Text A How to be a successful language learner?
  1.successful adj. 成功的He is a successful writer. (他是一个有成就的作家.)
  He hopes he will be successful this time. (他希望他这次能够成功.)
  success n. 成功Their film is a great success.(他们的影片很成功.)
  We are sure of success. (我们一定能成功.)
  succeed v. 成功I succeeded in getting the joB.(我成功地得到了这份工作.)
  She succeeded in passing the exam. (她考试及格了.)
  2.adult adj. & n. 成年的,成熟的;成年人These adult films are not suitable for children.(这些成人电影,儿童不宜观看.)
  Don't worry too much about him, he is an adult now.(别为他过分担心,他是成年人了.)
  3.disagree vi. 有分歧,不同意;不符,不一致agree vi. 同意I disagree with you about this.〔对于这件事,我跟你的意见不同.〕These figures disagree with last week's results.(这些数据与上周的结果不符.)
  I agree with what you said.(我同意你所说的.)
  She agreed to the plan.(她赞成这个计划.)
  We haven't agreed on the date of the meeting.(我们还没商定会议的日期.)
  agreement n. 同意;协议disagreement n. 不同意We haven't reached an agreement yet.(我们还没达成协议.)
  There was no disagreement, and the proposal was accepted.(没有不同意见,这个建议被接受了.)
  (请注意:前缀dis-通常可以加在动词,名词,形容词前面,构成反意词.例如:dissatisfy,disorder,disable. 后缀-ment加在动词的后面,构成名词.例如:arrangement,argument 等.)
  4.statement n. 声明,陈述 (由动词state 加名词后缀-ment构成)
  Very soon he made his first public statement about the affair. (他很快就此事件首次发表公开声明.)
  Do you believe the witness's statement? (你相信证人的陈述吗?)
  (请注意动词与名词的搭配:issue a statement, make a statement)
  5.guarantee n. & v. 保证,担保,保修He gave his guarantee that he would repay the money as soon as he could.(他保证他会尽快还钱.)
  The washing machine is guaranteed for five years.(这台洗衣机保用5年.)
  (请注意guarantee做动词的用法:guarantee sth.,guarantee that, guarantee against/from )
  6.intelligent adj. 聪明的,明智的He made an intelligent decision.(他做出了明智的决定.)
  Human beings are much more intelligent than animals.(人类远比动物聪明.)
  Intelligence n. 聪明,智力She prided herself on her intelligence.(她为自己的聪明感到自豪.)
  Intelligently adv. 聪明地,明智地They dealt with the problem intelligently.(他们明智地处理了这个问题.)
  7.conversely adv. 相反地Some are wealthy but unhappy;conversely,others are happy but not wealthy.
  converse adj. 相反的I hold the converse opinion.(我的观点相反.)
  converse v. 交谈,谈话He felt it difficult to converse with Helen in English.(他觉得跟海伦用英语交谈很困难.)
  8.similar adj. 相似的,类似的The two animals are similar to each other in appearance.(这两只动物外表很相似.)
  similarity n. 相似,类似Their differences are more noticeable than their similarities.(他们的不同之处比相同之处更明显.)
  9.independent adj. 独立的,自主的(这个词的词根是depend,在depend的后面加上后缀 -ent可以构成形容词,加上 -ence则可以构成名词;在dependent,dependence前面加上前缀 in- 又可以构成反义词.)
  depend v. 依靠,依赖dependence n. 依靠,依赖dependent adj. 依靠的,依赖的independence n. 独立,自主India won its independence in 19
  10.clue n. 线索,提示The police searched all the houses but found no clues.(警察搜索了所有的房屋,但是没有发现任何线索.)
  (注意用法:find/give a clue to sth.)
  11.conclusion n. 结论,推论conclude v. 断定,决定(注意用法:come to a conclusion,jump at a conclusion,draw a conclusion,reach a conclusion)
  What conclusions did you come to?(你得出了什么结论?)
  12.communicate v. 交流,交际,通讯communication n. 交流,通讯communicative adj. 爱说话的To communicate with him is no easy job, as he is not a communicative person.(他是一个不爱说话的人,与他交流可不容易.)
  Speech and writing are man's most important methods of communication.(说和写是人类最重要的交流方式.)
  13.inexact adj. 不正确的,不精确的与independent一样,该词是由形容词 exact加前缀in- 构成的.
  14.incomplete adj. 不完整的complete adj.& v. 完整的;完成This is an incomplete sentence, please add the omitted part and make it complete.
  〔这是一个不完整的句子,请加上省略的成分使其完整.〕I don't think I can complete the work in 2 hours. 〔我想我在两小时内干不完这活.〕
  15.purpose n. 目的,意图,用途purposeful adj. 有目的的,有意图的purposefully adv. 有目的地,蓄意地The purpose of the meeting was to discuss his proposal.〔会议的目的是讨论他的建议.〕He let out the information purposefully to you.〔他有意向你透露了这个消息.〕
  16.regularly adv. 经常地,定期地regular adj. 经常的,定期的irregular adj. 不规则的,无规律的If you review your lessons regularly, you will do well on tests.
  17.technique n. 技术,技巧,手艺Good study techniques help him to be one of the straight A students in his class.
  18.outline v.& n. 概括;大纲,提纲;轮廓He listened carefully as I outlined my reasons.〔在我简述我的原因时,他认真地听着.〕The English teacher asked us to write a brief outline of the story.
