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》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B Sleepwalking - Fact or Fancy?
一,New Words
  1.前缀单词
  1)outgrow(vt.)长大(或发展)使得…不再适用;长得比…快(或大,高)
  2.后缀单词
  1)endless(a.)无止境的,没完没了的
  2)taker(n.)取…的人,接受者
  3)fantastic(a.)
  1.异想天开的,不现实的;
  2.极大的,难以相信的
  4)disturbance(n.)
  1.扰乱,打扰;
  2.骚乱,混乱;
  3.心神不安,烦恼
  5)anxiety(n.)
  1.焦虑,挂念;
  2.渴望,热望;adj. anxious
  6)muscular(a.)
  1.肌肉的;
  2.强有力的;muscle(n.)肌肉
  7)partially(ad.)部分地,不完全地 partial(a.)part(n.)
  8)sensory(a.)感觉的;感官的;sense(n.)感官
  9)inhibition(n.)
  1.抑制;
  2.阻止,禁止;
  3.[心]感情阻力 inhibit(v.)
  10)exaggerate(vt.)夸大,夸张;exaggeration(n.)
  11)awaken(vi.)醒,觉醒; (vt.)
  1.唤醒,使觉醒;
  2.唤起,激起
  12)publicize(vt.)
  1.宣扬,宣传;
  2.引起公众注意
  13)dramatic(a.)
  1.戏剧性的;
  2.引人注目的,给人深刻印象的
  14)curiously(ad.)好奇地
  3.合成词 sleepwalk(vi./n.)梦游,梦行 sleepwalker(n.)梦游者,梦行者
  4.特殊记忆
  1)nevertheless(ad.)仍然,然而,不过
  2)border(n.)
  1.边,边缘;
  2.边界,边境 (vt.)
  1.(与…)接壤,毗邻;
  2.作为…的边界 (vi.)
  1.(与…)接壤(on,upon,with) ;
  2.接近,近于(on,upon) 可以一起记忆的单词:board(n.)木板/broad(a.)宽的,宽广的/abroad(ad.)在海外,在国外. 例:study abroad 在国外学习
  5.重点词汇
  1)fancy: (n.)
  1.想象力,幻想力;
  2.设想,幻想;
  3.爱好,迷恋 (a.)别致的,花式的; (vt.)
  1.想要;
  2.想象;
  3.幻想 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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fancy: imagination fancy goods 花哨的商品
》 《英语(一) 英语(

  2)compose(vt.)
  1.组成,构成(用被动语态时后边接 of,表示由…构成) ;
  2.创作(音乐,文学作品) 通常构成的句式结构:be composed of 例:The house is chiefly composed of wood. 这栋房子主要由木材构成. 例:The artist composed an interesting picture by putting the various colored shapes together. 这个艺术家通过把一些 各种颜色的模型组织到一起,创作了一幅有趣的图画.
  3)commit(vt.)犯(罪) ,干(坏事) commit crime 犯罪;commit suicide 自杀
  4)border
  1.边,边缘;
  2.边界,边境 (vt.)
  1.(与…)接壤,毗邻;
  2.作为…的边界 (vi.)
  1.(与…)接壤(on,upon,with) ;
  2.接近,近于(on,upon) 例:The street is bordered with trees. 这条街的两旁种满了树. 例:The park borders on the shore of the lake. 公园毗邻湖滨. border + on/upon 表示(程度上)接近于,近于 例:The suggestion borders on absurd. 这个建议简直是荒谬.
  5)disturbance(n.)
  1.扰乱,打扰;
  2.骚乱,混乱;
  3.心神不安,烦恼 make disturbance 制造骚乱 例:Some drunken men made a great disturbance in the street last night. 昨天晚上一些醉汉在大街上滋事.
  6)awaken(vi.)醒,觉醒; (vt.)
  1.唤醒,使觉醒;
  2.引起公众注意 awake(v./a.)唤醒/醒的,醒着的 例:The sound of the doorbell awaked the baby. 门铃的响声把孩子吵醒了. 例:We must awaken the people to the dangers faced by our country. 我们必须让人们认识到我们国家所面临的危险.
  7)exaggerate(vt.)夸大,夸张 例:The danger of floods has been unnecessarily exaggerated on the media. 洪水带来的危险被媒体毫无必要地夸大了.
