英语二串讲
(自考乐园版 自考乐园版) 自考乐园版
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目录
? 第一讲 ? 第二讲 ? 第三讲 课程说明 重点知识讲解回顾 题型精析,答题策略 题型精析,
? 与千万自考生同行,你准备好了吗?
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? 第一讲 课程说明
? 英语(二)是高等教育自学考试全国统考课程之一,即将进行的英语 二的考试,根据考试大纲的说明,将继续沿用以往的题型,考查学生 词汇、语法的掌握情况和阅读、翻译等语言运用能力。命题题型、分 值、难度和效度都将与以往试题保持整体上的一致,基本上不做变化。 考试采用闭卷笔答形式,限时150分钟。试卷由试题册、答题卡和答 题纸组成,所有答案均须按要求填写在答题卡和答题纸上。试题由客 观题和主观题构成,各占50%,试题题量以中等水平的考生能在规定 的时间内答完全部试题并有适量时间检查答案为度。评分采用百分制, 60分为及格。试卷结构如下表:
部分 I II III IV V VI VII
名称 Vocabulary and Structure Cloze Reading comprehension Word spelling Word form Translation from C into E Translation from E into C
题号 1-10 11-20 21-35 36-55 56-65 66-70
题量 10 10 15 20 10 5 1
分值 10 10 30 10 10 15 15
? 串讲目的 串讲目的: ? 通过对课程重点内容的整理概括、知识点的梳理总结,着重讲解考点, 分析难点。同时分析考试命题趋势,指导学生答题方法,提示学生考前 复习计划,目的是帮助应试者通过本课程考试,达到考试要求。本次串 讲重点讲述: ? 重点词汇、短语:大纲要求考生能够认知3943个单词,熟练掌握2000个 常用词即重点词汇,考试高频词; ? 重点、难点句子详解:教材课文中一些句子含有较多、较集中的知识点 或者句子结构很复杂包含了多重语法现象,需要给同学们单独列出讲解; 一些句子不易理解,包含了英语中的不常见用法,需要给同学们提示; 通过分析这些句子强化考点,同时提高同学们的语言应用能力; ? 考题举例:讲解知识点的同时,通过分析历年考题,强化了知识点,并 使学生了解命题的方向、范围、难度; ? 题型分析、答题策略:分析试卷的7大考题题型,逐一提出考查的知识 点、出题来源、复习重点、答题方法和答题时间; ? 复习计划和考情交流:分析考试命题趋势,提示学生考前复习计划;
? 参考教材 参考教材:《大学英语自学教程下册》,高远主编,高等教育出版社 ? 参考资料:《英语(二)自学考试大纲》,全国高等教育自学考试指 参考资料 导委员会制订,高等教育出版社出版
第二讲
重点知识讲解回顾
Unit 1
? 重点单词和短语 ? objective accomplish predict accompany attain scheme skilled argue define ? interview prospect ? course of action in the way(by the way, in no way, in a way) make a guess at contribute to and the like (and so on) ? seek to do sth. in part point of view vary from…to … ? apply for (to) ? have no idea bring about take the trouble to do ? put oneself in one’s place ? to one’s advantage at a disadvantage ask for in hand turn down (up, on, off, out, over, back)
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1.A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available. 解析:courses of action意思是行动方案、做事步骤;made是过去分词; from among为二重介词 ? 例:We’ll inform you as soon as tickets become . (06-
  4) A. valuable B. capable C. acceptable D. available (D) ?
  2. … some suggest that the management process is decision making. 解析:suggest表示认为、提出、暗示意思,后面不用虚拟语气,表示 建议意思,后面用虚拟语气。 ? 例:It is suggested that the meeting (should) be held (hold)at some other time.
?
  3. … decision making includes limiting alternatives as well as identifying them. 解析:as well as意思是既…又… ?
  4. In fact, I did have several questions, but you have already answered them all. 解析:助动词do在肯定句中用在动词之前表示强调,意思是确实。 ?
  5. … but do not let it worry you too much. 解析:动词let, make, have, hear, see, observe等词之后的宾语补足语为省 略to 的不定式结构。 ?
  6. There is little likelihood that … ? 对比:There is a/ every/no likelihood that/of ? 例:The two sisters are in many ways, not only in appearance but also in temperament.(06-
  4) A. like B. likely C. alike D. lively (C)
Unit 2
? 重点单词和短语 ? exert collapse shrink basis launch convince operate revolve glitter unlikely (be likely to) whereas concerned (be concerned about) plateau ? in theory apply to depend on research into swallow up make use of together with in every respect in other words consist of a great many under the circumstances make a difference above all as a rule ? seek to do sth. in part point of view vary from…to … ? 例:I hope my boy friend will be handsome, strong and kind. (06-
  4) A. above all B. in all C. at all D. after all (A) ? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. Einstein claimed that matter and energy are interchangeable… ? 例:爱因斯坦声称物质和能量是可以相互转化的,因此没有绝对的时 间和空间。(05-4-
  68) ?
  2. It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.
? 例
  1:It is on Friday we will hold the meeting. A. that B. when C. in that time D. what (A) ? 例2: As a painter, Ted was very about the colors he used. (03-
  10) A. specific B. special C. peculiar D. particular (D) ?
  3. The earth is one of mine planets which move in orbit round the sun. ? 对比:The earth is the only one of the nine planets which has life on it. ?
  4. The total water area is about three times as large as the land area. 解析:数词+times + as +形容词+as是表示倍数的表达法。 ? 例:It is important to note that a reading of 4 indicates an earthquake ten It times as strong as one with a reading of
  3. (unit 6 text B) ?
