高等教育自学考试网上辅导
Text B
》 《英语(一) 英语(
Marriage in Iran and America: A Study in Contrasts
New Words(手写板) 带有后缀单词:
  1. culture (n.)文化 cultural (a.)文明的 symbol (n.)象征 symbolize (v.)作为…的象征 symbolically (ad.)象征地 religious (a.)宗教的 religion (n.)宗教 leader (n.)领导人,领导者 preparation (n.)准备 prepare (v.)准备 strictly (ad.)严厉地 definitely (ad.)明确地,确切地 potential (a.)潜在的,隐含的 potention (n.)潜能,潜在
  2. wedding 婚礼 weed bride →bridge(桥梁)新娘 groom 新郎 respect 尊重 inspect 检查→inspection →inspector 核心单词:
  1. object (to)反对;不赞成 For example: We object to cheating on exams. 我们反对考试作弊.
  2. preparation for 为…做准备 preparation against 为防止…做准备 preparation of 准备… 通常在句中都与谓语动词(v.)make 搭配;且 preparation 常用(pl) . For example: The government of China has been making preparations for the 2008 Olympic Games for these years. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
中国政府近几年来一直在为 2008 年奥运会做准备. The experts point out that farmers should make preparations against natural disasters. 专家指出,农 民们应为防止自然灾害做好准备.
  3. prefer 更喜欢/更愿意 (
  1) prefer sth to sth 宁愿…不愿…/更喜欢 For example: I prefer coffee to cola (可乐). 我更喜欢咖啡而不喜欢可乐. (
  2) prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做…不愿做… For example: I prefer to walk rather than take a bus. 我宁愿步行而不愿意乘公交车. (
  3) prefer sb(not) to do 更希望某人(不)做某事 For example: I prefer you(not) to stay there too long. 我希望你在那里多待些时间. (
  4) prefer that 从句 I prefer that you stay there for a long time. 我希望你在那里待的时间长一些.
  4. respond to 回答/对…作出反应;响应 For example: He responded to the question quickly and clearly. 他清晰而又迅速地回答了那个问题. They responded to the call of the Party and went to Tibet to work. 他们响应党的号召,到西藏工作 去了. Tibet 西藏
Text B Marriage in Iran and America: A Study in Contrasts marriage 婚姻
  1. in contrast to/with Though marriage is practiced in almost all countries of the world, the customs are quite different from one culture to another. 本句翻译:虽然几乎全世界所有国家的人民都操办婚事,但结婚的风俗在具有某一种文化观念的国家同另外一 些文化观念的国家却完全不同.
  2. practise /practice(原意:实践)进行,做某件事情 It is interesting for me to compare the customs of marriage in the United States with those in my country. 本句翻译:让我来比较一下美国的婚俗跟我的祖国伊朗的婚俗是很有趣的. compare 比较,对比 Iranian 伊朗人 I've lived in the U.S. for four years now, but I'm still not comfortable with the customs here. 本句翻译:虽然到现在为止我已经在美国生活四年了,但我对这里的风俗仍然感到不习惯. In fact, what seems strange to me is that courting or dating is not always for the purpose of finding a husband or wife. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:事实上,令我感到不可思议的事情就是在美国求爱和约会异性的目的并不总是为了要找到丈夫或老 婆.
  3. be strange to sb 对某人来说很奇怪 courting 求爱 dating 约会 Some people seem to do it as a hobby. 本句翻译:有些美国人似乎把求爱和约会异性当成了一种嗜好. Here in the United States, I have noticed that courting is begun by the young couple themselves, and they seem to have a lot of freedom to decide and do what they want. 本句翻译:在美国,我注意到谈恋爱是由年青人自由自主开始进行的,他们在决定或者做他们想做的事情方面 似乎有很大的自由. notice (v.)注意到 couple 双 Both young men and women date a number of different people. They do it without the knowledge or help of their parents. 本句翻译:青年男女双方都跟为数众多的异性约会过.他们跟异性约会时,他们的父母连知道都不知道,也插 不上手来帮忙. a number of 很多 without 没有,不用 knowledge 知道,了解 In fact, I have known several friends who got married without even telling their parents or other family members. 本句翻译:事实上,我认识好几个美国朋友,他们结婚时甚至都没有告诉自己的父母或家中其他的人.
  4.be/get married 结婚 At the actual wedding ceremony, the father of the bride symbolically gives his daughter to the groom. 本句翻译:在真正举行婚礼时,新娘的父亲才象征性地做做样子把他的女儿交给新郎. actual 实际的,事实上的 ceremony 仪式 It's only a custom, I think, because the bride and groom already know each other quite well. 本句翻译: 我认为,这样做只是按风俗习惯办事而已,因为新娘和新郎互相间早已经很了解了. The bride and groom stand together in front of the religious leader or government official to be married. 本句翻译:新娘和新郎一起站在宗教领袖或政府官员面前被宣布正式结婚. The official reads from a short prepared speech and then asks both the man and woman if they are willing to be married to the other. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:这位政府官员在宣读了一篇现成的简短演讲词之后就会问男女双方,他们是否愿意同对方成亲. speech 演讲,演讲稿 if: whether 是否
  5. be willing to + v 愿意做某事 If they both say "yes," and nobody attending the wedding stands up to object, they are declared "man and wife." 本句翻译:如果他们二人都回答"愿意",参加婚礼的人中又没有人站起来反对他们结婚,那么他们就被宣布为" 正式夫妻"了. attending the wedding man and wife 成为夫妻 It is interesting that the two families are asked if there are any objections right during the ceremony. 本句翻译:就在举行婚礼的过程中,要征询双方的家人,有没有反对这两人结婚的意见,这实在太滑稽有趣了. right 恰好,正好 Perhaps it is because the family members are not as involved in the wedding preparations as they are in Iran. 本句翻译: 也许这样做是因为这两家的家庭成员都不像在我们伊朗那样要参与婚礼的筹备工作的缘故吧.
