高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Text B The Killer Smogs
New Words(手写板) 带有前缀单词:
  1. invisible (a.)看不见的 dioxide 二氧化物 带有后缀单词:
  2. conclude (v.)推断出,推论出;结束;缔结,议定 conclusion (n.)结论 milky (a.)乳白色;乳的,乳状的 pollute (v.)污染 pollution (n.)污染 deadly (a.)致命的,致死的 refinery (n.)提炼厂 fortunately (ad.)幸运地,幸亏
  3. smog → smokefog 烟雾 droplet 小滴 collision 冲突,抵触;碰撞 conflict 冲突 核心单词: fume (vi.)发怒,怒斥(at 指人,over 指事) fume + at sb 对某人发怒 over sth 因为某事发怒 For example: When we got to his home, he was fuming at his child. 当我们赶到他家的时候,他正在训斥他的孩 子. The secretary is always late for work; so the boss often fumes over it. 秘书经常上班迟到;老板也 常常因此而大为生气. exhaust(vt.)筋疲力尽;耗尽,用尽;详尽论述 (n.)排气装置;废气 For example: The long cycle ride exhausted her. 她因为长途骑车而疲惫不堪. Several days later he exhausted his patience. 几天之后他变得再也没有耐心了. Phrases to combine with 与…结合(或联合,混合,组合) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
For example: Hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water. 氢与氧化合成水.
fc1 xt B The Killer Smogs killer 杀手 killer 与 smogs 是同位语 本句翻译:历次重大的烟雾杀人事件 On the night of December 1, 1930, a dense fog moved over the Meuse Valley, in Belgium. Many factories in the valley poured smoke and fumes into the foggy air. This created a dark smog of smoke and fog combined. 本句翻译:1930 年 12 月 1 日夜,一场浓雾漂移到了比利时的默兹山谷地区.山谷中的许多工厂都把烟尘和各 种有害的微粒排放到这一场大雾当中了,于是就形成了烟与雾混合在一起的一大片浓黑的烟雾.
  1. on 表示具体时间,在某年某月某日或某月某日,或具体某一天的上下午,晚上 For example: On May first 在五月一日 On the morning of Friday 在星期五早上 over 在…上面(一般表示垂直上方) combined 分词做定语,修饰 smoke and fog People in the valley began to cough and strain for breath. 本句翻译:这一山谷里的人们开始咳嗽,呼吸急促. The smog remained for four days. During that time, thousands of people became ill. 本句翻译:这场烟雾在这山谷里足足延续了四天,在这四天里成千上万的人病倒了.
  2. remain : last (v.)持续 during 在…期间 The hospitals were filled with patients. 本句翻译:各家医院里都挤满了病人.
  3. be filled(v.)with / be full(a.)of For example: The cup is filled with water. 这个杯子被装满了水. (强调动作) The cup is full of water. 杯子里的水很满. (强调状态) Sixty people died. Most of them were older persons with heart and lung problems. 本句翻译:结果 60 人死亡.死者中绝大多数都是患有心脏病和肺病的老人. with heart and lung problems 介宾短语做定语修饰 persons Finally, a heavy rain washed away the smog. 本句翻译:最后,是一场大雨把这场烟雾冲洗掉了. finally : at last 最终
  4. wash (v.)洗,冲刷 ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
For example: do some washing 洗衣服 wash away 把…冲走 Scientists studied the causes of the disaster. 本句翻译:科学家们研究了这场灾难的原因. cause (n.)原因 They concluded that the illnesses and deaths were caused by chemicals in the smog. 本句翻译:他们研究了这场灾难之后得出的结论是,这场烟雾中的有害化学物质导致了人们生病和死亡. conclude 得出结论 come to the conclusion chemical (a.)化学的 chemicals (n.)化学物质 The first reported event of this kind in the United States happened in Donora, a factory town in a valley near Pittsburgh. 本句翻译:美国报道的第一起这类事件发生在靠近匹兹堡的多诺拉.多诺拉是一个山谷里的工业城镇. event 事件 reported 过去分词做定语修饰 event,表示"被报道过的" In 1948, a killer smog made half of the population sick, there were 17 deaths. Again, older people with lung or heart diseases were hit hardest. 本句翻译: 在 1948 年,一场烟雾导致该镇有半数人口生了病,17 人死亡.这里也还是患有肺病或心脏病的老 年人受害最重. death 表示死亡状态时不可数;表示死亡人数时可数 London, England, has always been known for its "black fogs." 本句翻译:英国伦敦一向以其"黑雾"著称于世.
  5. be known for 因…而出名 In the winter of 1952, a milky white fog rolled into the city. It soon turned into black smog as the smoke of the city poured into the air. 本句翻译:在 1952 年冬季,一厚层奶白色的雾滚滚漂进伦敦的空气当中.随着市里的浓烟注入到空气中,它很 快变成了黑色的烟雾. milky (a.)乳白色 roll into 滚滚涌入
  6. turn into :change into 变成… It was so hard to see that people had to walk in front of the buses to guide them. 本句翻译:这场雾浓得令人什么也看不见,以致于人们不得不步行在公共汽车的前头引导着司机慢慢开车前进. guide 引导 In this way, the most serious air pollution disaster in history began. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:就这样,开始了历史上最严重的一场空气污染所造成的灾难. in this way 以这种方式 When it was over, more than 4,000 people had been killed by the thick black smog. 本句翻译:灾难结束时有四千多人被这场浓黑的烟雾夺去了生命. over (a.)结束的 New York City has had several London-type smogs since 19
