高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《 英 语( 一)
Text A How TV Violence Affects Kids
New Words(手写板)
  1.带有前缀单词: underlying 潜在的;在…下面;基本的,根本的 undermine 暗中破坏;在…下面挖;侵蚀…的基础 unrealistic 非现实的;不切实际的 nonviolent 非暴力的
  2.带有后缀单词: violence (n.)暴力;猛烈 →violent (a.)暴力的;猛烈的 lasting (a.)持久的,永久的;耐久的 significantly 有意义的;非常重要的→significance 重要 fully 完全地;充分地 reality 现实,实际;真实 recovery(n.)恢复,收回;痊愈,复原 discovery 发现 imitative (a.)模仿的;仿制的 →imitate (v.)模仿 →imitation (n.) imaginative (a.)富于想象力的,爱想象的 →imagine →imagination expressive (a.)表达的;富于表现力的 →expression jeopardize 危及,损害;使处于危险境地 monitor 监视器;班长;监听员 fascination (n.)令人着迷的事物;迷恋 →fascinating (a.)有魅力的 guilty (a.)有罪的;内疚的 commercially (ad.)商业地,商务地 →commerce(n.)商业 alternative(a.)供选择的东西;两者择一的 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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→alternate (v.)交替,轮流 non- 放在(n.) (a.) (ad.)前面,表示"无,非,不,不是"或"不重要的,没有价值的" ①nonacceptance 不接受 ②non-book 没有价值的书
Text A How TV Violence Affects Kids For more than a quarter of a century, evidence has been increasing that children's exposure to violence on television has long-lasting effects on their behavior. 本句翻译:在最近这四分之一世纪还多的时间里,出现了越来越多的证据,能够证明把电视上的暴力内容暴露 在孩子们的面前,对孩子们的行为产生了深远的影响.
  1. exposure 暴露→置于…之下;接触 For example: A good command of English is greatly due to much exposure to the language.掌握好英语在很大程度上 归因于大量接触该语言. long-lasting 持久的
  2. have effect on…对…有影响 affect (v.)影响 For example: The climate affects the amount of the rainfall.气候影响了雨量. effect (n.)结果,影响 For example: Does the medicine have any effect? 这药有什么疗效吗? Between 1982 and 1986, the amount of television time allocated each week to violent programs increased significantly. 本句翻译:在 19
  82~1986 年间,每周电视花在暴力节目上的播出时间总数有了惊人的增长. allocated…to… 分配给…;把…划归给 For example: He allocated tasks to each of us. 他给我们每个人都分配了工作. And the number of violent acts on television in the past years has increased from about 19 to 27 per hour. 本句翻译:每小时在电视上播出的暴力节目上的播出时间总数有了惊人的增长.每小时在电视播出的暴行的次 数在过去这些年中由 19 次增加到 27 次. violent acts 暴力行为 Given the amount of time that children watch television, it has become one of the most powerful models they want to follow. 本句翻译:从孩子们看电视总共所花的时间这一角度来看,电视上的暴行已经成为孩子们想要模仿的最强有力 的典范之一. given 是由 give 的过去分词演变成的介词,它和后边的名词一起构成短语,在句中作条件状语,意思是"在… 情况下;如果…;考虑到;鉴于" ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《 英 语( 一)
For example: Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. 如果身体比较好,我希望今年完成这件工作. Given their experience, they got the project that many engineers wish to get. 鉴于他们有经验,他们得到了许多工 程师都想得到的那项工程. powerful 强有力的 follow 仿效 The Position Statement on Media Violence in Children's Lives, recently adopted by the National Association for the Education of Young Children, points out that preschool children are particularly easily affected by the media because they are not yet fully able to distinguish fantasy from reality and their understanding of the underlying motives for behavior and the subtleties of moral conflicts is not yet well developed. 本句翻译:最近全国幼儿教育委员会在公布的《关于传播媒介中的暴力内容在儿童生活中的影响的声明》中指 出,学龄前儿童特别容易受到传播媒介的影响,因为他们不能把虚构的东西跟现实生活区别开来,他们也还不能充 分理解某一行为的潜在的动机,不能充分了解道德情操上的冲突的复杂性. developed 开发 For example, the rapid recoveries of people on TV from violent attacks give children an unrealistic picture of the injuries that have been suffered. 本句翻译:例如:在电视上人们受到暴力袭击之后很快就痊愈了,这让孩子们对伤者所受的折磨痛苦有一种不 真实的理解. Effects on Play 本句翻译: 对玩耍产生的影响 Children naturally often want the toys shown on and advertised during these programs. 本句翻译:孩子们很自然地经常想要这些节目中出现的那些玩具,以及在那些节目中间穿插的广告上的玩具. And with these toys, their play tends to be more imitative than imaginative. 28: 口误, ( 51 imaginative 说成 imitative) 本句翻译: 有了这些玩具,孩子们更多地只是单纯模仿在节目进行中所观察到的动作行为,而不再想象. with 运用 tends to do 倾向于…
  3. tend to + v For example: People tend to get fat as they grow older. 人越老越倾向于体态变胖.