  〔英语老师让我们写这篇故事的概要.〕He saw the outline of the house in the moonlight.(在月光下,他看到了那座屋子的轮廓.)
  1.名词后缀 -ment agreement, statement
  2.名词后缀 -ation, -ion, -sion communication, completion, conclusion
  3.名词后缀 -ity similarity, regularity
  4.名词后缀 -ence intelligence, independence
  5.形容词后缀 -ful successful, purposeful
  6.副词后缀 -ly conversely, regularly, purposefully
  7.反义词前缀 in inexact, incomplete, independent
  8.反义词前缀 dis disagree, d
iscover本课简介How to Be a Successful Language Learner 是一篇典型的说明文.此类文章通常以逻辑顺序安排材料,作者要回答HOW或WHY方面的问题.在说明文的阅读与写作中,要注意抓主题句以及使文章内容启承转合的常用词句.
  1.Learning a language is easy.
  这是一个 主语+动词+表语 (SVP)句型.句中learning a language为动名词短语,在句子中做主语.再如:
  Forgetting the past means betrayal.(忘记过去就意味着背叛.)
  1)阅读英语比讲英语容易.(Reading English is easier than speaking it.)
  2)集邮是我弟弟的爱好.(Collecting stamps is my little brother's hobby.)
  2.Even a child can do it.
  even在句中作副词用,加强语气,表示“甚至(…也),连(…都)”.如:He even didn't trust his best friend.(他甚至不信任他最好的朋友.)
  请注意even与 even if/though的区别并翻译下面的句子:
  1)这个我连听都没听过.(I haven't even heard of it.)
  2)即使花了数天时间复习,他也没能考好.(He didn't do well in the exam even though he spent days reviewing.)
  3.Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement.
  句中who are learning a second language为定语从句,修饰先行词most adults,再如:
  The man who wrote this book is a teacher.(写这本书的人是一位教师.)
  (The boy who is in a blue jacket is our monitor.)
  (The book that you lent me yesterday is very interesting.)
  A picnic without you wouldn't be fun.(野餐没你参加会很没意思.)
  1)表示过去将来时:I felt confident that everything would be all right.
  2)表示意愿:I asked him not to do it,but he wouldn't listen to me.
  3)表示习惯性:Every evening, we would go for a walk along the river.
  4)表示虚拟,假设,条件:If you had come earlier,you would have seen him.
  5)表示婉转地请求或建议:Would you look after my cat while I am away?
  14.They need hundreds of hours of study and practice,and even this will not guarantee success for every adult language learner.
  注意句中hundreds of hours的用法,阅读课本第六页注解
  1)十个学生 ten students数十个学生 tens of students
  2)五百年 five hundred years数百年 hundreds of years
  3)两千年 two thousand years数千年 thousands of years
  4)三百万美元 three million dollars数百万美元 millions of dollars
  5.Language learning is different from other kinds of learning.
  句中be different from 意为“与…不同”,如:My opinion is different from yours.(我的观点与你的观点不同.)
  Man is different from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use a language.
  Man differs from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use a language.
  The greatest difference between man and all the other animals is his ability to learn and use a language.
  从上面的句子中可以看出differ是动词,different 是形容词,difference是名词.
  6.… find it difficult to succeed in language learning.
  … find it difficult to succeed in other fields.
  句中的it是形式宾语(formal object),真正的宾语(real object)是不定式to succeed in language learning,此类用法在英语中很常见,请注意掌握.如:At first I found it difficult to remember all these new words.(开始我感到记住这些单词很难.)
  (The noise outside made it difficult for me to go on with my work.)
  (They consider it a waste of time to argue any further.)
  (She thought it right to tell Xiao Wang the truth.)
  7.Language teachers often offer advice to language learners.
  1)He offered me a cup of tea after I sat down.(我坐下后他给我端来一杯茶.)
  2)What suggestions would you like to offer to those young teachers?(对这些新教师你有什么建议要提吗?)
  3)This shop offers all kinds of stationery.(这家商店供应各种文具.)
  4)The old man offered me 100 yuan for the used bike.
  5)She offered to help me with my English.(她表示愿意帮我学英语.)
  句中的advice为不可数名词,其后不加s,正如课本第六页注解3所说,有许多东西在汉语中是可数的,在英语中却是不可数的.如news,information,paper 等,若要表示“一个”这类概念,就必须加a piece of这类定语,例如:
  a piece of news a piece of advice a sum of money a piece of bread
  8.Read as much as you can.
  句中的much 是副词,用副词作同等比较时,可以用as … as和so … as 这种结构,如:
  1)Read as much as you can and your vocabulary will be enlarged.(尽量多阅读,你的词汇量就会扩大.)
  2)We must arrange everything as well as we can.(我们要把一切尽可能地安排好.)
  3)Please give me a call as soon as possible.(请尽早给我打电话.)
  4)I don't speak English so well as you.(我英语讲得没你好.)
  9.Practice speaking the language every day.
  practice 在美国英语中可以做动词也可以做名词,而在英国英语中,practice是名词,动词的