  50. 本句翻译:自从 1950 年以来,美国纽约市发生了数起类似伦敦的烟雾杀人事件. London-type 伦敦式 Each time, there were from 100 to 400 deaths caused by the smog. 本句翻译:每次都因为有毒烟雾导致了一百到四百人的死亡. Although these smogs were not as deadly as London's, New York City has the worst air pollution problem in the United States. 本句翻译:虽然这些烟雾令人致死的程度没有伦敦烟雾那样厉害,但是纽约市的空气污染问题在全美国是最严 重的. In all the killer smogs, factories and homes poured smoke and fumes into the air from the furnaces. 本句翻译:在所有这一切烟雾杀人的事件当中,都是由于各大小工厂和各个家庭把他们炉火中的烟尘和微粒排 放到空气中所造成的. The chemical fumes combined with the water droplets in the fog to form harmful substances. 本句翻译:这些化学微粒同雾中的极微小的水珠结合起来就形成了各种有害的物质.
  7. combine with 与…结合在一起 These substances caused the illness of those who breathed the polluted air. 本句翻译:这些有害物质是那些呼吸这些被污染的空气的人致病的原因. Usually, such harmful fumes rise into the upper air and are blown away by the wind. 本句翻译:一般情况下,这些有害的微粒漂浮到空气的上层以后,会被风吹走. upper 更高的,更上层的
  8. blow →blew→blown 刮风 But sometimes there is an unusual weather condition called a temperature inversion. 本句翻译:但有时会有一种被称作"温度逆增"的不平常的天气状态. inversion 倒置,相反 A layer of cold air remains near the ground as smoke and fumes pour into it. 本句翻译:当烟尘和微粒排放到空气中以后,有一层冷空气仍然贴近地面. layer 层 This is covered by an upper layer of warm air that acts like a lid. It prevents the polluted cooler air from rising. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:冷空气被高层的暖空气像盖子一样覆盖,这层暖空气就阻挡了这些被污染的冷空气,使之不能上升 到高空中. cover 覆盖 act 起…作用
  9. prevent…from 使…不能 The harmful fumes pile up and make people ill. The smog may be so thick that airports are closed and chains of collisions occur on the highways. 本句翻译:这些有害的微粒越聚越多,于是就使人生病了.烟雾有时很浓以致于各个机场被迫关闭,公路上发 生了一系列的汽车相撞的事件.
  10. pile up 聚集,累积 chains of 一系列的 Another type of smog occurs in Los Angeles. Here the weather may be clear and sunny. 本句翻译:在美国洛杉矶出现过另一种烟雾.这里天气晴朗,阳光灿烂. clear 明媚 But stinging eyes and dry coughs show that harmful chemicals fill the air. 本句翻译:但是人们感到眼睛刺痛,开始干咳.这些症状表明空气中充满了有害的化学物质. stinging eyes 刺痛的眼睛 dry coughs 干咳 The smog is due to invisible gases, mostly from automobile exhaust. 本句翻译:这种烟雾主要是由汽车尾气中的看不见的无色气体组成的.
  11. be due to 因为… For example: His lateness is due to heavy traffic. 他迟到是由于交通堵塞. exhaust (v.)筋疲力尽(n.)排气,排气装置 Because these chemicals are changed by the sun high up in the air, Los Angeles smog is called photochemical smog. 本句翻译:因为这些化学物质是由高悬空中的阳光照射转化而来的,所以洛杉矶的烟雾被称为光化学烟雾. It contains automobile exhaust fumes and nitrogen oxides changed by the sun's rays. 本句翻译:这种光化学烟雾包含了汽车排放的尾气和太阳照射造成的氮氧化物. changed by the sun's rays 过去分词短语做定语,修饰 nitrogen oxides,表示"太阳光造成的". Added to these are sulfur dioxide and other fumes from factories and oil refineries. 本句翻译:此外还有从工厂和炼油厂排放出来的二氧化硫和其他的悬浮微粒. add to 加入 Photochemical smog is found in many large cities all over the world. 本句翻译:在全世界很多大城市中都发现有光化学烟雾. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网上辅导
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Killer smogs don't happen very often, fortunately. 本句翻译:幸好,这种烟雾杀人事件并不是经常发生的. But in many large cities, a combination of automobile exhaust fumes, home furnace smoke, and factory waste gases pours into the air. 本句翻译:但在许多大城市中,汽车尾气中的微粒,家庭火炉冒出来的烟尘及工厂的废气汇合在一起排放到空 气中了. smoke (v.)冒烟 This may also happen in the suburbs, or out in the country, where large factories have been built. 本句翻译:这种做法也会出现在郊区或城市外围的农村,因为这些地方都盖起了大型的各类工厂. suburb 郊区 country 农村 A number of harmful substances have been found in the air there. When these substances are breathed in day after day, the health of the population is affected. 本句翻译:在这些地方的空气中发现有很多的有害化学物质,人们日复一日地呼吸了这些有害物质,身体健康 就会大受影响.
  12. breathe(v.)呼吸/ breath(n.)呼吸 take breath day after day 日复一日 year after year 年复一年
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅰ. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
  1. The earthquake was the greatest (disater 灾难) the country had ever experienced. 本句翻译:这场地震是这个国家所经历过的最严重的一次灾难. A. disturbance 骚乱,打扰 C. disruption 分裂,混乱 D. disadvantage 不利条件
  2. Air (pollution 污染) can cause human diseases. 本句翻译:空气污染可以导致人类患病. B. pattern 式样,图案 C. phenomenon 现象(复数:phenomena) D. pressure 压力
  3. This room is much too hot; it's like a (furnace 火炉). 本句翻译:这间房子太热,简直就像个火炉. A. fantasy 幻想 B. fossil 化石 C. fashion 流行
  4. Many people were killed in the (collision 碰撞,冲突) between the bus and the car. 本句翻译:在这场公交车和小汽车的相撞中很多人死于非命. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
自考 365(-www.zikao3
  65.com-)
高等教育自学考试网
 