  8)temporary(a.)暂时的,临时的;反义词:permanent 永远,永久的
  6.Phrases and Expressions
  1)to wake up
  1.醒,醒来;
  2.觉醒,醒悟 例:Please wake me up at seven a.m. tomorrow morning. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
请在明天早上七点钟叫醒我.
  2)to border on 接界,接壤;近似,接近
  3)to put … on record
  1.有记录;
  2.列入记录;
  3.将…列入记录 例:All of the judge's opinions are put on record. 法官的所有意见都要被记录在案. 例:This is the coldest winter on record. 这是有史以来被记录在案的最冷的一个冬天.
  4)in other words
  1.换句话说;
  2.也就是说 例:I'm quite busy this day, in other words I can not attend your birthday party. 我今天非常非常地忙,也就是说我 不能参加你的生日晚会.
  5)as for/as to
  1.至于;
  2.关于; 例:As for my past,I will not tell anything. 关于我的过去我什么也不愿意谈.
二,Text B Sleep walking - Fact or Fancy?(梦游,是真有其事还是虚构出来的?) There is an endless supply of stories about sleepwalkers. Persons have been said to climb on roofs, solve mathematical problems, compose music, walk through windows, and commit murder in their sleep. 关于梦游的人,有说不完的事:据说有些人在梦游中爬上了屋顶,解出了一些数学题,作曲,从窗户走了出去, 杀了人. 本句的结构是"主语(persons)+谓语动词(have been said)+动词不定式(to climb)".这种结构中谓语动词多 为 be said, reported, known 等, be be 且为被动语态; 本句的意思相当于 It has been said that persons climb on roofs … in their sleep. 在本课当中还有几句结构与此相同. In Revere, Massachusetts, a hundred policemen searched for a lost boy who left his home in his sleep and woke up five hours later on a strange sofa in a strange living room, with no idea how he had got there. 在美国马萨诸塞州的里维尔市,一百名警察在寻找一个失踪了的男孩,这个男孩在睡眠中离开了家,5 个小时 以后在一间陌生的客厅中的一个陌生的长沙发上醒来了,他竟然一点也不知道他是怎么到了那儿. with no idea how he had got there. 是 with + n.+ 其他部分构成的独立主格结构,表示伴随状况,做伴随状语. At the University of Iowa, a student was reported to have the habit of getting up in the middle of the night and walking three-quarters of a mile to the Iowa River. He would take a swim and then go back to his room to bed. 在美国爱荷华州立大学,据报导说,有个学生有个习惯,老是在半夜里起床然后步行 3/4 英里路走到爱荷华河. 他习惯于游一会泳,然后再回到他的房间上床就寝. An expert on sleep in America claims that he has never seen a sleepwalker. He is said to know more about sleep than any other living man, and during the last thirty-five years has lost a lot of sleep watching people sleep. Says he, "of course, I know that there are sleepwalkers because I have read about them in the newspapers. 美国有位研究睡眠问题的专家说,他从来也没见过正在梦游的人.据说他在睡眠方面的知识比世界上其他任何 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
人都多.最近 35 年他放弃了很多睡眠时间去观察人们的睡眠状况.他说,"当然,我知道有些人会梦游,因为我在 报纸上看到过. lose one's time doing 牺牲时间来做某事. But none of my sleepers ever walked, and if I were to advertise for sleepwalkers for an experiment. I doubt that I'd get many takers." 但是我所观察过的睡眠中的人没有任何人会在睡眠中起来走路,倘倘使我真的登广告招聘有梦游经历的人前来 参加我的实验,我看我就未必能招聘到很多人来参加实验." If I were to advertise 表示虚拟语气,be to do 表示将要发生 Sleepwalking, nevertheless, is a scientific reality. It is one of those strange phenomena that sometimes border on the fantastic. What is certain about sleepwalking is that it is a symptom of emotional disturbance, and that the only way to cure it is to remove the worries and anxieties that cause it. Doctors say that sleepwalking is much more common than is generally supposed. Many sleepwalkers do not seek help and so are never put on record, which means that an accurate count can never be made. 