试卷代号 : 1 2 0 1
中央广播电视大学 2 0 0 9 2010 学 年 度 第 二 学 期 " 开 放本 科 " 期 末 考 试
英语综合实践试题
2010 年 7 月
注意事项
一、将你的学号、姓名及分校(工作站)名称填写在答题纸的规定栏 内。考试结束后,把试卷和答题纸放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得带 出考场。
二、仔细阅读题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答
题纸指定的位置上,写在试卷上的答案无效。
三、用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。
Information for the Examinees: This examination consists of FOUR parts. These are: Part Part Part Part
I : Listening Comprehension (20 points) II : Reading Comprehension N : Writing
(20 points)
ill : Vocabulary and Structure (40 points)
(20 points)
The total score for this examination is 1
  00. The time allowed for this examination is 90 minutes.
1185
Part
I. Listening Comprehension
(20 points)
Section A
Di r ections : Questions 1-5 are based on this section (1 0 points). Li sten to a short dialogue
α nd comρlete
the following form by filling in each blank with an appropriate word or
number. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
Telephone Message The caller' s name:
(
  1)
Message: to have a look at the at about (
  3) tomorrow
(
  5)
(
  2)
(
  4)
The caller's number , Section B
Directions: Questions 6-10 are based on this section
(10ρo i nts ) .
Listen to the monologue
and choose the most correct answer from A , B , CorD.

  6. Hollywood is the center of American A. politics
?
B. films D. business
?
C. music

  7. The industry began in A. New Jersey
B. New York
D. Seattle opinions to the sites of Centaur
C. Hollywood

  8. Al Christie and David Horsley have Pictures. A. the same
B. different
。.
C. the best
the worst
?

  9. After they flipped a coin , Centaur pictures moved to the A. East
B. South
D. North
C. West
1186

  10. Christie found an old A. company C. gentleman Part
in Hollywood. B. factory D. building
II. Reading Comprehension (20 poin t)
Directions: In this section , there are two passages followed by a total of ten multiple choice
questions each with four suggested answers marked A
,
B , C , and D. Choose the one that
you think is the correct answer. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
Passage 1 Is language , like food , a basic human need? Judging from the drastic experiment of Frederick
II in the 13th century , it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would
speak if he heard no mother tongues , he told the nurses to keep silent. All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than language deprivation here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering , in the first year of life especially , the capacity to survive is seriously affected. Today no such drastic deprivation exists as that ordered by Frederick. Nevertheless , some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the cues and signals of the infant , whose brain is programmed to mop up language rapidly. There are critical times , it seems , when children learn more readily. If these sensitive periods are neglected , the ideal time for acquiring skills passes and they might never be learned so easily again. Linguists suggest that speech milestones are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age , but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ (I nt elligence Quotien t) . Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about man' s brain , compared with that of the monkey , is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel o f, say , a teddy-bear with the sound pattern "teddy- bear". But speech has to? be triggered , and this depends on interaction between the mother and 1187
the child , where the mother recognizes the cues and signals in the child's babbling , clinging , grasping , crying , smiling , and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child' s non-verbal cues is essential to the growth and development of language.
  11. Frederick
IT 's experiment was" drastic" because
?
A. he wanted to prove children are born with ability to speak
B. he ignored the importance of mothering to the infant C. he was unkind to the nurses and the children D. he wanted his nurses to say no mother tongue
  12. The reason some children are backward in speaking today is that A. they do not listen carefully to their mothers
?
B. their brains have to absorb too much language at once
C. their mothers do not respond to their attempts to speak
D. their mothers are not intelligent enough to help them
  13. By "critical times" the author means A. difficult periods in the child' slife B. moments when the child becomes critical towards its mother C. important stages in the child' s development D. times when mothers often neglect their children
  14. Which of the following is NOT implied in the passage? A. The faculty of speech is inborn to man. B. Children do not need to be encouraged to spea k.
?
C. The child' s brain is highly selective.
D. Most children learn their language in definite stages.
  15. If the mother does not respond to her child's signals , the child will A. never be able to speak properly B. stop giving out signals
?
C. invent a language of its own
D. make little effort
to
speak
1188
Passage 2 After a hectic day of work and play , the body needs to rest. Sleep is necessary for good health. During this time , the body recovers from the activities of the previous day. The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day. There are four levels of sleep , each being a little deeper than the one before. As you sleep , your muscles relax little by little. Your heart beats more slowly , and your brain slows down. After you reach the fourth level , your body shifts back and forth from one level of
前eep to the other.
Although your mind slows down , from time to time you will dream. Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs , your eyeballs begin to move more quickly (although your eyelids are closed). This stage of sleep is called REM , which stands rapid eye movement.
If you have trouble falling asleep , some people recommend breathing very slowly and
very deeply. Other people believe that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will put you to sleep!
  16. A good title for this passage is 'A.Sleep C. Dreams B.Good Health D. Work and Rest

