《大学英语自学教程》(上册)课后习题答案 大学英语自学教程》(上册) 》(上册
Text A Unit 1 Exercises for the Text I.
  1.d II.
  1.task urpose III.
  1.Instead of her hand IV.
  1.Research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.
  2.Language learning is active learning.Therefore,successful learners should look for every c hance to use the language.
  3.Language learning should be active,independent and purposeful.
  4.Learning a language is different from learning maths.
  5.The teacher often imparts successfull language learning experiences to us. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.success b.successful b.depend c.successfully c.dependent c.discovered c.purpose
  2.therefore
  3.more...than
  4.even
  5.First of all
  6.because
  7.on the ot
  2.intelligent
  9.probably
  3.research
  10.outline
  4.clue
  5.conclusion
  6.repeat
  7.communicate
  8.p
  2.a
  3.c
  4.d
  5.d

  8.finally

  9.looking for

  10.Conversely

  2.a.indepence
  3.a.covered
b.uncover

  4.a.purposeful II.
  1.inexact
b.purposefully

  2.technique

  3.outlined
  6.clues
  9.similar

  4.communicate
  7.intelligent
  10.statement III.
  1.disagree
  4.inexact IV.

  5.regularly

  8.incomplete

  2.independent
  5.uncover

  3.incomplete

  1.They find it hard to master a foreign language.
  2.The research shows that successful men are similar in many ways.
  3.Successful language learners do not only depend on the book or the teacher.
  4.We are willingto help our friends.
  5.We should learn new things independently,actively,and purposefully.
Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.T
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.T
  6.F
  7.F
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F II.
  1.With the help of their fingers
  2."I am thirsty."
  3.tea,coffee,wine,beer and soda-water
  4.Put his hands on his stomach
  5.nothing but drinks
  6.much more exact
  7.meanings and can be put together into sentences
  8.form new sentences
  9.talk
  10.speak Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.b
  2.a
  3.c
  4.e
  5.d II.
  1.B
  2.A
  3.B
  4.D
  5.A
  6.A
  7.C
  8.C
  9.C
  10.B Grammar Exercises I. whether 连词 towards 介词 second 数词 repeat 动词 not 副词 than 连词 which 连词 hour 名词 successful 形容词 because 连词 even 副词 differ 动词 some 形容词/代词/副词 communicate 动词
probably 副词
intelligent 形容词 regular 形容词 into 介词 seem 系动词 II.
oh 感叹词

  1.Let 动词 round 介词
  2.fresh 形容词 for 介词
  3.leave 名词 call 动词 on 介词 if 连词 spare 动词

  4.Even 副词 it 代词
  5.Where 连接副词 will 名词
  6.after 介词 calm 名词
  7.seem 系动词 those 代词 makes 名词
  8.without 介词 return 名词
  9.strict 形容词 work 动词
  10.news 名词 live 形容词 meeting 名词 III. (斜体为主语,带下划线的为谓语)
  1.Most adults would disagree with this statement.
  2.How much time did they allow you for doing the work.
  3. I had a visit from Mary yesterday.
  4. China's stand on this questionis clear to all.
  5.Warm clothes protest against the cold of winter.
  6.What we need is more practice.
  7.There doesn't seem to be much chance of my getting job.
  8.In those days the cost of living rose by nearly 4 percent.
  9.There are a number of people interested in the case.
  10.Every means has been tried but without much result. IV.
  1.a magazine (宾语)last night (状语)
  2.in need (定语)indeed (定语)
  3.outside your area (定语)telephoning long distance (主语补足语)
  4.your children (宾语)all day (状语)
  5.his direction (宾语)French (宾语)
  6.me (宾语)plenty of exercises (不定式宾语)
  7.long (宾语)to London (状语)
  8.those (宾语)who help themselves (从句作定语)
  9.her (宾语)above others (宾语补足语)
  10.to build a hotel in the village (定语)of the foreigners (定语) Unit 2 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.a
  2.c
  3.a
  4.a II.
  1. Income tax is a certain percentage of the salaries paid to the goverment.
  2. Graduated income tax means the percentage of the tax(14 to 70 percent) increases a s a person's income increase.
  3. Property tax is that people who own a home have to pay taxes on it.
  4. Exercise tax is charged on cars in a city.
  5. Sales tax is a percentage charged to any item which you buy in that state. III.
  5.c

