自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  1) 复习笔记( 语法主要考哪些项目? 语法主要考哪些项目? 英语(二)最常考的语法项目包括:动词时态和语态,非谓语动词,虚拟语气,定语从句,名词性从句,状语从 句,比较级,语序,主谓一致,强调句,基本句型. * 最常考的时态:现在完成时,过去完成时,过去时,一般现在时和将来完成时. * 最常考的非谓语动词:独立结构,动名词作某些动词的宾语,非谓语动词作定语和状语. * 最常考的虚拟语气:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句和主句. * 最常考的定语从句:where 引导的定语从句,名词/代词+ of + which 引导的定语从句. * 名词性从句:what, whether 引导的主语或宾语从句,that 引导的同位语从句. * 状语从句:now that, in that, in case, as, while 引导的状语从句. 哪些词最有可能考单词拼写? 哪些词最有可能考单词拼写? 严格来说,只要是考纲中包括的词都有可能出现在单词拼写大题中,但是从历年考题可以看出,某些词的命中率 要高于其它词,有些词甚至反复考过,这说明考生在背单词的时候还是可以在全面覆盖的基础之上突出重点,提高效 率的.在这里我们不可能一一罗列重要的词汇,下面是我总结的英语(二)常考单词的特点: * 绝大部分是长度在 5-8 个字母之间的中等难度的词,如:victim, gesture 等; * 拼写和读音不完全对称的词,如:dumb, subtle 等. * 个别非常简单,但课文中不是很常见的名词,如:tube. * 从词性上来看,最常考的依次是名省⑿稳荽省⒍省⒑透贝省?/p> 在复习这些单词时,一定要以考试大纲为准,而不能只背教材后面的生词表.一方面,教材后面的生词表中包含 了不少超刚词,完全不会考到;另一方面,对英语(二)来说,从下册教材生词表中出的单词只占三分之一,不可能 涵盖所有要考的内容.同样在复习时一定要讲究准确性,确保背一个记准一个,而不能只是记个大概,最后写出来每 个都差不多但每个都有错. 复习建议 针对上述预测,我们如何制定冲刺阶段的复习计划呢?下面是我推荐的三步复习法.
  1.第一步,应该抽出半个月到二十天的时间,把书上可能考到的内容好好地总结一下.课文中涉及的重要的语法现 象,如带虚拟语气,独立主格的句子,接动名词作宾语的动词,倒装句,强调句,what, that, whether 引导的从句等, 最好都分类摘抄下来.

  2.做完整理工作后,应该进入下一步,即通过一定量的模拟训练来熟悉考试题型,提高实战能力.模拟训练应注意 以下几点: (
  1) 做题时,一定要独立完成.不管做题的过程多么困难,都要硬着头皮去做,只有这样才能在考场上发挥自 如. (
  2)保持一定的频率也很重要.至少一周应该完成两套题,否则达不到强化的效果. (
  3)及时总结.如果做完几套题后反复出现同样的错误,一定要请老师对相关内容作详细的讲解,并针对性地多 做巩固练习,直到问题得到真正的解决. (
  4)做完十套左右的模拟题后,应该再做几套最近几年的真题.这时你可以对自己的实际水平有一个比较准确的 估计.哪些方面是你的长处,哪些方面还存在薄弱环节,并利用最后一两周的时间来进行弥补. (
  5)除了做题,这三个月期间应该天天坚持的是背单词.每天抽出半个小时至一个小时,把大纲词汇包括后面的 词组至少从头至尾完整地过一遍,有可能考拼写的重点单词要动笔抄写,常用活用的词要记搭配,容易混淆的词放在 一起进行比较.
  3.最后一周的总复习. 考试前的最后一周应该再来一次全面的总复习. 复习内容包括第一步中抄下来的课文中的重 点句子,第二步作题时纪录下来的常出错的语法项,重点的单词,和总结出来的答题技巧.如果还有时间,也可以把 最后做过的真题再做一遍.相信经过精心的计划和充分的准备,此刻的你一定成竹在胸,胜券在握了. 自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  2) 复习笔记(
2006-12-5 10:54
页面功能 【字体:大 中 小】【打印】【关闭】
重点语法知识讲解
  1.动词的时态和语态
  1.动词的时态和语态 动词的时态和语态一览表
时态 一般现在时 语态 主动 被动 do are done 现在进行时 主动 are doing are being done 被动 现在完成时 主动 被动 have done have been done 现在完成进行时 were being done 过去完成时 had done had been done 将来完成时 will have done will have been done did were done 过去进行时 were doing will be doing will do will be done 将来进行时 一般过去时 一般将来时
主动 have been doing 被动

