自考高级英语-上下册 单词中英文释义表格 自考高级英语 上下册-单词中英文释义表格 上下册 单词中英文释义表格.doc
自考高级英语-上册 单词中英文释义表格 自考高级英语 上册-单词中英文释义表格 上册 单词中英文释义表格.doc
高级英语上册 01 课单词中英文释义表格 adulation n [U] (formal) admiration and praise, especially when this is greater than is necessary 过 分赞美,奉承 amphitheater n a large circular building without a roof and with many rows of seats 圆形露天剧场 baptismal adj [only before noun] connected with baptism:洗礼的 bewilderment n[U] a feeling of being completely confused SYN confusion:迷惑,慌乱,不知所措 clown n an entertainer who wears funny clothes and a large red nose and does silly things to make people laugh:小丑,丑角 coliseum n an amphitheatre (=large circular theatre without a roof) in Rome which was built during the first century AD and is now one of the most famous ancient Roman buildings. It is thought of especially as a place where fights involving gladiators and wild animals were organized as a form of entertainment.体育场 conceive v conceive (of) sth (as sth) (formal) to form an idea, a plan, etc. in your mind; to imagine sth:设想,想出,想象 crunch vi
  1.[v + adv. / prep.] to move over a surface, making a loud crushing noise:发出嘈杂声地 走,嘎吱作响地走,
  2.crunch (on sth) to crush sth noisily between your teeth when you are eating:嘎吱嘎 吱地咬嚼 disaffection n Disaffected adj no longer satisfied with your situation, organization, belief etc. and therefore not loyal to it:不满 editorialize vi (NAmE) to express an opinion in an editorial:(报刊)发表社论 embody vt to express or represent an idea or a quality SYN represent:体现 gasp vi
  1.gasp (sth) (out) to have difficulty breathing or speaking:喘气
  2.gasp (at sth) to take a quick deep breath with your mouth open, especially because you are surprised or in pain:(因惊奇、震惊等而)喘着气说 ghoul n
  1.(disapproving) a person who is too interested in unpleasant things such as death and disaster 以恐吓人(或恐怖事件)为乐的人
  2.(in stories) an evil spirit that opens graves and eats the dead bodies in them 食尸鬼 guillotine n [sing.] a machine, originally from France, for cutting people's heads off. It has a heavy blade that slides down a wooden frame.断头台 jug n
  1.(BrE) (NAmE pitch?er) a container with a handle and a lip, for holding and pouring liquids:
  2.(NAmE) a large round container with a small opening and a handle, for holding liquids:(有柄的)水罐 lyrics n
  1.lyrics [pl.] the words of a song:歌词;
  2.[C] a lyric poem 抒情诗 onstage adv on the stage in a theatre; in front of an audience:在台上,上台 piety n [U] the state of having or showing a deep respect for sb/sth, especially for God and religion; the state of being pious 虔诚 pilgrimage n a journey to a holy place for religious reasons:朝圣 rambler n (especially BrE) a person who walks in the countryside for pleasure, especially as part of an organized group 漫步者 rebellion n
  1.[U, C] an attempt by some of the people in a country to change their government, using violence SYN uprising:反叛
  2.[U, C] opposition to authority within an organization, a political party, etc.:反抗 reverence n [U] reverence (for sb/sth) (formal) a feeling of great respect or admiration for sb/sth:崇 敬,尊敬 sociological adj [U] the scientific study of the nature and development of society and social behaviour 社 会的,与社会有关的;社会学的 socilologist n 社会学家 sprinkle vt sprinkle A on / onto / over B | sprinkle B with A to shake small pieces of sth or drops
swelter variety show
of a liquid on sth:撒,洒 to be very hot in a way that makes you feel uncomfortable:热气逼人,(使)汗流浃背; (使)中暑 [c]a television or radio programme, or a performance that consists of many different shorter performances, especially musical and humorous ones(电视上的)歌舞杂耍节 目; (马戏团的)演出
高级英语上册 02 课单词中英文释义表格 affluent adj having a lot of money and a good standard of living SYN prosperous, wealthy:富 裕的,富有的,富足的 antecedent n
  1.antecedents [pl.] (formal) the people in sb's family who lived a long time ago SYN ancestors 祖先,身世,
