自考“英语(二)”重点句型总结
  1. 强调句 It was lightening that caused the forest fire last year。正是闪电引起了去年的那场火灾。
  2. 虚拟语气 We hurried back to school lest/ for fear that it (should) rain. 我们匆匆忙忙地赶回学校,生怕天会下雨。
  3. 比较级 the more…the more The more time a person spends on his work, the less time he has to play. 一个人花 在工作上的时间越多,花在玩耍上的时间就越少。
  4. This subject is far more difficult than everybody has previously expected. 这门课程比每个人以前预料的还要难得多。
  5. more than…/rather than… A political figure‘s success depends more on external factors than his own characteristics. 一个政治人物的成功与其取决于他个人的特点,不如说取决于外部因素。
  6. 让步状语 Whether you believe him or not, you have to make the decision. 无论你是否相信他,你都必须做出决定。
  7. no matter what/ who/when/how…, No matter how hard he tried, he couldn‘t persuade his friends to give up the adventure. 无论他怎么努力,都不能说服他的朋友们放弃冒险。
  8. despite/in spite of …, He decided to carry out the plan in spite of the protest from his parents. 他决定不顾父母的 反对执行他的计划。
  9. 结果状语 I broke my glasses so that I couldn‘t see clearly what happened. 我打破了眼镜,以至于看不清当时发生了什 么事。
  10. The density of the star has become so great that it may explode at some time. 这颗恒星的密度如此之大,以至于它 会在某一时刻爆炸。
  11. 非限定性定语从句 As we expected 正如我们所预料的那样/ As is well known 众所周知, the project was finished successfully on time. 项目成功地提前完成。
  12. 形式主语 It‘s no doubt that correct decisions made today will have a good effect on future. 毫无疑问,今天做出的 正确决策将对未来有很好的影响。
  13. 形式宾语 Many people find it important to keep a good living habit. 很多人认为保持一个良好的生活习惯非常重要。
  14. 宾语补足语 The new electronic techniques make possible the effect that has never been created before. 新的电 子技术使得一种从未有过的音响效果成为可能。
  15. 倒装句 Not until recently did we realize that language was closely related to culture. 直到最近我们才意识到语言与 文化密切相关。
  16. Under no circumstances should you hesitate to offer your opinion as it is. 在任何情况下你都应毫不犹豫地说出你真 实的想法。
  17. 比较状语 such … as … Such people as you described can hardly succeed in nowadays. 像你描述的那种人在当今社会 很难取得成功。
  18. 原因状语 be different/ similar … in that…Robots are different from automatic machines in that they can be reprogrammed to do another job. 机器人和自动化机器的不同之处在于它能被重新编程完成其它的任务。
  19. 宾语从句 people hold different attitudes as to… 人们对于是否应该用动物做实验持不同的态度。people hold different attitudes as to whether animals should be used in experiments。
  20. 并列句 …not only…but also… Sports can not only benefit our body, but also contribute immensely to mental health. 运动不仅对我们的身体有益,而且还极大地有助于精神健康。 一:选词填空 tendency, accomplish, precedent, goal, skilled
  1. This decision set a fro future cases of a similar nature。
  2. Although he has received no formal education, he is in biology。
  3. She had always wanted to have a house of her own, and now she had attained the 。
  4. We can whatever you can, and with better results。
  5. The of today's young people to marry and bear children at later ages reflects to some degree the development of society。 Answers: precedent, skilled, goal, accomplish, tendency 二:汉译英 1 在某种程度上,他的成功是由于幸运。 2 电台预报明天天气会变冷。 3 他由朋友陪同去听音乐会。 4 按照他的建议,手续已经大大简化。
  5.没有正确的选择就没有正确的决定。 Answers:
  1. His success is in part due to luck。
  2. The radio predicted that it would get colder tomorrow。
  3. He was accompanied by his friend to the concert。
  4. According to his suggestion, the procedure has been greatly simplified。
  5. If there is no correct choice, there is no proper decision。 一:单项选择
  1.?Each of the students, working hard at his or her lessons to go to university。 ?So do I。 A. hope B. hopes C. hoping D. hoped
  2.Either you or the headmaster the prize for these gifted students at the meeting。 A. is handing in B. are to hand out C. are handing in D. is to hand out
  3. A library with five thousand books to the nation as a gift。 A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered
  4. His family a big one. When I came to see him last night, His familywatching TV。 A. is; was B. was; were C. is; were D. are; were
organizational [`
  3:g4nai'zei54nl] a.组织(上)的 goal [g4ul] n.
  1.目的,目标;
  2.得分进球,球门 objective [3b'd9ektiv] n.目标,目的;a.
  1.客观的,真实的;
  2.如实的,无偏见的 accomplish [4'k8mpli5] vt.完成(任务等) predict [pri'dikt] vt./vi.预言;预示 accompany [4'k8mp4ni] vt.
  1.伴随,陪同;
  2.为……伴奏 implement ['implim4nt] vt.实现;完成(任务等) ;履行(协定、诺言等) constraint [k4n'streint] n.
