计算机专业英语 一、填空

  1.A bus that provides a path for moving data between system modules is called ( data bus )
  2. A display screen is divided into a grid of
  3. (pixels and ). logic for ) unit arithmetic

  21. Data and program instructions are stored in (memory ).
  22. External devices are linked to a small computer system through (interfaces ).
  23.. Each cell of a worksheet can hold (one piece of data ).
  24. External devices are linked to a small computer system through (control units ).
  25. HTML stand for (Hypertext Markup Language secondary storage device
  27. how data are represented inside a computer system in electronic states called (bits )
  28. How many basic units do today's digital computers consist of? ( 4 ) )
  29. LCD is based on
  30.Memory’s TFT are ). contents )
  26. hard disk is a magnetic

  43. To prevent user programs from interfering with the proper operation of the system, the hardware was modified to create two models: (User mode and monitor mode )
  44. The software which acts as an interface between a user of a computer and the computer hardware is (operating system )
  45. The processor fetches and executes (instructions system is (CPU
  47. The (seven ) layers ). ) mode has ).
  46. The “brain” of a computer ISO/OSI
三、汉译英

  24.主存 (Main memory ) ) ) )
  25.调制解调器(modem

  26.可编程只读存储器 (PROM
  27.数据库管理系( DBMS )
  28.客户端/服务器(Client/Server
  29.多媒体 (Multimedia ) ) )
  30.虚函数 (virtual function
  32.小型计算机系统接口(SCSI
  33.计算机辅助软件工程(CASE
  34.工具条( toolbar )
  35.统一资源定位符( URL
  36.统一资源标识符 ( URI
  37.人工智能 ( Artificial Intelligence )
  38.计算机 ( Computer
  40.图形用户接口 ( Graphical user interface
  41.中央处理器 ( CPU ) ) ) )
  39.面向对象 ( Object Oriented ) )
executes instructions
  4.Another name primary storage is (RAM (software ).

  31.超文本标记语言( HTML ) )

  5. A Web browser is a piece of
  6. A bus that connects major computer components is called (system bus start with ) (an equal sign ).
  7. All functions in spreadsheets
  8. An E-mail server can be considered as a (powerful operating system
  9.A computer information into ( data ).
  10. A location in memory is accessed by its (address ).
  11. A small piece of code that can be transported over the Internet and executed on the recipient’s machine. The sentence describes (applet )
  12. A protocol is a set of (regulations ).
  13. A computer system has input, output, storage, and (CPU ).
  14. All Intranet related documents are written in ( HTML )
  15. A program instruction or a piece of data is stored in a specific primary storage location called an (address ) )
  16. A collection of interconnected networks is called an (Internet
  17. A computer system has four parts, they are output, storage, processing (input ) components and processes

  48. The source of a computer’s logic is (software
  49. The WWW is based on client-server model standards
  50. The Central Processor has only two fundamental sections (the control unit and the arithmetic and logic unit )
  51. The waveform repeats the same shape at regular intervals and this portion is called a (period )

  42.计算机网络 (computer network )
  43.国际互联网 ( Internet )
  44.计算机辅助制造 ( CAM )
  45.软件工程 (software engineering)
  46.视频压缩 (video compression
  47.算术逻辑部件 ( ALU
  48.计算机应用 (computer application
  50.虚拟现实 ) ) )
  49.电子商务 (Electronic Business (virtual reality ( FDD ) )
  51.软盘驱动器
  52.图形用户接口 (Graphical user interface
  53.应用编程接口 (API
  54.视频点播 VOD
  55.搜索引擎 (search engine ( TCP/IP )
  57.万维网 ( WWW ) )
  58.地理信息系统 ( GIS
  59.封装 ( encapsulation )
  60.只读存储器 ( ROM )
  61.系统软件 ( system software )
  62.磁盘操作系统 (DOS )
  63.结构化查询语言 ( SQL )
  64.虚拟专用网 ( VPN
  66.个人数字助理 (PDA
  68.带宽 (bandwidth
  70.结构化编程 (Structured programming
  72.短信消息服务 ( SMS ) )
  71.复杂指令集计算机 ( CISC ) ) ) ) ) ) )
  65.开放式系统互联 ( OSI
  67.可移植性 (transportability
  69.集成电路 (integrated circuit )
  56. 传 输 控 制 协 议 / 互 联 网 协 议 ) ) )
changed when it is (written