相关内容

自考英语(一)English_jy10021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B Solving Problems Scientifically New words solution 解答,解决办法;溶解,溶液 biological 生物学(上)的 engineering 工程,工程学;操纵,管理 microelectronics [用作单或复]微电子学,超小型电子学 related 有关的,相关的(to) ;有亲戚(或亲缘)关系的 background 背景 logical 逻辑(上)的,符合逻辑的 ma ...

自考英语(一)English_jy18021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B You Have a Choice 一,New Words 1.前缀单词 unload vt. 卸,从…卸下货物;vi. 卸货 2.后缀 reading(n.)读,读数; smoothly(adv.)平滑的; motionless(a.)不动的,静止的; relativity(n.)相对论,相关性; relative(n/a.)相对的 steady(a.)稳定的,不变的; equally(ad.)相等地,平等地;同样地. 3. ...

自考英语(一)English_jy11021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B American stores New Words 1.前缀单词 discount 打折扣 inexpensive 价钱不贵的 supermarket 超级市场 2.后缀 practically 几乎,简直;实际上 confusing 使人困惑的,令人费解的 specialize 专门研究;专营 shopper 购物者,顾客 likely 可能的,有希望的 3.合成 salespeople 售货员;营业员 Cruces wor ...

自考英语(一)English_jy15021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B Why Don't Girls Think Like Boys? New Words 带有前缀单词: 1.independence 独立,自立 带有后缀单词: 2.exception 除外,例外 reasoning(n.)推理,推论 mechanical (a.)机械的;机械学的,力学的 spelling (n.)拼写 excited (a.)激动的,兴奋的 strongly (ad.)强有力地,强劲地;强固地,牢固地;坚强地 ...

