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》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text A Panic and Its Effects
New Words
  1.前缀单词 disclose 使显露;揭露 recurrent 一再发生的;复发的 uneasy 心神不安的 multiplicity 多种多样 multichoice 多选 endanger 危及,使处于危险之中 unnecessarily 不必要的
  2.后缀单词 shortness 短;缺乏,不足 approximately 近似地,大约地 remarkable 显著的 eventually 终于,最终
  3.合成词 housewife 家庭主妇 nearby 附近的 nowadays 现今 moreover:what's more 而且 heartbeat 心跳
  4.特殊词汇记忆 severe 严重的;严格的;严峻 accompany 陪伴,伴奏
Cruces words 重点词汇:
  1.accompany 陪同,伴随;为…伴奏 He accompanied her to the bus station in the evening. 晚上他陪她到公共汽车站. Mr.Jones played the violin and his daughter accompanied him on the piano. 琼斯先生拉小提琴,他的女儿弹钢琴伴奏. accompany on 注意用介词"on"
  2.conduct 处理;指挥;传导 n.举止,行为 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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He is too young to conduct a business. 他太年轻,不能经营商业. The teacher conducted the children to a safer place. 老师把孩子们领到了较安全的地方 Plastic and rubber won't conduct electricity. 塑料和橡皮不导电. I'm glad to see your conduct at school has improved. 我很高兴看到你在学校的行为已有了进步.
  3.disclose 使显露;揭露 She had to disclose the truth to her mother. 她不得不向母亲讲了实情. The secret was disclosed to the public. 这个秘密已向大家公开.
  4.bear/stand/put up with 忍受;负担
  5.uneasy 心神不安的,忧虑的 =anxious
  6.claim 声称,主张;对…提出要求;断言
  7.drug 药,药物; (pl.)麻醉药品,毒品
  8.mention 说到,提及 不可以接不定式 He mentioned the plan, but gave no details. 他提到了计划,但是没有说明细节. She mentioned to me that she had seen you. 她向我提到她曾见到过你. He mentions hearing from her often. 他谈到他常收到她的信. Don't mention it. 不用客气
  4.endanger 危及,使遭危险 You will endanger your health if you smoke so much. 你吸烟太多的话会危害自己的健康的.
Text A Panic and Its Effects One afternoon while she was preparing dinner in her kitchen, Anne Peters, a 32-year-old American housewife, suddenly ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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had severe pains in her chest accompanied by shortness of breath. Frightened by the thought that she was having a heart attack, Anne screamed for help. Her husband immediately rushed Anne to a nearby hospital where her pains were diagnosed as having been caused by panic, and not a heart attack. 在身体的某些部位用介词:in the chest ,on the nose , 单词: ①short(a.)/ shortness(n.)某物不够(的) ,缺乏(的) For example:We did not buy anything because we were short of money. Shortness of sleep may affect daytime work very much. ②rush (vi)仓促行动/ (vt)匆忙地做 For example:Don't rush to conclusions./ She rushed her child to do his homework. be diagnosed as 被诊断为 一位 32 岁的美国家庭妇女安妮彼得斯,一天下午正在厨房里做晚餐,突然她胸部剧痛,伴随着呼吸短促.安 妮感到恐怖,因为她想到这可能是心脏病发作了,于是她尖叫着喊救命.安妮的丈夫立即把她送到附近一家医院. 在这家医院,她的胸痛被诊断是由恐怖症引起的,而不是心脏病发作. having been caused by panic 现在分词的完成被动式 For example:This song was thought of as having been sung by others.这首歌被认为此前有人唱过. More and more Americans nowadays are having panic attacks like the one experienced by Anne Peters. Benjamin Crocker, a psychologist at the University of Southern California, reveal that as many as ten million adult Americans have already experienced or will experience at least one panic attack in their lifetime. reveal 揭示 短语:in one's lifetime 在某人的一生中 现在有越来越多的美国人得了安妮彼得斯所经历的这种恐怖症. 据一位南加州大学的心理学家本杰明克拉克披 露的消息说,有多达一千万的美国成年人在一生中最低限度有过一次或将来准会有一次恐怖症发作的经历. Moreover, studies conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health in the United States disclose that approximately
  1.2 million adult individuals are currently suffering from severe and recurrent panic attacks. 此外,美国国家心理健康研究院所进行的反复调查研究的结果说明,有近一百二十万美国成年人现在患有严重 的反复发作的恐怖症. These attacks may last for only a few minutes; some, however, continue for several hours. The symptoms of panic attacks bear such remarkable similarity to those of heart attacks that many victims believe that they are indeed having a heart attack. bear 忍受,承受,出生 单词:similar/similarity 相似/相似处 similar to 与…相似/similarity to 与…有相似之处 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
For example:His hobbies are similar to mine. /His pictures show some similarities to those drawn by a famous artist. 结构:such… that…如此…以至于 这些恐怖症发作起来,有的只持续两三分钟,可是,也有的能持续好几个小时.这些恐怖症发作的种种症状与 心脏病发作的那些症状有着十分明显的相似之处,以至于有很多患者都认为他们确实是心脏病发作了. Panic attack victims show the following symptoms: they often become easily frightened or feel uneasy in situations where people normally would not be afraid; they suffer shortness of breath, experience chest pains, a quick heartbeat, sudden fits of trembling, a feeling that persons and things around them are not real; and most of all, a fear of dying or going crazy. A person seized by a panic attack may show all or as few as four of these symptoms. seized 抓住,受到疾病的袭击,受到情绪的支配. For example:He seized with an illness. 恐怖症的患者都会表现出下列症状: 他们很容易受到惊吓,甚至在一些人们通常不会感到害怕的情况下,他们都会感到紧张不安;他们呼吸短促, 胸部疼痛,心跳加快,阵阵发抖;他们觉得周围所有的人和种种情况都不是真实的;最为严重的是,有的害怕自己 快要死了或快要发疯了.