《大学英语自学教程》(上册)课后习题答案 Unit 1 Exercises for the Text A I.
  1.D
  2.A
  3.C
  4.D
  5.D
  3.research
  4.clue
  5.conclusion
  6.repeat
II.
  1.task

  2.intelligent

  7.communicate III.
  1.Instead of

  8.purpose
  2.therefore
  8.finally

  9.probably

  10.outline
  4.even
  5.First of all
  6.because

  3.more...than
  9.looking for

  7.on the other hand

  10.Conversely
IV.
  1.Research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.
  2.Language learning is active learning.Therefore,successful learners should look for ce to use the language.
  3.Language learning should be active,independent and purposeful.
  4.Learning a language is different from learning maths.
  5.The teacher often imparts successfull language learning experiences to us. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.success
  3.a.covered II.
  1.inexact
  7.intelligent b.successful b.uncover c.successfully
  2.a.indepence b.depend c.dependent c.purpose every chan
c.discovered

  4.a.purposeful
b .purposefully
  5.regularly

  2.technique
  8.incomplete

  3.outlined
  4.communicate
  9.similar
  10.statement
  3.incomplete

  6.clues
III.
  1.disagree IV.

  2.independent

  4.inexact

  5.uncover

  1.They find it hard to master a foreign language.

  2.The research shows that successful men are similar in many ways.
  3.Successful language learners do not only depend on the book or the teacher.
  4.We are willingto help our friends.
  5.We should learn new things independently,actively,and purposefully. Text B Exercises for the Text
I.
  1.T
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.T
  6.F
  7.F
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F II.
  1.With the help of their fingers
  3.tea,coffee,wine,beer and soda-water
  5.nothing but drinks
  2."I am thirsty."
  4.Put his hands on his stomach
  6.much more exact

  7.meanings and can be put together into sentences
  8.form new sentences Vocabulary Exercises I. II.
  1.b
  2.a
  3.c
  4.e
  5.d
  1.B
  2.A
  3.B
  4.D
  5.A
  6.A
  7.C
  8.C
  9.C
  10.B
  9.talk
  10.speak
Grammar Exercises I. whether 连词 towards 介词 not 副 词 词 probably 副 词 second 数词 hour 名词 repeat 动词 which 连 词 into 介词 successful 形容词 even 副 词 intelligent 形 容
than 连 词
because 连 词
differ 动词
regular 形容词
some 形容词/代词/副词
oh 感叹词
1
seem 系动词 II.
communicate 动词
  2.fresh 形容词 for 介词

  1.Let 动词 round 介词

  3.leave 名词 call 动词 on 介词 if 连词 spare 动词
  4.Even 副词 it 代词
  6.after 介词 calm 名词
  8.without 介词 return 名词
  5.Where 连接副词 will 名词
  7.seem 系动词 those 代词 makes 名词
  9.strict 形容词 work 动词

  10.news 名词 live 形容词 meeting 名词 III. (斜体为主语,带下划线的为谓语)
  1.Most adults would disagree with this statement.
  2.How much time did they allow you for doing the work.
  3. I had a visit from Mary yesterday.
  4. China's stand on this questionis clear to all.
  5.Warm clothes protest against the cold of winter.
  6.What we need is more practice.
  7.There doesn't seem to be much chance of my getting job.
  8.In those days the cost of living rose by nearly 4 percent.
  9.There are a number of people interested in the case.
  10.Every means has been tried but without much result. IV.
  1.a magazine (宾语)last night (状语)
  2.in need (定语)indeed (定语)

  3.outside your area (定语)telephoning long distance (主语补足语)
  4.your children (宾语)all day (状语)
  6.me (宾语)plenty of exercises (不定式宾语)
  5.his direction (宾语)French (宾语)
  7.long (宾语)to London (状语)

  8.those (宾语)who help themselves (从句作定语)
  9.her (宾语)above others (宾语补足语)
  10.to build a hotel in the village (定语)of the foreigners (定语) Unit 2 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.a
  2.c
  3.a
  4.a II.
  1. Income tax is a certain percentage of the salaries paid to the goverment.
  2. Graduated income tax means the percentage of the tax(14 to 70 percent) increases as a person's income increase.
  3. Property tax is that people who own a home have to pay taxes on it.
  4. Exercise tax is charged on cars in a city.
  5. Sales tax is a percentage charged to any item which you buy in that state. III.
  1.due
  2.depends on
  3.diverse
  4.consists of
  5.simila
  6.tends to
  7.complaining about
  8.In addition to
  9.issue
  10.agreed on
  5.c
2
IV.
  1.How much do you charge for a haircut.
  2.We are trying to use funds for the Red Cross.
  3.He has earned a good reputation for honsety.
  4.We pay taxes in exchange for government services.
  5.An open letter protests the government's foreign policy. V.
  1.Every citizen is obliged to pay taxes.(It is obligatory on every citizen to pay taxes)(It is every cit izen's duty to pay taxes.)
  2.Americans often say that there are two things they can be sure of in life.
  3.There are generally three levels of government in the United States; therefore,there are three type s of taxes.
  4.Some states charge income tax in addition to a sales tax.
  5.Americans complain that taxes are too high and the government uses them in the wrong way. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a. percent
  2.a. adds
  3.a. confused
  4.a. complained b. percentage b. addition b. confusing b. complain c. percent c. additional c. confusion c. complaint
II.
  1.charge
  2.departmen
  3.due
  4.diverse
  5.earns
  6.vary
  7.property
  8.leading
  9.funds
  10.tends III.
  1.China leads the world with silk products.
  2.In addition to an income tax some states charge a sales tax.
  3.The sales tax varies from price to price of any item you buy.
  4.People often complain about the increasing price.
  5.His mother says that he spends too much time on TV every day. Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.F
  3.F
  4.T
  5.T
  6.T
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F
II.
  1.attracts
  2.leisure
  3.available
  4.limited
  5.estimate III.
  1.decided on
  2.approved
  6.D
  3.estimate
  4.carried over
  5.put up with
  6.characteristic of
IV.
  1.B
  2.C
  3.B
  4.A
  5.C Grammar Exercises I.
  1.SV
  10.SVOC
  2.SVO

