第一单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  goal,objective,accomplish,predict,accompany,implement,tendency,achievement,argue,budget,define,entity
  
  2. 常考词组:
  in the way,in part,point of view,contribute to,to apply for,in hand,to turn
down
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that
are available.
  
  2) Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to
leave as little as possible to chance.
  
  3) If there is no choice,there is no decision to be made.
  
  4) For managers every decision has constraints based on
politics,procedures,laws,precedents and the like.
  
  5) For example,managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion.
  
  6) Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several
alternatives is best - that is,which contributes the most to the achievement of
organizational goals.
  
  7) In the larger scheme of things,however,increased funding for research to
improve the products might be more beneficial to the organization.
  
  8) Some of these objectives are more important than others,but the order and
degree of importance often vary form person to person and from department to
department.
  第二单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  escape,explode,collapse,shrink,gravity,measurement,basis,launch,convincing,companion,speculation,swallow,operate,to
make use of,a great many,above all
  
  2. 常考句子:
  
  1) Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space
into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape.
  
  2) The theory is that some stars explode when their density increases to a
particular point.
  
  3) Some people think that the Start of Bethlehem could have been a supernova.
  
  4) If a man fell into a black hole,he would think that he reached the center
of it very quickly.
  
  5) It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into
black holes.
  
  6) On the other hand,scientists have suggested that every advanced technology
could one day make use of the energy of black holes for mankind.
  第三单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  weaken deteriorate debate legal request criterion ensure oppose tradition
consideration disabled burden vulnerable prohibition sensitive
  
  2. 常考词组:
  to debate on  to make request for  be opposed to  to take … into account
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) Affected with a serious disease,van Wendal was no longer able to speak
clearly and he knew there was no hope of recovery and that his condition was
rapidly deteriorating.
  
  2) Van Wendel's last three months of life before being given a final,lethal
injection by his doctor were filmed and first shown on television last year in
the Netherlands.
  
  3) The programme has since been bought by 20 countries and each time it is
shown,it starts a nationwide debate on the subject.
  
  4) What those people who oppose euthanasia are telling me is that dying people
haven't the right.
第四单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  demestic statistics diplomat exploit campaign execute convict despite
deserving shelf minimum status deport
  
  2. 常考句子:
  
  1) There are estimated to be more than
  20,000 overseas domestic servants
working in Britain.
  
  2) Of these
  20,0
  00,just under
  2,000 are being exploited and abused by their
employers.
  
  3) The sad condition of women working as domestics around the world received
much media attention earlier this year in several highly publicized cases.
  
  4) A Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of
murder,despite protests form various quarters that her guilt had not been
adequately established.
  
  5) She used to work for a very low wage at a tea factory in Sri Lanka.
  
  6) Because she found it difficult to feed her four children,she accepted a job
working as a domestic in London.
  
  7) So if they do complain,they risk being deported.
  第五单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  Musician  rhythmic  distinct  consciousness originate  readily  instrument
 electronic  thereby  passive participant
  
  2. 常考词组:
  to take place  to take over  to take on  in a sense  at a stretch  to serve as
 in advance  for the sake of
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) The new music was built out of materials already in existence.
  
  2) Folk music,old and modern,was popular among college students.
  
  3) They freely took over elements form jazz,from American country music.
  
  4) With records at home,listeners imitated these lighting effects as best they
could.
  第六单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  efficiency increasingly install personnel expose reduction completion specific
switch critical intensity scale defective
  
  2. 常考词组:
  in that in question plenty of
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) Most of today's robots are employed in the automotive industry,where they
are programmed to take over such jobs as welding and spray painting automobile
and truck bodies.
  
  2) Robots,already taking over human tasks in the automotive field are
beginning to be seen,although to a lesser degree,in other industries as well.
  
  3) The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive
materials,preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation.
  
  4) Robots differ from automatic machines in that after completion of one
specific task,they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one.
  
  5) Engineers skilled in microelectronics and computer technology are
developing artificial vision for robots.
  
  6) With the ability to “see”,robots can identify and inspect one specific
class of objects out of a stack of different kinds of materials.
  
  7) Anyone wanting to understand the industry of the future will have to know
about robotics.
  第七单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  research attach underlie relevant positive possession desirable relaxation
occupation urban acquire participation
  
  2. 常考词组:
  be concerned with be relevant to to set … as objective
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) People in advanced industrial societies are increasingly concerned with
opportunities for leisure.
  