  31.Once a user starts an IRC client, the server on the IRC service provider side will provide the user a (channel ).
  32.Programs are known ). collectively as (software
  34.Primary storage programs and data
  35. The way each object combines its member data and member functions into a single structure is called (Encapsulation )
  36. The basic output device on a small computer is a (display screen ).
  37.TheOpenSystemsInterconnecti on (OSI)reference model is based on a proposal developed by ( ISO )
  38. The computer component that actually manipulates the data is (the processor ).
  39. The physical components of a computer are collectively called (hardware ).
  40. The part of an instruction that tells the processor what to do is the (operand stored in ( ). the ROM )
  41.The permanently useful data is
  42. The interference that distorts electronic signals transmitted over a distance is called (noise ).

  52. WWW stand for World Wide Web

  33. Programmers write (source code ). provides the CPU with temporary storage for
二、英译汉

  1.class hierarchy 类层次
  2.XML 可扩展标记语言
  3.Intranet 内部网
  4.data bus 数据总线
  5.Operating system 操作系统
  6.CAD 计算机辅助设计
  7.Neural Networks 神经网络
  8.ODBC 开放数据库连接
  9.ISP 因特网服务提供商
  10.Expert System 专家系统
  11.Web site 网站站点
  12.WAN 广域网
  13.network communication 网络通信
  14.FTP 文件传输协议 系统总线
  15.system bus
  17.ROM

  18. A data model is a collection of conceptual tool for describing (data, data relationship, data semantics, data constraints )
  19. A multiprocessor system has (more than one CPU )
  20.CPU has only two fundamental sections: the arithmetic and logic unit and (the control unit ).

  16.primary memory 主存 只读存储器 programming
  18.object-oriented 面向对象编程
  19.virtual reality 虚拟现实
  20.HTML
  21.Hard disk
  22.database
  23.RAM 超文本标记语言 硬盘 数据库 随机存储器
四、 判断

  1、ALU is one of the components of CPU.( T )
  2、An OS is the software which acts as an interface between a user and a computer. ( T )
  3、A CPU includes the ALU and the controller. ( T)
  4、A U-disk belongs to the output device.( T )
  5、A scanner belongs to the output device. ( F )
  6、A buffer's capacity is low and price is high, and it runs as fast as a RAM. ( F )
  7、A cache runs as fast as a RAM. ( F )
  8、Both the user names and the passwords must be unique for E-mail accounts.( F ) 9 、Buffering is an approach to improving system performance. (T )
  10、Cache memory is much faster than RAM. ( T) 11 、 Cache memory is more expensive than RAM.( T)
  12、CD-R recorders are used to duplicate CDs ( T ) 13 、 C is an Object-Oriented programming language. ( F ) 14 、 Cache memory is less expensive than RAM.( F)
  15、 CD-R recorders can be used to duplicate CDs( T )
  16、Cache memory is as fast as RAM. ( T )
  17、C++ language is a structured programming language.( F ) 18 、 CD-Rrecorders are used to duplicate CD( 19 、 CPU T ) has only one

  27、Hard disk provides CPU with temporary storage for programs and data. (F ) 28 、 HTTP is used to locate Internet resources. ( F)
  29、HTML is used to write Web pages.( T) 30 、 Hard disks and floppies operate in different ways. ( F )
  31、Internet resources are stored on Web servers. ( T ) 32 、 JAVA is a Object-Oriented programming language. ( T ) 33 、 JAVA is a structured programming language. ( F )
  34、Keyboard and mouse are both the input devices of the computer. (T )
  35、Keyboard and mouse are both the input devices of the computer. ( T )
  36、Linux is an operating system. ( T )
  37、Microsoft SQL server 2000 is an operating system computer. ( F ) of the
52 、 PCI is a popular low-bandwidth bus. ( F )
  53、ROM is the abbreviation of read of memory. ( F ) 54 、 PCI is abbreviation of peripheral component interconnect.( T )
  55、 System bus provides a path for moving data between modules. ( F ) system
五、翻译