  1.due
  2.depends on
  3.diverse
  4.consists of
  5.simila
  6.tends to
  7.complaining about
  8. In addition to
  9.issue
  10.agreed on IV.
  1.How much do you charge for a haircut.
  2.We are trying to use funds for the Red Cross.
  3.He has earned a good reputation for honsety.
  4.We pay taxes in exchange for government services.
  5.An open letter protests the government's foreign policy. V.
  1.Every citizen is obliged to pay taxes.(It is obligatory on every citizen to pay taxes)(It is e very citizen's duty to pay taxes.)
  2.Americans often say that there are two things they can be sure of in life.
  3.There are generally three levels of government in the United States; therefore,there ar e three types of taxes.
  4.Some states charge income tax in addition to a sales tax.
  5.Americans complain that taxes are too high and the government uses them in the wron g way. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a. percent
  2.a. adds
  3.a. confused
  4.a. complained II.
  1.charge
  2.departmen
  3.due
  4.diverse
  5.earns
  6.vary
  7.property
  8.leading
  9.funds 1
  0.tends III.
  1.China leads the world with silk products.
  2.In addition to an income tax some states charge a sales tax.
  3.The sales tax varies from price to price of any item you buy.
  4.People often complain about the increasing price.
  5.His mother says that he spends too much time on TV every day. Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.F
  3.F
  4.T II.
  1.attracts
  2.leisure
  3.available
  4.limited
  5.estimate III.
  1.decided on
  4.carried over IV.
  2.approved
  5.put up with
  3.estimate
  6.characteristic of
  5.T
  6.T
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F b. percentage b. addition b. confusing b. complain c. percent c. additional c. confusion c. complaint

  1.B
  2.C
  3.B
  4.A
  5.C Grammar Exercises I.
  1.SV
  6.SVOC II.
  2.SVO
  7.SVOC

  6.D

  3.SVOC
  8.SVO
  13.SVOC

  4.SVC
  9.SVOO

  5.SVO
  10.SVOC

  11.SVOC
  12.SVC

  14.SVOO
  15.SVC
  4.make
  9.sounds
  5.remember
  10.gave

  1.prefer
  2.insisted
  3.need
  6.look III.
  1.B
  2.C
  3.D
  4.A
  5.B IV.
  7.worked
  8.was

  6.C
  7.A
  8.D
  9.A
  10.D

  1.The two languages are different/not similar in many way.
  2.The deaf and dumb can neigher speak nor hear.
  3.The Englishman speaks a very good Italian.
  4.Could you pass me a cup of coffee.
  5.At this time he felt thirsty and hungry.
  6.Yesterday evening she asked me to wait for her at the gate of the restaurant.
  7.When did you get up this morning.
  8.The story sounds interesting,but it is not true.
  9.The meat and macaroni cost me 25 yuan.
  10.She oftern teaches the children to sing English songs.
Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.b
  2.b
  3.d
  4.b
  5.c II.
  1.divorce
  2.single
  3.extended
  6.increase
  9.earn

  4.together
  5.traditional
  7.result
  10.often III.
  1.basically
  4.divorced
  7.industrial
  10.nucleus
  8.love

  2.Traditionally
  5.related

  3.extended
  6.relative

  8.industrialized
  9.nuclear
IV.
  1.There are many single parent families and remarried families in the US.
  2.Undoubtedly,the members of an extended family are related by floodor by marriage.
  3.The nuclear family in China usually consists of two parents and their only child.
  4.The family has a sense of belonging for both the young and the old.
  5.Most people are unwilling to live with their parents when they grow up.
Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.relative
  2.relation c.relate c.extended c.traditional c.industry

  2.a.extension
  3.a.tradition
b.extensive b.Traditionally

  4.a.industrialized II.
  1.relatives
b.industrial

  2.extend

  3.Marriage
  6.traditional

  4.descended
  7.social

  5.nucleus

  8.definition

  9.security

  10.basically III.
  1.In a modern family both the father and the mother earn money for the family.
  2.She is a teacher,while her elder brother is a engineer.
  3.Traditionally,Chinese youth live with their parents until they grow up and marry.
  4.All the teachers care for my progress in study.
  5.In some families,both parents work and take care of their family and children as well.
  6.The group was split up into two because it was too large.
  7.They plan to extend their study in this field.
  8.She divorced her husband two years ago.
Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.T
  6.F
  7.T
  8.T
  9.F II.
  1.equal
  2.physical and emotional
  3.nuclear
  4.worked outside the home
  5.housework/preparation
  10.T

