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》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B The Changing American Family
Text B The Changing American Family New words:
  1.前缀单词: preschool:学龄前的;入学前的
  2.后缀单词: 名词: generation:一代人;产生 preparation:准备 provider:供应者 similarity:相似 similarly:相似地 形容词: customary:习惯上的 primary:最初的,初级的 dependent:依靠的,依赖的 Physical:物理学的;身体的 emotional:感情的,情绪的
  3.合成词 housework:家务 baby-sitter:代人临时照看小孩的人
Cruces words 重点词汇:
  1.structure:结构
  2.generation:一代人
  3.customary:习惯上的 For example:She gave the customary speech of thanks to the audience. (她照例向观众致感谢辞. ) It is customary to tip waiters in America.(依照惯例,在美国应付给服务生小费. )
  4.similarity:相似
  5.role:角色 play a/an …role For example:He was playing an important role in the matter.(在那件事情上他起到了重要的作用. ) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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  6.provider:供应,提供 provide sb with sth provide sth for sb
》 《英语(一) 英语(
For example:The company has provided me with a car.(公司给我配了一辆车. ) I can provide textbooks for all of you.(我能给你们所有的人提供课本. )
  7.primary:最初的;首要的 For example:The disease is still in primary stage.(这种病还在初始阶段. ) The primary reason for advertising is to sell more goods.(广告的根本目的在于多销售货物. )
  8.dependent:依靠的,依赖的(on,upon) For example:It's bad for children to be too dependent on their parents.(孩子过于依赖父母是不好的. )
Phrases and Expression
  1.provide for:赡养,为…提供必需品 For example:They worked hard to provide for their large family.(为了养活一大家子人,他们努力地工作. )
  2.in addition:另外,加之/in addition to 除…之外 For example: addition to the names on the list, there are six other applicants. (除了名单上的人之外, In 还有六个申请 人.) The teacher offered him some advice. In addition, she asked him to come here the next day. (老师给了这个学生一些建 议,并且告诉他明天到这里来. )
  3.give up:交出;放弃 For example:She didn't give up her job when she got married. (她结婚的时候并没有辞职.) He gave up his seat to an old man.(他把座位让给了一个老人. )
  4.instead of:代替;而不是 For example:We sometimes eat rice instead of wheat.(有时我们吃的是大米而不是白面. ) Let's play cards, instead of watching TV. (咱们玩牌吧,别看电视了.) We have no coffee. Would you like tea instead? (我们没有咖啡了.你喝茶好吗?)
  5.be busy doing:忙于做(某事)
  6.in conclusion:最后,在结束时 For example:In conclusion, I'd like to say that I'm very satisfied with your work.最后,我想说我对你的工作很满意.
Text B The Changing American Family The family is important to people all over the world although the structure of the family is quite different from one country to another. In the United States, as in many countries in the world, the family is changing. A generation or two ago, ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
the traditional family, in which the father was boss, was customary. Now, the modern family, in which both the father and the mother are equal partners, is more common. Although there are several similarities between the traditional and the modern family, there are also some very important differences. 家庭对于各国人民来说都是非常重要的,尽管家庭结构因国家的不同而不同.在美国,也正像在很多国家一样, 家庭正在变革.一两代人以前,在传统旧式家庭里,习惯上,都是父亲是一家之主;现在,在现代新式家庭里,更 多见的是父母双方以平等的伴侣身份出现.尽管传统旧式家庭与现代新式家庭有些相似之处,但它们之间也存在着 一些重要的不同之处. The traditional family of yesterday and the modern family of today have several similarities. The traditional family was a nuclear family, and the modern family is, too. The role of the father in the traditional family was to provide for his family. Similarly, the father in the modern family is expected to do so, also. The mother in the traditional family took care of the children's physical and emotional needs just as the modern mother does. 昔日的传统旧式家庭和今日的现代新式家庭之间的一些相似之处是:传统旧式家庭是核心小家庭,现代新式家 庭也是核心小家庭.在传统旧家庭中,父亲的任务是挣钱养家,与此相似的是,在现代家庭中也是指望着父亲来养 家的.传统旧式家庭中,母亲负责满足孩子们在身心成长方面的需求,现代新式家庭里的母亲也是这样. On the other hand, there are some great differences between the traditional family and the modern family. The first important difference is in the man's role. The traditional husband was the head of the household, because he was the only one who worked outside the home. If the wife worked for pay, then the husband was not considered to be a good provider. 另一方面,在传统旧式家庭和现代新式家庭之间也有着一些很大的差别.首先,丈夫在家庭中的地位就很不同. 传统家庭中的丈夫是全家人的首领,因为只有他一个人在外工作.