  1.1 现在完成时 发生在过去的动作一直持续到现在,或对现在仍有影响. 现在完成时的标志: so far, by now/ up to now,for three years, since 1995, in the past two decades
  1.2 过去完成时 过去的过去.
  1)said, reported, thought 等引导的间接引语中. He missed the train. He said he had missed the train.
  2)hardly…when, no sooner… than 句型中表示先发生的动作 No sooner had he got up than he received the call.
  3)与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中 If I had tried harder, I would have won. I wish I had done better in the exam.
  1.3 完成进行时 从过去一直持续到现在,没有间断.汉语提示语:一直 The water has been running the whole night.
  1.4 过去时 过去某一具体时间发生的事,不考虑与现在的关系. 过去时的标志:yesterday, in 1995, last week,in the nineteenth century,five years ago 等等.
  2.非谓语动词
  2.非谓语动词
  2.1 非谓语动词一览表
非谓语动词 形式 意义
现在分词 一 般 式 被 动 式 完成主动式 完成被动式 过去分词 动词不定式 一 般 式 被 动 式 完成主动式 进行主动式 to do to be done to have done to be doing 主动 , 将要进行 被动 , 将要进行 主动 , 已经完成 主动 , 正在进行 doing being done having done having been done done 主动 , 正在进行 被动 , 正在进行 主动 , 已经完成 被动 , 已经完成 被动 , 已经完成

  2.
  2. 非谓语动词作状语 动词不定式:
  1)目的状语;
  2)结果状语 I came here to meet you. (目的) He hurried to the rail station only to miss the train. (结果) 分词:
  1) 伴随状语;
  2)原因状语;
  3)条件状语
  4)让步状语;
  5)时间状语 Walking along the street, he met his old friend. (时间) Being very tired, my father didn't go out with us. (原因) Made by hand, the silk shirt is very expensive. (原因) Seen from the space, the earth looks like a blue ball. (条件)
  2.3 非谓语动词,状语从句和独立结构
  1) Having done their homework, the children began to play. (分词作状语)
  2) After having done their homework, the children began to play. (连词+分词)
  3) After they had done their homework, the children began to play. (状语从句)
  4) With homework done, the children began to play. (独立结构)
  2.4 非谓语动词作定语
  1) If there is no choice, there is no decision (make). (to be made)
  2) Do you know the man ( stand) in front of the house? (standing)

  3) The question (discuss) at the moment is very important. (being discussed)
  4) The bridge (build) in the 1950s is still in good condition. (built)
  2.5 动名词和动词不定式 作主语和表语 动名词作主语/表语表示一般,抽象的情况;动词不定时作主语表示具体某次的情况. Rising early is good for health. To rise early tomorrow is difficult for me. It is difficult for me to rise early tomorrow. My biggest wish is to go abroad. Seeing is believing. 作宾语 接动名词作宾语的动词: admit, acknowledge, avoid, appreciate, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, forgive, finish, include, involve, mind, put off, postpone, suggest, feel like, look forward to, be used to, be accustomed to, etc. 接动词不定式作宾语的动词: want, tend, intend, pretend, hope, plan, expect, be supposed to, seem, be likely to, used to, be willing to, desire, force, prefer, start, begin 接动名词和动词不定式有不同含义的动词:
  1) forget, remember, regret
  2) stop, continue
  3) need/ want
  4) allow doing/ allow sb to do (
  1) How can I forget meeting you for the first time? Sorry, I forgot to lock the door. (
  2) I can't stop laughing. Can you stop to give me a hand?
(
  3) The grass needs cutting. The grass needs to be cut. (
  4) We don't allow smoking here. You are not allowed to smoke here. 自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  3) 复习笔记(
2006-12-5 10:58
页面功能 【字体:大 中 小】【打印】【关闭】

