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》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text A Improving Your Memory
New words
Psychological a.心理学的 重点词汇:
  1.psychology n.心理学 psychological a.心理(上)的 psychologist n.心理学家
  2.meaningfulness n.富有意义 meaningful a.有意义的
  3.organizationorganize association associate visualizationvisualize repetition repeat
  4.easily/accurately
  5.categorize memorize category memory
  6.following / improvement /needless
  7.integrated / mental jumble/ chunk / imagery / integrated focus vt./vi. (on)使聚焦,集中 n.焦点,中心 For example:
  1)Her beauty makes her the focus of attention.
  2)Focus your attention on your work.
  3)All eyes were focused on him.
  4)I am so tired that I can't focus on anything today. basic a. 基本的,基础的 principle n.
  1.原理,原则;
  2.主义,信条 meaningfulness n. 富有意义 organization n.
  1.组织;
  2.团体,机构 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
association n.
  1.联合,结合,交往;
  2.协会 visualization n.想象,设想 meaningful a. 富有意义的,意味深长的 rhyme n.韵,押韵 ability n. 能力,能耐
  1)ability + 不定式(作定语) For example: He has the ability to do the work.他具有完成这项工作的能力.
  2)to the best of one's ability 尽力而为 For example: If you have some trouble, I will help you to the best of my ability. 如果你有困难,我会尽我所能来帮助你. random a. 胡乱的,任意的,随便的 n.无目的或目标
  1)For example: It's marriage. You can never make a random choice, or you will regret about it. 这可是婚姻大事.你不能随随便便地选择,否则你会后悔的.
  2)at random 随便地 For example: He entered a bookstore and opened a book at random. organize vt. 组织 jumble vt./vi. 混乱 chunk n. 一大块,一厚块 easily ad. 容易地 categorize n.
  1.门类,种类;
  2. 范畴;
  3.部门 following a. 接着的,下列的 needless a. 不需要的,不必要的 refer vi. (to)
  1.提到,涉及;
  2.参考,查阅 vt. (…to )
  1.把……归到……上,
  2.把……归类于 For example:
  1)I'm bored enough. Don't refer to it again, please. 我烦透了.别再和我提那事了.
  2)If you can't really guess what's the meaning of the word, the best way is to refer to the dictionary. 如果你真的不能 猜出这个单词的意思,那么最好到字典上查查. relate vi. (to )有关联 vt.
  1.叙述,讲述;
  2.使互相关联(……to) For example:
  1)Politics always relates to economy. 政治始终与经济相关联. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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  2)I can't relate what he says with (to) what he does. 我无法把他的言与行联系在一起. accurately ad. 准确地,精确地 memorize vt. 熟记,记住 associate vt. 把……联系在一起,使结合在一起,交往 n.同事,合伙人 a. 副的(教授,主编等) For example:
  1)Children always associate spring festival with good food and clothes. 孩子们总是把春节和好吃的,衣服联系在一起.
  2)Whiskey is always associated with Scotland. 人们总是把威士忌和苏格兰联系在一起.
  3)I don't like you associating with such people. 我不希望你和这样的人交往.
  4)He is not only a friend but also a business associate. 他不仅是我的朋友也是我生意上的合伙人. improvement n. 改进,增进 visualize vt. 想象,设想 imagery n. 写作中直喻或比喻的使用,像或肖像的总称;意象 repetition n.
  1.重复,反复
  2.背诵 integrated a. 成整体的,完全的,完整的 image n. 像,形象,影像,图像 mental a.
  1.智力的,脑力的
  2.精神的,思想上的 mental work 脑力劳动 physical work 体力劳动 preserve vt.
  1.保护,维持 ;
  2. 保存,保藏 For example:
  1)We all should preserve our eyesight. 我们应当保护好自己的视力.
  2)Such great works must be preserved forever. 要永久保存这样的巨著. Phrases and Expressions to focus on 集中 to make sense 有意义 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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For example: What you said makes sense. 你说的有道理. make no sense 无意义 make sense of 理解;搞清...的意思 For example: Can you make sense of this sentence? 你能够理解这个句子吗? to make a difference 有影响,起作用 =to have an effect on make a/no/not much/some/much/great deal of +difference For example:
  1)The rain didn't make much difference to the football game. 这场雨对于足球比赛来说没有太大的影响.
  2)Whether you go or not will make some difference. 你是否去那里对事情是有一定影响的. needless to say 不用说 For example: Now I have a wonderful camera. Needless to say, my father has kept his promise. 现在我有了一个很棒的照相机.毋需多言,我父亲履行了承诺. to refer to 提到,涉及;参考,查阅 to relate … to 与……有关系 to associate … with 把……联系在一起;与……常在一起,与……为友 proper names Mount Fuji 富士山 Japan 日本
Improving Your Memory 提高你的记忆力 Improve: make sth/sb better 改善;提高 Psychological research has focused on a number of basic principles that help memory: meaningfulness, organization, association, and visualization. It is useful to know how these principles work. 心理学家已把研究工作的焦点对准了提高记忆力的基本原理上了,这些基本原理是:赋予意义,信息编组,联 系,想象(联想) .懂得这些原理如何起作用是很有用的. A number of =many a large number of numbers of For example:
  1)There are a number of people on the street. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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街上有很多人.
