自考英语二复习资料之第一章 重点单词扩充讲解:
  1. organizational: a 组织上的 由此我们可以联想到:organize: v 组织; organization: n 组织; organizer: n 组织者 请看下列习题,选择该组词里恰当的词填空:
  1). Last week, our school a spring outing.
  2). The task calls for the highest skill.
  3). China has joined World Trade .
  4). He is the of the speech contest. Answers: organized, organizational, Organization, organizer
  2. objective: n 目标; a 客观的,反义词 subjective: 主观的
  3. predict: v 预言、预示; 由此我们可以联想到:prediction: n 预言; predictable: a 可预测的; predictor: n 预言家
  4. simplify: v 简化 由此我们可以联想到:simple: a 简单的; simply: ad 简单地,仅仅地; simplification: n 简化; simplified: a 被 简化的。 Exercises for the above words:
  1). The machine is in operation but complex in structure.
  2). Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet in the original is beyond our capacity while edition is quite easy.
  3). There is no point in arguing about it, because it is a question of procedure.
  4). The of working process freed the workers fro heavy labor. Answers: simple; simplified; simply; simplification
  5. tendency: n 趋势、倾向;tend : v 倾向于…, tend to do sth e.g. old people have the tendency of getting fatter. Or old people tend to get fatter.
  6. managerial: a 经理的、经营上的; 由此我们可以联想到:manage: v 管理、经营; management: n; manager: n 经营者,管理者; manageable: a 可 管理的、可经营的。
  7. argue: v 争辩、 争论, 常用固定搭配: argu with sb about/over sth 由于某事而同某人争论; argue sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事; argue sb out of doing sth 说服某人不要做某事。 e.g. 1>. The young couple always argue with each other over their child’s education. 2>. I argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.
  8. define: v 给…下定义; definition: n 定义
  9. profitability: n 赚钱, 获利 由此我们可以联想到:profit: n 利润; profitable: a 有利可图的, 有好处的; profitless: a 没有利润的。
  1). He has made a from running a small restaurant.
  2). The deal was to all of us.
  3). They valued differently, which led to disagreement as to the correctness of decision. Answer: profit, profitable; profitability.
  10. correctness: n 正确性; 字根:correct: a 正确的; v 纠正, correction: n 纠正; incorrect: a 不正确的。
  11. unintended: a 非计划中的, 由此我们可以联想到:intend: v 打算,计划;intention: n ; intended: a 计划中的 课文难句讲解、分析
  1. A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available.(p
  1)
第 1 页 共 24 页
译:决策就是从几种可以选择的做法中作出选择。 分析:该句是主系表结构。made from among alternative courses of action that are available 是过去分词短语做定语 修饰 a choice; 其中 that are available 是定语从句修饰 courses of action. 像这样一环修饰一环的句子结构在英文中很普遍, 因此为了看懂句子大家必须学会分析。 这是整个英语学习过程 中很重要的能力!
  2. The reason for making a decision is that a problem exists, goals or objectives are wrong, or something is standing in the way of accomplishing them. (p
  1) 译:做出决策的原因是因为存在问题,目标或 目的有错误,或者有某种东西防碍着它们的实现。 分析:该句又是主系表结构。That 引导三个并列的表语从句,①a problem exists,②goals or objectives are wrong; ③something is standing in the way of accomplishing them。 短语:make a decision:做出决策;stand in the way: 阻挡、 防碍
  3. Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance, but since uncertainty is always there, risk accompanies decisions. (p
  2) 译:通常管理者必须对未来的情况做出最佳预测,从而使偶然性尽可能少地发生,但因为不确定性总是存在,所 以决策常伴随着风险。 分析:前半句是主谓宾结构。what the future will be 是 at 的宾语;as little as possible 做 leave 的宾语;since 引导 原因状语从句,相当于 because.
  4. If there is no choice, there is no decision to be made. (p
  3) 译:如果没有选择,就不会有决策。 分析:这是一句很简单的条件状语从句,但它有一个很重要的考点:to be made。这是动词不定式做定语修饰 decision,有将来意味。比如:The last question to be discussed today is how to divide the work among ourselves.
  5. For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like. (p
  3) 译:对于管理者而言,每次决策都受到政策、程序、法律以及惯例等因素制约。 分析:这句话的考点是 based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like。同样是过去分词短语做定语修 饰 constraints。其中词组:base…on 以…为基础。 如:The film is based on s short story by Jack London.
  6. But the tendency to simplify blinds them to other alternatives. (p
  4) 译:但是这种简化的倾向使得他们看不到其他可供选择的方法。 分析:该句主语 the tendency to simplify,谓语 blinds; them 是宾语。to simplify 是定语,修饰 the tendency;to other alternatives 是宾补。其中短语:blind sb to sth:使…看不见…; we shouldn’t let our prejudices blind us to the facts.
  7. Because individuals (and organizations) frequently have different ideas about how to attain the goals, the best choice may depend on who makes the decision. (p6 line 4--
  6) 译:因为个人(和组织)关于如何达到目的常有不同的观点,哪种是最优的选择可能要看是谁做出决策。 分析:这是一个由 because 引导的原因状语从句。其中 how to attain the goals 做介词 about 的宾语,who makes the decision 做介词 on 的宾语。
  8. Some of these objectives are more important than others, but the order and degree of importance often vary from person to person and from department to department. (p7 line 2--
  4) 译:其中有一些目标比其它的更重要,但其顺序和重要程度因人和不同的部门而异。 分析:请注意比较级 more important than,词组:vary from person to person 译成中文:因人而异,可以推出:因 季节而异 vary from season to season….
  9. When presented with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems, production managers see production problems, and so on. (p7 line 5--
