高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text A The Importance of Being Kind and Polite
New Words 带前缀单词: (手写板)
  1.misunderstand 错误的理解,误解 enforce 强制;实施 interact 互相作用;交往 unacceptable 不能接受的 带后缀单词:
  2.frankly 坦白地 boring (a.)使人厌烦的,令人讨厌的 bore 使某人厌烦,讨厌 honestly 诚实地 →honesty (n.)诚实 collection (n.)收集 golfer 打高尔夫球的人 behavior (n.)行为 → behave (v.)行动 smoker 烟民 user 用户 employer 雇员 → employee 雇佣者 kindness 仁慈 impression (n.)印象,感想 → impress (v.)给…留下印象 → impressive (a.)有印象的 合成词:
  3.guideline 指导方针 cellular-phone 移动电话 cellular 细胞的,有孔的 walkman 随身听 Cruces words 重点词汇:
  1. frankly speaking 坦率地说
  2. a boring lecture 令人烦味的讲座 For example: I was greatly impressed by his speech. 他的话深深的打动了我. I impress on him the importance of his work. 我让他知道了他工作的重要性. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
impress on sb. 给某人留下印象.
  3. shot (n.)射击→shoot (v.)射击,投篮
  4.conflict 争论,冲突,抵触
  5. enforce 实施,实行;强制,强迫 enforce a law 实施一项法律 enforce sb. to do sth. 强制某人去做某事
  6. rude →(反义词)polite 礼貌 →(同义词)impolite 不礼貌
  7. bother vt. 打扰,麻烦 vi. 担心,烦恼 n. 烦恼,焦急
For example: Tell the children to stop bothering their father.告诉孩子们不要老缠着父亲. bother to do 费心去做某事 For example: Don't bother to get dinner for me today I will eat out 今天不要麻烦给我备饭,我准备在外面吃. For example: His lazy son is quite a bother to him.他那个懒儿子很伤他的脑筋.
  8. adolescent 青少年
  9.indifferent 冷漠的,不关心的 indifference(n.) be indifferent to sb.对某人很冷漠
  10. discipline n. 纪律,训练;学科 vt. 训练,训导;使有纪律;惩罚 For example: She never disciplines her children and they are uncontrollable.她从来不管教孩子所以这些孩子都无法无天. The student were told to keep discipline in the classroom. 那些学生被告知要遵守课堂纪律. Keep discipline 遵守纪律
  11.individual. 个别的,单独的;独特的 n. 个人,个体 collective 集体的
Text A The Importance of Being Kind and Polite "Frankly, I think you're boring." Why do we seldom hear people speak so honestly? 本句翻译:"公开跟你讲,我觉得你很讨厌."为什么我们几乎听不到人们会这样非常直来直去的讲话呢? seldom 很少,几乎不 Unless you want to end a relationship, you don't tell another person what you think of her or him like this. 本句翻译:除非你要终止与对方的关系,要不然你不会跟对方说出你对她或他有这种不好的想法. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
unless (conj.)除非;如果不 For example: I shall go there unless it rains. 如果不下雨,我将去那里. You will fail unless you work harder. 你若不更加努力,你就会失败. end (finish)结束 Failing to be impressed by a friend's collection of stamps, yawning when a golfer tells you about that great shot he made on the 14th hole, or falling asleep when friends show pictures from their last trip to Sault Ste. Marie are all things that educated people try not to do. 本句翻译:对你的朋友集邮的成就无动于衷;当一个高尔夫球手兴兴高采烈地告诉你,他的第 14 穴打得很精彩 时,你却在打哈欠;当你的朋友们兴致勃勃地给你看他们最近到苏圣玛丽去旅游拍下的那些照片时,你却酣然入睡 了--这一切都是有教养的人所尽力避免的. 三个并列的动名次短语做句子的主语 failing to be impressed…, yawning…, falling asleep… failing to be impressed 没有记住… yawning 打哈欠 falling asleep 睡觉 This is what manners are about: acting in a civilized way to avoid misunderstanding, friction, and conflict. 本句翻译:一切行动都按市民能接受的懂礼貌的方式去做,避免误会,避免磨擦,避免冲突--这才是合乎礼貌的 言行举止(注:高尔夫球,海外华人称"穴",国内称"洞"--译者注) . manners 行为方式 in … way 以某种方式 There are no laws enforcing respect. 本句翻译:根本就没有强迫你来尊敬别人的那种法律. Yet we cannot interact with others without some rules of behavior, rules that are set by some form of social consensus. 本句翻译: 可是,如果没有一定的道德行为的准则,人们互相间就无法交往了.这些准则是以社会上一致赞成 的公德的形式确定下来的. interact with others 彼此交流,彼此交往 without some rules… 相当于一个条件状语从句的否定式 These guidelines represent what a majority of people consider acceptable and what they consider unacceptable. 本句翻译: 这些道德行为准则代表着大多数人所能接受的和他们认为所不能接受的做法. Rude people are those whose behavior shows little respect for the rules that the majority follow. 本句翻译:那些行为举止根本不尊重大多数人所遵守的规则的人都是粗野的人. Show respect for 对…表示出尊重 follow 遵守,遵循 For instance, because they talk at home while the television is on, many people think they can talk at movies as well. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:例如,因为许多人在自己家里一边看电视一边高谈阔论,他们就认为在电影院看电影时也可以高声 喧哗. for instance: for example 例如 on: go on 进行 They are not even aware that this habit will bother the other members of the audience. 本句翻译:他们甚至没意识到,这种习惯会使其他一些电影观众感到讨厌. be aware that:意识到 members of the audience 观众 member 成员 Restaurants have smoking and non-smoking sections, and most smokers are polite enough to ask, "Do you mind if I smoke?" before lighting up. 