自考英语一UINT 12

   Unit 12 第一部分 Text A 【课文译文】 词典是如何编纂的 人们普遍认为每个词都有它正确的含义,这些含义我们主要是从老师和语法学家那里学来的 ,而且词典和语法在释义和讲解用法方面是绝对的权威。很少有人会问词典和语法书的编者又是根据什么权威来说那些话的。一次我和一位英国妇女就一个词的发音发生了争执,我提出查查词典。这位英国妇女固执地说:“查词典有什么用?我是英国人,我生在英国,长在英国,我说的是地道的英语”。这种对母语的自信在英国人中相当普遍。但在美国,如果有人想跟词典争个对错,那他 ...


   英语(一)阶段测评 3 答卷时间:2010-12-31 17:25/2010-12-31 17:25 成绩: 0 分 一、单选题 共 10 题 题号: 1 本题分数:1 分 Vegetable oil is a good animal oil. A、substitute of B、substitute for C、replace D、instead of 答案要点: 标准答案:B 您的答案: 本题得分:0 分 题号: 2 本题分数:1 分 I’d rather that you with h ...


   英语(二)词汇表 acronym n.首字母缩略词   activate vt.使活动,使起作用   actor n.男演员   add up to 总和是;[口]总起来意味。   administration n.管理,经营;行政,行政机关   afflict vt.使苦恼,折磨   aim for 瞄准;以为目标   allege vt.断言,宣称   amusement n.娱乐,消遣   anaesthetics n.麻醉学   antithesis n.对偶,(修辞学)对句;对立对立 ...


    Text A How to be a successful language learner?   本课主要单词   1.successful adj. 成功的He is a successful writer. (他是一个有成就的作家.)   He hopes he will be successful this time. (他希望他这次能够成功.)   success n. 成功Their film is a great success.(他们的影片很成功.)   We are sur ...


   一.开头句型 1.As far as ...is concerned 2.It goes without saying that... 3.It can be said with certainty that... 4.As the proverb says, 5.It has to be noticed that... 6.It`s generally recognized that... 7.It`s likely that ... 8.It`s hardly that... 9.It’ ...