一个恐怖症发作了的人可能会表现出这一切症状或者说至少会表现出上述四种症状. There has been a lot of explanations as to the causes of panic attacks. Many claim that psychological stress could be a logical cause, but as yet, no evidence has been found to support this theory. However, studies show that more women than men experience panic attacks and people who drink a lot as well as those who use drugs are more likely to suffer attacks. 短语: ①as to 关于/至于/说到 For example:I'm sorry to say I can tell you nothing as to my plan.关于我的计划,很抱歉,我无可奉告. As to the journey, we must decide something about that later.至于那趟旅行,我们必须以后再作决定. ②as yet 迄今;到目前为止:As yet, the decision has not been made. 关于恐怖症发作的原因有很多种解释.很多人主张心理上的压力从逻辑上来说应该是致病的原因,不过到现在 为止还根本没有发现有任何证据能支持这一理论.不过,多方面调查研究显示女人比男人恐怖症发作的经历多,嗜 酒成癖的人和吸毒的人更容易犯恐怖症发作的病. It is reported that there are at least three signs that indicate a person is suffering from a panic attack rather than a heart attack. The first is age. People between the ages of 20 and 30 are more often victims of panic attacks. The second is sex. More women suffer from recurrent panic attacks than men. The third is the multiplicity of symptoms. A panic attack victim usually suffers at least four of the previously mentioned symptoms, while a heart attack victim often experiences only pain and shortness of breath. 据报导至少有三种迹象可以表明某人得的是恐怖症而不是心脏病.第一是年龄,20 到 30 之间的人更容易患恐 怖症.第二是性别,女性比男性更容易患恐怖症.第三是症状的多样性.一位恐怖症患者通常至少会有本文先前提 到的四种症状,而心脏病发作时患者通常只疼痛和呼吸短促. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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It is generally agreed that a panic attack does not directly endanger a person's life. All the same, it can unnecessarily disrupt a person's life by making him or her so afraid of having a panic attack in a public place that he or she may refuse to leave home and may eventually become isolated form the rest of society. Dr. Crocker's advice to any person who thinks he is suffering from a panic attack is to consult a doctor for a medical examination to rule out the possibilities of physical illness first. Once it has been confirmed that he or she is, in fact, suffering from a panic attack, the victim should seek psychological and medical help. 短语: ①all the same 尽管如此 For example:The weather is fairly nice, all the same, you'd better take an umbrella. 天气不错,尽管如此,你最好还是带把伞. ②rule out 排除 For example:The possibility that he is a murderer can not be ruled out by now. 一般人们都认为恐怖症发作时不会直接危及到一个人的生命.尽管如此,恐怖症会不必要地扰乱了一个人的生 活秩序,会使一个人因为非常害怕恐怖症发作而不敢到公共场所去,结果这个患者就不敢离开家,终于导致与世隔 绝.克拉克博士的嘱咐是,凡认为自己患有恐怖症的人都要请医生做体格检查以便首先排除有身体疾病的可能性. 一旦患者被确认得的是恐怖症,那么患者就应寻求心理治疗,配合药物治疗.
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅰ
  1.short shortage shortness
a.His answer was short and to the point. b.People are perfectly aware of the shortness of the days in winter. c.Food shortage often occurs in time of war.
  2.easy easily uneasy
a.All things are difficult before they are easy. b.He works so hard that his mother feels uneasy about his health. c.He used to be very strong and could swim across the river easily. used to do 过去常常做某事 be used to doing 习惯于做某事
  3.psychology psychological psychologist
a.Ten years after his graduation, he became a well-known psychologist. b.Psychology is the study or science of the mind and the way it works. c.She is interested in the psychological development of the child. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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  4.danger dangerous
》 《英语(一) 英语(
endanger
a.He has been very ill, but the doctors say that he is now out of danger. b.A war can endanger millions of lives. c.It is dangerous to walk on thin ice on a lake..
  5.necessary unnecessary unnecessarily
a.You'd better cut out the unnecessary words. b.He didn't care about it at all, so he thought her explanation was unnecessarily detailed. c.It is necessary to know the differences between a heart attack and a panic attack.

  1.He enjoys cooking and spends most of his spare time in the kitchen. 他喜欢做饭,并把大部分业余时间都耗在厨房里了.
  2.I hope you didn't mention my name to her. 我希望你没有跟她提起我的名字.
  3.He claims that he has broken the record for long-distance flying. 他声称他已打破了长距离飞行的纪录.
  4.There were no facts to confirm his theory. 没有事实来证实他的理论.
  5.Fever is a symptom of illness. 发烧是得病的症状.
  6.She went to the hospital, and the doctor diagnosed her illness as lung cancer. 她去了医院,医生诊断她得了肺癌.
  7.The price is too high, and moreover, the house isn't in a suitable position. 价格太高,而且房子的位置也不合适.
  8.His life was greatly endangered when he jumped into the cold water to save the child. 当他跳进冷水中去救那个孩子时,他的生命也极其危险.
  9.He got rid of the habit of taking harmful drugs. 他摆脱了吸食毒品的习惯.
  10.The victims of the traffic accident were
 

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