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》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B Dieting Your Way to Health
New Words
  1.前缀单词 misguide 给予错误的消息或指导 chemical 化学的 chemistry n.化学 chemist 化学家 macronutrient 大量营养素
  2.后缀单词 resistance 抵抗;抵抗力;电阻 component 组成部分;部件,元件 compose (v.)由…组成,构成 gradually :step by step,little by little 逐渐地 essential 必要的 radical 根本的,基本的 artificial 人工的;假的 harmful 对…有害的 与介词"to"连用,do harm to,be harmful to 对…有害 protective 给予保护的 mineral 矿物 mine :pron.我的; v. 开采;n.矿山 miner n.矿工 特殊记忆 ①diet n.日常吃的东西 v.节食 dieter n.节食者, 减肥者 dietary adj.节食的 ②solute n.溶解物, 溶质 soluble adj.可溶的, 可溶解的 solve vt.解决, 解答 solution n.解答, 解决办法
Cruces words 重点词汇:
  1.essential 必要的 Is money essential to happiness? or: Is money essential for happiness? 金钱对于幸福是必不可少的吗? 区别:important, necessary, essential ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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Work is important / family is necessary/ air is essential
  2.recommend 推荐,介绍;劝告 recommend sb to sb recommend sth to sth I'd like to recommend Mr. Bright to your company.我很乐意把 Bright 先生推荐给贵公司.
  3.harmful 对…有害的 be harmful to The excess sunshine is harmful to your skin.过度的日光照射对你的皮肤是有害的.
Phrases and Expressions
  1.go on a diet 节食 In the modern time, many girls would like to go on a diet.
  2.have …something/nothing in common 与… 一样有 … My brother has something in common with me.我的哥哥跟我有一些相同的地方.
  3.as a result 作为结果,因此(插入语) He is very lazy ,I can hardly see him study ,as a result he fail his exams this time.他非常的懒惰,我很少看见他学习, 结果他这次考试没有及格.
  4.result in 结果是,导致 His hard work results in his success. 他的努力导致了他的成功
Text B Dieting Your Way to Health Almost everyone considers going on a diet sometime in his or her life. All, regardless of sex and age, have something in common - losing weight and losing it fast. go on+n.(表示某种行为的名词)表示继续进行某事 短语: ①go on 继续下去, 过去, 发生, 依靠, 接近, 进行, 依据 For example:My parents have decided to go on a journey to Shanghai next month. 父母决定下月去一趟上海. What's going on out there? 那里发生了什么事? As time went on, things began to change. 随着时间的流逝,事情开始发生了变化. The work was going on successfully. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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工作正在顺利进行.
》 《英语(一) 英语(
You oughtn't to go on living this way. 你不应该继续这样的生活. ②regardless of 不管, 不顾 ③have something in common 几乎每一个人在他或她的一生中都有个时候考虑要节食.所有的人,不分性别和年龄,都有个共同之处--要减轻 体重,而且要快速减肥. Though their common aim may seem basically good, they probably do not realize that misguided dieting can do more harm than good to their health. Going on too strict a diet can destroy the balance of chemicals in the human body. 短语: do good to do harm to too strict a diet 结构:too 和单数可数名词连用时,其后必须有形容词,而且该形容词要放在不定冠词之前,形成①"too+形容 词+a(an)+名词"的结构.For example:It's too difficult a task for me.这对我来说是个太艰巨的任务. It's too hot a day to work.天气太热,无法工作. ②so 与单数可数名词连用时,用法与 too 类似"so+形容词+a(n)+名词" For example:I've never before met so intelligent a person as he is.我以前从未遇到过像他这样聪明的人. It was so warm a day that we decided to go to the sea.那是一个非常暖和的日子,所以我们决定到海边去. 尽管他们共同的愿望好像基本上是好的,但是他们也许并没意识到,用这些误导的节食方法,对他们的身体健 康来说弊大于利.过于严苛的节食会破坏人身体内化学结构的平衡. This happens because when the body is suddenly given much less food than usual, it feels as though it is being attacked and tries hard to protect itself by saving energy. It does this by slowing down metabolism, the process by which the food we eat is converted into energy. 结构:as thought/as if:好像,似乎 短语:be converted into 被转化成 之所以会产生这种结果,是因为当人身体突然得到的食物比平时少了许多的时候,身体就会觉得好像受到了袭 击,于是身体就用节约能源支出的办法尽量设法来保护自己.我们的身体通过减慢新陈代谢的办法来保护自己,亦 即减慢把我们所吃的食物转化成能量的过程. As energy is supplied to the body at a slower and slower rate, dieters gradually become so weak that they can do nothing. They soon lose interest in everything going on about them, and their resistance to illness becomes so low that they are easily attacked by one illness after another. 由于以越来越慢的速度给身体供应能源,这些节食的人的身体就逐渐变得非常虚弱,以致弱到什么事都不能做 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
