Unit 1
? 重点单词和短语 ? objective accomplish predict accompany attain scheme skilled argue define ? interview prospect ? course of action in the way(by the way, in no way, in a way) make a guess at contribute to and the like (and so on) ? seek to do sth. in part point of view vary from…to … ? apply for (to) ? have no idea bring about take the trouble to do ? put oneself in one’s place ? to one’s advantage at a disadvantage ask for in hand turn down (up, on, off, out, over, back)
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1.A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available. 解析:courses of action意思是行动方案、做事步骤;made是过去分词; from among为二重介词 ? 例:We’ll inform you as soon as tickets become . (06-
  4) A. valuable B. capable C. acceptable D. available (D) ?
  2. … some suggest that the management process is decision making. 解析:suggest表示认为、提出、暗示意思,后面不用虚拟语气,表示 建议意思,后面用虚拟语气。 ? 例:It is suggested that the meeting (should) be held (hold)at some other time.
?
  3. … decision making includes limiting alternatives as well as identifying them. 解析:as well as意思是既…又… ?
  4. In fact, I did have several questions, but you have already answered them all. 解析:助动词do在肯定句中用在动词之前表示强调,意思是确实。 ?
  5. … but do not let it worry you too much. 解析:动词let, make, have, hear, see, observe等词之后的宾语补足语为省 略to 的不定式结构。 ?
  6. There is little likelihood that … ? 对比:There is a/ every/no likelihood that/of ? 例:The two sisters are in many ways, not only in appearance but also in temperament.(06-
  4) A. like B. likely C. alike D. lively (C)
Unit 2
? 重点单词和短语 ? exert collapse shrink basis launch convince operate revolve glitter unlikely (be likely to) whereas concerned (be concerned about) plateau ? in theory apply to depend on research into swallow up make use of together with in every respect in other words consist of a great many under the circumstances make a difference above all as a rule ? seek to do sth. in part point of view vary from…to … ? 例:I hope my boy friend will be handsome, strong and kind. (06-
  4) A. above all B. in all C. at all D. after all (A) ? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. Einstein claimed that matter and energy are interchangeable… ? 例:爱因斯坦声称物质和能量是可以相互转化的,因此没有绝对的时 间和空间。(05-4-
  68) ?
  2. It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.
? 例
  1:It is on Friday we will hold the meeting. A. that B. when C. in that time D. what (A) ? 例2: As a painter, Ted was very about the colors he used. (03-
  10) A. specific B. special C. peculiar D. particular (D) ?
  3. The earth is one of mine planets which move in orbit round the sun. ? 对比:The earth is the only one of the nine planets which has life on it. ?
  4. The total water area is about three times as large as the land area. 解析:数词+times + as +形容词+as是表示倍数的表达法。 ? 例:It is important to note that a reading of 4 indicates an earthquake ten It times as strong as one with a reading of
  3. (unit 6 text B) ?
  5. The more we learn about other people, the better we understand their ideas, and, as a rule, the better we like those people themselves. 解析:the+比较级,the+比较级结构,意思是越…越…,第一个从句中 谓语动词不用倒装,第二个从句谓语动词可以用倒装,也可以用正装 语气。 ? 例: we are, we become. A. the oldest; the wiser B. older; wiser C. the older, the more wise D. the older; the wiser (D)
Unit 3
? 重点单词和短语 ? deteriorate debate (on/upon) request ensure oppose(be opposed to) burden sensitive privilege appoint bias accessible ? recruit ? be affected with carry out in addition to in this case open up care for take into account have …at heart be sensitive to opt out of for short amount to ? on (the) average compete with blame sb. for sth. by nature when it comes to ? be related to be worth doing
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. It is very easy in society now for the elderly, the disabled and the dependent to feel that they are burdens. ? 例:It is important there in time. A. for you to get B. to you to get C. your getting D. of you getting (A) ?
  2. And it may be worth remembering that … 解析:be worth意思是值得,后面接名词、代词以及主动形式的动名词。 ?
  3. Many people, though, are totally against the practice of euthanasia. 解析:Though是一个起连结性作用的副词,意思相当于however, but. ?
  4. “Well, it’s not as if I’m planning to murder a crowd of people with a machine gun.” 解析:As if 引出的从句,谓语动词根据实际情况选择用虚拟语气形式 还是一般陈述语气。 ? 例:It seems as if it were spring now. 使用虚拟语气
Unit 4
? 重点单词和短语 ? domestic exploit campaign execute convict incidence deserve ? despite deport minimum maintenance guilt immigrant weed deny degrade inhumane civil liberty disaffection argument circus ? ? bring over watch over in unison call up pay back up to a great deal of ? be supposed to convict … of feel like protect …from ? risk doing sth. ? deal with according to be deserving of threaten to do sth. agree to do sth. ? distinguish from react to clean up
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. And they can have their passports removed, making leaving or “escaping” virtually impossible. 解析:making…是分词短语,表示结果,impossible做宾补。removed 是过去分词作宾补,表示有完成和被动的含义。 ?
  2. It is, they say, the right to change employers which distinguishes employment from slavery. 解析:they say是插入语,本句是一个强调句式,which可以改成that,句 子会更正式。 ?
  3. Six out of every ten prisoners in chains are black, which is why the chain gangs call up images of slavery in centuries gone by. 解析:数字+out of every+数字,意思是每…个中就有…个;which引导 非 限 定 性 的 定 语 从 句 修 饰 前 面 整 个 句 子 ;gone by是 分 词 短 语 修 饰 centuries表示已经完成。 ?