  2.[C] (formal) a thing or an event that exists or comes before another, and may have influenced it 先例,前情 barricade n a line of objects placed across a road, etc. to stop people from getting past:路障 batten on batten on sb (BrE, disapproving, formal) to live well by using other people's money, etc.靠损害 他人养肥自己 bucolic adj (literary) connected with the countryside or country life 田园子,农村生活的 cancerous adj of, like or affected with cancer 似癌症的,癌症的 charismatic adj having charisma:具有超凡魅力的 cleanse vt to make something completely clean:彻底清洁,使纯洁 to be cleansed of 彻底清除 something clod n [usually pl.] a lump of earth or clay 土块,块 Clutter vt clutter sth (up) (with sth/sb) to fill a place with too many things, so that it is untidy:使杂乱,散乱 disillusionment n [U, sing.] disillusionment (with sth) the state of being disillusioned SYN disenchantment:幻想破灭 醒悟 Distasteful adj unpleasant or offensive 令人厌恶的,令人不愉快的 Dwindling adj (also dwindle away) to gradually become less and less or smaller and smaller:减 少,缩小 Exasperating adj extremely annoying SYN infuriating 令人气恼的,恼人的 Expedient n an action that is useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right:权宜之计,应急措施 Flee vi [no passive] flee (from) sb/sth | flee (to … / into … ) to leave a person or place very quickly, especially because you are afraid of possible danger:逃离 逃避 formidable adj if people, things or situations are formidable, you feel fear and/or respect for them, because they are impressive or powerful, or because they seem very difficult:大而 可怕的,令人畏惧的;难以应付的 Guise n a way in which sb/sth appears, often in a way that is different from usual or that hides the truth about them / it:伪装 掩饰 假装 (古)装束 态度 相貌 Hallucinogen n a drug, such as LSD, that affects people's minds and makes them see and hear things that are not really there 幻觉剂 hard-faced adj (disapproving) (of a person) showing no feeling or sympathy for other people 面貌 严厉的 Holocaust n
  1.[C] a situation in which many things are destroyed and many people killed, especially because of a war or a fire:大屠杀 大破坏 浩劫
  2.the Holocaust [sing.] the killing of millions of Jews by the Nazis in the 1930s and 1940s Idealistic adj having a strong belief in perfect standards and trying to achieve them, even when this is not realistic:理想主义者的;空想家的;唯心主义者的 Insoluble adj
  1.(especially BrE) (US usually in?sol?vable) (of a problem, mystery, etc.) that cannot be solved or explained 无法解决的;难以解释的,
  2.insoluble (in sth) (of a substance) that does not dissolve in a liquid OPP soluble 不可溶解的 Insuperable adj (formal) (of difficulties, problems, etc.) that cannot be dealt with successfully SYN
Irrationality Migration Misgiving
n n n
Noisome Parasite
adj n
Parasitic Pastoral Polar
adj adj adj
Practitioner pragmatically presumably Sanitary
N adv adv adj
Senescence Sewage Simplicity Skepticism Stuffy
n n n n adj
Symbolize Tedious undignified Uninhabitable Unsullied vehemently Workaday
vt adj adj adj adj adv adj
insurmountable 无法克服的 not based on, or not using, clear logical thought SYN unreasonable 不合理 [U, C] the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another:迁移,迁居;移栖 [C, usually pl., U] misgiving about sth / about doing sth feelings of doubt or anxiety about what might happen, or about whether or not sth is the right thing to do:疑虑不安,怀疑 (formal) extremely unpleasant or offensive:令人不快的,令人讨厌的
  1.a small animal or plant that lives on or inside another animal or plant and gets its food from it 寄生虫;
  2.(disapproving) a person who always relies on or benefits from other people and gives nothing back 食客,靠他人供养的人 living on another animal or plant and getting its food from it:寄生的 showing country life or the countryside, especially in a romantic way:田园生活的, 乡村的 [only before noun]
  1.connected with, or near the North or South Pole:南极或北极的,
  2.(technical) connected with the poles (= the positive and negative ends) of a magnet:磁极的 (technical) a person who works in a profession, especially medicine or law:从业者, 开业医生或律师 solving problems in a practical and sensible way rather than by having fixed ideas or theories SYN realistic:注重实效地 实用主义地 used to say that you think that sth is probably true:推测起来 大概 [only before noun]
