高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B Do Animals Think?
I.New Words
  1.scarcely(副词后缀)
  2.improvement/variety(以名词结尾)
  3.unlike 不像…… hardworking(合成词)工作很卖力的. 本文需要注意的单词: insect
  1.wrestle 摔跤(wrestle with somebody,与某人摔跤) mock vi. 愚弄,嘲弄 a. 假的,模拟的 (做及物动词)It's wrong to mock cripples.(嘲笑瘸子走路是错误的) 做不及物动词,与介词"at"搭配,mock at sb, for example: Don't mock at his fears. mock modesty 假谦虚 mock battle 模拟战争
  2.engage (vi. 从事,参加)通常与介词 in 搭配,engage in (vt. 从事于,忙于;) for example: I engage in teaching(我从事教学工作) be engaged(a.忙的,忙于…的) in 占用…的时间 for example: He is engaged in his work.(他忙于自己的工作) Reading engages all my spare time(阅读占了我许多时间) sober 认真的,严肃的 frog 青蛙 frog/fog(雾) grave (a. 严重的) grave consequences 严重的后果 owl (n. 猫头鹰) nest (n. 巢,窝) beaver (n. 海狸) dam (n. 坝,堤)
  3.arrange(vt. 安排) for example: She arranged all her business affairs before going on holiday.(她在度假前把所有的业 务都已经安排好了) The old man likes arranging the books on the desk(这个老人喜欢整理书桌上的书) plaster (vt. 粘贴,涂灰泥于墙等;n. 灰泥,石膏) mud (n. 泥浆) spider (n. 蜘蛛)
  4.scarcely (ad. 几乎不,几乎没有)基本否定词,如果放在句首,则句子应该用倒装. hardly for example: I know him.(我认识他) I know him well.(我很了解他,和他很熟) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
I scarcely konw him.(我不认识他) Scarcely had he enter the room when the telephone rang.(他一进房间电话就响了) Scarcely……when 结构相当于"as……as"表示:一……就…… creature (n. 生物,人)
  5.imitate (vt. 模仿,仿效) n. imitation for example: Decide what you want to do don't just imitate others.(想做什么要自己决定,不要一味 地去学别人) shepherd (n. 牧羊人) fashion (n. 流行) the latest fashion(最流行的) instinct (n.本能) by instinct (根据本能,直觉) variety (n. 变化,品种) a variety of(多种多样)(varieties of=various of) boot (n. 靴子) a pair of boots (一双靴子) tooth(复数:teeth) etc.(拉丁语) unlike (prep. 不像…,和…不同;a. 不相似的,不同的) II.Phrases and Expressions a great deal 大量,许多 for example:
  1.A great deal of trouble lies before us(许多困难都摆在我们面前)
  2.He learned a great deal from his teacher.(他从老师那里学了很多东西) 有关"很多"的单词:
  1)可修饰可数(n.)的: a number of/many/a few
  2)可修饰不可数(n.)的: a little/much/a great deal of/a large amount of
  3)既可修饰可数(n.)又不可修饰可数(n.): some/a lot of/lots of/plenty of/a large quantity of be true with /be true of 对…一样, for example: Some birds are very lovely in their sports and the same is true with some insects. (一 些鸟在它们的活动当中非常活泼,一些昆虫也是这样的) to engage in for example: He has been engaging in management. as if=as though 似乎…,好像…(通常会用在虚拟语气当中) for example:
  1. He opened his mouth as if to say something.(他张开嘴似乎要说些什么)
  2.I remember it as if it happened yesterday.(对于此事我记忆犹新,就像发生在昨天一样) to search for 搜查,搜寻,搜察 for example: The police searched the woods for the escaped prisoner.(警察搜查树林,寻找那个逃犯) He searched through all the drawers for the missing papers. (他把所有的抽屉都搜了一遍,寻找那封丢 失的文件.) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
to take care of 爱护,照顾,处理,对付 for example: He is old enough to take care of himself.(他年龄足够大,能够照顾自己) Do Animals Think? (动物会思考吗?) The question has often been asked, Do animals think? (有关动物会不会思考这个问题经常被人们问起) I believe that some of them think a great deal.(我认为这些动物当中有一些动物会思考)Many of them are like children in their sports.(有一些动物在运动的时候就像孩子一样) For example: The children are like flowers.(相当于汉语当中的比喻) For example: My father is like a good friend of mine.(我父亲就像我的好朋友一样) We notice this to be true very often with dogs and cats; but it is true with other animals as well. (就狗和猫而言我们注意到这一点常常是对的,而对于别的动物也一样) be true with(对于…而言是一样的) as well(一般用于句尾) as well as(常用在句中,相当于 and 的用法) For example: She wants a pen as well a pencil.(她想要一支钢笔还想要一支铅笔.) We need efficiency and we need quality as well.(我们既需要效率也需要质量) efficiency(效率)/quality(质量) Some birds are very lively in their sports; and the same is true with some insects.(有一些鸟在运 动当中非常非常的活泼,一些昆虫也是.)The ants, hardworking as they are, have their times for play. (比如说蚂蚁,虽然说它们非常的勤劳,但是它们也有时间用来玩耍.) hardworking as they are(此倒装句是由于 as 引起的.虽然…,但是…) as 可以引导时间表示"当……的时候",可以表示原因"因为",可以表示比较"as……as".As 还可以引导让步 状语从句. for example: Young as the boy is, he is very clever.(聪明)(尽管这个孩子很小,但是他却很聪明.) Try as I might I couldn't lift the stone. (尽管我想举起这块石头,可是无论如何也举不起来.) They run races; they wrestle; and sometimes they have mock fights together.(蚂蚁们会赛跑,摔跤, 有的时候还甚至于在一起进行模拟战争)Very busy must be their thoughts while engaged in these sports. (当他们做这些运动的时候,它们的脑子一定是非常忙的.) Very busy must be their thoughts. (完全倒装句) for example: Present at the meeting are Mr. Li, Mr. Zhang and many other guests. There are many animals, however, that never play; their thoughts seem(好像,似乎) to be of the more sober kind.