  4. What they will do is make prisoners more angry, more hostile… 解析:what引导的主语从句中带有实义动词do,表语不定式可以带to,也 可以省略to.
Unit 5
? 重点单词和短语 ? folk transformation distinct sentiment originate spontaneous synthesis ? readily amplifier electronics studio penetrating thereby participate ? multimedia live inspire invariably improvise constructive creative ? preliminary painstaking conception temper mold diversified conventional harmony evident ? take over take on take up take over take place build out of in existence ? in a sense at a stretch serve as in advance for the sake of be born ? in fashion begin with it goes without saying that
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. What happened, as well as it can be put into words, was this. 解析:第一个as 是副词,第二个as 是连词,well是副词修饰put,注意区 别as well as; ? 例: Those stories, as well as this boring one, have been told almost hundreds of times. ?
  2. Electronics did, in fact, make possible sounds that no instrument up to that time could produce. 解析:make是谓语动词,sounds that no instrument up to that time could produce是宾语,possible是宾补前置了,英语中有时为了句子结构的 平衡,可对句子结构进行调整。 ?
  3. It is difficult to summarize the composing methods of so diversified a group. 解析:so/too+形容词+a/an +名词以及such+a/an+形容词+名词是固定搭 配,例如:He was not so big a fool as he looked. ?
  4. The creative act with Palestrina is not thematic conception so much as the personal treatment of well-established pattern. 解析:not …so much as …意思是与其说…不如说…,不像…那么…
Unit 6
? 重点单词和短语 ? efficiency appliance specific shade prevalent increasingly switch ? defective spray personnel completion assemble cast reduction critical ? intensify warning precede speculate partial reliability forecast decay ? subside analyze shift ? expose sth./sb. to to a degree convert …to/into prevent…from ? in between ? be responsible for in question differ from work on in that ? plenty of ? be capable of too …to be on the alert set up associate with ? be involved in
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. The robots used in nuclear power plants handle the radioactive materials, preventing human personnel from being exposed to radiation. 解析:used in nuclear power plants,过去分词短语作定语,修饰robots; preventing…from是一个现在分词短语作目的状语。 ?
  2. It is not yet known whether robots will one day have vision as good as human vision. 解析:it是形式主语,whether引导的从句为真正主语,whether不能由if 代替,if 不能引导主语从句,只能引导宾语从句和条件状语从句。 ?
  3. While this is a small start, it is still a beginning. 解析:while这里是连词引导让步状语从句,意思相当于though, although; 还可以做转折连词,意思为但是、然而;也可以引导时间状 语从句,意思是当…时候,在…期间;
fc1 it 7
? 重点单词和短语 ? possession relaxation desirable portray underlie acquire motivate urban ? participation attainment satisfaction positive tricky flexible project realistic ? emergency crash deem assignment temptation ? attach importance to in terms of impart…to … put …to use be relevant to ? on the part of be concerned with set …as objective contribute to look ahead ? fall by the wayside hang up throw off work out kid…into doing sth. ? stick with/in devote …to ? the more …the more
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. Thus, people who need to exert much energy in their work will find relaxation most desirable in leisure. 解析:exert oneself to do sth.意思是努力做某事;find+宾语+补语(adj, ing, -ed, 不定式,介词短语)。 ?
  2. Hence, it can be argued that the people with whom we come into contact in these various contexts are… 解析:It can be argued that…是以it作形式主语的被动语态结构,类似的 还有:It is said that, It is believed that, It is reported that, It is thought that; with whom …是介词+关系代词的限定性定语从句,修饰people. Come into contact with与…接触 ?
  3.It is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study. 解析:这是一个强调句式,被强调的部分可以是主语、宾语、状语以 及从句,可用that,which,who 引导。 ?
  4.This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments and projects. 解析:keep +宾语+adj.意思是使…保持某种状态;up to date意思是最新 的,切合目前情况的。
Unit 8
? 重点单词和短语 ? internal external overcome destination reset neutral feasible proceeding ? alarm promote interact fade duration moderate distraction exceptional ? remedy productivity appreciate mislead typical ? effect on blame sth. on sb.= blame sb. for sth. as fresh as paint now that ? leave alone out of step in time a short cut come across due to attend to ? fall apart be true of lack of at hand at once play a role in be faced with ? account for to date= so far = up to now
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. Confused? So was John Foster Dulles, the American Secretary of State. 解析:confused是are you confused?的省略句;当以So开头表示与前边 情况类似的句子时,要用倒装语序。例如:My brother can speak French, so can my sister. ?
  2. It is not feasible to wait four days until the body is used to the new time zone. 解析:it是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式结构,until 与not 连用,翻 译为直到…才,例如:Don’t open the door until the train stops. ?
  3. There is evidence , of course, that motivation plays an important role in overcoming the effects of distractors and that there are considerable differences in … 解析:两个that引导的同位语从句,说明evidence;
Unit 9
? 重点单词和短语 ? dependency upwards liability revision lengthen alter proportion appreciation acknowledge neglect esteem handle appropriate withdraw ? worthless ? approximate to be classified as rather than in one’s thirties in terms of ? take advantage of cope with no other …than look down on view as ? exchange …for ? 例:It would be better to make a decision now, leave it until next week. (06-
  4) ? A. other than B. rather than C. less than D. more than B
? 重点、难点句子详解 重点、 ?
  1. …because lots of dependent babies are more of a liability than numbers of the inactive aged. 解析:be+of+名词,表示具有与该名词同源的形容词
 

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