  1.A handheld’s constraints(局限 性 ) mean that it’s usually impossible to directly port a desktop application to a wireless handheld device. For the same reasons, it’s difficult to directly access most Web sites with a handheld device. Web applications are traditionally designed based on the assumption that visitors will have a desktop computer with a large screen and a mouse. 手持设备的局限性意味着它通 常不能直接把台式应用程序移 植到无线手持设备上,出于同样 的理由,用手持设备直接访问多 数 Web 站点也很困难。 Web 应用 程序传统上是基于访问者拥有 带大屏幕和鼠标的台式计算机 这样的假设而设计的。
  2.A new concept called the Storage Area Network(SAN)(存 储 区 域 网 络 ) could offer an answer to the increasing amount of data that needs to be stored in an enterprise network environment. By implementing a SAN, users can offload storage traffic from daily network operations while establishing a direct connection between storage elements and servers. 对需要在企业网络环境中存储 数据量越来越大的问题,一种称 之为存储区域网络(SAN)的新概 念可能提供了一个答案。通过实 现一个 SAN, 用户可以在存储设 备与服务器之间建立直接连接 的同时,把存储传输负荷从日常 网络操作中分出来。
  3. A Storage Area Network (SAN, 存储区域网) does not need to be a physically separate network, either. It can be a dedicated sub-network, carrying only the business-critical I/O traffic between servers and storage devices. A SAN, for example, would not carry general-purpose traffic such as e-mail or other end-user applications. This type of net avoids the unacceptable trade-offs inherent in a single network for all applications. SAN 不需要在物理上是一个单 独的网络。它可以是一个专用的 子网,只在服务器与存储设备之 间传输关键业务 I/O 信息。 例如, SAN 不传送通用意义上的信息, 如电子邮件或其它最终用户应 用程序。这类网络避免了单一网 络中固有的不能接受的拆衷

  56、The system clock is the brain of a computer. ( F )
  57、The system clock sends out pulses regularly. ( T )
  58、There 3 main categories of optical laser disks: CD-ROM, DVD and VCD. ( F )
  59、The Web browser is used to display the data stored on the Internet. ( T )
  60、The wide of the bus is also called the "word length". ( T )
  61、 The user name must be unique for E-mail accounts. ( T ) 62 、 The single-sided DVD can store
  6.5GB of data. ( F )
  63、To format a floppy means that magnetic areas are created. ( T )
  64、The CPU is the brain of a computer( T )
  65、URL is used to locate Internet resources. ( T)
  66、VDT stands for video display terminal. ( T )
  67、WWW stands for World Wide Web. ( T ) 68 、 Windows 2000 is the first Windows operating system in a real sense.( F ) 69 、 We can view an operating system as a resource manager. ( T) 70 、 We can view an operating system as a output hardware. ( T) 71 、 We can view an OS as a resource manager. ( T ) 72 、 Windows 95 is the first Windows operating system in a real sense. ( T )
  73、XML is used to write Web pages.( F )
  74、You can connect 120 devices to a computer by USB. ( T)
  75、You can connect 127 devices to a computer by USB. ( T )
  76、You can connect 255 devices to a computer by USB. ( F )
38 、 Microsoft Office 2003 is operating system software. ( F ) 39 、 Microsoft Office 2003 is an operating system software. ( F )
  40、 Microsoft Windows 2000 is an operating system of the computer. (T )
  41、MS-DOSis a Object-Oriented programming language. ( F ) 42 、 MS Windows 2000 is a hardware component of computer. ( F )
  43、MS Office 2000 is the first Windows operating system in a real sense. ( F )
  44、MS-DOS refers to Microsoft Disk Operating System. ( T )
  45、OS is the software which acts as an interface between a user and a computer. ( T )
  46、PROM is the abbreviation of portable read ?only memory. ( F )
  47、Printer is the input device of the computer. ( F 48 、 PCI is ) a popular
fundamental section: the control unit. ( F )
  20、Cache memory is much faster than RAM. ( T )
  21、CD-ROM stands for compact disk read-only memory. ( T ) 22 、 DVD provides CPU with temporary storage for programs and data. (F )
  23、E-mail is a method of sending and receiving messages on the Internet .( F ) 24 、 FTP is a protocol of the computer network. ( T )
  25、FTP is not a protocol of the computer network. ( F ) 26 、 HTTP stands for High Transportation Port. ( F )
low-bandwidth bus. (F )
  49、 Primary storage provides CPU with temporary storage programs and data. (T) for