  7) 译:当面对同一件日常事情时,销售经理倾向于看销售问题,而生产经理则会看生产相关的问题,等等。 分析:前半部分为常考内容,它是 when + 过去分词短语,构成时间状 语部分。其中词组:
第 2 页 共 24 页
be presented with = be faced with 当面对… When faced with difficulties, we should be brave..
  10. People often assume that a decision is an isolated phenomenon. (p
  9) 译:人们经常假设一项决策是孤立的现象。 分析:句子结构简单:主谓宾(从句) 。其中 assume: = imagine; isolated: adj 孤立的。 phenomenon: n 现象;复数变化较特殊:phenomena|重点单词、词组详讲
  1. interview: n/v 采访、面试;interviewer: n 采访者; interviewee: n 被采访者 e.g. 1>. Who''s the most famous person you''ve ever interviewed on TV? 2>. In a TV interview last night, she denied she had any intention of resigning.
  2. criticism: n 批评,评论; criticize: v 批评; critical: a 批评的、挑剔的、关键的;critic: n 评论家, 请填填看。 1> He is a literary . 2> We are at a time in our history. 3> He can''t take . 4> The boy was by his father for being late for school. Answers: critic, critical, criticism, criticized
  3. indifference: n 冷漠、漠不关心;indifferent: a 冷漠的,反义词:enthusiastic: 热情的 cf: different: a 不同的,名词:difference; 反义词:same.
  4. inefficiency: n 无效,由此联想得到: efficient: a 高效率的; efficiency: n inefficient: a 低效率的
  5. conservative: a 保守的、保存的; conserve: v 保存; conservation: n
  6. apply to sb for sth: 向某人申请某物 e.g. The student applied to the embassy for a visa.
  7. take the trouble to do sth: 不辞劳苦、费力地做某事 e.g. If you took the trouble to listen to what I was saying, you''d know what I was talking about.
  8. put oneself in somebody''s place: 设身处地… If you put yourself in your mother''s place, you will understand why she is so worried about you.
  9. in hand: 手头上有,进行中 I''ve got enough money in hand to buy a new car.
  10. turn down: 调小,降低,拒绝 Turn down the TV, for the baby is sleeping. He turned down the job because the pay isn''t good enough. 课文难句分析
  1. The key words here are preparation and confidence, which will carry you far. (p
  2) 译:这里的关键词是准备和自信,它们将使你前程远大。 分析:which will carry you far 非限定性定语从句,修饰 preparation and confidence。另外请注意:key 关键的; preparation 是 prepare 的名词;confidence: n 信心。Confident: a 有信心的;self-confidence: 自信心。
  2. Find out all you can about the job you are applying for and the origination you hope to work for. (p
  4) 译:了解你所申请的工作和你希望为之工作的组织。 分析: are applying for 定语, you 修饰 the job; you hope to work for 定语修饰 the origination。 词组: apply to sb for sth 向某人申请什么。
  3. It shows an unattractive indifference to your employer and to your job. (p
  6) 译:它表明你对雇主和你的工作的态度冷漠,不感兴趣。 分析:it 主语;shows 谓语;an unattractive indifference 宾语;to your employer and to your job 间接宾语。Show sth to sb=show sb sth.另外,请注意:indifference: 冷漠,漠视。
  4. He wants somebody who is hard-working with a pleasant personality and a real interest in the job. (p
  7) 分析:who is hard-working with a pleasant personality and a real interest in the job 全部都是定语,修饰 somebody。注
第 3 页 共 24 页
意介词 with 表示带有。; have interest in sth 对…有兴趣。 。
  5. Anything that you find out about the prospective employer can be used to your advantage during the interview to show that you have bothered to master some facts about the people who you hope to work for. (p
  8) 译: 你找到的任何有关未来雇主的信息在面试中都能为你所用, 以表示你费了心思去掌握一些关于你希望为其工 作的人的事实。 分析:从这个句子的长度大家也能看出这是一个复杂句。主体结构为:anything can be used to your advantage. that you find out about the prospective employer 是定语从句; during the interview 状语; show that you have bothered to master to some facts about the people who you hope to work for 是目的状语; you hope to work for 是另外一个定语从句修饰 the who people. 词组:to your advantage: 对你有利;work for sb 为某人工作。
  6. Do not be afraid to ask for clarification of something that has been said during the interview if you want to be sure what was implied, but do be polite. (p
  10) 译:面试中如果你想确切地知道某些话的含义,不要害怕请对方解释清楚,但一定要有礼貌。 分析: 基本句型: be afraid to do sth; 不要害怕去做某事; for clarification 要求澄清; has been said during not ask that the interview 定语,修饰 something; what was implied 宾语;do be polite: 其中 do 为了强调,如:do be careful! I do love you! He does lie to us!
  7. Have the letter inviting you for an interview ready to show in case there is any difficulty in communication. (p
  16) 译: 拿着邀请你面试的通知书,以防万一交谈出现困难时显示。 分析:这是一个祈使句。Have 动词,拿着;the letter 宾语;inviting you for an interview 现在分词做定语;ready to show 状语;in case there is any difficulty in communication 条件状语从句;词组:there is some difficulty in sth/doing sth 在…方面有困难。如:We have some difficulty speaking English fluently.
  8. There is little likelihood that a panel of five wants to go through the process of all shaking hands with you in turn. (p
  20) 译:由五个人构成的专门小组几乎不可能轮流与你握手。 分析:这句话的重点在于 that a panel of five ants to go through the process of all shaking hands with you in turn 是一 个同位语从句,是对 little likelihood 的解释。其中:likelihood: n 可能性,相当于 possibility; go through 经历; in turn: 轮流。
  9. Would you mind rephrasing the question, please? (p
  23) 译:您介意换个说法来问这个问题吗? 分析:考点 mind doing sth. 如: Would you mind turning down the TV? 语法:介绍 as 的相关用法 as 是一个乍一看简单,但实际在英语中用法很复杂的小词。从词类上讲,可以
 