(然而也有很多的动物,它们从来不玩耍,它们的思想似乎是更严肃的.)We never see frogs engaged in sport.(我们从来没有看到过青蛙做运动)They all the time appear to be very grave. (它们任何时候都 是端坐在那里)The same is true of the owl,(这种状况对于猫头鹰来说也是同样的)who always looks as if he were considering some important question.(猫头鹰看起来好像正在考虑一个重大的问题) as if(as though)似乎,好像 Animals think much while building their houses.(动物们在建造房屋的时候会思考很多问题)The bird searches for what it can use in building its nest, and in doing this it thinks.(鸟类们总是去搜寻它在 建造巢穴方面可以使用的那些东西, 在做这件事情的时候它是在考虑问题的) beavers think as they build their The dams and their houses.(海狸在建造它们的大坝和房屋的时候也在思考)They think in getting their materials, and also in arranging them, and in plastering them together with mud.(在找材料的时候它们会思考,在布 置这些材料的时候它们也会思考,把这些材料用泥巴粘在一起的时候它们还在思考)Some spiders build houses which could scarcely have been made except(除…之外) by some thinking creature.(有些蜘蛛也要建造房 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
子,而它们的房子除了某些会思考的动物建筑之外几乎不可能被建成.) As(表示…的时候) animals think, they learn.(动物在思考的时候也学习了)Some learn more than others. (有一些动物学习的东西比其它动物多一些)The parrot learns to talk, though in some other respects it is quite stupid.(鹦鹉能够学会说话,然而在其它某些方面它却是比较笨的) in some other respects(在其它某些方面) in…respects 在某些方面 in some/any respects 在有些/任何/方面,in no respects 决不 for example: In some respects the two brothers are much alike(在有些方面这兄弟俩非常的相像) The mocking bird learns to imitate a great many different sounds.(反舌鸟能够模仿很多很多不同的声 音)The horse is not long in learning many things connected with the work which he has to do.(马只需 要很短的时间就能够学会和它必须做的工作相关的那些事)The shepherd dog does not know as much about most things as some other dogs, and yet he understands very well how to take care of sheep.(牧羊犬在大多 数事情上所知道的东西都不像其它狗那么多,然而它却非常懂得如何去照顾好羊群) Though animals think and learn, they do not make any real improvement in their ways of doing things, as men do.(虽然动物们能够思考也会学习,但是它们在它们的做事方式上却不能够像人一样取得真正的进步) though→although(虽然) Each kind of bird has its own way of building a nest, and it is always the same way.(虽然每一种 鸟都有自己的方式来建巢,但是通常方法还是相同的)And so of other animals.(对于其它动物而言也是这个样 子)They have no new fashions, and learn none from each other.(它们没有什么新的,流行的式样,彼此之 间也不善于学习)But men, as you know, are always finding new ways of building houses, and improved methods of doing almost all kinds of labor.(但是人类经常会发现一些新的建筑房屋的方法,而且他们会经常寻找一些 做其它劳动的方法) Many of the things that animals know how to do they seem to know either without learning, or in some way which we cannot understand.(有很多很多动物知道如何去做的事情,而且这些动物似乎并没有学习就知道如 何去做了,或者它们学了但是用了我们不能够理解的一种方式来学习的)They are said to do such things by instinct;(据说它们都是根据自己的本能来做这些事情)but no one can tell what instinct is.(但是没有一 个人能够说出本能是什么)It is by this instinct that birds build their nests and beavers their dams and huts.(动物正是通过这种本能,鸟类们建造它们的巢穴,海狸建造它的大坝和棚子) It is (was) +…(为被强调部分:一般为三部分,即主/宾/状)+that(who/whom)…(属于英语句式的强 调句式) 强调句型: for example:
  1.It is Mr Chen who teaches us Chinese.(正是陈老师教我们的语文)
  2.(将上句变换为强调宾语)It is Chinese that Mr Chen teaches us. 表示地点的状语:
  3.It was in Shanghai that I saw the film.(正是在上海我看了这部电影) If these things were all planned and thought out just as men plan new houses, there would be some changes in the fashions of them, and some improvements.(如果它们做这些事情像人设计新房的时候一样,那 么它们所造房的式样和风格就会有所变化.) I have spoken of the building instinct of beavers.(我曾经谈到过海狸的建造本能)An English gentleman caught a young one and put him at first in a cage.(有一个英国人捉住了一只小海狸,最初把它放到一个笼 子里)After a while he let him out in a room where there was a great variety of things.(小海狸被人放 出来之后进入到一间房子里面,这个房子里有各种各样的东西)As soon as he was let out he began to exercise (v. 锻炼,练习) his building instinct.(小海狸一被放出来马上就开始去练习它的建筑本能)He gathered together whatever he could find, brushes, baskets, butts, clothes, sticks, bits of coal, etc., and arranged ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
them as if to build a dam.(他把所有只要他能找到的东西都汇集到了一起,像刷子,篮子,靴子,衣物,小棍, 小块的煤,而且把这些东西布置好,就好像要建造一座大坝似的) whatever(通常引导无条件状语从句)=no matter what 无论是… for example: Whatever you are doing I have no objection.(无论你在做什么我都不反对) Now, if he had had his wits about him, he would have known that there was no use in building a dam where there was no water.(如果它真的有头脑的话,它就应当已经知道了,在一个没有水的地方建筑大坝是没有 什么用处的) If clause
 

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