中学英语 200 组积极词汇辨析小结 A
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2009-122009-12-12 22:27
时间: 中学英语 200 组积极词汇辨析小结 A 时间:2009 年 08 月 22 日 来源: 名 来源:网络资源 中学英语 200 组积极词汇辨析小结
  1. clothes, cloth, clothing
作者: 作者:匿
统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, 指布, clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名 服装的总称, 词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of incident,
  2. incident, accident 指小事件, incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident.
  3. amount, number 后接不可数名词, amount 后接不可数名词, number 后接可数名词 a number of students
  4. family, house, home 包括住处和家人, 房子, 住宅, 家庭成员. home 家, 包括住处和家人, house 房子, 住宅, family 家庭成员. My family is a happy one. noise
  5. sound, voice, noise 自然界各种各样的声音, 人的嗓音, sound 自然界各种各样的声音, voice 人的嗓音, noise 噪音 I hate the loud noise outside.
  6. photo, picture, drawing 用照相机拍摄的照片, 可指相片,图片,电影片, photo 用照相机拍摄的照片,picture 可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing 画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.
  7. vocabulary, word 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量, vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word 具体的单词 He has a large vocabulary. vocabulary.

  8. population, people 人口,人数, population 人口,人数,people 具体的人 China has a large population.
  9. weather, climate 一天内具体的天气状况, weather 一天内具体的天气状况,climate 长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.
  10. road, street, path, way 具体的公路,马路, 街道, 小路,小径, 道路, road 具体的公路,马路,street 街道,path 小路,小径,way 道路,途径 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.
  11. course, subject course 课程 可包括多门科目)subject 科目 具体的学科) summer course (可包括多门科目) , (具体的学科) a
  12. custom, habit 传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯, do, 生活习惯, custom 传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接 to do, habit 生活习惯, 习惯成自然, lot. 习惯成自然,后接 of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.
  13. cause, reason 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因, sth, cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因, 后接 of sth./doing sth, reason 用来解释某种现象或结果的理由, 用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late
  14. exercise, exercises, practice 运动,锻炼(不可数), ),exercises 练习(可数),practice( ),practice exercise 运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises 练习(可数),practice(反 复做的) 复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.
  15. class, lesson 作"课"解时,两者可以替换.指课文用 lesson. 指班级或全体学生用 class. 解时,两者可以替换. lesson 6; class 5
  16. speech, talk, lecture 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说, speech 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk 日常生活中的 一般的谈话,讲话, 一般的谈话,讲话,lecture 学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on… 学术性的演讲,

