高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B American stores
New Words
  1.前缀单词 discount 打折扣 inexpensive 价钱不贵的 supermarket 超级市场
  2.后缀 practically 几乎,简直;实际上 confusing 使人困惑的,令人费解的 specialize 专门研究;专营 shopper 购物者,顾客 likely 可能的,有希望的
  3.合成 salespeople 售货员;营业员
Cruces words 重点词汇:
  1.urge :encourage(vt)驱策 /催促;力劝;恳求 urge sb to do 督促某人做某事
  2.confusing 使人困惑的/ confused 迷惑,困惑 The questions is confusing. 这个问题令人摸不着头脑 She was confused about the situation. 她对当前的局势感到迷惑
  3.specialize (in)专营;专门研究 (
  1) This is a shop specializing in camping equipment. 这是一家专营野营用具的商店. (
  2) Many students specialize in medicine 许多学生专门研究医学.
  4.deliver 投递;发表;接生 send/deliver send 侧重于动作,送; deliver 侧重于结果,送达,送到某地
  5.likely :probably 可能的,有希望的 be likely to do ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(

  6.Profit (vt)有益于;有利于(vi)得益(by, from) I hope to profit by /from your suggestions. 我希望从你的建议中得益.
  7.vast 巨大的,大量的,表示数量上的多,体积上的大,一般情况下 vast 表示的体积比 big/ large 要大 Phrases and Expressions
  1.to specialize in 专门研究;专营
  2.to refer to … as 称…为… regard…as/think of …as/see… as/be seen …as/refer to … as Many people refer to Chairman Mao as God. 许多人把毛主席称为神.
Text B American stores In the United States you will find yourself being urged from every page of every newspaper and on practically every television station to buy all kinds of goods that you are actually quite happy without. be urged to do 被督促 短语:find sb doing 发现某人正在做某事. For example:I found him working at top speed.我发现他在拼命工作. 在美国,你不知不觉地发现,每份报纸的每一页,而且几乎每个电视台的广告都在督促你去购买各种各样的商 品.其实,如果你不买这些商品的话,你也会相当快乐. Not only is there a wide range of prices for goods in America, there is also a wide range in the quality of goods offered for sale. 句式: never/little/not only/not until/hardly/scarcely/only 等表示否定或基本否定的词引出的句子中用倒装语序. not only…but also 句型,not only 后面的句型可以是部分倒装. 注意:只有在连接两个并列的句子的时候,前 面的句子才能倒装.在连接并列主语,宾语,谓语时不能倒装. Not only have the old cities been improved, but (also) new cities have been built. 不仅旧城市得到改善,一些新城市也建了起来. Not only he but also I'm a teacher.不仅他是老师,我也是老师. 单词: range (n) 排 ;行;一系列 (v) 在一定幅度(或范围内)变动,变化 Prices range from $25 to $
  75. 价格从 25 美元到 75 美元不等. Unlike some countries, Americans generally pay the price of a product without question, instead of trying to get a lower ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
price by bargaining. However, there are many "sales" in the United States, during which time stores will lower their normal prices. This may all be very confusing to the visitor. 句式:which 在句中作定语. 在美国,不但所出售的商品的价格大不相同,连商品的质量也很不一样. 不像在其他一些国家,美国人一般按产品的价格付款时都不争论价钱,不是通过讨价还价来企图以较低的价格 来买到产品.不过,在美国也有很多"促销"活动,在促销期间商店都会把他们的正常价格降下来,这使得访客们感 到大惑不解. Which is the best product to buy out of hundreds to choose from? How are you going to know how to "get your money's worth" when you shop? Perhaps the best advice is: Don't hurry. Visit various stories and determine the quality of goods. Examine them carefully. Read the advertisements so that you can compare prices. Explore and examine before you buy. 在数百个选择机会当中,哪一种产品才是最好的呢?每当你去商店购物时,你怎样才能知道你的钱花得物有所 值呢?也许最好的忠告就是:别着急,多看几家商店,查看一下商品的质量,仔细检验一下商品,看看各种广告以 便你可以比较一下价格.在你买之前先考察一番,检验一下商品质量. There is a great variety of shops in the United States, ranging from very large stores called "department stores," offering clothing, furniture, household goods as well as many other goods, to very small shops that specialize in just one kind of product. There are "discount houses" offering goods at low prices, and "dime stores" specializing in a wide range of inexpensive items. "ranging from …to"分词短语做伴随状况状语. "offering…"分词短语做定语. specialize in 专营 在美国,有好多不同类型的商店:从供应衣着用品,家具,日常用品以及其它各种商品的被称为"百货公司"的 大型商店,到专营某种产品的一些很小的商店.还有以低价供货的"特价商品屋"和专营各种不太值钱的东西的"十美 分商店". 短语:as well as 和… 与 as well 的区别:as well 通常放在句尾. For example:He gave me money as well as advice.他给了我钱和建议. Last year, he visited Japan, Canada and the U.S. as well.去年,他访问了日本,加拿大,还有美国. Most department stores in large cities carry average to better quality products at average to higher prices. However, they offer the shopper great convenience since they contain such a wide variety of products. carry 表示有商品出售 since 表示原因 在一些大城市,大多数百货公司经营的产品一般来说质量较好,但价格平均也比较高.尽管价格较高,因为百 货公司里有很多很多的不同的产品,这就给逛商店的人提供了很大的方便. If convenience isn't important to you as price, you may want to shop in some of the discount houses. These stores have ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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nearly as great a variety of goods as department stores, but offer lower prices. They can do so for several reasons. They don't offer the same services to buyers that department stores do; there may be fewer sales people; and the store probably doesn't deliver purchases. 如果对你来说,这些方便不如价格重要,那你可以去一些特价商品屋去采购.这些商店所拥有的商品几乎跟大 百货公司一样地品种繁多,可是价格却比较低. (同级比较结构) as +形容词+a+名词+as 和某人/物一样……的一个人/物