相关内容

自考英语二串讲

   自考英语二复习资料之第一章 重点单词扩充讲解: 1. organizational: a 组织上的 由此我们可以联想到:organize: v 组织; organization: n 组织; organizer: n 组织者 请看下列习题,选择该组词里恰当的词填空: 1). Last week, our school a spring outing. 2). The task calls for the highest skill. 3). China has joined World Tr ...

自考00795《综合英语(二)》串讲笔记1

   Lesson One Twelve Things I Wish They Taught at School 学校要是教给我们这 12 种本领就好了 * 重点词汇 1. learn vi. 学习;获得,得知 【例句】I learnt of her arrival from a close friend. 我从一位好友那里听说她到了。 vt.学会,学到;学习 【例句】I learned a lot from my father. 我从父亲那里学到了很多。 相关短语:learn about / o ...

英语二串讲

   英语二串讲 主讲:李佳其 " 第一讲 课程说明 " 英语(二)是高等教育自学考试全国统考课程之一,即将进行的英语 二的考试,根据考试大纲的说明,将继续沿用以往的题型,考查学生 词汇、语法的掌握情况和阅读、翻译等语言运用能力。命题题型、分 值、难度和效度都将与以往试题保持整体上的一致,基本上不做变化。 考试采用闭卷笔答形式,限时150分钟。试卷由试题册、答题卡和答 题纸组成,所有答案均须按要求填写在答题卡和答题纸上。试题由客 观题和主观题构成,各占50%,试题题量以中等水平的考生能在规定 ...

2010年自学考试英语(二)串讲资料

   年自学考试英语( 串讲资料( 2010 年自学考试英语(二)串讲资料(一) 2010 年 01 月 07 日 9:22 阅读次数:4 主要内容 试卷分析和最新出题思路 转自学易网 www.studyez.com 重点语法 最新英语(二)试卷主观题统计数据转自学易网 平均分转自学易网 2.48 转自学易网 2.17 转自学易网 5.53 转自学易网 10.75 转自学易网 20.93 转自学易网 www.studyez.com 考题 满分 www.studyez.com www.studyez ...

07年高教自学考试英语二串讲资料(一)

   07 年高教自学考试英语二串讲资料(一) 年高教自学考试英语二串讲资料( 备考书目推荐: 一,教材 《大学英语自学教程(下册)》 主编:高远 高等教育出版社 二,辅助教材 1.《考前语法突破》 曲航 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社 2.《大纲词汇一本通》 胥国红 曲航 李筱筝 编著 北京航空航天大学出版社 3.《大学英语自学教程(下册)自学与自测》 主编:高远 北京航空航天大学出版社 备考建议: 1.巧记单词:利用零散的时间,频繁反复地记忆单词; 2. 重视教材: 尤其是课文中含有语法要点的句 ...