  17. officer, official 部队的军官, officer 部队的军官,official 政府官员 an army officer
  18. work, job 二者均指工作。 不可数, 二者均指工作。work 不可数,job 可数 a good job
  19. couple, pair couple 主要指人或动物,pair 多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of 主要指人或动物, trousers
  20. country, nation, state, land 侧重指版图,疆域, 指人民,国民,民族, country 侧重指版图,疆域,nation 指人民,国民,民族,state 侧重指政 政体, 国土, news. 府,政体,land 国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.
  21. cook, cooker 厨师, cook 厨师,cooker 厨具 He is a good cook.
  22. damage, damages 不可数名词, 损害, ; damages 复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages 损失; 复数形式, damage 不可数名词, 损害, 损失
  23. police, policeman 警察的总称, 后接复数谓语动词, police 警察的总称, 后接复数谓语动词, policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house. problem,
  24. problem, question 常和困难连系, raise, problem 常和困难连系,前面的动词常为 think about, solve, raise, 常和疑问连系, question 常和疑问连系,多和 ask, answer 连用
  25. man, a man 人类, man 人类,a man 一个男人 Man will conquer nature.
  26. chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡, 二者均可指小鸡,chicken 还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.
  27. telegram, telegraph
当电报解时, 指具体的, 当电报解时,telegram 指具体的,telegraph 指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph
  28. trip, journey, travel, voyage 是最常用的, 指短期的旅途, 指稍长的旅途, travel 是最常用的,trip 指短期的旅途,journey 指稍长的旅途,voyage three指海上航行 a three-day trip
  29. sport, game 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等; sport 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game 指决定胜负的游戏, 指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.
  30. price, prize 价格, 奖品, price 价格,prize 奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.
  31. a number of, the number of 许多,谓语动词用复数。 of…的数目 的数目, a number of 许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词 用单数。 用单数。The number of students is increasing.
  32. in front of, in the front of 范围外的前面, in front of 范围外的前面,in the front of 范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.
  33. of the day, of a day 每一天的, 当时的, 当代的, 暂时的, of the day 每一天的, 当时的, 当代的, of a day 暂时的, 不长久的 a famous scientist of the day
  34. three of us, the three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个, 我们三个( three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us 我们三个(就 三个人) usTom, 三个人)The three of usTom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
  35. by bus, on the bus 表手段,方式,不用冠词, by bus 表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus 表范围 They went there by bus.
  36. for a moment, for the moment
片刻,一会儿, 暂时, for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment 暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.
  37.
  37. next year, the next year 将来时间状语, next year 将来时间状语,the next year 过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.
  38. more than a year, more than one year 一年多, 超过一年(两年或三年等) more than a year 一年多,more than one year 超过一年(两年或三年等)
  39. take advice, take the(one's) advice 征求意见, take advice 征求意见,take the advice 接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.
  40. take air, take the air 传播,走漏, 到户外去, take air 传播,走漏,take the air 到户外去,散步 We take the air every day.
  41. in a word, in words 总之,一句话, in a word 总之,一句话, in words 口头上 In a word, you are right.
  42. in place of, in the place of 代替, in place of 代替,in the place of 在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.
  43. in secret, in the secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语; in secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret 知道 内情,知道秘密, 内情,知道秘密, beginning. 一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.
  44. a girl, one girl 可泛指所有女孩, a girl 可泛指所有女孩, one girl 一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?
  45. take a chair, take the chair
坐下, take a chair 相当于 sit down 坐下,take the chair 开始开会
  46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea 当海员,出航, 乘船,由海路, go to sea 当海员,出航,by sea 乘船,由海路, by the sea 在海边 go by sea
  47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher 指一个人,既是医生又是老师, the doctor and teacher 指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the 两个人, teacher 两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is
  48. in office, in the office 在职的, in office 在职的,in the office 在办公室 office, 里 He is in office, not out of office.
  49. in bed, on the bed 卧在床上, in bed 卧在床上,on the bed 在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.
  50. in charge of, in the charge of 管理,负责照料, ……照料 in charge of 管理,负责照料, in the charge of 由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her. charge
  51. in class, in the class 在课上, in class 在课上,in the class 在班级里 He is the best student in the class.
  52. on fire, on the fire 着火,on on fire 着火,on the fire 在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.
  53. out of question, out of the question out 毫无疑问的, out of question 毫无疑问的,out of the question 不可能的
  54. a second, the second 又一,再一, a second 又一,再一,the second 第…… He won the second prize.

  55. by day, by the day 白天, by day 白天,by the day 按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.
  56. the people, a people 指人, people peacethe people 指人, people 指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people. a
  57. it, one it 同一物体,one 同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. 同一物体,
  58. that, this 指代上文所提到的, that 指代上文所提到的,this 导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…
  59. none, nothing, no one 强调有多少, 强调有没有, 指物, none 强调有多少,nothing, no one 强调有没有,nothing 指物,no one 指人 How many…/How much…? None.
  60. anyone, any one 指人, of, 指人物均可, anyone 指人,不能接 of,any one 指人物均可,可接 of any one of you
  61. who, what 指姓名或关系, who 指姓名或关系, what 指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.
  62. what, which 的选择基础是无限制的, what 的选择基础是无限制的,which 在一定范围内进行选择 you Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?
  63. other, another 后接名词复数, other 后接名词复数,another 后接名词单数 other students, another student
  64. not a little, not a bit 非常, not a little 非常,not a bit 一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点 儿也不累。 儿也不累。

  65. many, much, a lot of 和可数名词连用, 和不可数名词连用, 可数, many 和可数名词连用,much 和不可数名词连用,a lot of 可数,不可数均 可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.
  66. much more…than, many more…than 后接形容词或不可数名词, much more…than 后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than 后接可数名 词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful
  67. no, not no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water
  68. no more than, not more than only,仅仅,只有, 至多, no more than 相当于 only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过
  69. majority, most 只能修饰可数名词, majority 只能修饰可数名词,most 可数不可数均可 the majority of people
  70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself 单独的,独自的, 为自己, by oneself 单独的,独自的,for oneself 为自己,to oneself 供自己用 的,of oneself 自行的, 自行的, 自动的 The door opened of itself.
  71. at all, after all 根本,全然, 到底, at all 根本,全然, after all 到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.
  72. tall, high 常指人或动物, tall 常指人或动物,high 常指物体 He is tall.
  73. fast, quickly 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点, fast 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly 侧重指某事完成 或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly
  74. high, highly 具体的高, 抽象的高, high 具体的高,highly 抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

  75. healthy, healthful 健康的,健壮的, healthy 健康的,健壮的,healthful 有益于健康的 healthful exercise
  76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy 正在睡觉, 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语, 困的, sleeping 正在睡觉,asleep 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy 困的,有睡 意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.
  77. gold, golden 指真金制品, 指金色的, gold 指真金制品,golden 指金色的,但金鱼用 gold fish a gold ring
  78. most, mostly 用于表感受
 

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