  3.虚拟语气
  3.虚拟语气 第一大类:非真实条件下的虚拟语气
时间 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 从句 did/ were had done were to do should do 主句 should/could/would + do should/could/would + have done should/could/would + do
If I were you, I would be happy to do it. If we had got the news, we could have prepared earlier. If the job were to succeed, you should work harder. 第二大类:从句中用过去时或过去完成时的虚拟语气
  1) would rather + 从句
  2) wish + 从句
  3) if only + 从句
  4) as if/ as though + 从句
  5) It's time + 从句 I would rather you didn't tell me the story now. I would rather you had told me the story yesterday. 第三大类:从句中用 should 加动词原形的虚拟语气,其中 should 可省略.
  1) suggest, propose, advise, move(动议), ask, order, require, request, desire, insist, prefer 等动词后接的宾语从句;
  2) suggestion, proposal, advice, motion, order, requirement, request, desire, preference
等名词后的同位语从句;
  3) important, necessary, essential, imperative, desirable, advisable, preferable 等形容 词用在 it is … that…句型中;
  4) lest, in case, for fear that 等引导的从句中. It is suggested that the meeting (should) be put off. It is my suggestion that the meeting (should) be put off. It is necessary that the meeting (should) be put off. He came to the office earlier lest he (should) miss the important meeting.
  4.定语从句和名词性从句
  4.定语从句和名词性从句
  4.1 定语从句:限制性和非限制性定语从句 引导定语从句
  1)关系代词(在定语从句中作主语,宾语,表语):which, that, who, whom, whose
  2)关系副词(在定语从句中作状语):when, where, why, how 名词性从句:主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句 引导名词性从句:
  1)主从连词(不在从句中作任何成分):that, whether, if
  2) 连接代词 (在从句中作主语, 宾语, 表语) what, which, who, whom, whose, whatever, : whoever…
  3)连接副词(在从句中作状语):when, where, why, how
  4.2 定语从句和同位语从句的区别 定语从句对名词进行修饰限制,而同位语从句阐述的是名词的具体内容.从语法上看,that, which 在定语从句中做主语或宾语,而同位语的引导词 that 不在从句中担任任何成分.
  1) The story (that) he told me may not be true. 定语从句
  2) The story that he has made a fortune may not be true. 同位语从句
  4.3 什么时候用介词+which 的形式?
如果定语从句缺主语或宾语,用 that/ which 形式.如果定语从句缺状语,用介词+which 形式.
  1) The place which I visited last week is very beautiful.
  2) The place in which I used to live is very beautiful.
  4.4 which 和 as 引导非限制性定语从句 which 和 as 都能引导非限制性定语从句,修饰整个一句话.as 有"正如"的意思,而 which 没有.
  1) He is easy to get angry, which is well known. 他很容易生气,这一点大家都知道.
  2) He is easy to get angry, as everybody knows. 正如大家都知道的那样,他很容易生气. 自考英语( 自考英语(二)复习笔记(
  4) 复习笔记(
2006-12-5 11:3
页面功能 【字体:大 中 小】【打印】【关闭】

  2.1 强化练习
  1.动词时态强化练习
  1.动词时态强化练习
  1. I was hired (hire) by a Saudi diplomat directly from the Philippines to work in London in 19
  89. 解析:过去时的被动语态,标志语:19
  89.
  2. However, many people doubt whether this will reduce (reduce) the incidence of abuse. 解析:一般将来时,表示"会减少"的意思.
  3. Up to that time, the blues had been (be) an essentially black medium. 解析:过去完成时,标志语:up to that time,表示"过去的过去".
  4. Of these 20,000, just under 2000 are being physically, sexually and psychologically abused (abuse). 解析:现在进行时的被动.
  5. If you do not (not, control) it, it will control you. 解析:一般现在时.主讲从现:主句用将来时,但是时间状语,条件状语和让步状语从句中 用现在时.
  6. You will enjoy your fun time more after you have completed (complete) your study
responsibilities. 解析:现在完成时,表示"已经完成".
  7. Maintaining a healthy self-esteem is (be) a challenge that continues throughout life. 解析:一般现在时,动名词做主语,谓语动词用单数.
  8. The second half of the nineteenth century witnessed (witness) the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi. 解析:一般过去时,标志语:the second half of the nineteenth century.
  9. All the worries they might have felt for him were driven (drive) off by the sight of his cheerful face
 