自考英语二答案

   0015 自考英语二课后习题答案 1(英语二 英语二) Unit 1(英语二) Text A Exercises for the Text I.1.d 2.c 3.c 4.a 5.d II.1.alternative II.1.alternative 2.fundamental 3.accompany 4.implement 5.preccedent 6.attain 1.alternativ 7.objectives III.1.c III.1.c 2.d 8.vary 9.multipl ...

自考英语二--语法

   全国高等教育自学考试英语(二) 主讲人: 主讲人:胥国红 北京航空航天大学 主要内容 " " " " " " " " 试卷分析和最新出题思路 重点语法 备考要诀及学习方法 最新英语(二)试卷主观题统计数据 满分 平均分 10 10 15 15 50 2.48 2.17 5.53 10.75 20.93 最新出题思路 考题 单词拼写 词形填空 汉译英 英译汉 总分 (1)与课文的关系 往年与课文有关的大题:第一、第四、第五和第六大题 近年与课文有关的大题:第四和第六大题 建议:熟读课文,掌 ...

自考英语二词汇

   1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 organizational a.组织(上)的 goal ...

自考英语二讲义

   自考“英语(二)”完整讲义 讲义一   Text A What Is a Decision ?   I.课文内容简介   决策的目的是制定和实现组织目标。作决策的原因是有问题存在、目标和目的不正确、或者有某种东西防碍目标或目的的实现。作决策的过程对管理人员来说至关重要。决策者必须具备从多个可供选择的可能性中确定最佳选择的手段。而多种目标的顺序和重要性也部分地基于决策者的价值观。今天所作的决策可能会对将来产生深远的影响。因此,有经验的管理者能从当前决策看到将来的效果。   段落大意:课文分成三部 ...

自考英语二词汇

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 《英语(二) 英语( 》 一、词 汇 考点词汇 1.agree→disagree +(with sb/sth)同意某人(事)/ to sth 同意某事/on sth 就某事达成一致 They agree on/They agreed on what time they would set out. 他们就什么时间动身出发达成了一致。 2.similar be ~ to 与…相似 The two plans are similar but not the same. ...

热门内容

2011考研英语复习阅读新题型方略

   贯通大纲词汇,长难句图示解析, 《阅读基础 90 篇》贯通大纲词汇,长难句图示解析, 解题技巧系统总结,阅读八大考点精要分析 解题技巧系统总结, 新题型有三种备选题型: 选 5 题型和 5 选 5 排序题以及 6 选 5 段落标题选 7 择题。从教育部考试中心统计的数据来看,7 选 5 部分两年的难度分别为 0.416 和 0.452。 7 选 5 题型实际是一种特殊的完型填空题,把一篇 500 词左右文章的五个地方 题型实际是一种特殊的完型填空题, 挖空, 挖空,要求考生根据文章内容从给出 ...

部分英语口语答案

   2009年06月23日  福建省积年高考英语白话测验题[一]    第一套    (一)   1、Do you like your monitor? Why? Why not?   Yes, i do like my monitor. She is helpful and caring. Whenever i have any problems, i can always go to her for help. I think she is a good monitor because ...

Youngwendy的英语学习论

   □ 作者:Youngwendy 感谢作者Youngwendy授权 前言第一节 Bye Bye,OK和Sorry第二节 用脚走路还是用手走路??方法论第三节 太难的话只好偷懒 语音第一关第四节 可以偷懒和不懂装懂的地方 第一本教材的学习 第五节 英语学习阶段论第六节 谈谈英语语法第七节 英语听力第八节 关于英语的写作?第九节 怎样记忆学习英语单词?第十节 谈谈英语口语的问题第十一节 谈谈英语的发音第十二节 从电影学英语 ? □ 作者:Youngwendy 感谢作者Youngwendy授权 前言 ...

高三英语全套教案 Unit 8 (人教版)

   高考资源网(www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 Unit 8 learning a foreign language 整体感知 单元要点 1.motivation 2.dictation 3.alphabet 4.stick 5.acquire 6.acqision 7.auful 8.instruct 9.data 10.academct 1.动机 2.听写 3.字母 表 4.粘贴 5.获得 6.获得 7. 可 怕 的 8. 指 导 9. 数 据 10.学术的; 大学生 11. ...

2008-2009学年高一英语上学期期末测评试题及答案【汕头金山中学】

   375 教育资源网 http://www.375edu.cn 中小学试卷、教案、课件免费下载 2008- 学年金山中学高一期末考试卷 2008-2009 学年金山中学高一期末考试卷 2009 年 1 月 命题:张晓瑜 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 10 分) 做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 2.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 ...