  4. more…than… 与其…倒不如说(强调的是前者) For example: The little girl was more frightened than hurt. 与其说女孩受到了伤害,倒不如说她受到了惊吓. Children simply imitate the behavior observed during the program, thus undermining both the imaginative and the expressive functions of play. 本句翻译:孩子们只是简单地模仿电视节目里的动作,从而破坏了玩耍时的想象力和表达力. The narrow range of most violence-related toys advertised on television jeopardizes the role of play in helping children ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《 英 语( 一)
make better sense of their own feelings and interpret their world. 本句翻译:电视广告里与暴力相关的玩具范围狭窄.这些玩具不能更好地帮助儿童理解自己的感情,也起不到 帮助儿童来解释周围世界的作用. violence-related 和暴力相关的 make better sense of 更好的理解
  5. make sense of 了解/理解/弄明白 For example: Can you make sense of what he says? 你能弄懂他的话吗? The letter was so badly written that I couldn't make any sense of it. 这封信写得如此糟糕,以至于我看不懂它的意 思. Some research even suggests that children apply the behaviors observed on TV programs to their real-life situations. 本句翻译:一些调查研究的结果表明了,孩子们把他们在电视节目中所看到的一些动作行为应用到他们的现实 生活的环境中来了. suggest 表明 apply sth (to sth)应用/运用…/把…运用到…中去 For example: The results of this research can be applied to new developments of technology. 这项研究成果能应用 于新的技术开发方面.
  6. point out 指出,指明 For example: It is difficult for a person to point out his own shortcomings. 对于一个人而言,指出自己的缺点是困 难的.
  7.distinguish 辨别,区别(与 between 或 from 连用) For example: The twins are so much alike that it is impossible to distinguish one from the other. 这对孪生子如此像 以致于不可能把两人区分开来. The ability to speak distinguishes human beings from animals. 说话的能力把人类和动物区分开来. People who can not distinguish between colours are said to be colour-blind. 不能辨别颜色的人叫色盲. Parents Can Help 本句翻译:父母应该帮忙 It is a good idea for parents to monitor the amount as well as the kind of television their preschool child watches. 本句翻译:由父母来监控学龄前儿童看电视的时间长短和看哪一类电视节目,这倒是个好主意.
  8.monitor (n.)班长→监视器,监听员 For example: A group of experts are monitoring the behavior of the rocket under high temperatures. 一群专家正在 监控火箭在高温下的情况. His work is to monitor a foreign broadcast. 他的工作是监听某一外国的无线电广播. If your child appears to be crazy about war play and weapons, it would be a good idea to control his viewing. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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本句翻译:如果你觉得你的孩子狂热地喜欢看战争题材的电视剧,醉心于玩弄武器,那么控制他看电视倒是个 好主意.
  8. monitor
  9. be crazy about 热衷于,对…非常狂热 mad 疯 For example: I'm crazy about literature. 我痴迷于文学. Many young people are crazy about F
  4. 许多年轻人对 F4 十分着迷. Controlling viewing is easier to do during the preschool years than during the school years, so you should initiate a pattern of restricted television watching now. 本句翻译:在学龄前控制儿童看电视比起上学以后再去控制他要容易一些,所以现在你应开始实行一套严格控 制儿童看电视的规矩. controlling viewing 控制观看 pattern 模式 Help your child to interpret what she sees - to think of explanations for the events depicted and to imagine how the show is put together. 本句翻译:帮助你的孩子解释她看到的事物(原文如此:由"他"转换成"她"--译者著)--即让她对电视中所描述 的种种事件想出一些解释的方法,还要让她想象出来这个节目是怎样拼凑编辑到一起的. Make simple critiques of a show without implying that her fascination with the drama and the weapons makes her guilty by association. 本句翻译:对电视节目作一些简单的评论,不必暗示她,使她通过联想让她因迷恋电视剧和武器而感到内疚.
  10. criticize 评论 imply (v.)暗示 Ask the teachers of your child's preschool about their policy on war play and toy weapons. 本句翻译:向你的孩子所在的学前班的教师们征询对待战争片和玩具武器的办法. policy 意见 Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially made toy weapons brought into the classroom and welcome hearing your concerns about this matter. 本句翻译:很多学前班的老师们都不喜欢把以商业为目的制造的玩具武器带进教室来,他们很喜欢听到你们关 心这个问题. have sth done concern 关注 Look for other parents who share your views.Work together to control the amount of violent programs watched and the number of violent toys found in the home. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《 英 语( 一)
本句翻译:去找其他跟您有共同观点的家长.大家共同协作去控制孩子们所看的暴力节目的时间,去控制在家 中所发现的暴力玩具的件数. Try to arrange play dates for the children as an alternative to TV viewing. 本句翻译:尽量设法给孩子们安排几次到一起玩的聚会,用这种儿童聚会来代替看电视. Or look for videos of healthy, nonviolent programs for children, and encourage their use as an attractive alternative to violent television programs. 本句翻译:或者去找一些供儿童看的健康的非暴力节目的录像带,鼓励孩子们用这些很有吸引力的节目去代替 那些暴力的电视节目.
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅰ.For each sentence, fill in the blank with the proper form of the words given at the beginning. Please pay attention to the part of speech of each word.
  1. violent(<a.>暴力的) violence(<a.>暴力) violently(<ad.>暴力地) a. Many people complain too much (violence) is shown on television. 本句翻译:很多人都抱怨电视上放映的暴力节目太多了. b. People are sometimes (violent) when they become very angry. 本句翻译:当人们生气的时候他们通常会有一些暴力性的行动. c. Ten years later, when she saw her friend again, her heart began to beat (violently). 本句翻译:十年以后,当她再看到自己朋友的时候,她的心里开始狂跳起来. beat 心脏跳动
  2. significant(有意义的) significance(<n.>有意义)
 

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