相关内容

英语二复习笔记1

   语法主要考哪些项目? 语法主要考哪些项目? 英语(二)最常考的语法项目包括:动词时态和语态、非谓语动 词、虚拟语气、定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句、比较级、语序、 主谓一致、强调句、基本句型。 * 最常考的时态:现在完成时、过去完成时、过去时、一般现在 时和将来完成时。 * 最常考的非谓语动词:独立结构、动名词作某些动词的宾语、 非谓语动词作定语和状语。 * 最常考的虚拟语气:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句和主 句。 * 最常考的定语从句:where 引导的定语从句、名词/代词+ of + ...

英语二复习笔记4

   2.1 强化练习 1.动词时态强化练习 动词时态强化练习 1. I was hired (hire) by a Saudi diplomat directly from the Philippines to work in London in 1989. 解析:过去时的被动语态,标志语:1989. 2. However, many people doubt whether this will reduce (reduce) the incidence of abuse. 解析:一般将来时,表 ...

自考英语二复习精要

   ☆自考乐园心境随缘,诚与天下自考人共勉!! ! ☆自考乐园分享快乐,你的快乐老家!!☆自考乐园引领成功,你的精神乐园!! ! ! 自考乐园俱乐部,专注于自考,致力于成为全国最全,最优的自考学习交流,资料共享平台..... 英语二复习精要 UNIT 1 1, word study , objective,accompany,argue,define 错误!未找到引用源. 错误!未找到引用源.objective a.错误!未找到引用源.客观的,真实的.错误!未找到引用源.如实的,无偏见的. 错误 ...

自考英语二复习宝典

   " 语法主要考哪些项目? 语法主要考哪些项目? 英语(二)最常考的语法项目包括:动词时态和语态、非谓语动词、虚拟语气、定语从 句、名词性从句、状语从句、比较级、语序、主谓一致、强调句、基本句型。 * 最常考的时态:现在完成时、过去完成时、过去时、一般现在时和将来完成时。 * 最常考的非谓语动词:独立结构、动名词作某些动词的宾语、非谓语动词作定语和状 语。 * 最常考的虚拟语气:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句和主句。 * 最常考的定语从句:where 引导的定语从句、名词/代词+ of + ...

考研英语二复习建议和用书

   英语二复习流程和用书建议: 词汇:4、6级常用词汇 考研分频词汇 其实我不是太推荐背词汇,总觉得不用的词汇久了也就忘了没什么用。只要是做到真题里面出现的每一个词都认识了基本就可以了。这些词汇书可以睡觉前翻翻或者是放松的时候用,我觉得对照句子在语境当中记忆词汇比较好。 题型复习顺序:翻译/阅读 写作 完形/新题型 推荐用书:近十年英语一考研真题 唐静:考研英语翻译拆分与组合 唐静和李剑的新浪博客 翻译是大家复习的时候最容易忽视的,尤其是英语二,难度不大,分值不高。但是,认真地复习翻译,不仅是对于 ...

八年级上册英语复习笔记大全

   八年级上册英语复习笔记 【复习目标】 会使用频率副词及短语; 能描述课余时间的活动安排; 会描述基本饮食结构。 【语言目标】 陕西榆林灯塔教育整理 Unit 1: How often do you exercise? ● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach. ● How often do you eat vegetables? 【重点词汇】 ● ● ● Every day. ● Most studen ...