  1.强制;
  2.强制因素,制约条件 precedent ['presid4nt] n.先例,前例 simplify ['simplifai] vt.简化 tendency ['tend4nsi] n.趋势,倾向 managerial [`m1n4'd9i4ri4l] a.
  1.经理的,管理人的;
  2.管理上的,经营上的 maker ['meik4] n.制造者;制造商 achievement [4't5i:vm4nt] n.
  1.完成,达到;
  2.成就,成绩 attain [4'tein] vt.达到;完成 optimal ['3ptim4l] a.最适宜的;最理想的 suboptimization [s8b`3ptimai'zei54n] n.局部最优化(指使整体目标中的某个选定目标圆满实现) trade-off ['treid 3f] n.
  1.(对不能同时兼顾的因素)权衡;
  2.物物交换 argue ['
  2:gju:] vt./vi.争辨,争论,辩论;vt.
  1.说服;
  2.用辩论证明 budget ['b8d9it] n.预算;vt.
  1.把……编入预算;
  2.安排,预定 scheme [ski:m] n.计划;方案;vt./vi.计划,策划 define [di'fain] vt.
  1.解释,给……下定义;
  2.限定,规定 multiple ['m8ltipl] a.多样的,复合的;n.倍数 profitability [`pr3fit4'biliti] n.赚钱,获利 correctness [k4'rektnis] n.正确,正确性 unintended ['8nin'tendid] a.非计划中的,非故意的 ongoing ['3n'g4ui6] a.进行中的,前进的 entity ['entiti] n.
  1.存在,实体;
  2.统一性 skilled [skild] a.熟练的;有技能的 in the way 挡路;碍事 make a guess at 猜测 and the like 等等,诸如此类 seek to 追求,争取 in part 部分地,在某种程度上 point of view 观点 interview ['int4vju:] vt./n.
  1.面谈,采访;
  2.面试,口试 criticism ['kritisiz4m] n.批评;评论 candidate ['k1ndideit] n.
  1.候选人,候补者;
  2.应试者 vague [veig] a.含糊的;不明确的 notion ['n4u54n]
  1. 概念;
  2.想法,看法 prospect ['pr3spekt] n.
  1.展望,景象;
  2.[常 pl.]前景,前程 community [k4'mju:niti] n.社区;共同体 unattractive [`8n4'tr1ktiv] a.无吸引力的;不引人注意的 indifference [in'difr4ns] n.冷漠;不感兴趣(to)
interviewer ['int4vju:4] n.接见者;面谈者 personality [`p
  4:s4'n1liti] n.个性;人格;品格 prospective [pr4s'pektiv] a.预期的;未来的 speechless ['spi:t5lis] a.
  1.不会说话的;
  2.不说话的 clarification [`kl1rifi'kei54n] n.澄清,阐明 correspondence [`k3ris'p3nd4ns] n.
  1.符合,一致;
  2.通信 photocopy ['f4ut4u`k3pi] vt./n.
  1.复印,影印;
  2.照相复制本 resume ['rezju:mei]] n.
  1.摘要,梗概;
  2.个人简历 inefficiency [`ini'fi54nsi] n.无效;效能差 neat [ni:t] a.整洁的;简洁的;整齐的 conservative [k4n's
  4:v4tiv] a.
  1.保存的,防腐的;
  2.保守的,守旧的 punk [p86k] n.
  1.(俚)阿飞;
  2.朋克(70 年代以来英国、美国的年轻人中的颓废派) ;a.颓废派的 miniskirt ['minisk
  4:t] n.超短裙 panel ['p1nl] n.专门小组 intimidate [in'timideit] vt.恐吓,恫吓 clutch [kl8t5] vt./vi.抓住,握紧 grip [grip] vt./n.
  1.紧握,紧夹;
  2.掌握,控制 painful ['peinful] a.
  1.痛苦的;
  2.费力的 rephrase ['ri'freiz] vt.重新措辞,改用别的话表示 apply for 申请 day to day (=day-to-day) work 日常工作 take the trouble to 不辞劳苦,费力 put oneself in somebody's place 设身处地 to one's advantage 对某人有利 ask for
  1.请求,向……要;
  2.寻找 in hand 手头上有 make sure
  1.查明,弄确实;
  2.确信 at a disadvantage 处于不利地位 turn down
  1.拒绝;
  2.调小或调低;
  3.翻下 astronomer [4s'tr3n4m4] n.天文学家 escape [is'keip] vi./vt.逃跑;避免;n.
  1.逃跑;
  2.逃路,出口 exert [ig'z
  4:t] vt.尽(力) ;发挥(威力等) 施加(压力等) ; ;产生(影响等) ;行使(职权等) explode [iks'pl4ud] vt.使爆炸;vi.爆炸;突发 density ['densiti] n.
  1.密集度,稠密度;
  2.[物][化]密度 collapse [k4'l1ps] vt./vi./n(使)倒塌, (使)崩溃; (使)瓦解 supernova [`sju:p4'n4uv4] n.[天]超新星 daytime ['deitaim] n.白天,日间 dwarf [dw
  3:f] n.
  1.矮子;
  2.[天]矮星(= ~ star,如太阳) shrink [5ri6k] vt./vi./n.收缩;缩小;vi./n.退缩,畏缩 gravity ['gr1viti] n.