如果妻子上班挣钱,那么人们就会认为她丈夫不 是一个好的养家的人. In many families today, both husband and wife work for pay. Therefore, they share the role of head of household. In addition, the traditional husband usually made the big decisions about spending money. However, the modern husband shares these decisions with his working wife. Also, the traditional husband did not help his wife with the housework or meal preparation. Dinner was ready when he came home. In contrast, the modern husband helps his working wife at home. He may do some of the household jobs, and it is not unusual for him to cook. 今天在许多家庭中,夫妻双方都去工作挣钱.因此,夫妻双方共同分担家庭职责.此外,有关花钱的一些重大 决定,在传统家庭中都由丈夫决定.可是现代家庭中丈夫要和他那工作了的妻子共同做决定.还有,在传统家庭中, 丈夫不帮妻子做家务,也不帮着做饭.等丈夫回到家时,晚餐已经做好了.与此相反,在现代家庭中,丈夫在家里 帮助他那工作了的妻子,帮忙做些家务活,甚至丈夫做饭也是常有的事. 短语:make decision 做决定 The second difference is in the woman's role. In the traditional family, the woman may have worked for pay during first years of marriage. However, after she became pregnant, she would usually give up her job. Her primary role was to take care of her family and home. In contrast, in many families today, the modern woman works outside the home even after she has ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
children. She's doing two jobs instead of one, so she is busier than the traditional mother was. The traditional wife learned to live within her husband's income. On the other hand, the modern wife does not have to because the family has two incomes. 第二,女人的角色不同.在传统家庭中,在婚后的最初几年,女人可能上班工作.可是,一旦她怀孕了,她通 常会放弃工作.她的主要任务是照顾好家人,管好家务.与此相反,今天在许多家庭中,现代的妇女即使在有了孩 子以后也要到外面去工作.她在家里家外做两份工作而不只是一份,所以她要比传统家庭中的母亲更忙碌些.传统 家庭里的妻子要学会在丈夫的收入范围内花钱.而现代家庭的妻子就不必这样了,因为这个家庭有双收入. For example:I study better than my brother did.(我比哥哥学习好. ) The final difference is in the role of the children. In the traditional family, the children were taken care of by the mother because she did not work outside the home. However, today preschool children may go to a child care center or to a baby-sitter regularly because the mother works. The school-age children of a traditional family were more dependent. Their mother was there to help them to get ready for school and to make their breakfast. In contrast, modern children are more independent. They have to get up early in the morning and get ready for school. Their mother is busy getting ready for work, so they may even have to make their own breakfast. 最后,孩子们的作用不同.在传统旧式家庭里,孩子们都由母亲照料,因为她不到外面工作.而今天学龄前儿 童可能得去幼儿托管所或者经常得请来照看孩子的人,因为母亲要上班.传统家庭中学龄儿童更依赖母亲,有母亲 在那里为他们准备上学所用的一切,为他们做好早餐.与此相反,现代家庭中的孩子更加独立.早晨,孩子们必须 早起,准备好上学用品.由于母亲忙于上班前的准备,因此孩子们甚至不得不自己做早餐. In conclusion, the American family of today is different from the family of fifty years ago. In the modern family, the roles of the father, mother, and children have changed as more and more women work outside the home. The next century may bring more important changes to the American family structure. It should be interesting to see. 由此可以得出结论,今天美国人的家庭与五十年前的家庭不同.在现代家庭中,父亲,母亲和孩子们的角色, 作用,地位都变了,因为有越来越多的妇女到家庭外面工作.下个世纪很可能给美国家庭结构带来更大的变化.我 们以浓厚的兴趣拭目以待.
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅰ Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
  1.There are some differences. A.traditions (n. 传统) B.differences (n. 不同) C.contradictions (n. 矛盾) D.similarities (n. 相似,类似)
  2. A exercises such as swimming or playing football can make us strong. D between the traditional and the modern family, but there are also some very important
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A.Physical(adj. 身体的) B.Emotional(adj. 情感的) C.Practical(adj. 实践的) D.Theoretical(adj. 理论的)
  3.Her black dress was in B
》 《英语(一) 英语(
with his white hat.
A.addition(n. 增加 in addition 另外) B.contrast(n. 对比 in contrast with 和…形成对比) C.conclusion(n. 结论 in conclusion 最后,总之) D.fashion(n. 流行,风尚 in fashion 流行,时髦)
  4.Children who have not reached school age usually receive C A.preparation(n. 准备,预备) B.primary(adj. 初级的) C.preschool (adj. 入学前的) D.progress(n. 进步)
  5.We can come to the D that the more we practise, the more skillful we will be. education.
A.generation(n. 产生) B.tradition(n. 传统) C.definition(n. 定义) D.conclusion(n. 结论)
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