自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  1) 自考英语( 复习笔记(
英语(二)最常考的语法项目包括:动词时态和语态、非谓语动词、虚拟语气、定语从句、名词性 从句、状语从句、比较级、语序、主谓一致、强调句、基本句型。 * 最常考的时态:现在完成时、过去完成时、过去时、一般现在时和将来完成时。 * 最常考的非谓语动词:独立结构、动名词作某些动词的宾语、非谓语动词作定语和状语。 * 最常考的虚拟语气:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句和主句。 * 最常考的定语从句:where 引导的定语从句、名词/代词+ of + which 引导的定语从句。 * 名词性从句:what, whether 引导的主语或宾语从句、that 引导的同位语从句。 * 状语从句:now that, in that, in case, as, while 引导的状语从句。 哪些词最有可能考单词拼写? 严格来说, 只要是考纲中包括的词都有可能出现在单词拼写大题中, 但是从历年考题可以看 出,某些词的命中率要高于其它词,有些词甚至反复考过,这说明考生在背单词的时候还是可以 在全面覆盖的基础之上突出重点、提高效率的。在这里我们不可能一一罗列重要的词汇,下面是 我总结的英语(二)常考单词的特点: * 绝大部分是长度在 5-8 个字母之间的中等难度的词,如:victim, gesture 等;转自学易
网 www.studyez.com
* 拼写和读音不完全对称的词,如:dumb, subtle 等。 * 个别非常简单、但课文中不是很常见的名词,如:tube. * 从词性上来看,最常考的依次是名词、形容词、动词、和副词。 在复习这些单词时,一定要以考试大纲为准,而不能只背教材后面的生词表。一方面,教材 后面的生词表中包含了不少超刚词,完全不会考到;另一方面,对英语(二)来说,从下册教材生 词表中出的单词只占三分之一,不可能涵盖所有要考的内容。同样在复习时一定要讲究准确性, 确保背一个记准一个,而不能只是记个大概,最后写出来每个都差不多但每个都有错。 复习建议 针对上述预测,我们如何制定冲刺阶段的复习计划呢?下面是我推荐的三步复习法。
  1.第一步,应该抽出半个月到二十天的时间,把书上可能考到的内容好好地总结一下。课文 中涉及的重要的语法现象,如带虚拟语气、独立主格的句子,接动名词作宾语的动词,倒装句, 强调句,what, that, whether 引导的从句等,最好都分类摘抄下来。
  2.做完整理工作后,应该进入下一步,即通过一定量的模拟训练来熟悉考试题型、提高实战 能力。模拟训练应注意以下几点:转自学易网 www.studyez.com (
  1) 做题时,一定要独立完成。不管做题的过程多么困难,都要硬着头皮去做,只有这样才 能在考场上发挥自如。 (
  2)保持一定的频率也很重要。至少一周应该完成两套题,否则达不到强化的效果。 (
  3)及时总结。如果做完几套题后反复出现同样的错误,一定要请老师对相关内容作详细的 讲解,并针对性地多做巩固练习,直到问题得到真正的解决。 (
  4)做完十套左右的模拟题后,应该再做几套最近几年的真题。这时你可以对自己的实际水 平有一个比较准确的估计。哪些方面是你的长处,哪些方面还存在薄弱环节,并利用最后一两周 的时间来进行弥补。
(
  5)除了做题,这三个月期间应该天天坚持的是背单词。每天抽出半个小时至一个小时,把 大纲词汇包括后面的词组至少从头至尾完整地过一遍, 有可能考拼写的重点单词要动笔抄写, 常 用活用的词要记搭配,容易混淆的词放在一起进行比较。
  3.最后一周的总复习。 考试前的最后一周应该再来一次全面的总复习。 复习内容包括第一步 中抄下来的课文中的重点句子、第二步作题时纪录下来的常出错的语法项,重点的单词,和总结 出来的答题技巧。如果还有时间,也可以把最后做过的真题再做一遍。相信经过精心的计划和充 分的准备,此刻的你一定成竹在胸,胜券在握了。
自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  2) 复习笔记(
重点语法知识讲解
  1.动词的时态和语态 动词的时态和语态一览表 时态 语态 主动 被动
一般现在时 do are done 现在进行时
一般过去时 did were done 过去进行时 were doing were being done 过去完成时 had done had been done
一般将来时 will do will be done 将来进行时 will be doing 将来完成时 will have done will have been done
主动 被动
are doing are being done 现在完成时
主动 被动
have done have been done 现在完成进行时
主动 被动
have been doing
转自学易网 www.studyez.com 转自学易网 www.studyez.com

  1.1 现在完成时 发生在过去的动作一直持续到现在,或对现在仍有影响。转自学易网 www.studyez.com 现在完成时的标志: so far, by now/ up to now,for three years, since 19
  95, in the past two decades
  1.2 过去完成时 过去的过去。
  1)said, reported, thought 等引导的间接引语中。 He missed the train. He said he had missed the train.
  2)hardly…when, no sooner… than 句型中表示先发生的动作 No sooner had he got up than he received the call.
  3)与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中
If I had tried harder, I would have won.转自学易网 www.studyez.com I wish I had done better in the exam.
  1.3 完成进行时 从过去一直持续到现在,没有间断。汉语提示语:一直 The water has been running the whole night.
  1.4 过去时 过去某一具体时间发生的事,不考虑与现在的关系。 过去时的标志:yesterday, in 19
  95, last week,in the nineteenth century,five years ago 等等。
自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  3) 复习笔记(