自考英语(一)English_jy13021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( What Is Money and What Are Its Functions ? Text B New Words 具有前缀的单词: 1.disagreement (n.)不同意,不一致 exchange inconvenient 不方便的; →(n.) inconvenience transaction trans-(a.)横穿,穿过 transatlantic 横穿大西洋 trans-(v.)进入到某种状态 transplant 移 ...

自考英语(一)English_jy17021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B Sleepwalking - Fact or Fancy? 一,New Words 1.前缀单词 1)outgrow(vt.)长大(或发展)使得…不再适用;长得比…快(或大,高) 2.后缀单词 1)endless(a.)无止境的,没完没了的 2)taker(n.)取…的人,接受者 3)fantastic(a.)1.异想天开的,不现实的;2.极大的,难以相信的 4)disturbance(n.)1.扰乱,打扰;2.骚乱,混乱;3 ...

自考英语(一)English_jy01021

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text B Language New words instance deaf dumb Englishman Italian n.实例 a.聋子;聋的 deaf and dumb 聋哑人 a.哑巴;哑的 n.英国人 n.意大利人 1.Englishman, Frenchman变为复数时, 由 man--men 2.Chinese, Japanese复数为原形 3.American, Italian变为复数时, 在词尾加"s&qu ...

自考英语(一)English_jy16031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语法 定语从句 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句是定语从句(attributive clause) .被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句必 须放在先行词后面. 定语从句一般由关系代词 that, which, who, whom, whose 和关系副词 when, where, why 引出. 关系代词和关系副词有两个作用: (1)把主句和从句连接起来 (2)在从句中作一个句子成分 There are plants which have ...

自考英语(一)English_jy02011

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Text A Taxes,Taxes,Taxes,and More Taxes New words tax n. 税(款) vt. 对…征税 free of tax 免税 generally ad. 一般地,大体上 federal a. 联邦的 type n.类型,种类,品种 vt./vi 打字 salaried a. 拿薪水的,领工资的 salary n. 工资 For example: He was salaried five thou ...

自考英语(一)English_jy18011

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( Why Are Maps Drawn with North at the Top? Text A 一,New Words 1.前缀单词 (1)unaware (a.) [一般作表语]未认识到的,未察觉到的,不知道的 un 否定前缀.后面可加 of/that immovable(a.)1.不可移动的,固定的;2.不改变的,坚定不移的 mov(e)+ able 能…样(后缀) ;im(否定前缀) 2.后缀单词 ① 第一组 local(a.)当地 ...

热门内容

外研版(一起)一年级英语下册课件 Module 6 Unit 1(1)

   外研版(一起) 外研版(一起)一年级英语下册课件 This is a cat. This is a dog. This is a pig. This is a bird. This is a chick. This is a cow. This is a lion. This is a giraffe. This is a snake. This is an elephant. This pig is fat. This monkey is thin. This elephant is bi ...

新目标英语七年级学案下unit5-unit6

   七年级英语(下)学案 班组 主备:周 森 审核:侯 振 校印:教导处 Unit5 Unit5 I’m watching TV. A(1aSection A(1a-2c) 一、学习目标: 学习目标: 1. 能用现在进行时来描述或表达正在进行的动作。 2. 掌握下列知识点: 词汇:clean , read ,on ,apartment 短语:watch TV, do homework, TV show , eating dinner , talking on the phone, sound g ...

九年级英语Unit1 Topic1 Section C仁爱版

   本资料来源于大家网中考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-213-1.html Unit1 Topic1 Section C The main activities are 2a and 2b.本课重点活动是 2a 和 2b。 Ⅰ. Teaching aims and demands 教学目标 1.Master some new words and useful expressions: hungry, divide, divide…into…, use, ...

电影专业术语英语翻译

   电影业英语小集锦 Film industry 电影工业   cinematograph 电影摄影机, 电影放映机   cinema, pictures 电影院 (美作:movie theater)   first-run cinema 首轮影院   second-run cinema 二轮影院   art theatre 艺术影院   continuous performance cinema 循环场电影院   film society 电影协会,电影俱乐部 (美作:film club)    ...

浙师大2006年考研真题-《综合英语》

   浙江师范大学 2006 年硕士研究生 入学考试试题 综合英语 考试科目:(含英汉互译) 英语语言文学 报考学科、专业:外国语言文学及应用语言学 I Vocabulary (25%) Directions: In this part you must complete the following sentences by choosing one suitable word or phrase from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Write ...