  1.connected with keeping places clean and healthy to live in, especially by removing human waste:卫生方面的
  2.clean; not likely to cause health problems SYN hygienic:卫生的 [U] (formal or technical) the process of becoming old and showing the effects of being old(文)老年期,衰老的过程 [U] used water and waste substances that are produced by human bodies, that are carried away from houses and factories through special pipes (= sewers):阴沟污水
  1.[U] the quality of being easy to understand or use:简单
  2.[U] (approving) the quality of being natural and plain:朴素,率直 (NAmE) (BrE, scep?ti?cism) [U, sing.] an attitude of doubting that claims or statements are true or that sth will happen:怀疑态度 怀疑主义
  1.(informal, disapproving) very serious, formal, boring or old-fashioned: 一本正 经的,古板的,无聊的,保守的
  2.(of a building, room, etc.) warm in an unpleasant way and without enough fresh air:(房间)气闷的,通风不良 to be a symbol of sth SYN represent:象征,以符号表示 lasting or taking too long and not interesting SYN boring:令人厌烦的,长而乏味的 causing you to look silly and to lose the respect of other people:不光彩的,不体面 的,不庄重的 that can not be lived in 不适于居住的 (literary) not spoiled by anything; still pure or in the original state SYN unspoiled 未玷污的,没弄脏的 showing very strong feelings, especially anger SYN forceful:激烈地,猛烈地,感情 强烈地 [usually before noun] (formal) ordinary; not very interesting SYN everyday 平凡 的, 工作日的,普通的
高级英语上册 03 课单词中英文释义表格 abject adj without any pride or respect for yourself:卑下的, admonish v
  1.admonish sb (for sth / for doing sth) to tell sb firmly that you do not approve of sth that they have done SYN reprove:告诫
  2.to strongly advise sb to do sth:劝告,郑重其事地忠告
apologetic apology apprehension brat claw clench coax contemptible desist diphtheria distrust embarrassment gag
heifer hysterical idiocy instinctively inwardly membrane muscular operative
overpower photogravure profusion shriek
spatula splinter throat culture tongue depressor tonsil valiant valiantly wrist
apologetic (about / for sth) feeling or showing that you are sorry for doing sth wrong or for causing a problem:道歉的 n [C, U] apology (to sb) (for sth) a word or statement saying sorry for sth that has been done wrong or that causes a problem:道歉,谢罪 n [U, C] worry or fear that sth unpleasant may happen SYN anxiety:畏惧,忧虑 n (informal, disapproving) a person, especially a child, who behaves badly: (贬)小鬼, 小东西 vn
  1.claw (at) sb/sth to scratch or tear sb/sth with claws or with your nails: 用爪或爪状 ( 物)抓、撕、拉、夺、搔挠
  2.one of the sharp curved nails on the end of an animal's or a bird's foot 爪子 v when you clench your hands, teeth, etc., or when they clench, you press or squeeze them together tightly, usually showing that you are angry, determined or upset:紧咬, 紧闭,紧合 vt coax sb (into doing sth) | coax sb (into / out of sth) to persuade sb to do sth by talking to them in a kind and gentle way SYN cajole 哄骗,劝诱 adj (formal) not deserving any respect at all SYN despicable:鄙视的,不齿的 v [v] desist (from sth / from doing sth) (formal) to stop doing sth:停止,打消念头 n [U] a serious infectious disease of the throat that causes difficulty in breathing 白喉 vtn [vn] to feel that you cannot trust or believe sb/sth: [U, sing.] distrust (of sb/sth) a feeling of not being able to trust sb/sth:不信任,怀疑 n [U] shy, awkward or guilty feelings; a feeling of being embarrassed:窘迫,难堪 v
  1.[V] ~ (on sth) to have the unpleasant feeling in your mouth and stomach as if you are going to VOMIT Synonym: RETCH 作呕
  2.[vn] to put a piece of cloth in or over sb's mouth to prevent them from speaking or shouting:塞住……的口 n a young female cow, especially one that has not yet had a calf 小母牛 adj in a state of extreme excitement, and crying, laughing, etc. in an uncontrolled way:歇 斯底里的,发狂般的 n [U] very stupid behaviour; the state of being very stupid SYN stupidity 极端愚蠢的 举止;白痴,低能 adv based on instinct, not thought or tr



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