2008年职称英语考试学习复习笔记

   中华英语学习网www.100yingyu.com 中华英语学习网 官方总站:圣才学习网 官方总站:圣才学习网www.100xuexi.com 2008 年职称英语考试学习复习笔记 英语等级考试介绍 在本辅导中将结合人事部颁发的“全国专业技术人员等级考试大纲”、“全国专业技术人员职称英语等 级考试指南”以及 1999 年的考题向大家介绍职称英语等级考试的内容、水平、题型以及解题的思路、方法 等。 目的是为了帮助大家熟悉这种考试形式,提试成绩。 第一讲主要是和大家介绍职称英语等级考试的特点,如何 ...

PET3公共英语等级考试三级学习笔记(1-20)

   公共英语等级考试三级学习笔记 Unit 1 Greeting and introuduction Dialogues /monologues: 1、You can tell they lived during the Depression. 这里的"tell"是断定的意思,咳……常常把它的意思与(告知、告诉)联系在一起,脑子便 转不过弯来。 此句意思应该是: 你可以断定他们生活在那时的大萧条期。 2、He really knows how to bring a perso ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件:第13讲 名词性从句

   第13讲 13讲 just for a change? 名词性从句 例① ? How about camping this weekend, C ? OK, you want. A. whichever C. whatever B. however D. whoever 解析] 本题考查引导词。 句意: [ 解析 ] 本题考查引导词 。 句意 : “ 这个周末 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊 好啊, 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊,按你的意思 吧!”句子缺少宾语,故用whatever。 ...

英语复习笔记

   英语复习笔记 完型填空( 完型填空(10 分) 1、题型特点及考查内容 文章字数约在 240 至 300 之间。2000 年以前为10道题,文章长度在 150 到 180 字左 右;2001 年后增加到20道题,文章长度在 240 到 300 字左右。第一句一般为主题句,不 设空,第二句通常会设空,每隔 4 至 15 个单词设空。任何一个空都是整篇文章的一部分, 做题时需要考虑整篇文章的背景信息,不能只局限于本句信息。 完型所选文章体裁,以议论文和说明文为主,偶尔夹叙夹议,极少叙述文。文章一 ...

热门内容

大学英语四级机考

   《大学英语》机考完型填空题 大学英语》机考完型填空题 Modern zoos are very different from zoos that were built fifty years 46 . At that time, zoos were places 47 people could go to see animals from many parts of the world. The animals lived in cages that were made 48 concret ...

英语论文写作常用的80句经典句型

   随着经济的繁荣 with the booming of the economy 2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高 with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard 3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣 add much spice / flavor to our daily life 5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly belie ...

英语测试题(八年级上册节节高卷子联合题目)

   英语测试题(笔试部分) 一、 选择题 )1..The river is too deep and too wide. I think can cross it. A. some boys B a boy C a few boys D few boys ( )2. Most of the student hope the new teacher soon. A .comes B. will come C. to come D. is come ( )3. The weather man say ...

英语教研组工作总结

   英语教研组工作总结 左芙蓉 随着新课程改革的全面推进,学校办学水平的不断提升,我们英语教 研组作为学校的基层组织,得到了学校领导的高度重视和大力支持,这使 我们对自身工作也有了更高的认识和定位,为此我们组提出了这样一个工 作总要求,即:“以积极进取的精神状态,自觉学习新课程,掌握新理念, 研究新情况,解决新问题,开拓进取,求实创新”。在具体的工作中,我们 重点抓好了以下几个方面的工作: 一、强化学习,转变观念,落实五环节理想课堂的精神。 在当今信息社会中,教育教学理论不断推陈出新,如不及时学 ...

2010十月自考英语二必考词汇

   accomplish vt.完成(任务等) goal n.目的,目标;得分进球,球门 tendency n.趋势,倾向 managerial a.经理的,管理人的;管理上的,经营上的 implement vt.实现;完成;履行 suboptimization n.局部最优化,次优化 achievement n.完成,达到;成就,成绩 multiple a.多样的,复合的 n.倍数 constraint n.强制;强制因素,制约条件 scheme n.计划;方案 vt./vi ...