  17. The word" drowsy" in the last paragraph means
A. sick
C. awaken
B. stand up D. a litHe sleepy
?

  18. This passage suggests that not getting enough sleep might make you A. dream more often B. have poor health D. breathe quickly
出 BDuu!'k am vdvd nt oo ιt d
T A
C. nervous

  19. During REM , A. your eyes move quickly
ρ I V
e
c.
you are restless
m

气 J i
1189

  20. The average number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is A. approximately six hours B. around ten hours D. not stated here
?
C. about eight hours
Part
ill . Vocabulary and Structure (40 points)
Section A
Di r ections : Each of the following sentences is followed by four choices (20 points). Choose
the one that best com pletes the sentence. 2
  1. Grandma used to tell us something about her past story tIme. A. as soon as B. as though D. so that she had spare
C. as long as

  22.
, he ran back as soon as the enemy attacked.
A. That he was coward
C. Coward that he was

  13. He was coward that
D. He was that coward hours ago.

  23. You are really clumsy! It A. should be finished
B. must be finished
D. should have been finished as the plane wa f'
C. must have finished

  24. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain making a landing. A. seated C. seat
  25. The continuous rain A. set back B. seating D. to be seating
the harvesting of the wheat crop by two weeks. B. set off D. set aside for smoking.
C. set out

  26. Doctors warned against chewing gum as a A. succession

  13. substitute
D. substance
C. subject
1190

  27. These teachers try to be objective when they students. A. justify
the integrated ability of their
B. evaluate
D. reckon they have
C. indicate

  28. Many patients insist on having watches with them in hospital , no schedules to keep. A. since C. as if
  29. Mrs. Morris's daughter is pretty and A. pale
B. for
D. even though
, and many girls envy her.
B. weak D. light
C. slender

  30. I went along thinking of nothing 一一一一一 ,. only looking at things around me. A. in brief B. in harmony D. in particular
C. in doubt
Section B Cloze Directions: Read the
following 户assage and 卢II
in each blank by choosing the best answer
from A , E , C and D. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet. Questions are based on this section.
(20 ρoints)
Moynihan said once that to be Irish is to know that in the end the world will break your heart. He's
31
. We will get hurt if we see our loved ones die or our dreams 33 and we suffer.
32
?
This is what we can do when that day comes-we worry , we But you have to believe in 34
, w hich refuses to hide behind the bottle. Courage
makes you love even when everything tells you not to love , and when the world tells you that the only safe thing to do is to 35
, hiding from the whole world.
36 . To hurt means that you haven't given 37 to all hurts. We lose , but we gain. 38 walk away , but new ones come
Sometimes to hurt means that you still
up. And to hurt means that there will be a(an)
Our loved ones die , but new loved ones are born. Our
into our lives. Our loves leave us , but new ones appear , and maybe these ones won't leave
1191
and will be there when you 're 80 years old. You' 11 know that the big secret of life always was 39
, not hing more , nothing less , and you 'll have a moment where you'll be
40
for all , no matter pain or happiness. 3
  1. A. right
  32. A. realize
  33. A. laugh
  34. A. change
  35. A. keep on
  36. A. worry
  37. A. end
  38. A. friends
  39. A. pain
  40. A. nervous B. wrong B. form B. sing B. courage B. turn up B. insist B. start B. enemies B. love B. frightened
C. clever
C. grow
D. tired D. shatter D. fear
C. talk
C. ability C. run away
D. legend
D. walk around D. hide D. way
C. doubt
C. tool C. students
D. workers
D. food D. strange
C. money C. grateful
Part N. Writing (20 points) Directions: Write an essay about 150 words. 4
  1. Write an essay on the topic "Problems in City Traffic. " Your composition should be
based on the following outline:
(
  1)现代城市的交通现状。
(
  2) 污 染 和 堵 车 是 交 通 问 题 的 两 大 体现 。
(
  3) 解 决 交 通 问 题 的 建议 。
1192
试卷代号 : 1 2 0 1
中央广播电视大学 2 0 0 9
座位号
2010 学 年 度 第 二学 期 " 开 放本 科 " 期 末 考试
英语综合实践试题答题纸
2010 年7 月