  6.her first years of marriage
  7.busier
  8.the family has two incomes
  9.child care center,baby sitter
  10.get ready for school,make their breakfast Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.D II.
  1.dependent
  4.similarities
  7.customary Grammar Exercises I.
  1.are being printed
  3.will be pulled
  5.will be built
  9.would be given II.
  1.All the books are kept in good order in the library.
  2.The income tax was graduated from 14 to 70 precent in the 1960's.
  3.Sometimes we can be persuaded to buy things that are not necessary.
  4.What should be done in a case like this?
  5.It has been announced that they will invite only three of us to the party.
  6.The meeting will be put off till next Monday.
  7.You are not allowed to smoke in the laboratory.
  8.The problem must be dealt with without any delay.
  9.He was given a warm welcome at the railway statation.
  10.Your baby will be looked after at the day-care center. III.
  1.is spoken
  3.was turned off
  7.were taken care of IV.
  1.Was the United Nations established in 1945?
  2.It is said that he was seriously injured.
  3.This building will be designed by Doctor Ford.
  4.Where was the last meeting held?
  5.Was America discovered by Columbus in 1492?
  6.This task must be accomplished by you.
  7.The patient should be treated cardfully.
  2.can not be kept
  4.ware believed
  8.can be remembered
  2.are guaranteed
  4.were developed
  6.was praised
  10.is being done
  2.primary
  5.role
  3.structured
  6.partners
  2.A
  3.B
  4.C
  5.D

  7.has been translated
  8.had been sent

  5.should not be eaten
  6.were let off
  9.would be becalmed
  10.are lighted up

  8.She was given a warm welcome at the railway station.
  9.He is called Lao Wang,though he is not old at all.
  10.The gate had been closed when I came back. Unit 8 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.c
  2.a
  3.b
  4.d
  5.d II.
  1.transmit
  4.demostrate
  7.travel III.
  1.television broadcasts,telephone calls and printed materials
  2.an education and entertainment center
  3.transmits,stores,displays
  4.a risk to our privacy IV.
  1.over
  6.at V.
  1.Information stored in computers can be transmitted wia satellite to anyong who can pa y for the service.
  2.Now a satellite is capable of receiving and transmitting 18,000 telephone calls simutaneo usly.
  3.The high and new telenology may harm us as well as help us.
  4.To greet the 21st century,it is important for us to learn to use computers well.
  5.The purpose of learning the new technology is to apply it. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.established(v.)
  2.a.signal(v.)
  4.a.limited II.
  1.display
  4.remote
  7.access III.
  1.Satellites are capable of transmitting not only television broadcast but also telephone call
  2.theory
  5.visual
  8.channel
  3.established
  6.signalled
  9.transmitted
  3.a.entertainment b.established(a.) c.sign c.entertains b.entertainer c.establishment b.signal(n.)
  2.via
  3.to
  4.of
  5.for
  10.between
  7.on
  8.of
  9.from
  10.application
  2.access
  8.available
  3.remote
  6.simutaneously
  9.privacy
  5.instuction
b.limit,limit
c.unlimited

  10.transportation
s.
  2.In theory,every person has access to education.
  3.You should follow the doctor's instrucations on how to take the medicine.
  4.Computer systems can transmit sounds as well as pictures.
  5.It is modern technology that leads us to success.
  6.The patient should be isolated from other patients.
  7.The soldier displayed his bravery and skill.
  8.His experiment has fully demonstrated the psychological principle. Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.T
  3.T
  4.T
  5.F
  6.F
  7.T
  8.T
  9.T II.
  1.where
  2.deadly
  3.2,000 pounds
  4.The coal,oil,and gas we have on earth
  5.our bodies
  6.a powerful current of eletrical energy
  7.the electric energy
  8.the energy in the atmosphere
  9.automobiles,airlines,factories,atomic explosions
  10.learn how to protect our atmosphere,the roof over the world of man. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.d II.
  1.atmosphere
  4.radar
  7.caused
  2.existence
  3.thorough
  5.elements
  8.rest on
  6.protect,from
  2.c
  3.b
  4.e
  5.a
  10.F
Grammar Exercises I.
  1.to say like it 主语
  2.to discover the secret 状语
  3.how to use the waste paper 宾补
  4.to tell the difference between the two 主语
  5.not to miss the train 状语
  6.to improve the present economic situation 定语
  7.To be a teacher of the people 状语
  8.grow 宾补
  9.to write a story 宾语
  10.be treated in that way 宾补

  11.to make such experiment 定语
  12.to make care of so many children 主语
  13.to hear her talk like that 状语
  14.to be very interesting 主补
  15.to be waiting for us here 宾补
  16.to be discuss today 定语 to divide the work among ourselves 表语
  17.to attend the meeting 主补 to be held in Room 201 定语
  18.to have seen your performance 状语
  19.to learn new words 状语
  20.to build their houses by instinct 主补 II.
  1.He has his own method to learn foreign languages.
  2.Sometimes it is necessary for us to learn from mistakes.
  3.She decided to leave the hotel at three p.m.
  4.He is said to have a bright future.
  5.A lot of peasants left their hometown for Beijing to look for jobs.
  6.It took Columbus more than two months to sail across the Atlantic.
  7.Do you have any question to ask?
  8.The room is not big enough to hold so many people.
  9.In the traditional family,the role of the mother is to look after children.
  10.She is too young to understand these things. Unit 9 Tex
 

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