本句翻译:饭店里都设有吸烟室和非吸烟区,大多数烟民在没点着香烟之前,都会很有礼貌的问一声在旁边就 座的人:"我吸烟的话,您介意吗?" non- 没有,无 before lighting up 点燃 Restaurants should also have cellular-phone and no-cellular-phone sections. 本句翻译:饭店里本来也都应该设有手提电话区和非手提电话区. A new class of rude people has been born: the look-at-me phone users whose boring conversations are just as dangerous to our mental health as smoke is to our lungs. 本句翻译:现在又冒出来一群新的粗野人,即看我有多神气地打着手提电话的一族.这些人在电话上的那些无 聊的谈话,对我们心理健康的危害,和吸烟对我们的肺部健康的危害是同样严重的. class 阶层,群体 look-at-me 看看我 Sometimes, it is better to remain unknown than to make people hate you. 本句翻译:有时,做一个默默无闻的人倒比让人恨你,讨厌你更好一些. There are many children and adolescents whose behavior is generally unacceptable. 本句翻译:有很多人家的子女和一些小青年的行为是一般人所不能接受的. They swear no matter who is around them, they listen to their Walkmans while the teacher is talking to them. 本句翻译:他们动不动就开口骂人,也不管旁边有什么人在场.在教师同他们谈话时,他们还在听他们的随身 听所播放的节目. no matter 不管/不论(后可跟 who, when, where, how 等疑问代词或疑问副词引导的从句) For example: No matter who you are, you should follow the guideline. 不管你是谁,你都应当遵守这个规则. I am bound to work out the problem no matter how difficult it is. 不管这个问题有多难,我一定要把它解决掉. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Indifferent parents who refuse to discipline their children are not helping them. 本句翻译:凡是那些不能用行为道德准则来约束自己的孩子,对孩子的品德漠不关心的父母,其实并不是在爱 护孩子,对孩子的成长没好处. discipline: punish 惩罚 Kids who have no idea what being polite means will pay the price sooner or later. 本句翻译:凡是不懂礼貌为何物的孩子,是迟早要为此付出代价的. kid 小孩子 have no idea: don't know 不知道 For example: He has no idea what his future will be. 他不知道自己的未来是个什么样子. pay the price 付出代价 For example: You will pay the price for what you have done. 你要为你所做的事情付出代价. sooner or later 迟早 For example: If you drive like that, you will have an accident sooner or later. 你如果那样开车,迟早会出事的. When they join the work force, their employers and associates alike will soon realize that the behavior of these rude young people is closer to that of animals than civilized individuals. 本句翻译:在他们参加工作以后,他们的雇主和在工作中与之打交道的那些人都会一致意识到这些粗野的青年 人的所作所为都和野兽的行为很接近,而不像规规矩矩的市民. associate: colleague 同事 close (to) (adv.)接近于,靠近 When they lose a few contracts because they talk with their mouth full, or when they say "Bob" to someone who should be "Mr.Johnson," these grown-up kids, because of their ignorance, will never understand why others are getting ahead and they are not. 本句翻译:当这些已经变成了成人的大小伙子,因为跟领导谈话时嘴里还嚼着食物,或者因为他们没大没小, 把本应尊称为"约翰逊先生"的人,随便直呼其名为"鲍博",这样几次被解除了合同之后,他们永远也不能理解为什 么别人都跑到自己前头飞黄腾达,而自己却不能. they talk with 该句型结构为:with +(n.)+(a.)构成的独立主格结构,在句中作状语,表示伴随. (名词后 除可用形容词外,还可用分词<现在分词和过去分词>,介词短语和副词. ) For example: He likes sleeping with his eyes open. 他喜欢睁着眼睛睡觉. I won't be able to study abroad with my mother's being ill. 在我母亲生病的情况下我不能出国留学. He worked with the radio opened all the afternoon. 他一下午都听着收音机工作. He was looking on with his hands in his pockets. 他把手插在口袋里在一旁观看.即:袖手旁观. He was lying on the bed with all his clothes on. 他穿着所有的衣服躺在床上.即:和衣而卧. because of (介词短语)= because (连词) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
For example: The football match was cancelled because of rain. 由于下雨足球比赛被取消了. →The football match was cancelled because it rained. get ahead 有进展;有进步;取得成功 For example: I'm happy to hear that you are getting ahead with your new work. 听说你的新工作取得进展,我很高 兴. grown-up 长大了的孩子 Every little bit of kindness helps. 本句翻译:每当你表现出一点点和蔼可亲都会很有帮助. little bit of 一点点 With manners, the best rule is the one that works. 本句翻译:至于说有礼貌,最好的一条原则就是能办成事,能起好作用. work (v.)起作用,产生影响,行得通 For example: The medicine worked. 药物奏效了. It is easier to look and sound attractive when we are nice to other people. 本句翻译:当我们对待别人很友善,那么就比较容易地让人愿意接近你,愿意听你的话. be nice to sb. : be kind to sb. Being polite and showing respect can give us an edge. 本句翻译:待人彬彬有礼,事事尊敬别人就能使我们占优势. give sb. an/the edge 比…略胜一筹,领先 For example: He has the edge on the other students because he studies harder. 他比别的学生强,因为他学习更努 力. Why do we need an edge? Success in life often starts with a job we like, and since getting a job is usually based on making the right impression, it is always a good idea to be kind and polite. 本句翻译:我们要占优势干什么?一个人一生事业的成功经常是始于我们所喜欢的工作,而要得到自己
 

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