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People in the west generally view work 14 a necessary evil-one must give up part of one’ freedom to earn the money needed to live. To the Japanese, s however, work is the central interest of one’s life; it’s 15 that a Japanese establishes his identity.
一、从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  1. It took a long time for her to the fact that her husband was dismissed. A. come up against B. come up to C. come up with D. come to terms with
A Japanese business firm is like a family,When an employee joins a company, he expects to work for that company for the rest of his working life; 16 is anyone dismissed.Promotion is based on the seniority system,the length of employment 17 one’s rank in the company. Those at the bottom do not 18 chances for promotion because those at the top retire at a certain age 19 others may have their turn.In

  2. Was it in that school he developed his interest in physics? A. which B. from which C. where D. that
addition,the difference between the lowest and the highest salaries is much less than 20 in the West.

  3. for your help, would not have over come the psychological pressures and I tensions. A. Not been B. Without being C. Had it not been D. Not having been

  11. A. Because of B. As for C. Although D. Despite

  12. A. have increased B. has increased C. are increasing D. is increasing

  4. nothing to say,the boy shied way from the crowd. A. Have B. Having C. Had D. Having being

  13. A. to B. of C. for D. in

  14. A. like B. for C. about D. as
  5. As activity carried as one thinks fit in one’s spare time,leisure has several functions. A. on B. out C. off D. over
  16. A. barely B. rarely C. occasionally D. frequently
  6. Why do you blame him for his poor judgment on the matter he really needs is encouragement? A. when that B. since that C. when what D. now that
  18. A. care about B. care for C. worry about D. concern with
  7. The other timing system belongs in our internal clocks,which,left would tie the body to a 25-hour rhythm. A. behind B. alone C. out D. aside
  20. A. that B. those C. one D. ones
  8. It has been years I returned home. A. after B. that C. since D. when 三、从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。(每选项 2 分,共 30 分)
  9. We’ll keep you any news. A. up to date with B. in step with C. in line with D. in terms of Passage One Question 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. Who talks more,women or men? The seemingly conflicting evidence is resolved by the difference between what I call public and private speaking.More
  10. I'd like to go to the cinema,but I’m to. A. enable B. disable C. unable D. able men feel comfortable doing "public speaking," while more women feel comfortable doing "private" speaking. Another way of capturing these differences is by using the terms report-talk and rapport-talk. For most women, the language of conversation is primarily a language of 二、下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。 根据上下文要求选出最佳答案(每选项 1 分,共 10 分) Japan is a small country with few natural resources. 11 this , Japanese productivity,the rate at which goods are produced, 12 more than eleven times in the past thirty years.Many people in the West wonder how the Japanese do it.The key 13 Japan’s success can be discovered by looking at some basic differences between Japanese and Western attitudes towards work. rapport: a way of establishing connections and negotiating relationships. Emphasis is placed on displaying similarities and matching experiences. From childhood, girls criticize their friends who try to stand out or appear better than others. People feel their closest connections at home, or in places where they feel at home -- with one or a few people they feel close to and comfortable with -- in other words, during private speaking. But even the most public situations can be approached like private speaking.
  19. A. in that B. such that C. for that D. so that
  17. A. determines B. has determined C. determining D. to determine
  15. A. this B. that C. here D. where
For most women,talk is primarily a means to preserve independence and negotiate and maintain status in a hierarchical(等级制度的) social order.This is done by exhibiting knowledge and skill,and by ho1ding center stage through verbal performance such as storytelling, joking, or conveying information. From childhood, men learn to use talking as a way to get and keep attention. Therefore, they are more comfortable speaking in 1arger groups made up of people they know 1ess well, the in broadest sense,"public speaking”. But even the most private situations can be approached like public speaking, more like giving a report than establishing rapport.
fat, sugar, and calories, there has been a corresponding increase in rates of being overweight (from 25% in 1988 to 34% in 19
  98). Researchers are especially concerned about the continued rates of overweight and obesity(肥胖) in children since childhood obesity is very difficult to treat and an obese child has a high probability of becoming an obese adult with the associated health risks we discussed earlier. Health professionals suggest that to avoid future increases in rates of overweight and obesity, we need to try hard to forget many of our food associations, which primarily involves decreasing size of food portions, increasing levels of activity to

  21. A similar term for "private talking" is . A. report-talk B. rapport-talk C. persuasive talk D. women's talk
burn off excess calories.