  1.严肃,认真;
  2.严重性,重要性;
  3.[物]重力,地球引力 marble ['m
  2:bl] n.
  1. (游戏用的玻璃、石头等做的)弹子;
  2.大理石;a.大理石的,大理石般的 boundary ['baund4ri] n.分界线,边界 observer [4b'z
  4:v4] n.
  1.遵守者,奉行者;
  2.观察者,监视者 interchangeable [`int
  4(: )'t5eind94bl] a.可交换的;可互换的
constant ['k3nst4nt] a.
  1.永恒的,经久不变的;
  2.经常的,不断的;n.[数] 常数 measurement ['me94m4nt] n.衡量,测量 implication [`impli'kei54n] n.
  1.含意,暗示;
  2.牵连,涉及,卷入 basis ['beisis] n.
  1.基础,根据;
  2.主要成份;
  3.军事基地 launch [l
  3:nt5] vt.
  1.发射,投射;
  2.使(船)下水;
  3.发动,发起(运动等) ;n.发射, (船)下水 galaxy ['g1l4k4si] n.
  1.[天]星系,[G-]银河系,银河;
  2.一群出色(或著名)的人物 observatory [4b'z
  4:v4t4ri] n.
  1.天文台;
  2.了望台 convincing [k4n'vinsi6] a.有说服力的,使人信服的 binary ['bain4ri] a.
  1.二,双,复;
  2.[数]二进制的;n.
  1.二,双(体) ,复(体) ; twin [twin] a.
  1.双胞胎的;
  2.两个相似部分组成的;n.
  1.双胞胎之一,[pl.] 双胞胎;
  2.两个相象的人或物;
  3.[Twins][天]双子座 companion [k4m'p1nj4n] n.
  1.同伴,同事;
  2.[天]伴星 speculation [`spekju'lei54n] n.
  1.推测,猜测;
  2.投机 swallow ['sw3l4u] vt.吞咽 mankind [`m1n'kaind] n.人类 operate ['3p4reit] vi.
  1.运转,起作用;
  2.动手术(on, upon) ;vt.
  1.操作,操纵,经营;
  2.对……动手术 research into 研究 speculation about 关于……猜测 swallow up 吞没,耗尽 make use of 利用 planet ['pl1nit] n.行星 revolve [ri'v3lv] vi.旋转;绕转 solar ['s4ul4] a.太阳的,日光的;利用太阳光的 largely ['l
  2:d9li] ad.
  1.大量地;
  2.主要地 glitter ['glit4] vi.闪闪发光,闪烁;n.闪光 cloudless ['klaudlis] a.无云的,晴朗的 astronaut ['1str4n
  3:t] n.宇航员 thrilling ['7rili6] a.
  1.令人激动的;
  2.颤动的,震颤的 outer ['aut4] a.外部的 whereas [hwA4r'1z] conj.而,却;反之 lesser ['les4] a.较小的;更少的;次要的 concerned [k4n's
  4:nd] a.
  1.有关的;
  2.关切的,担心的 microscopic [`maikr4s'k3pik]
  1.显微镜的;
  2.微观的;
  3.微小的,细微的 whilst [hwailst] conj.
  1.当……时;
  2.然而;
  3.虽然,尽管 plateau ['pl1t4u] n.高原 tropical ['tr3pik4l] a.
  1.热带的;
  2.炎热的 coloured ['k8l4d] a.有色的 religion [ri'lid94n] n.宗教;宗教信仰 circumstance ['s
  4:k4mst4ns] n.[pl.]情况,环境;境遇 a great many 很多 above all 首先,首要 as a rule 通常;一般说来 euthanasia [ju:74'neizj4] n.
  1.无痛楚的死亡;
  2.安乐死 weaken ['wi:k4n] vt.削弱,减弱;vi.变弱
Dutchman ['d8t5m4n] n.荷兰人 deteriorate [di'ti4ri4reit] vt./vi.(使)恶化 lethal ['li:74l] a.致死的 injection [in'd9ek54n] n.
  1.注射;
  2.注射剂,针剂 nationwide ['nei54n'waid] a.全国性;ad.在全国范围内 debate [di'beit] vt./n.争论,辩论;vi.对……进行争论,辩论(about, on) legal ['li:g4l] a.
  1.法律上的;
  2.合法的 Dutch [d8t5] a.荷兰人的;荷兰语的;n.
  1.[the Dutch][总称]荷兰人;
  2.荷兰语 parliament ['p
  2:l4m4nt] n.
  1.议会,国会;
  2.[P-](英国或加拿大等的)议会,国会 prosecute ['pr3sikju:t] vt.对……起诉,告发 request [ri'kwest] vt./n.请求,要求 criterion [krai'ti4ri4n] n.(批评,判断的)标准,准则 crowd [kraud] n.群,人群;vi.聚集,群集 ensure [in'5u4] vt.保证,担保 healthcare ['hel7`kA4] n.保健 oppose [4'p4uz] vt.
  1.反对,反抗;
  2.使相对,使对抗(to) tradition [
 

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