  2) The importance people attach to paid holidays and the rapid development of
services for mass entertainment and recreation are signs of this increasing
concern.
  
  3) The specific use of leisure varies from individual to individual.
  
  4) Since leisure is basically self-determined,one is able to take to one's
interests and preferences and get involved in an activity in ways that will
bring enjoyment and satisfaction.
  
  5) Basically,such attitudes amount to a recognition that leisure is an
important area of life and a belief that Leisure can and should be put to good
use.
  
  6) For example,the degree to which and the ways in which a school encourages
participation in games,sports and cultural pursuits are likely to contribute to
the shaping of leisure attitudes on the part of the students.
  
  7) Schools usually set as their educational objective the attainment of a
balanced development of the person.
  
  8) The more seriously this is sought,the more likely positive attitudes
towards leisure as well as academic work will be encouraged.
第八单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  flight negotiation transport overcome internal external rhythm feasible
assumption promote
  
  2. 常考词组:
  effect on  to blame… on  to advantage  now that  out of step to leave … alone
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) The problem of Jet Lag is one every international traveler comes across at
some time. (para.
  1)
  
  2) The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more disturbing
than we realize. (para.
  2)
  
  3) He later blamed his poor judgement on Jet Lag. (para.
  3)
  
  4) Now that we understand what Jet lag is,we can go some way to overcoming
it.(para.
  4)
  
  5) The other belongs in our internal clocks which,left alone,would tie the
body to a 25 hour - yes,25 - rhythm.(para.
  5)
  
  6) In time the physiological system will reset itself,but it does take time.
(para
  7)
  
  7) One reason for this discrepancy is that different bodily events are
controlled by different factors. (para.
  8)
  
  8) It is not feasible to wait four days until the body is used to the new time
zone. (para.
  9)
  第九单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  classify approximate proportion appreciation acknowledge alter lengthen
wealthy neglect expectation
  
  2. 常考词组:
  to approximate to resistance to  to cope with attribute … to
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) Nation classified as “aged” when they have 7percent of more of their people
aged 65 or above. (para.
  1)
  
  2) The nearer a society approximates to zero population growth,the older its
population is likely to be - at least,for any future that concerns us now.
  
  3) The older you are now,of course,the greater this proportion will be,and
greater still if you are a woman.
  
  4) If you are now in your thirties,you ought to be aware that you can expect
to live nearly one third of the rest of your life after the age of
  60.
  第十单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  election vote certainty loyalty decline democrat strategy pursue impact
headquarters economy stir congress representative
  
  2. 常考词组:
  to identify……as impact on
  
  3. 常考句子:
  
  1) Candidates try to project a strong leadership image. (para.
  4)
  
  2) Whether voters accept this image,however,depends more on external factors
than on a candidate's personal characteristics. (para.
  4)
  此句注意主语从句作主语。
  
  3) A year later,with the nation's economy in trouble,Bush's approval rating
dropped below 40 percent.
  
  4) Candidates are particu
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larly concerned with winning the states which have the largest population.
  
  5) Clinton received only 43 percent of the popular vote in 19
  92,compared with Bush's 38 percent and Perot's 19 percent.
  第十一单元
  
  1.常考单词:
  disorder irrelevant misleading irresponsible eventual replace partly undergo suitable to do research into be central to be irrelevant to to aim for
  
  2. 常考句子:
  
  1) The use of animals has been central to the development of anaesthetics.
  
  2) Animal research is irrelevant to our health and it can often produce misleading results.
  
  3) People and animals are different in their reactions to drugs and in the way their bodies work.
  
  4) It would be completely irresponsible and unethical to use drugs on people that had not been thoroughly tested on animals.
  
  5) The eventual aim of computer modeling is to reduce the number of animals used in experiments.
  
  6) Many other new techniques are now available that enable more research to be done in the test tube to see if chemicals produce harmful biological effects.
  
  7) The number of animals used in laboratory tests has declined over the last 20 years.
  
  8) This is partly due to alternatives and partly to the fact that experiments are better designed so fewer need to be used.
  
  9) Professor David Morton of the department is involved in animal research and is concerned with reducing animal suffering as much as possible.
  
  10) This includes keeping them in more suitable cages.
  include 后面接
 

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