  2.非谓语动词
  2.1 非谓语动词一览表 非谓语动词 现在分词 一 般 式 被 动 式 完成主动式 完成被动式 过去分词 动词不定式 一 般 式 被 动 式 完成主动式 进行主动式 to do to be done to have done to be doing 主动 , 将要进行 被动 , 将要进行 主动 , 已经完成 主动 , 正在进行 doing being done having done having been done done 主动 , 正在进行 被动 , 正在进行 主动 , 已经完成 被动 , 已经完成 被动 , 已经完成 形式 意义

  2.
  2. 非谓语动词作状语转自学易网 www.studyez.com 动词不定式:
  1)目的状语;
  2)结果状语 I came here to meet you. (目的) He hurried to the rail station only to miss the train. (结果) 分词:
  1) 伴随状语;
  2)原因状语;
  3)条件状语
  4)让步状语;
  5)时间状语 Walking along the street, he met his old friend. (时间) Being very tired, my father didn’t go out with us. (原因) Made by hand, the silk shirt is very expensive. (原因) Seen from the space, the earth looks like a blue ball. (条件)
  2.3 非谓语动词,状语从句和独立结构
  1) Having done their homework, the children began to play. (分词作状语)转自学易
网 www.studyez.com

  2) After having done their homework, the children began to play. (连词+分词)
  3) After they had done their homework, the children began to play. (状语从句)
  4) With homework done, the children began to play. (独立结构)
自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  4) 复习笔记(

  2.4 非谓语动词作定语
  1) If there is no choice, there is no decision (make)。 (to be made)
  2) Do you know the man ( stand) in front of the house? (standing)
  3) The question (discuss) at the moment is very important. (being discussed)
  4) The bridge (build) in the 1950s is still in good condition. (built)
  2.5 动名词和动词不定式 作主语和表语 动名词作主语/表语表示一般、抽象的情况;动词不定时作主语表示具体某次的情况。 Rising early is good for health. To rise early tomorrow is difficult for me. It is difficult for me to rise early tomorrow.转自学易网 www.studyez.com My biggest wish is to go abroad. Seeing is believing. 作宾语 接动名词作宾语的动词: admit, acknowledge, avoid, appreciate, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, forgive, finish, include, involve, mind, put off, postpone, suggest, feel like, look forward to, be used to, be accustomed to, etc. 接动词不定式作宾语的动词: want, tend, intend, pretend, hope, plan, expect, be supposed to, seem, be likely to, used to, be willing to, desire, force, prefer, start, begin 接动名词和动词不定式有不同含义的动词:转自学易网 www.studyez.com
  1) forget, remember, regret
  2) stop, continue
  3) need/ want
  4) allow doing/ allow sb to do (
  1) How can I forget meeting you for the first time? Sorry, I forgot to lock the door. (
  2) I can’t stop laughing. Can you stop to give me a hand? (
  3) The grass needs cutting. The grass needs to be cut. (
  4) We don’t allow smoking here. You are not allowed to smoke here.
自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  5) 复习笔记(
Unit 1 转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com
  1. The purpose of making a decision is to establish and achieve organizational goals and objectives.

  2. Managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance.
  3. For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like.
  4. But the tendency to simplify blinds them to other alternatives.
  5. Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several alternatives is best-that is, which contributes the most to the achievement of organizational goals.
  6. Different individuals frequently have different ideas about how to attain the goals, the best choice may depend on who makes the decision.
  7. People often assume that a decision is an isolated phenomenon.
  8. The literary critics should be as objective as possible in analysis and judgment.
  9. She is always ready to argue over the smallest issues.
  10. I argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.
  11. Although he thought he was helping us with the job, he was only in the way. Unit 2
  12. The terms we would normally use to describe a scientific phenomenon are inadequate here.
  13. Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape.
  14. Some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point.
  15. This process of shrinking may be so intense that a black hole results.
  16. It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.
  17. Very advanced technology could one day make use of the energy of black holes for mankind.

  18. He has exerted all his strength to attain his goal.
  19. He has been exerting a lot of pressure on me to change my mind.
  20. The collapse of the government left the country in confusion.
  21. The research group launched out into a series of new experiments. Unit 3 转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com
  22. Each time it is shown, the program starts a nationwide debate on the subject.
  23. In addition to this, a second doctor must confirm that these criteria have been met.
  24. In the vast majority of euthanasia cases, what the patient is actually asking for is something else.
  25. Euthanasia doesn’t take into account that there are ways of caring for the dying.
  26. Anything that legally allows the shortening of life does make those people more vulnerable.
  27. Instructions will be sent immediately on request.
  28. Many people opposed building a new highway because of the great cost.
  29. She bore the whole burden of raising two children alone.
  30. Students are heavily burdened with home assignments.
  31. The committee demands that no member (should) be absent. Unit 4
  32. Of these
  20,0
  00, just under 2000 are being exploited and abused by their employers.
  33. In one of them, a Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of murder, despite protests from various quarters that her guilt had not been adequately established.
  34. I was supposed to be paid £120 but I never received that amount.

  35. My employers always threatened to report me to the Home Office or the police.
  36. Many people doubt whether this will successfully reduce the incidence of abuse.
  37. So if they do complain, they risk being deported.
  38. It is the right to change employers which distinguishes employment from slavery.
  39. The student exploits every possibility to learn English.
  40. Our country is launching a campaign against waste.
  41. We should be always aware of the status of world affairs.
  42. There are likely to be more difficulties than you were prepared for. Unit 5
  43. The new music was built out of materials already in existence.
  44. They freely took over elements from jazz, from American country music, and as time went on from even more diverse sources.
  45. What developed was a music readily taking on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.
  46. In studio recordings, new techniques made possible effects that not
 

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