专八模拟试题(
  10) 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  10)
What is a black hole? Well, it is difficult to answer the question, as the terms we would normally use to describe a scientific phenomenon __1__ are adequate here. Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is __2__ a region of space which matter has fallen and from which nothing can __3__ escape?not even light. But we can’t see a black hole. A black hole __4__ exerts a strong gravitational pull and yet it has no matter. It is only space?or thus we think. How can this happen? __5__ The theory is that some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point; they “collapse” and sometimes a supernova occurs. The collapse of a star may produce a “White Dwarf” of a “neutronstar”? a star which matter is so dense that if continually shrinks by the force of __6 its own gravity. But if the star is very large, this process of shrinking may
be so intense that a black hole results in. Imagine the earth reduced to the __7__ size of a marble, but still having the same masses and a stronger __8__ gravitational pull, and you have some ideas of the force of a black hole. __9__ And no matter near the black hole is sucked in. __10__
答案: 1 将 as 改为 since 或者 because。在表示原因的连接词中,只有 as 引 导的原因状语从句不能位于主句之后,只能位于句首。 2 将 adequate 改为 inadequate, 或者在 are 后加 not。 从逻辑上分析, 因为我们拥有的科学术语“不充足”,所以才无法回答这个问题,所以 用否定形式。 3 在 which 前加 into。这是一个定语从句,意思是“黑洞是太空中物 质可以掉进去的地方”,所以定语从句应该为“into which matter has fallen”。 4 将 but 改为 so。 上文已提到“连光都无法从黑洞中逃出”, 所以我 们根本无法看到黑洞。这里应该是因果关系,而不是转折关系。 5 将 thus 改为 so。这句话的意思是“那只是空间?或者我们认为它只 是空间”。so 做 think 的宾语,thus 只能做连词,不能做宾语。 6 将 which 改为 whose。这个定语从句的意思是“它是一颗星,其密度
非常大,由于自身的引力,它在不断地收缩”。matter 属于 star,所 以关系代词应该用 whose。 7 去掉 in。result 为不及物动词,意为“形成了”,而“result in sth。”意为“导致某结果”。 8 将 masses 改为 mass。 mass 可指“大量的物质”, 而“the masses” 特指“劳动群众”,用在此处不妥。 9 将 ideas 改为 idea。“idea”在表达“印象”时,为不可数名词, 不可以用复数。 10 将 no 改为 any。分析便知,任何在黑洞附近的东西都会被吸进去。
专八模拟试题( 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  9)
Whenever you see an old film, even one made as little as ten years before, you can’t help being strucked by the __1__appearance of the women taking part. Their hair styles and make-up look date; their skirts look either too long or too __2__short; their general appearance is, in fact, slightly ludicrous.The men taking part, on other hand, are clearly recognizable. __3__There is nothing about their appearance to suggest that they belong to an entire different age. This illusion is created __4__by changing fashions. Over the years, the great minority of men __5__ have successfully resisted all attempts to make it change their __6__style of dress.
The same cannot be said for women. Each year,a fewer so-called top designers in Paris and London lay down __7__on the law and women around the world run to obey. The __8__decrees of the designers are unpredictable and dictatorial.Sometime they decide arbitrarily,that skirts will be short and __9__waists will be height; hips are in and buttons are out. __10__. 答案: 1 strucked 改为 struck 或者 stricken。过去分词形式有误。strike 的过去式是 struck,过去分词为 struck 或者 stricken。 2 date 改为 dated 或者 outdated, 3 on other hand 改为 on the other hand 4 entire 改为 entirely,副词修饰形容词 different,并与 different 一起修饰 age。 5 minority 改为 majority。 从上下文以及常识判断,多半男性成功 地抵制了改变他们服装款式的企图,即多年来,男性大服装款式跟女性 服饰相比没有多大的变化。 6 it 改为 them,them 指代 the great majority of men。 7 fewer 改为 few,此处没有比较的意味。 8 去掉 on。lay down 为习语,表示“规定(规则,原则,法规等)”。 9 sometime 改为 sometimes。 10 height 改为 high。形容词作 be 的表语。
专八模拟试题( 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  8)
We use language every day. We live in a world of words. Hardly any moment passes with someone talking, writing or reading. Indeed, __1__
languages is most essential to mankind. Our lives increasingly depend on fast and successful use of language. Strangely enough, we know __2__
more about things around us than on ourselves. For example, language __3__
is species specific, that is, it is language that differs human from __4__
animals. However, we do not know yet how exactly we inquire language __5__
and how it is possible for us to perceive through language; nor we __6__
understand precisely the combinations between language and thought, __7__
language and logic, or language and culture; still less, how and when language started. One reason for this inadequate knowledge of
language is that we, like language users, take too many things for granted. __8__
Language comes to every normal person so naturally that a few __9__
of us stop to question what language is, much less do we feel the necessity to study it. Language is far more complex than most people have probably imagined and the necessity to study it is far greater than some people may have assured. Linguistic is a branch of science which __10__
takes language as its object of investigation. 参考答案:
  1. with 改为 without。”hardy any moment passes without someone…” , 两个否定: without 和 hardly,意思是“每一时刻有 人……”。
  2. fast 前面加 the 因为 fast and successful use 这个词组后边有一 个前置词短语 of language 修饰 use,所以被修饰的词前面加定冠词。

  3. than on ourselves 改为 than things on ourselves。在这里比较 的是两件事:things around us and things on ourselves(我们周围 的事物和我们自身的东西)。第二个 things 不能省略,否则引起误解。
  4. differs 改为 distinguishes。语言区分人与动物,differ 是不及 物动词,后面不能带宾语,只能用介词,如:Man differs from animals in that man possesses language。