然而,从科学的角度讲,梦游确是真有其事的.梦游是那种有时近似于奇异怪诞的不可思议的现象之一.关于 梦游症所能肯定的就是梦游是情绪紊乱的一种症状,要治好梦游症的唯一的办法就是去除导致焦虑和担忧的病因. 医生们都说,梦游症要比人们通常认为的情况更加普遍得多.许多梦游症患者不前来就医,因而也就永远也不能记 录在案,这就意味着永远也没办法做出精确的统计. Phenomena(复数形式) ;phenomenon(单数)意思是"现象" The question is:Is the sleepwalker actually awake or asleep? Scientists have decided that he is about half-and-half. Dr. Zelda Teplitz, who made a ten-year study of the subject, says, "The sleepwalker is awake in the muscular area, partially asleep in the sensory area." In other words, a person can walk in his sleep, move around, and do other things, but he does not think about what he is doing. 问题是:正在梦游的人是清醒的呢,还是依然在睡梦中?科学家们断定梦游患者是处于半醒半睡的状态中.泽 尔达泰普丽兹医生对梦游这一课题进行了十年的仔细观察和研究之后说, "梦游的人控制肌肉的那一部分大脑是清醒 的,而控制感官的那一部分仍在睡梦中."换句话说,一个人可以在睡梦中走路,到处乱走,或做其他一些事情,但 这个人并没仔细考虑过他或她在干什么. What are the chances of a sleepwalker committing a murder or doing something else extraordinary in his sleep? Dr.Teplitz says, "Most people have such great inhibitions against murder or violence that they would awaken if someone didn't wake them up." In general, authorities on sleepwalking agree with her. They think that people will not do anything in their sleep that is against their own moral standard. As for the publicized cases, Dr. Teplitz points out, "Sleepwalking itself is dramatic… sleepwalkers can always find an audience. I think that some of their tall tales get exaggerated in the telling." In her own records of case histories, there is not one sleepwalker who ever got beyond his own front door. 一个正在梦游的人干出杀人或某种别的令人震惊的事的可能性有多大?泰普丽兹医生说:"大多数人都有非常强 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
大的抑制去伤人或去从事暴行的能力,以致如果别人若不把他们唤醒的话,他们自己也会醒来."一般来讲,研究梦 游问题的一些学术权威都同意她的说法.他们认为人们在睡梦中不会干出任何违背他们自己的道德准则的事情来. 至于谈到传闻中那些梦游的故事,泰普丽兹医生指出:"梦游本身就是带有戏剧色彩的事情……总会有些听众愿意去 听梦游者的故事.我认为他们的一些本来就是荒诞不经的故事在讲述的过程中被夸大了."在她记录的病例档案中, 没有任何一个在梦游的人曾经走出过自己家的前门. moral standard 道德标准 as for 至于,关于 point out 指出 tall 夸大的 To protect themselves, some sleepwalkers have been known to tie themselves in bed, lock their doors, hide the keys, bolt the window, and take all sorts of measures to wake themselves if they should get out of bed. Curiously enough, they have an unusual way of avoiding their own traps when they sleepwalk, so none of their tricks seem to work very well. Some sleepwalkers talk in their sleep loudly enough to wake someone else in the family who can then shake them back to their senses. 众所周知,有些患有梦游症的人,为了保护自己把自己捆绑在床上,锁上自己的门,把钥匙藏起来,把窗户都 拴死,若是万一自己起了床去梦游,他们采取了各种各样的措施以便把自己弄清醒过来.说来这事也真够怪的,在 他们起来梦游时,总能用一些不一般的手段避开自己清醒时所设下的那些防范的措施,所以他们那些防范的招数都 不能很好地起作用.有些患梦游症的人在梦游时会大声说话,以便把家中其他人吵醒,然后让家人把他们摇醒. take measures 采取措施 work 起作用 shake back :shake 摇 Children who walk in their sleep usually outgrow the habit. In many adults, too, the condition is more or less temporary. If it happens often, however, the sleepwalker should seek help. Although sleepwalking itself is nothing to become alarmed about, the problems that cause the sleepwalking may be very serious. 凡是患有梦游症的儿童长大以后通常都能改掉梦游的习惯.许多成年人也会改掉梦游的习惯,梦游的状态多多 少少都具有暂时性.可是,如果经常发生梦游,那梦游患者就该去就医.尽管梦游这种现象本身根本就不值得大惊 小怪,但是导致梦游的种种原因却很可能是非常
 

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