的程度.于是这些节食者很快就会对他们周围所发生的一切事情都失去了兴趣,结果他们的身体对疾病的抵抗能力 就变得非常低,以致于他们很容易地就会受到一种又一种疾病的袭击. at…rate 以…速度,速率 lose interest 不感兴趣 be interested in 对…感兴趣 Most of those who diet know that foods like rice, bread, potatoes, cakes, sweets, fruits and some vegetables contain carbohydrates, and so can make one fat. What they do not realize, however, is that carbohydrates are our bodies' main source of energy, and that these foods also contain components essential for the composition of substances that are needed to keep the body healthy. 绝大多数节食者都知道,像大米,面包,土豆,蛋糕,糖果,各种水果和一些蔬菜等都含有碳水化合物(即淀 粉) ,因而,都会使人发胖.可是,他们都没意识到碳水化合物是我们身体的主要的能源,也没意识到这些食品里都 含有使我们的身体保持健康所需要的一些物质的基本成分. As a result, they try to avoid eating these foods, and consequently, they become weaker and less healthy. They begin to have difficulty sleeping properly and start to suffer from radical mood changes. In more serious cases, they even begin to show signs of mental illness. 结构:have difficulty (in) doing 做某事有困难 For example:I have some difficulties learning mathematics well.对于我来说,学好数学有些困难. 短语:suffer from:遭受 For example:The people in the south of our country always suffer from floods.在我们国家南方的人们经常会遭受洪 水之灾. 结果,他们尽量避免吃此类食品,因而他们的身体就变得越来越虚弱,越来越不健康.他们开始有了不能适当 睡眠的难题,开始产生了思想情绪上的一些根本变化.在一些较严重的病例中,病者甚至开始显露出一些精神病的 征兆. It is strange enough that most strict diets recommend artificial sweeteners to take the place of sugar and other natural sweeteners. In fact, such artificial sweeteners actually increase one's appetite and lead to one's eating even more than usual. 短语:take the place of 代替 lead to 导致
说来也真奇怪,那些最严格的节食的食谱推荐用人造的甜味剂来代替蔗糖和其他天然的甜食品.事实上,这类 人造的甜味剂增大了一个人的食欲,结果反而使人比平时吃得更多. Of course, the fact that misguided forms of dieting result in so many problems does not mean that no dieting is safe or all dieting is harmful to the health. Proper dieting can not only help a person lose ugly excess fat, but can also help him or her to keep it off and to lead a more active, happier and healthier life. 短语:lead to /result in 导致 当然,种种错误的节食方法导致了很多问题,但这些事实并不意味着没有任何一种节食的方法是安全的,也不 意味着一切节食方法都对健康有害.恰如其分地节食不但能帮助一个人去掉难看的多余脂肪,而且能帮助一个人把 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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节食的成果保持下去,能帮助一个人过上一种更加充满了青春活力的,更为愉快的,更为健康的生活. excess 多余的,超过 keep off 使…远离 lead :lead a life You might ask just what a proper diet is. Well, simply expressed, a proper healthy diet is one that is well-balanced, or, in other words, one that includes enough but not too many of the kinds of foods that provide the body with the nutrients that it needs to function properly. 你很可能会问,到底什么样的节食食谱才是恰如其分的.噢,简单地讲,有益于健康的节食食谱,就是非常均 衡的食谱.换句话说,就是这种节食食谱中包括了足够的各种食品,但都不要吃得过多.这样的食物足可以提供使 我们的身体正常运转所需要的各类营养物质. The most important of these nutrients are the macronutrients: proteins, carbohydrates and fats. The body needs fairly large amounts of proteins and carbohydrates for building material and energy. Meat, fish, eggs, milk, cream, and nuts all contain proteins and foods like rice, bread, potatoes, etc. contain carbohydrates. The body needs fat to keep it from the cold and to provide a protective layer for the organs, but only in small quantities. 这些营养物质中最重要的就是人体所需的大量营养素:各类蛋白质,碳水化合物,各类脂肪.人的身体需要有 相当量的蛋白质和碳水化合物作为各器官的建筑材料和人活动的能量.肉,鱼,蛋,奶,奶油和各种坚果里面都含 有蛋白质,像大米,面包,土豆之类的食品里都含有碳水化合物.人体为了御寒需要脂肪,脂肪能为各种器官提供 保护层,但仅有少量的脂肪也就足够了. Vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcium, are another group of essential nutrients, though the body does not need as great a quantity of these as it does the macronutrients - proteins, carbohydrates and fats. 各种维他命(维生素)和铁,钙之类的矿物质是另一类的基本营养物质,尽管人体对这一类营养物质的需要量 并不像对大量营养物质--各类蛋白质,碳水化合物,脂肪--的需要量那么大. There are two types of vitamins, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C and the B-group vitamins do not stay in the body long and so foods containing these vitamins need to be taken rather often. On the other hand, the fat-soluble vitamins, vitamins A, D, E and K stay in the body for long periods of time and so there is no need to take foods containing them so often. 结构:There is no need to do 没有必要做某事 For example:There is no need to stay up to late to study.熬夜学习是没有太大必要的. 有两种维他命: 水溶性维他命和脂溶性维他命, 水溶性维他命像维他命 C 和 B 族维他命不会在身体内停留很久, 所以人体要经常吸收含有这些维他命的食物.另一方面,维他命 A,D,E 和 K 这类脂溶维他命却能在人体里停留 很长一段时间,因而就没必要经常地去吃含有脂溶性维他命的食品. One way of getting enough nutrients while keeping one's weight down is to take substitutes for foods which contain too much fat. For example, instead of regular milk, one can take skimmed milk, which contains as many proteins and minerals as ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
regular milk but has had the fat removed. In the same way, vegetable oil can be used for cooking instead of animal oil. substitutes for… …的替代物 结构:have sth done:I have my hair cut. 我让别人剪了头发. have sb do:I have him cut my hair.我让他剪了我的头发.
 

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