  6. be involved in 参与…当中,涉及… Marriage is different in a number of ways in my country. 本句翻译:操办婚事在我的祖国有很多做法都是跟美国不同的. In Iran, courting is more serious, and is performed strictly for the purpose of marriage. 本句翻译:在伊朗,提亲要更加严肃.提亲的目的就是要成亲结婚. perform 履行,执行 It is definitely not a part of the fun-filled years of growing up like it is here in America. 本句翻译:绝对不像美国这里,谈情说爱成了成年以后玩乐年代生活的一部分. definitely 明确地 fun-filled 充满乐趣的 It is the mother of the young man who initiates the process by visiting the home of a potential bride. 本句翻译:正是那位男青年的母亲前去拜访准新娘的家,由这就开始了谈婚论嫁的全过程.
  7. It is… who(that)… initiate 发起,提出 She goes to inspect the girl, and discover the position and wealth of the girl's family. 本句翻译:她去相看一下那位姑娘,并且还要查看姑娘家的地位权势和家庭财产. discover 发现,了解 If she is pleased, then she will return another day with her son. 本句翻译:如果她对这件事满意了,那么改天她会带上她儿子再来. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
If her son is also pleased, then the two families get together to talk about the dowry, the wedding ceremony, who they will hire to perform the marriage and other matters. 本句翻译:如果她儿子对这桩婚事也满意,那么这两家人就聚到一起谈论嫁妆问题,谈论婚礼问题,谈论他们 将聘请谁来担任结婚典礼的司仪,还有别的一些事情. hire 雇佣 The actual marriage ceremony is quite different, however, from the American wedding ceremonies I have seen. 本句翻译:但真正的伊朗人的结婚典礼跟我所见过的几次美国人的婚礼完全不同. The bride, dressed in white, with a veil over her face, sits in a room alone. 本句翻译:新娘穿一身白色的衣服,脸上罩着面纱,一个人独自坐在一个房间里.
  8. with + (n.)+ … She sits on a special piece of silk which is surrounded on two sides by very long pieces of flat bread. 本句翻译: 她坐在一块特制的丝绸上面,丝绸的两边围着很长的扁平的面包. flat bread 扁平的面包 Two mullahs stand outside the door to this room reading from the Koran. 本句翻译:两位毛拉站在新娘独坐的那间房子的门外朗读《古兰经》 . Twice the bride must remain silent to the questions of the mullahs. 本句翻译: 新娘必须对毛拉头两次提出的问题保持沉默. remain 保持 silent 沉默 The groom's mother then presents a gift of gold to show that her side of the family is serious. 本句翻译:这时新郎的母亲要赠给新娘一件金制的礼品以表明她家这一方是严肃诚恳的. The bride then responds to the mullahs in much the same manner as do Americans when they say "I do." 本句翻译:然后新娘这才回答毛拉的提问,以和美国新娘一样的方式回答说:"我愿意嫁给他." responds to 回答,答复
  9. much the same The groom is allowed to go into the bride's room while the mullahs take care of the official marriage papers. 本句翻译:在毛拉负责验证官方颁发的结婚证时,新郎被允许进入新娘的房间.
  10. take care of: look after 保管,照顾 One more difference between the marriage customs of the United States and my country is that the bride does not immediately go to the home of her new husband. 本句翻译:我的祖国与美国在婚俗上还有一点不同,那就是新娘并不立即就到她的新婚的丈夫家去. For several months, she continues to stay at her own home preparing her dowry and receiving instructions from her mother on how to be a good wife and mother. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
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》 《英语(一) 英语(
本句翻译:婚礼以后的最初几个月,她要继续住在自己的娘家,以便准备嫁妆,接受母亲关于怎样做一个贤妻 良母的培训和教诲. instruction 指导,指示 After a few months, the groom and his relatives come for the bride and take her to his home along with the dowry. 本句翻译:过了几个月以后,新郎及他的亲属们前来迎接新娘,把她和她的嫁妆一起带回丈夫家. Though I can certainly see the advantages of the freedom that is given to American youths to choose whom they will marry and when, I think I still prefer the customs of my home country. 本句翻译:尽管我确实看到了给予美国年青人选择同谁结婚和什么时候结婚的自由的好处,但是我想我还是宁 愿采取我的祖国的婚姻习俗. prefer 更喜欢,更愿意 I suppose that's because there is not so much guessing and uncertainty. 本句翻译:我想,这可能是因为伊朗人的做法没有那么多猜测和不确定的因素.
Vocabulary Exercises Ⅰ. Supply a word or an expression that you have learned in Text B. The first letter is given.
  1. He got married last Sunday. Many friends were invited to his (wedding). 本句翻译:上个星期天他结婚了.他的很多好友都被邀请参加他的婚礼.
  2. At the opening (ceremony), the president made a short speech. 本句翻译:在开学典礼上校长做了一个简短的发言. the opening ceremony 开学典礼
  3. He is a truly (religious)man, who goes to church every day. 本句翻译:他是一个非常忠诚的有信仰的人,每天都去教堂.
  4. In the "No Smoking" section, smoking is (strictly)forbidden. 本句翻译:在"禁烟区"抽烟是严格被禁止的.
  5. When he said "hello" to her, she (responded)with a smile. 本句翻译:当他向她打招呼时,她回以微笑.
  6. I (prefer)working (to)empty talk. 本句翻
 

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