  5. inquire 改为 acquire“习得语言”应该是 acquire language,名词 短语是 language acquisition。 Inquire 是“询问”的意思。
  6. we 前面加上 do 副词 nor 放在句首表示强调,应用倒装句,一般现 在时强调句是在主语前面加助动词 do。
  7. combination 改为 relationships.语言和思维的关系,不是结合; 语言和思维的关系是当代语言学研究的重要领域。
  8. like 改为 as。 根据上下文, 要表达的意思是“作为语言的使用者”, 不是“像语言的使用者”。
  9. a 去掉 这里是否定的意思:“我们没有多少人……”而不是“我们 一些人.….”。
  10. assured 改为 assumed. 这句的后半部分意思是“研究语言的必要 性比我们想象的要大得多”。Assure 译为“确保”;assume 译为“假 设”或者“想象”的意思。
专八模拟试题( 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  7)
For the last fifteen or twenty years the fashion in criticism or appreciation of the arts have been to deny the existence of any valid criteria and to make the __1__words “good” or “bad” irrelevant, immaterial, and inapplicable. There is no such thing, we are told, like a set of standards first acquired through experience and __2__knowledge and late imposed on the subject under discussion. This has been a __3__popular approach, for it relieves the critic of the responsibility of judgment and the public by the necessity of knowledge. It pleases those resentful of disciplines, it __4__flatters the empty-minded by calling him open-minded, it comforts the __5__confused. Under the banner of democracy and the kind of quality which our forefathers did no mean, it says, in effect, “Who are you to tell us what is good or bad?” This is same cry used so long and so effectively by the producers of mass __6__media who insist that it is the public, not they, who decide what it wants to hear __7__and to see, and that for a critic to say that this program is bad and that program is good is pure a reflection of personal taste. Nobody recently has expressed this __8__ philosophy most succinctly than Dr.
Frank Stanton, the highly intelligent __9__president of CBS
television. At a hearing before the Federal Communications Commission, this phrase escaped from him under questioning: “One man’s mediocrity __10__is another man’s good program”.
答案: 1 将 have 改为 has。该句的主语 the fashion 是单数. 2 将 like 改为 as。such as 是固定搭配. 3 将 late 改为 later。later 和上文 first 对应. 4 将 by 改为 of 或者 from。 relieve sb of/ from sth 是固定搭配, 意 思为 “减轻某人(的负担等)” 5 将 him 改为 them。因为其先行词为 the empty-minded,而 “the+adj/p.p” 表示一类人时,通常表示复数概念. 6 在 same 前加 the。 same 表示 “唯一,独一无二”的概念,因此必 the 须加定冠词. 7 将 decide 改为 decides。 该句的主语 the public 表示的是单数概念., 这一点从后面的代词 it 可以看得出来. 8 将 pure 改为 purely。 在这里 purely 作状语,修饰谓语动词,因此应使 用副词. 9 将 most 改为 more。more than 搭配,引导出比较状语从句. 10 将 from 去掉。 escape 在作 “被某人情不自禁地说出来”讲时,是及 物动词,而只在作 “逃跑”讲时,才时不及物动词.
专八模拟试题( 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  5)
We live in a society which there is a lot of talk about science, but I would say 1 that there are not 5 percent of the people who are equipped with school, including college, to understand scientific reasoning. We are more ignorant of science as people 2 with comparable education in Western Europe.There are a lot of kids who know everything about computers?how to build them, how to take them apart, and how to write programs for games. So if you ask 3 them to explain about the rinciples of physics that have gone into creating the 4 computer, you don’t have faintest idea. 5 The failure to understand science leads to such things like the neglect of human 6 creative power. It also takes rise to blurring of the distinction between science and 7 technology. Lots of people don’t differ between the two. Science is the production of 8 new knowledge that can be applied or not, and technology is the application of knowledge to the production of some products, machinery or the like. The two are really different, and people who have the faculty for one very seldom have a faculty for the others. 9 Science in itself is harmless, more or less. But as soon as it can provide technology,it’s not necessarily harmful. No society has yet earned to forecast the consequences of new technology, which can be enormous.10
  1. 在 which 前加 in,或将 which 改为 where 在这里 which 引导限制性从句,修饰先行词 the society。in which 在从句中作 状语,当然也可以用关系副词 where 引导定语从句,并在从句中作状语,例
如:Money is a bottomless sea, in which honor, conscience, and truth may be drowned.
  2. 将 as 改为 than
  3. 将 So 改为 But 或者 However 或者 Nevertheless 因为这里上下文是转折关系。
  4. 将 about 去掉 因为 explain 是及物动词。
  5. 将 you 改为 they
  6. 将 like 改为 as 因为 such as 是固定搭配。
  7. 将 takes 改为 gives give rise to 表示“引起,导致”之意。
  8. 将 differ 改为 distinguish 牵着表示“有区别”。后者表示“区分,找出……的差别”。
  9. 将 others 改为 other 这样 the other 就和上文的 one 构成固定搭配,表示在两个中“一个……;另外 一个……”
  10. 将 harmful 改为 harmless,只有这样才可以表达上下文的对比关系。
专八模拟试题( 专八模拟试题(改错篇
  4)
Home, sweet home" is a phrase that express an essential attitude in the United States. Whether the reality of life in the family house is sweet or no sweet, the cherished ideal of home 1
has great importance for many people. This ideal is a vital part of the American dream. This dream, dramatized in the history of nineteenth century European settlers of American West, was to find a piece of place, build a house 2 for one's family, and started a farm. These small households were 3 portraits of independence: the entire family- mother, father, children,even grandparents-live in a small house and working together to 4 support each other. Anyone understood the life-and-death importance 5 of family cooperation and hard work. Although most people in the Unit
 

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