搭配:

  1. focus on sb./sth.; be focused on 集中;聚焦;关注/动词词组
a focus of attention 注意力/名词词组

  2. at all levels 在各个层次/介词词组

  3. make any sense to sb. 对某人来说有意义;某人不明白某事/动词词组

  4. make a difference in sth./doing sth. 在什么方面有区别/动词词组

  5. ability to do sth. 有能力做某事;注:永远没有 ability of doing sth./名词词组

  6. keep in random order 顺序混乱/动词词组

  7. group sth. into sth. 把什么按什么分组/动词词组

  8. as follows 如下所示/副词词组

  9. needless to say 毋庸多言/作插入语

  10. refer to sth./doing sth. 提到、指的是、参考;refer back to 重提某事;refer sb. to sb. else 让某人去找另 外一人 e.g. If he needs any further information, refer him to me. 如果他还需要了解什么情况,让他来找我。注: prefer 更喜欢。

  11. relate sth. to/with sth. 把什么和什么联系在一起:可指物或事件。
associate sb./sth. with sb./sth. 把某人或某事联系在一起:特指人。

  12. compare A with B 把 A 和 B 作比较/动词词组
语言点:

  1. a number of 表示许多,后面接可数名词复数;an amount of 后接不可数名词

  2. 形式主语句:it is/was +adj.+to do sth.; to do sth.为真正的主语,it 为形式主语
e.g. It is useful to know how these principles work.

  3. 使役动词:make sb. do sth./ help sb. do sth.

  4. Categorizing is another means of organization. 注:动词的-ing 做主语;means 单复数同型

  5. In memorizing a number,you might try to associate it with familiar numbers or events.(注意介词后的动 词形式)

  6. Research has shown striking improvements in many types of memory tasks when people are asked to visualize the items to be remembered.(注意动词不定式后使用被动态是由于 item 和 remember 之间是被动关系)研 究表明当人们被要求用形象的办法来记住东西的时候,各种记忆力都会得到明显的提高。 Text B Short-term Memory
搭配:

  1. in contrast 与此相反; 同义词 conversely, on the other hand (阅读技巧:下文和上文的完全转折)

  2. over and over 一次又一次地/副词词组

  3. look up sth. in sth. 在什么中查找,查阅什么/动词词组

  4. repeat sth. to oneself 自言自语/动词词组

  5. study sth. with sth. 用什么来研究什么/动词词组

  6. turn on/turn off the lights 开灯、关灯/动词词组

  7. be released from some place 被从什么地方放出/动词词组

  8. to begin with 首先,最初/副词词组
语言点:

  1. 时态问题: 在时间状语、 条件状语从句中, 主句用将来时态, 从句用现在时表示将来。 E.g. If someone interrupts you, you will probably forget the number.

  2. able-unable

  3. Following the recording, the subjects took a 15-question test to see which words they remembered. 注: Following=after;a 15-question test=a 15 questions'test; a five-year old boy=a five years’ old boy

  4. relate(联系)-related(相连的)-unrelated(不相关联的)
搭配:

  1. separate A from B 把某人;或某物分开/动词词组

  2. keep sb. from doing sth. 使某人无法做某事;无法做某事/动词词组

  3. on the average 平均;below/above the average 在什么的水平以下;上/介词词组

  4. furnish sth for sb. 给某人提供某物/动词词组

  5. pile up 折起,累计,若干车辆碰在一起/动词词组
语言点:

  1. 本课带宾补的动词:make
e.g. make early sailors unwilling to do sth.(宾补)
Two things make the Atlantic Ocean rather unusual.

  2. 形容词的特殊用法:
It is more than 4000 miles wide.(形容词后置)
On the average the water is a little more than two miles deep.

  3. 形容词前有 as,so,no,too,how 等词时,不定冠词应置于形容词之后,如:
e.g. We couldn't do it in so short a time.
She is too kind a girl to refuse.
Aids is so terrible a disease.
He is too old a man to do that kind of job.

  4. suppose +句子=表示一种假设

  5. it takes/took +(某人)+多少时间+to do sth. 花了某人多少时间做某事。
It would take the ocean about 4000 years to dry up.

  6. much 可以用来修饰形容词的比较级。E.g. much better;much deeper.

  7. raise 为及物动词,后可以加宾语,e.g. raise the pay.(增加工资);rise 为不及物动词(其后不能加宾语),e.g. the sun rises in the east. 注:宾语为名词,代词,动词的-ing.