》 《英语(一) 英语(

  2)Numbers of people came from all parts of the country to see the exhibition. 从全国各地来了很多人观看展览. The number of 与 A number of 的区别:
  1)表意不同 The number of ……的数目 A number of 许多的
  2)A number of 作为修饰语,修饰其后的名词.A number of + 名词 中的"名词"作主语,谓语动词的形式与名 词的形式一致; The number of 在句中,"number"作主语,是单数. For example:
  1)A number of books are missing from the library. 图书馆丢了很多书.
  2)The number of students in our class is
  45. 我们班有 45 人. missing =lost It's useful to know how these principles work. It 是形式主语 Meaningfulness affects memory at all levels. Information that does not make any sense to you is difficult to remember. There are several ways in which we can make material more meaningful. Many people, for instance, learn a rhyme to help them remember. Do you know the rhyme "Thirty days has September, April, June, and November …"? It helps many people remember which months of the year have 30 days. "赋予意义"能影响瞬时记忆也能影响长期记忆.要记住没有任何意义的信息就比较困难.有些方法可以使要记 忆的材料富有意义.例如,有很多人利用押韵的办法来帮助记忆.你知道"一三五七八十腊,三十一天准不差,其余 月份三十天,只有二月二十八"这首顺口溜帮助很多人记住了哪些月份有三十天. prep+which 引导的定语从句 for example :
  1)This is the room in which I lived. 这是我住过的房间.
  2)He is the person whom you are looking for. 他就是你要找的人. (look for 固定短语.注意:固定短语中的介词在定语从句中不能前置,不能放在 which 前. ) Help 的用法: ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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  1)help sb do sth (有使让动词的意味,像 make sb do sth)
  2)Help sb to do sth
  3)Help sb with sth For example: You should help your mother do /to do /with housework. Organization also makes a difference in our ability to remember. How useful would a library be if the books were kept in random order? "信息编组"也会对我们的记忆力起到很大的作用.假如一座图书馆里的藏书杂乱无章,那这座图书馆还有什么 用处呢? How useful would a library be if the books were kept in random order 虚拟语气, 这里表示和现实, 现在相反的情况. For example:
  1)If it were a good day tomorrow, I would go camping. 如果明天天气好,我就去野营.
  2)If I were you, I would go on study instead of looking for a job. 如果我是你,我会继续读书,而不是去找工作. Material that is organized is better remembered than jumbled information. One example of organization is chunking. Chunking consists of grouping separate bits of information. For example, the number 4671363 is more easily remembered if it is chunked as 467,13,
  63.Categorizing is another means of organization. Suppose you are asked to remember the following list of words: man, bench, dog, desk, woman, horse, child, cat, chair. Many people will group the words into similar categories and remember them as follows: man, woman, child; cat, dog, horse; bench, chair, desk. Needless to say, the second list can be remembered more easily than the first one. 被组织起来的信息要比杂乱的信息好记一些.信息编组的典型例子就是组块记忆法. 组块就是把一个个单独的 信息组织在一起.例如,像 4671363 这个数字,如果把它分组成 467,13,63 这样的三个数字来记,就更容易记住. 假如别人要求你记住.分类是组织信息的另一种手段.下列单词:人,凳子,狗,书桌,妇女,马,孩子,猫及椅 子.很多人会把这些单词归入几个类别,然后这样记忆:人,妇女,孩子为一组;猫,狗,马为一组;凳子,椅子, 桌子为一组.毋需多言,第二列单词要比第一列单词更容易记住. In random order 杂乱无章地 Group vt.组织 Means:Ways,Methods Association refers to taking the material we want to remember and relating it to something we remember accurately. 联 系指的是将我们要记的材料与已准确记忆的材料联系在一起进行记忆. Refer to(介词)+Ving(动名词) In memorizing a number, you might try to associate it with familiar numbers or events. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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在记数字时,你也许会把它与熟悉的数字或事情联系在一起. For example, the height of Mount Fuji in Japan -12,389 feet-might be remembered using the following association; 12 is the number of months in the year, and 389 is number of days in a year (3
  65) added to the number of months twice (
  24). 例如,日本的富士山高 12,389 英尺,对于这个数字的记忆就可以用如下的联系方法:12 是一年的月数;389 等 于一年的天数(3
  65)加上月份数的二倍(
  24) . The last principle is visualization. Research has shown striking improvements in many types of memory tasks when people are asked to visualize the items to be remembered. 最后一个原理是联想法.研究表明在多种记忆任务中,当人们被要求用联想的方法记忆一些事物时,往往能够 取得惊人的进步. Show 展示;这里是"表明"的意思.近义词:Suggest 建议;间接地表明 Strike n.罢工; v. 打击. Striking a. 惊人的 In one study, subjects in one group were asked to learn some words using imagery, while the second group used repetition to learn the words. 在一项研究中,一组受试验者被要求用联想的方法记忆一些单词,而第二组用重复的方法学习这些单词. study 研究 subject 这里是"受实验者"的意思 While …而……(表示对比) Those using imagery remembered 80 to 90 percent of the words, compared with 30 to 40 percent of the words for those who memorized by repetition. 那些利用联想法记忆单词的人记住了 80-90%的单词;和他们相比,运用重复法记忆的人只记住了 30-40%的 单词. using imagery 分词短语作定语 Compare…with…和……相比较 Please compare your answers on the test paper with those on the blackboard. 请把试卷上的答案和黑板上的答案对比一下. Compare …to…比喻,比拟 For example: Poets always compare sleep to death. 诗人总是把睡眠比喻成死亡. For example: Compared with Mount Fuji, Mount Tai is much higher. 与富士山相比,
 

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