, the same equidistant, equivalent

ex / e-: out expel, exit, expulsion extra-: beyond, outside extraordinary Macro-: large Macrocosm(宏观世界), macrobiotic(能促进 长寿的,长命的, 大型生物群的) mal / male-: bad malevolent, malediction, malefactor -mania: behavior, excessive enthusiasm kleptomania(盗窃癖), bibliomania(藏书癖, 藏 书狂)

mega-: large; one hundred megalith(巨石); megaton(兆吨) neo-: new, later, revived Neologism(新语, 创造或使用新语), neoclassical neur-: of the nervous system neuralgia(神经痛), neurology -oid: shape asteroid(星状的), rhomboid(偏菱形, 长斜方 形) ortho-: correct, standard orthodox, orthopedic(整形外科的)
-osis: a process, change hypnosis(催眠状态, 催眠), metamorphosis (变形) pale-: of ancient times Paleolithic, paleontology(古生物学) pan-: all, throughout panchromatic([摄]全色的), pan-American patri-: father patriarch, patricide -phobia / -phobic: excessive fear of claustrophobia(幽闭恐怖症), claustrophobic, xenophobia(仇外, 惧外者), xenophobic

phon: sound phonetics, phonology poly: many polygamy, polysyllabic proto-: first, original, basic prototype, protoplasm pseudo-: fake, false pseudonym, pseudo-intellectual quasi-: almost, seemingly quasi-serious, quasi-explanation retro-: backwards, behind retrospective, retrorocket(制动[减速]火箭系统)

-scape: scenery landscape, moonscape -scope: means microscope, stroboscope(频闪观测仪) theo-: of god theocracy, theology thermo-: of heat, of temperature thermostat, thermometer ultra-: beyond, to excess ultraviolet(紫外线的), ultraliberal
trans-: across; to a changed state transatlantic, transcontinental; transplant, transform -wise: in the manner of; in connection with crosswise, crabwise; disciplinewise, accommodationwise, clockwise
 

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