  1)He wants to be as great a scientist as Newton and Einstein. 他想成为和牛顿与爱因斯坦一样伟大的科学家.
  2)He will be sent to as expensive a school as his father attended. 他将被送到一个和他父亲上过的学校一样昂贵的学校. They can do so for several reasons. They don't offer the same services to buyers that department stores do; there may be fewer sales people; and the store probably doesn't deliver purchases. 特价商品屋之所以能这样做,有下列几种原因:他们不能像大百货公司那样提供给买主那些服务项目;特价商 品屋的销售员工比较少;这种商店可能不会送货上门. There are many small shops in America, as there are everywhere that offer a more limited quantity of products. Usually run by a small number of salespeople, these shops offer products that range from inexpensive to very expensive, depending on the shop. You are likely to receive more attention from the sales-people in small shops than in department stores. 在美国,正像世界各地一样,有很多小店铺,这些小店铺供应的商品品种就更有限了.通常只有少数几个人在 经营这些店铺,这些铺子经营的产品有不贵的也有很贵的,这要看该铺子的情况了.在这些小铺子里比大百货公司 里你可能会得到售货员的更加细心的照料. Another popular shop is the "dime store," sometimes referred to as the "five and ten." No longer selling many things for five or ten cents, these stores got their name in the last century when it was decided that a small profit on a great quantity of goods would be better than a large profit on fewer sales. 另一种很受欢迎的商店就是"10 美分店",有时也称为"5 分 10 分店."虽然现在不再销售 5 分 10 分的货物,这些 商店的名字是上个世纪起的,那时薄利多销总比厚利少销要好. 短语:no longer/not any longer/not any more/no more 不再 Dime stores specialize in a wide variety of inexpensive items and today, prices range from a quarter or 50 cents up to several dollars. If you need a small item and don't want to spend very much, the dime store is likely to have just what you are looking for. 10 美分店专门经营种类繁多的便宜货,现在的价格是 25 美分或 50 美分,直到几美元.如果你想买一件小东西, 但又不想多花钱,那么 10 美分店里很可能正好有你想要的那件东西. The United States is also known for its "supermarkets," where huge quantities of all kinds of food and household ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
articles are sold. These stores offer good quality food at lower prices than smaller food stores. 美国以其"超级市场"而称著于世,超市里出售大量的花色品种繁多的食品和日用品.超市所供应的食品与较小 的食品店比较起来质量好,价格低. be known for 因……而闻名(for 表原因,"因为") be known as 以……而闻名( as "作为") For example:He is known internationally for a score of books.他因有 20 部著作而在国际上闻名. He was known as a great writer.他以伟大的作家而闻名. The vast majority of Americans do all their food shopping in supermarkets. One of the most interesting sections to visit is the frozen food section. With discoveries in methods to preserve food, almost every kind of food can be frozen and yet keep its original flavor. Since frozen foods require so little time to cook, they have naturally become very popular everywhere in the country. With 短语表原因 绝大多数的美国人都在超级市场里采购食品.冷冻食品部是人们最有兴趣去的部门之一.冷藏食品的各种方法 问世以来,几乎各种食品都可以冷冻并且能保存原滋原味.因为冷冻食品所需要的烹制时间很短,所以在美国它们 自然就到处都受欢迎了.
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅱ
  1.I have a very wide B A. display (陈列) C. maximum(最大量) of interest. B. range (范围) D. random(杂乱)

  2. Half a year after the war, schools in the country returned to A . A. normal (正常 n.) B. cultivation (耕种;培养)
C. instruction(指示, 教育) D. education (教育)
  3. We must D all possible ways of increasing food production. A. extend(扩充, 延伸) C. involve(包括,包含) B. insert(插入) D. explore(研究;探索) A .

  4. He is selfish and thinks only of his own
A. convenience(便利, 方便) B. confidence(信心) C. curiosity(好奇心) D. concern(关系, 关心,) A .

  5.When you have a cold, you find your food has very little A. flavor (味道) C. fallacy (谬误, 谬论) B. focus (焦点, 焦距) D. figure (外形, 轮廓)
????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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