  8. 在一般名词所构成的专有名此前需要加定冠词。
E.g. the Azores 亚苏尔群岛; the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋

  9. for 用来连接两个句子的时候为并列连词,表原因。
E.g. Here the water is quiet,for there is little wind.

  10. In the days of sailing vessels the crew were afraid they would be becalmed here.主谓一致

  11. so … that/ such …that 句型:太…+句子
e.g. We now have such fast ways of traveling that this big ocean seems to have grown smaller. 我们现在有 太多快速的旅行方式,因此大西洋看起来好像小了很多。
So 主要用来修饰形容词或副词;such 则最终需要修饰名词。

  12. across 为介词或副词,使用它时,句子中应该已有动词。
E.g Icebergs float down from the Far North across the paths of ships.
Cross 为动词,作谓语或跟在动词不定式 to 后面。E.g. Columbus sailed for more than two months to cross it. Text B The Moon
搭配:

  1. be kept tied to sth./sb. 离不开某人/紧紧的依附于某物

  2. face towards sth./sb. 面向;face away from sth./sb. 背向

  3. keep sth./sb. in mind 牢记于心

  4. be lighted up by sth. 被什么照亮

  5. speak of 提及;说到

  6. reflect sth. on to sth. 把什么反射到什么上去
语言点:

  1. 半系动词(半系动词后加形容词):remain/stand/look/appear

  2. 世界独一无二的事物前应该加定冠词。如:the earth, the world, the moon

  3. except,except for,besides 怎么区别?
besides
“除…外,还有…”,指更进一步的拥有,包括所“除”事物在内。?
Have you got any clothes besides these? 除了这些衣服你还有别的吗??
except
不包括所引事物。常与 no, none, nothing 等否定词或 all, everyone, everything 等连用,但不可用于句首。
They all went to the Summer Palace except one. 除一人之外他们都去了颐和园。
except for
常指除去所引情况让人稍感遗憾之外,整体情况尚属理想,被除去的事物与正在谈及的事物之间不具有共同属性或性质。
The roads were clear except for a few cars. 除几辆小汽车外,路面很空旷。

  4. enough 作为副词时修饰形容词放在形容词后,adj.+enough for sb. to do sth. e.g. it is light enough for us to be able to see its outline.

  5. 初次接触到带介词定语从句,如:
The light by which we see the old moon does not come from the sun, but from the earth.
“The old moon in the new moon's arms” is nothing but that part of the moon's surface on which it is night.
There are several ways in which we can make material more meaningful.
Which 代指前面被修饰的名词,翻译时,就把 which 前的介词放在被修饰的名词前即可。
如: The light by which=by light 通过月光
surface on which=on surface 在月亮上的表面
several ways in which=in several ways 在很多方面

  6. 感观动词 see 的特殊用法:see sb. do sth.或 see sb. doing sth. 前者表示看到了全过程,或者表示正在看到的动作。

  7. nothing but 表示仅仅 E.g. The money brought nothing but sadness.这笔钱仅仅带来了痛苦。
 

相关内容

自考英语讲义(1)

   1. be eager to do sth./be eager for sth. 渴望做某事/动词词组 2. be supposed to do sth. 应该,被认为去做某事;it is supposed that 人们认为 3. be supplied to sb. 把某物提供给某人 4. substitute A for B 用 A 来替换 B/动词或名词词组 5. wash sth. down sth. 用什么来涑下什么/动词词组 6. have to do with/have no ...

自考英语讲义(3)

   搭配: 1. be sure of 确保、一定、毫无疑问/形容词词组 2. have a corner in/on sth. 垄断/动词词组 e.g. have a corner on the textile market 垄断纺织市场 have a corner in textile 对纺织品进行垄断 3. lead the world with sth. 以什么来引领世界/动词词组 4. vary in sth. 有差异 e.g. vary in ideas 想法有差异 vary sth ...

孙伟职称英语讲义??2.基本句型时态及学习方法

   中华英语学习网www.100yingyu.com 官方总站:圣才学习网www.100xuexi.com 第2课 专业技术职称英语等级考试基本句型时态及学习方法 主讲:孙伟 1979 年开始从事英语教学及翻译工作。而后进入美国波音公司任翻译,获该公司四种 专业翻译执照。1988 年赴英,在伦敦大学进修教育学,主修中西方比较文学。1994 年回国从事教育工 作。1996 年赴加拿大,在加拿大国际航空公司及温哥华学院进修,先后于多所大学任教。 ●不是因为有些事情难以做到,我们才失去自信, 而是我们 ...