   高考英语听力技巧 众所周知在高考英语试卷中的第一个部分就是听力,占整个英语高考卷的 1/5 分值;由于听 力长期以来是学生英语学习中的弱项, 分值比例高, 而且与语法、 阅读等书面考试题型相比, 听力考试具有极强的时间效应, 听力过程不具备复制性, 考生必须学会掌握一定的听力技巧, 充分利用宝贵的每一分钟。 1 预测技巧 1).对话预测 在听取对话, 尤其是 Part A??Short Conversation 时, 考生可以按照下例 wh-问题进行预测: (1)Who are the tw ...


   中考英语听力技巧 当前,中学英语教学除注重学生基础知识、基本技能的培养,更 要求侧重培养学生运用英语语言的能力。 因此, 听力测试作为了 解学生获取信息能力的有效办法, 仍然会在今年及以后的中考中 占有重要的位置(120 分试题,听力为 30 分)。初三年级的学 生,要想在中考英语测试中取得理想的成绩,在复习阶段,无论 在心理上, 还是时间利用上, 都不能忽视对这一部分能力的提高。 听力试题类型 中考听力试题在形式上最近两年没有太大改变。主要涵盖了 下列题型:单词、短语、数字、句子听辨题;句 ...


   英语一百个绝佳句型 1.I’m an office worker.   我是上班族。   2.I work for the government.   我在政府机关做事。   3.I’m happy to meet you.   很高兴见到你。   4.I like your sense of humor.   我喜欢你的幽默感。   5.I’m glad to see you again.   很高兴再次见到你。   6.I’ll call you.   我会打电话给你。   7.I fee ...


   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B You Have a Choice 一,New Words 1.前缀单词 unload vt. 卸,从…卸下货物;vi. 卸货 2.后缀 reading(n.)读,读数; smoothly(adv.)平滑的; motionless(a.)不动的,静止的; relativity(n.)相对论,相关性; relative(n/a.)相对的 steady(a.)稳定的,不变的; equally(ad.)相等地,平等地;同样地. 3. ...


   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B Life on the Tundra Ⅰ.New words: 1.含有前缀的单词: subsoil n. 下层土,底土 2.含有后缀的单词: marshy a.沼泽般的,湿软的 →marsh n.沼泽 →表示地形的单词:maintain/sea /desert /plain /plateau continous a. 连续不断的,不停歇的,表示动作或物体不间断地进行下去 eg: They chattered continuo ...


Rita-新概念英语教案 第二册 5

   2010-04-10/11 初三,初四 初三, 【前 10 分钟】检查笔记,检查作业,背诵课文,听写单词.10' Lesson 5 - No wrong numbers 一,教学重点 教学重点 1,时态:一般过去时 VS 现在完成时. 2,词汇:与 way 有关的短语;形容词 spare VS 动词 spare. 二,教学步骤 【第一节课】 1,引入话题(详见右框) .2' 引入话题: 引入话题: 2,听一遍音频,掌握大意.3' Today's story is a little bit s ...


   英语教师的基本素质: 1、 较为扎实的专业知识和专业技能。外语教师必须具备外语语音、词 汇、 语义、语用方面的知识,同时必须具备较高的外语听说读写的技能。 2 教学组织能力和教育实施能力。外语教师必须具备心 理学尤其是教育学和教学方法方面的知识, 熟悉教学组织的步骤和基本的教学原 则;具备运用传统的和现代化的教学辅助工具和手段进行教学的能力。 (录音机、 录像机、电脑) 3 较高的人品修养和令人愉快的个人性格。谦虚、好学、 慷慨大方、幽默、耐心、宽容等是一个优秀教师所应该具备的基本品质。 4 ...


   Part I. Use of English (l0 points) 考博,考博 网,考 博论坛, 免费考 博论坛, 免费考 博网站, 考博英 语,考 博试题, 考博试 卷,考博 辅导,kaobo.n et,kaobo. cn$ V ) [: x( `, p Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word for each numbered blank and marked A, B C or D on the ANSWER ...


   生物工程专业英语 Lesson One(4 学时) Inside the Living Cell: Structure and Function of Internal Cell Parts Cytoplasm: The Dynamic, Mobile Factory 细胞质:动力工厂 Most of the properties we associate with life are properties of the cytoplasm. Much of the mass of a cel ...


   中式英语的特点与演变 Chinglish:Characteristics& Evolution Abstract:Chinglish is a special variety of English which differs from the common English in spelling, pronunciation,grammar and usage. Many of the early Chinese borrowings in English were derived ...