As a matter a fact ,before I enter the university I knew nothing about my majorurban planning,except that it’s something about architecture and the layout of all kinds of buildings .it is not until I intensively studied the subject a period of time then I realized that how comprehensive it is.
There are all kinds of sub-subjects associated with the planning of one city ,just to name a few, the landscape design ,transformation design, residential design, even the latest computer technology-- namely: the virtual reality. So it makes no sense to understand the urban planning in a traditional way.
After years of study, I have formed some concepts of my major, in my point of view , urban planning is not simply about the design of architecture but rather a city’s whole harmony? say :harmony with the entire environment!
To understand what I say specifically, I think there are at least three points need to make clear. First, urban planning must concern about the architecture. architecture is the basic and essential element of one city, an environment can be formed by properly arranging all sorts of different architectures in one area. Obviously, sometimes It is some skillfully-designed architectures that give the personality of that area.
which can greatly impress not only the resident living in it but also the visitors . Current days ,many cities promote the concept of “city image”, that kind of thing is unusually created by some large architectures ,especially the public architectures .
可以大大留下深刻的印象,不仅居民生活在,而且还参观。目前的天,许多城市推广的概念, “城市形象” ,这种事是异常所造成的一些大型建筑,特别是公共建筑。
such as Paris’s Eiffel Tower, Hong Kong’s Bank of China and Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank (香港汇丰银行),both of which has such potent symbolic power as to be able to identify a city with their own image , so we can’t emphasize too much on the importance the architectures of one city.
如巴黎的艾菲尔铁塔,香港的中国银行和香港上海汇丰银行(香港汇丰银行) ,这两项研究有这样强有力的象征性权力,以便能够找出一个城市,他们自己的形象,因此,我们不能强调太多的重要性,对结构的一个城市。
Secondly, urban planning must closely related with the environment. We design architectures, green space, public spaces, transformation and all kinds of infrastructures , all are with a single objectto create a comfortable environment.
其次,城市规划必须密切相关,与环境。我们设计的架构,绿地,公共空间,改造和各种基础设施,都是一个单一的对象-- -- -创造一个舒适的环境。
To mention the environment ,we can’t ignore the protection of the nature environment ,Because ,in the larger part of practice, especially in some cities ,what urban planning concerns about is not creating a totally new city or a new environment ,but just making some changes based on that nature environment .
Last but not the least. Urban planning must has something to do with the culture of that very city. The culture is also a crucial part of urban planning. I’d say that city is the by-product of the development of the culture, it’s deeply rooted in the development of the society. Because ,it’s the culture that gives the city vitality.
To rebuild or preserve, is often largely decided by that city’s culture, that may be people’s customs or traditional ways of living and the things alike. In other words, our planning of that city can be a proper reflection of that city’s culture. We should put in mind that each culture has its own characteristics, so does our planning .
To sum up, I’d say that hundreds of words is far from enough to make a comprehensive understanding of urban planning, maybe we should do more analyses in the future.
The tree of my title is not a green tree with leaves. It is the name of an abstract structure. I shall contrast it with another, more complex abstract structure called a semilattice. In order to relate these abstract structures to the nature of the city, I must first make a simple distinction.
I want to call those cities which have arisen more or less spontaneously over many, many years natural cities. And I shall call those cities and parts of cities which have been deliberately created by designers and planners artificial cities. Siena, Liverpool, Kyoto, Manhattan are examples of natural cities. Levittown, Chandigarh and the British New Towns are examples of artificial cities.
It is more and more widely recognized today that there is some essential ingredient missing from artificial cities. When compared with ancient cities that have acquired the patina of life, our modern attempts to create cities artificially are, from a human point of view, entirely unsuccessful.
Both the tree and the semilattice are ways of thinking about how a large collection of many small systems goes to make up a large and complex system. More generally, they are both names for structures of sets.
In order to define such structures, let me first define the concept of a set. A set is a collection of elements which for some reason we think of as belonging together. Since, as designers, we are concerned with the physical living city and its physical backbone, we must naturally restrict ourselves to considering sets which are collections of material elements such as people, blades of grass, cars, molecules, houses, gardens, water pipes, the water molecules in them etc.

In our view the housing system is made up of the public, private, and nonprofit organizations involved in the financing, subsidization, and management of housing for low income and special needs groups: the mentally handicapped and AIDS clients for example. The human service system comprises those organizations, the primary focus of which is the service domain for people with particular needs such as welfare, mental health, job training, social, and elder services.我们看来住房系统 是由公共、私人和非营利性组织组成的,这些组织涉及到经济、福利和对于低收入和特别需要群体:例如精神障碍和爱滋病患者的住房管理。人类服务系统包含这些组织, 主要集中在为特殊需要的人们服务领域,例如救济、精神健康、工作培训、联谊和老年人服务.
This course then will focus on the interaction between the housing and human service systems (the conflicts and congruities in practice) and will explore how the differing world views, professional perspectives, and institutional needs of the two systems play out operationally in national, state and local policies and programs. Special attention will be devoted to how networks are created that cross and connect the housing and service domains as well as the barriers to such bridging.本课程将重点在住房和人类服务系统的互相影响(实践中的冲突和一致)方面进行探讨,并探究在国家、州和区政府政策和计划下,不同的世界观点、专业观点和两种系统的团体需要在可操作状态下怎样结束。特别关注横穿和连结住房和服务领域的网络的建立,同样关注这种桥梁的障碍。



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   As a matter a fact ,before I enter the university I knew nothing about my majorurban planning,except that it’s something about architecture and the layout of all kinds of buildings .it is not until I intensively studied the subject a period of time ...


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英语词典 A

   a abdomen ability aboard abound about abroad abrupt absolute absorb abstract absurd abuse academic academy accelerate accent acceptance access accessory accident accidental acclaim accommodate accommodation accompany accomplish accord according to ...



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