英语讲义2

   学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 一、名词词组和固定搭配 1.介词+名词 by accident 偶然 on account of 因为,由于,为了……的缘故 in addition to 另外,加之 in addition 除…之外(还) in the air 流传中 on (the/an) average 按平均值,通常 on the basis of 根据,在…的基础上 at best 充其量,至多 for the better 好转,向好的方向发展 on b ...

高考英语听力

   高中英语听力教学 的探究与实践 Jiashan Senior High School Cao Yonghua 发言提纲 高中英语听力教学存在的误区 高中英语听力学习的主要障碍 高中英语听力理解的本质特征 高考英语听力要求和命题规律 高中英语听力学习的策略指导 高中英语听力培养的普遍做法 教师用英语授课 相互倾听“ 生 生 生 相互倾听“师-生,生-生”英语交流 播放阅读材料的朗读带 利用教材中的Listening 和练习册中的 利用教材中的 听力训练 举行定期的经常性的听力测试, 举行定期的 ...

初一英语讲义

   初一讲义 一、单项填空 1. My father likes TV. He TV every day. A. sees; sees B. watches; watching C. seeing; sees D. watching; watches 2. It’s old picture. picture is on the wall. A. /; a B. a; The C. the; A D. an; The 3. Han Mei is a good girl. She music. A. ...

外贸英语讲义

   《外贸 写》讲义 目 录 英语读 第一部分 外贸业务基础知识 第一讲 外贸业务基本流程 Basic Procedures for International Trade 1.1 出口业务流程图 Diagramed Procedure for Export 1.2 进口业务流程图 Diagramed Procedure for Import 1.3 外贸价格条款基本知识 Price Terms 1.4 基本的支付方式与单据 Payment Terms and Bills 第二讲 商务函电写作基 ...

英语语法讲义2

   www.rrky.com 人人免费考研资料社区 08 最新的专业课资料免费分享 语法讲义 英语 英语语法讲义 名词 .................................................................................. 冠词和数词 ............................................................................ 代词...................... ...

高一英语讲义15

   科目:英语 年级:高一 教师:陈景花 2006-2007 年第一学期第十五周视频讲义(12.24) Unit 12 Art and literature 一、知识简述 考点预览(1) 1.a series; a television series; a series of 2.reach one’s goal; obtain / achieve one’s goal; score a goal 3.compare…with…; compare…to…; compared to / with… ...

高一英语讲义11

   科目:英语 年级:高一 教师:陈景花 2006-2007 年第一学期第十一周视频讲义(11.26) Unit 9 Technology 一、知识结构简述 考点预览(1)Warning up, listening & speaking 单词:item, toothpick, automobile, press 短语:fit on 句式:It’s one’s turn. 考点预览(2)Reading 单词:teenager, image, function, add, latest, f ...

热门内容

品管常见英语词汇总

   日 常 English 一、 词组 QC: QC Quality control;(品质管理) QS: QS Quality system; (品质系统) IQC: IQC Incoming quality control;(进料检验) PQC: PQC Process quality control;(制程检验) FQC: FQC Final quality control;(最终检验) OQC: OQC Outgoing quality control;(出货检验) QA: QA Qua ...

2010年12月英语六级全真预测试卷及答案解析

   31 2010 年 12 月大学英语六级考试全真预测试卷三 Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Are We Really Prepared? After the attacks on September 11 and the hurricanes that slammed the Gulf Coast last year, you'd expect our major cities to be ...

VOA标准英语2010年-Emotional Comeback for US

   Three-time Olympian Jennifer Rodriguez hung up her skates four years ago after failing to win a medal at the 2006 Turin Olympics, where she was considered a strong contender for a podium finish in three individual events. She says she did not enjoy ...

Lesson15高级英语课程教案第一册

   Text Book Title Teaching Aims 《高级英语》由张汉熙主编, 外语教学与研究出版社 Unit 15 No Signposts in the Sea 1. Improving Reading Skillsunderstanding journal writings 2. Enriching Vocabulary enlarging vocabulary cultivating students’ sense of word building understanding ...

英语词汇大全

   Abbreviation 省略;略语 Abnormal combustion 异常燃烧 Abnormal knocking 异响 Abnormal motion 异常运动 Abrasion 磨蚀,磨损,研磨 Abrasion resistance 耐磨性、抗磨性 Abrasion resisting properties 耐磨性 Abrasion test 磨损试验 Abrasive 磨料 Abrasive cloth 砂布 Abrasive paper 砂纸 Abrasive powder ...