  5. The more we learn about other people, the better we understand their ideas, and, as a rule, the better we like those people themselves. 解析:the+比较级,the+比较级结构,意思是越…越…,第一个从句中 谓语动词不用倒装,第二个从句谓语动词可以用倒装,也可以用正装 语气。 ? 例: we are, we become. A. the oldest; the wiser B. older; wiser C. the older, the more wise D. the older; the wiser (D)
Unit 3
? 重点单词和短语 ? deteriorate debate (on/upon) request ensure oppose(be opposed to) burden sensitive privilege appoint bias accessible ? recruit ? be affected with carry out in addition to in this case open up care for take into account have …at heart be sensitive to opt out of for short amount to ? on (the) average compete with blame sb. for sth. by nature when it comes to ? be related to be worth doing
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. It is very easy in society now for the elderly, the disabled and the dependent to feel that they are burdens. ? 例:It is important there in time. A. for you to get B. to you to get C. your getting D. of you getting (A) ?
  2. And it may be worth remembering that … 解析:be worth意思是值得,后面接名词、代词以及主动形式的动名词。 ?
  3. Many people, though, are totally against the practice of euthanasia. 解析:Though是一个起连结性作用的副词,意思相当于however, but. ?
  4. “Well, it’s not as if I’m planning to murder a crowd of people with a machine gun.” 解析:As if 引出的从句,谓语动词根据实际情况选择用虚拟语气形式 还是一般陈述语气。 ? 例:It seems as if it were spring now. 使用虚拟语气
Unit 4
? 重点单词和短语 ? domestic exploit campaign execute convict incidence deserve ? despite deport minimum maintenance guilt immigrant weed deny degrade inhumane civil liberty disaffection argument circus ? ? bring over watch over in unison call up pay back up to a great deal of ? be supposed to convict … of feel like protect …from ? risk doing sth. ? deal with according to be deserving of threaten to do sth. agree to do sth. ? distinguish from react to clean up
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. And they can have their passports removed, making leaving or “escaping” virtually impossible. 解析:making…是分词短语,表示结果,impossible做宾补。removed 是过去分词作宾补,表示有完成和被动的含义。 ?
  2. It is, they say, the right to change employers which distinguishes employment from slavery. 解析:they say是插入语,本句是一个强调句式,which可以改成that,句 子会更正式。 ?
  3. Six out of every ten prisoners in chains are black, which is why the chain gangs call up images of slavery in centuries gone by. 解析:数字+out of every+数字,意思是每…个中就有…个;which引导 非 限 定 性 的 定 语 从 句 修 饰 前 面 整 个 句 子 ;gone by是 分 词 短 语 修 饰 centuries表示已经完成。 ?
  4. What they will do is make prisoners more angry, more hostile… 解析:what引导的主语从句中带有实义动词do,表语不定式可以带to,也 可以省略to.
Unit 5
? 重点单词和短语 ? folk transformation distinct sentiment originate spontaneous synthesis ? readily amplifier electronics studio penetrating thereby participate ? multimedia live inspire invariably improvise constructive creative ? preliminary painstaking conception temper mold diversified conventional harmony evident ? take over take on take up take over take place build out of in existence ? in a sense at a stretch serve as in advance for the sake of be born ? in fashion begin with it goes without saying that
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. What happened, as well as it can be put into words, was this. 解析:第一个as 是副词,第二个as 是连词,well是副词修饰put,注意区 别as well as; ? 例: Those stories, as well as this boring one, have been told almost hundreds of times. ?
  2. Electronics did, in fact, make possible sounds that no instrument up to that time could produce. 解析:make是谓语动词,sounds that no instrument up to that time could produce是宾语,possible是宾补前置了,英语中有时为了句子结构的 平衡,可对句子结构进行调整。 ?
  3. It is difficult to summarize the composing methods of so diversified a group. 解析:so/too+形容词+a/an +名词以及such+a/an+形容词+名词是固定搭 配,例如:He was not so big a fool as he looked. ?
  4. The creative act with Palestrina is not thematic conception so much as the personal treatment of well-established pattern. 解析:not …so much as …意思是与其说…不如说…,不像…那么…
Unit 6
? 重点单词和短语 ? efficiency appliance specific shade prevalent increasingly switch ? defective spray personnel completion assemble cast reduction critical ? intensify warning precede speculate partial reliability forecast decay ? subside analyze shift ? expose sth./sb. to to a degree convert …to/into prevent…from ? in between ? be responsible for in question differ from work on in that ? plenty of ? be capable of too …to be on the alert set up associate with ? be involved in
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive materials, preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation. 解析:used in nuclear power plants,过去分词短语作定语,修饰robots; preventing…from是一个现在分词短语作目的状语。 ?
  2. It is not yet known whether robots will one day have vision as good as human vision. 解析:it是形式主语,whether引导的从句为真正主语,whether不能由if 代替,if 不能引导主语从句,只能引导宾语从句和条件状语从句。 ?
  3. While this is a small start, it is still a beginning. 解析:while这里是连词引导让步状语从句,意思相当于though, although; 还可以做转折连词,意思为但是、然而;也可以引导时间状 语从句,意思是当…时候,在…期间;
Unit 7
? 重点单词和短语 ? possession relaxation desirable portray underlie acquire motivate urban ? participation attainment satisfaction positive tricky flexible project realistic ? emergency crash deem assignment temptation ? attach importance to in terms of impart…to … put …to use be relevant to ? on the part of be concerned with set …as objective contribute to look ahead ? fall by the wayside hang up throw off work out kid…into doin
 

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