  26. The influence of food association can be seen clearly from the example that we often eat NOT because. A. it's time for lunch B. we're hungry

  22. When women talk,they tend to. A. admire their friends who stand out B. make others feel at home C. approach public situations like private talking D. seek close relationship with other speakers
C. foods smell delicious D. our friends are eating

  27. From the passage we can infer that the "serving" in the second paragraph most probably means. A. an amount of food

  23. Men talk in order to. A. make new friends B. share experience C. argue with others D. attract attention
B. a special service C. a meal D. some calories

  28. According to the author, because of an unhealthy food preference, the increase in rates of being overweight was almost during the ten years from 198 to 19

  24. The purpose of this passage is to . A. contrast the male and female talking styles B. prove that men talk more effectively than women C. analyze why men and women are different D. draw people's attention to the difference between men and women
A. 10 per cent B. 20 per cent C. 30 per cent D. 40 per cent

  29. According to the passage, an obese child is .
  25. Which of the following is true? A. Men talk more than women. B. Men feel more comfortable making a public speech than women. C. Men are more knowledgeable than women. D. Men are more independent than women. A. less at risk of heart diseases B. healthily fat C. very hard to get along with D. more likely to become an obese adult

  30. In order to avoid future increases in rates of overweight and obesity, we need to Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. The best example of how associations influence eating is that we often eat not because we're hungry but because it's "lunchtime," because foods smell good, or because our friends are eating. More evidence that associations influence eating comes from marketing and advertising pressures to sell foods by offering huge servings. For example, movie theatres offer an extra large box of popcorn(爆玉米花), which, at almost 900 calories, is equivalent to a major meal. Health professionals warn that as children, adolescents(青少年), and adults learn to prefer large portions and tasty foods high in Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. Labor force is denned as being the total number of people who are available to do a11 the following EXCEPT . A. make an effort to forget our food association B. eat less high-fat food C. do more exercise to consume excess calories D. eat less food
work and earn income. This definition includes everyone who is employed or seeking paid employment, so it includes employers and the self-employed. Labor is one of the country's resources which can be combined with other resources to produce the goods and services wanted by the community. Although the size of the workforce depends a great deal on the size of the total population ,there are several other influences which a1so affect it .The age distribution of the total population has a very marked effect on the available workforce.If the population has a high proportion of very young people or of those too o1d to work,then the available workforce would be lower than if there were an evenly spread age distribution. If the population naturally grows rapidly, i.e. the number of births greatly exceeds the number of deaths,then as a total population increases the proportion in the workforce declines. Sometimes a population is described as aging,which means that the birth rate is either falling or growing very slowly, and as people retire from the workforce there are insufficient numbers of young people entering it to replace those who are leaving it.The population is top-heavy(头重脚轻) with older people.So the percentage of the population in the workforce declines when there is either a rapid increase in births or a falling birth rate. The age distribution of the population has several important effects on the economy.If the population is aging and there is an increase in the number of people retiring without a corresponding increase in the number entering the workforce,this raises the problem of the ability of the economy to provide a reasonable 1evel of social services to the retired group.If the aged are to be cared for in special homes, finance must be avai1able for that purpose. If the size of the workforce is small relative to the total population, then the government tax revenue is relatively low and either the government has less money available to it or the workforce members have to be taxed more heavily.

  34. When a population is said to aging,. A. there are more people retiring than those entering the workforce. B. the birth rate must be growing C. there should be an oversupply of workforce D. young people outnumber old people

  35. The population which is top-heavy with older people exerts pressure on. A. the employers B. the self-employed C. the young people D. the economy of the country
四、将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个词的词类和 第一个字母以及用短线表示的其余字母数,已给出。(共 20 分)
  36. 专门小组 n.p_ _ _ _

  37. 象征的 a.s_ _ _ _ _ _ _

  38. 促进;发扬 v.p _ _ _ _ _ _

  39. 给人印象深刻的 a.i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  40. 交流 v.e_ _ _ _ _ _ _

  41. 协调;和谐 n.h_ _ _ _ _ _

  42. 引入歧途的 a.m_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  31. Labor force is referred to as . A. people who are available to work and earn income B. self-employed people only C. only those who are looking for an employment D. only the employers
  43. 完全,总共 ad.a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  44. 下来,下降 v.d_ _ _ _ _ _
  45. 天文台;了望台 n.o_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  46. 财政的,金融的 a.f_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  47. 闪闪发光,闪烁 v.g_ _ _ _ _ _
  48. 生物学 n.b_ _ _ _ _ _
  32. According to the passage, which of the following factors is NOT mentioned as an influence on the size of the workforce? A. The size of the population. B. The age distribution of the population. C. The national economy. D. The number of births and deaths.
  49. 推迟,延期 v.p_ _ _ _ _ _ _
  50. 加强,巩固 v.s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  51. 相应地 d.a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  52. 志愿者,志愿兵 n.v_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  53. 暂时的,临时的 a.t_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  54. 维持;维修 n.m_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  55. 积累,积聚 v.a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  33. The conclusion which can be drawn safely from the second paragraph is that . A. a population growth from natural increase leads to a greater proportion of the workforce B. a large population does not necessarily mean a higher proportion of workforce C. the larger the number of the aged in a population, the higher the proportion of the workforce D. if the population has an evenly spread age distribution, the workforce will be lower 五、将括号内的各词变为适当的形式。 (共 10 分)
  56. It's time something (do) about the traffic problem downtown.
  57. For managers, every decision has constraints (base) on policies, procedures and laws.
  58. Many a writer of newspaper articles (turn) to writing novels during the past decade.
  59. There (estimate) to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain in 19
  60. As I'll be away for a year, I’d appreciate (hear) from you now
and then.
  61. The effect of rapid travel on the


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