Part I
Part
II
Part 皿
Part
N




得分|评卷人
Part
I.
Li stening Comprehension (20 points , 2 points each)
Section A
1 1在
? ? ?

  2.

  4.
句 气 U
mk d
S配tion
B

  6.

  7.

  8.

  9.

  10.
得分|评卷人
Part
II. Reading Comprehension (20 points , Z points each)
Passage 1

  11.

  12.

  13.

  14.

  15.
Passage 2

  16.

  17.

  18.

  19.

  20.
1193
得分|评卷人
Part ill. Vocabulary and Structure (40 points , 2 points each)
Section A
2
  1.

  22.

  27.

  23.

  24.
  29.

  25.

  30.

  26.
Section B Cloze
3
  1.

  28.

  32.
  37.

  33.
  38.

  34.
,

  35.
  40.

  36.
得分|评卷人

  39.
Part N. Writing (20 points)
4
  1.
1194
试卷代号 : 1 2 0 1
中央广播电视大学 2 00 9 2010 学 年 度 第 二 学 期 " 开 放 本 科 " 期 末 考 试
英语综合实践试题答案及评分标准
(供参考)
2010 年7 月
Part
I.
Listening Comprehension (20 points , 2 points each)
Section A

  1. Green
Section B
  6. B Part

  2. apartment

  3. nine/9

  4. morning

  5.4589 4722

  7. A

  8. B

  9. C

  10. D
II. Reading comprehension (20 points , 2 points each)

  11. B

  12. C
  17. D

  13. C

  18. B

  14. B

  15. D
  20. D

  16. A
Part

  19. A
ill.
Vocabulary and Structure (40 points , 2 points each)
Sec t ion A 2
  1. C

  26. B
Section B Cloze
  22. C
  23. D
  28. D
  24. A
  29. C
  25. A
  30. D

  27. B
3
  1. A

  36. B

  32. D
3~'L
D

  34. B
  39. B

  35. C
  10. C 1195

  37. A

  38. A
Part N. Writing (20 points)
4
  1.
分 数 标

18-20 15-17 12-14 9-11 6-8 0-5
文章切题,内容充实,有独到之处;行文流畅,语言得体篇幅适当;结构严谨;句 F 子结构有变化,用词有。避免了单调和粗俗;无语法错误。 内容适合;语言自然得体;篇幅适当;结构合理;准确地使用常用语法结构;语法
和选词基本无错误。
基本切题;语体基本得当;篇幅适当;篇章结构进行了适当的计划或调整;只有少
量语法错误;或拼写错误,不致引起阅读困难。
基本切题,但内容有待充实;语体不当之处较少 F篇幅适当F结构有待改善;常用 结构中无语法错误,其他语法和词汇错误不致引起严重的阅读困难。 大致切题,但有关内容欠缺或包含无关内容;缺乏语体意识;篇幅不够;篇章结构 松散不当;各种语言错误导致严重阅读困难或误解。 错误过多,无法
 

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