  50、Printer is the I/O device of the computer. ( T )
  51、 PDA is one of the components of CPU. ( F )

  4.
Plug
and
Play( 即 插 即 an
用 )??basically a set of PC architecturespecificationsis effort by hardware and software vendors to design intelligence into PCs to handle installation and configuration tasks automatically and without user intervention. With a plug-and-play system, users can install devices into or remove them from a desktop or mobil
  •  
 

相关内容

数学专业英语翻译

   第一段翻译(2): what is the exact value of the number pai?a mathematician made an experiment in order to find his own estimation of the number pai.in his experiment,he used an old bicycle wheel of diameter 63.7cm.he marked the point on the tire where the ...

自动化专业英语-4

   本文由chz979贡献 ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 专业英语(4) 自动化专业 第四讲 Microcomputer Interface 准备课文后的单词 (5 min) ) 补充单词 numerically line linear nonlinear linearisation compatible diode ad. n. a. a. n. a. n. subroutine n. routine n. ...

专业英语

   计算机专业英语 Subject-Based English for Undergraduates 西华大学 何忠秀 hezhongxiu@163.com 13882202071 2010-12-16 教学要求及目的 掌握计算机专业方面的英语词汇和表达方式,主要学习计算机方面 和科技方面的常用词汇以及科技英语中常用的语法现象。 学习计算机相关学科专业知识的英语表达。 了解计算机专业发展的态势和方向。 在此基础上,能够较熟练地分析表述专业知识的英语长句的结构,从而准确 把握文意,同时提高大篇幅英 ...

专业英语

   专业英语:第一题翻译单词,20 题,30 分(10 个中译英,10 个英译中) 第二题翻译句子,5 题,30 分(注意从句的翻译,且不要出现“被”字) 第三题翻译段落,2 题,30 分(老师讲过的~下面的看看) 第四题科技写作,就是中译英的一段文字,10 分 第一题的单词大概是 放大器 amplifier 偏离 drift/offset 电信 telecommunication 数字化 digital 量化 quantization 上行链路 uplink 下行链路 downlink 共振 ...

英语口语(4)

   英语口语(4) Spoken English(4) 课程编号:0320143B 学 分:2 学分 学 时:32 学时(其中:讲课学时: 32 实验学时: 0 上机学时:0 ) 先修课程:英语口语(1)-(3) 适用专业:英语专业(师范) ,英语专业(国际商务与翻译) 建议教材: 《新编英语口语教程 4》王守仁,陆明主编 上海外语教育出版社 2001 年 1 月 开课系所:外国语学院英语系 一、 课程的性质与任务 课程性质:学科(专业)基础必修课 课程任务: 英语口语(4)是专业基础必修课,开 ...

英语口语4

   Shell plating: 外板 Main engine: 主机 Lub. Oil manual pump: 手动滑油泵 Generating sets: 发电机组 Cylinder liner: 缸套 Thermal stress: 热应力 Due to: 由于 Be attributed to: 归因于 Result from: 产生于,由……引起 L. O. pressure: 润滑油压力 Regulating valve: 调节阀 Std. (starboard): 右舷 Alum ...

化工专业英语

       本文由啊噜噜慧贡献     ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     化工英语阅读     Unit 1 Chemical industry Stand germany in good stead:使德国得到很大的 好处 The lion’s share:最大的份额 Intermediate:中间体     The difficulty comes in deciding at which point in this sequen ...

专业英语翻译

   CHAPTER 12 Capacity and Level-of-Service Analysis for Freeways and Multilane Highways 12 章 对多车道公路和高速公路的通行能力和水平式服务的分析 12.1 Introduction to Capacity and Level-of-Service Concepts 12.1 介绍通行能力和水平式服务的概念 One of the most critical needs in traffic engineer ...

专业英语翻译

   比较难的专业级英语翻译,不好翻译啊,最好转帖收藏,别到时候找...分享 作者:我是一粒米 已被分享288次 评论(0) 复制链接 分享 转载 举报 全国人民代表大会 National People's Congress (NPC)   主席团 Presidium   常务委员会 Standing Committee   办公厅 General Office   秘书处 Secretariat   代表资格审查委员会 Credentials Committee   提案审查委员会 Motion ...

专业英语翻译

   比较难的专业级英语翻译,不好翻译啊,最好转帖收藏, 比较难的专业级英语翻译,不好翻译啊,最好转帖收藏,别到时候找不到再 后悔 来源: 苏郎的日志 全国人民代表大会 National People's Congress (NPC) 主席团 Presidium 常务委员会 Standing Committee 办公厅 General Office 秘书处 Secretariat 代表资格审查委员会 Credentials Committee 提案审查委员会 Motions Examination ...

热门内容

新视野大学英语第一册答案

   新视野大学英语( 新视野大学英语(第二版)第一册 Unit 1 III. 1. rewarding 2. communicate 3. access 4. embarrassing 5. positive 6. commitment 7. virtual 8. benefits 9. minimum 10. opportunities IV. 1. up 2. into 3. from 4. with 5. to 6. up 7. of 8. in 9. for 10.with V. 1.G ...

2010年高考英语第一轮复习导航[人教必修三]

   必修三 Unit 1 Festivals around the world 单元要点预览 (旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点) 词语 辨析 1. take place / happen / occur / come about / break out 2. celebrate / congratulate 美的东西 3. gather / collect 4. award / reward beautify v.美化,变美 beautiful adj. 美的,美丽 的 beautifully a ...

趣谈英语【附一些学习方法】(内含5篇文章)

   老外看中国:中国学生的英文名 老外看中国 中国学生的英文名 kingkang 2009-08-02 18:22 [美]John 编译 古雷 最近,我在我所任教的杭州一所学校变成了“姓名纳粹”。请允许我解释。 如果你在中国的学校教过书,那肯定了解通常中国学生会取一个英文名。而且 ,你肯定也知道,他们所取的名字经常是稀奇古怪的那种,比如:白日梦(Fantasy,男 孩名)、不不(No-no 女孩名)、爱管闲事(Snoopy,女孩名)、冰冷猫(Icy Cat,男孩名) 、闪光的(Shiny,女孩名 ...

中国人的英语单词速记法

   中国人的英语单词记忆法 ??变形衍生法速记 10000 英语单词 (缩略精华版) 刘伊翰编著 (购买办法:新华发行集团各大书店有售,定价 20 元/本;广东科技出版社社或作者均可邮购,加 15%邮费) 前 言 中国人善于形象记忆,善于通过形象联想而达到举一反三的记忆效果,本书创造了特别适合中 国人语言天赋的"英语单词变形,衍生联结快速记忆法" ,并对相当于一本袖珍英汉小词典的一万六 千多常用英文词汇(除了部分地名,人名)进行了拼写特点的比较和联系,通过电子计算机进行了 数 ...

初中英语教学方法改革之我见

   第 6卷  中国教 育发展研 究杂志   Th   Ree rh J u n e sa c  o r  ̄ Of Chn   Ed c to a  De eo me t   ia u ain l v lp n   V_.  06 1 No 1   2 0   .O 09 20 年 1 月第 1期  09 O 0 2 .高中英语教师具备 了上述素质 时才能 自如地 实现教  学是一 种教学活动 , 同时也是 人与 人之 间的特 殊 的交往 活  学中各种角色的转换 。   动 ,是一种 “ 对话 ...