  3.SVOC

  4.SVC
  13.SVOC
  4.make

  5.SVO

  6.SVOC

  7.SVOC

  8.SVO

  9.SVOO

  11.SVOC
  12.SVC

  14.SVOO
  15.SVC
  5.remember
  10.gave
II.
  1.prefer
  2.insisted
  3.need
  6.look
  7.worked
  8.was

  9.sounds
III.
  1.B
  2.C
  3.D
  4.A
  5.B

  6.C
  7.A
  8.D
  9.A
  10.D
IV.
  1.The two languages are different/not similar in many way.
  2.The deaf and dumb can neigher speak nor hear.
3

  3.The Englishman speaks a very good Italian.
  4.Could you pass me a cup of coffee.
  5.At this time he felt thirsty and hungry.
  6.Yesterday evening she asked me to wait for her at the gate of the restaurant.
  7.When did you get up this morning.
  8.The story sounds interesting,but it is not true.
  9.The meat and macaroni cost me 25 yuan.
  10.She oftern teaches the children to sing English songs. Unit 3 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.d
  2.d
  3.c
  4.b
  5.d II.
  1.long/wide
  2.across
  3.deep
  4.around
  5.high III.
  1.The,/,/
  7./
  2.The
  3.the,the
  9.The,the
  10./
  4./
  5./,a
  6./,the

  8.The,the,the
IV.
  1.unwilling
  2.avarage
  3.take
  4.runs
  5.Suppose V.
  1.On the avarage there are 1,000 vistors a day.
  2.The Atlantic Ocean is only as half as the Pacific,but it is moar than 4,000 miles wide.
  3.Last night it took him a long time to get to sleep.
  4.There are so many ads on TV that it is to remember how many there are.
  5.Many wrong ideas about the Atlantic made the people in Columbus'days unwilling to sail westward. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.sailed
  2.a.willing
  3.a.unusual b.sailor b.unwillingly b.usual c.sail(n.) c.unwilling c.usually c.averaged(v.)
  4.blils
  5.unusual
  6.highway

  4.a.average(n.) b.average(a.) II.
  1.peak
  7.narrow
  2.crew
  8.salty

  3.average
  9.spot

  10.affected
III.
  1.The sailors were afraid that might meet bad weather.
  2.The mountain is half as high as Mount Tai.
  3.On the average there are 45 students in every class of the school.
  4.The climate affects the growth of plants.
  5.My work keeps pilling up. Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.T
  2.T
  3.F
  4.T
  5.F
  6.T
  7.T
  8.T
  9.F
  10.T II.
  1.three
  2.the earth's gravitational pull.
  3.it is near
  4.
  29.5
  5.its own/reflects
  6.disc

  7.the old moon in the new moon's arms.
  8.outline
  9.the old earth in the new earth's arms
  10.night Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.d
  2.b
  3.a
  4.c
  5.e
4
II.
  1.C
  2.C
  3.B
  4.A
  5.D
  6.C
  7.B
  8.B
  9.B
  10.D Grammar Exercises I.depend--dependence form--formation inform--information mean--meaning graduate--graduation confuse--confusion agree--agreement announce--announcement decide--decision attract--attraction II.science--scientific response--responsible nation--national addition--additional person--personal accept--acceptable wood--wooden III.disagree uncover disorder inpossible discharge eimpractical inexact unhappy inactive dishonest explain--explanation conclude--conclusion move--movement govern--government similar--aimilarity pay--payment advertise--advertisement add--addition use--usefulness mix--mixture sulless--sullessful color--colorful revolution--revolutionary help--helpful meaning--meaningful use--useful act--active independent incomplete informal uncertain impolite
IV.
  1.try n. 尝试;试验
  2.say n. 发言权
经过许多次尝试后,他们终于取得了成功. 在所有的事务中妇女应享有平等的发言权. 三年后他们开始在市场上销售他们的产品.

  3.market v.(在市场上)销售
  4.journey v. 游历
  5.make n. 牌子;产品
要到那儿,他们得踏遍整个山区. 虽然乍一看我们的产品比其它产品的价格要高,可顾客还是愿意买我们的产品. 老板说什么,他学说什么. 他们吃喝到深夜. 这条小溪流入黄河. 后来他被任命为经理主管这个公司. 这项政策将有助于度过难关. 火车减速一半. 如果你们能提供令人满意的售后服务,你们的产品肯定会在这儿有市场. 机床是用来加工金属制品的. 飞机起飞时禁止吸烟.

  6.parrot v. 鹦鹉学舌般地重复
  7.wine v. 喝酒
  8.empty v. 使流入
  9.head v. 作为...之首
  10.bridge v. 越过;跨过(障碍)
  11.slow v. 使慢下来
  12.after-sale a. 售后的
  13. machine v. 加工
  14.take-off 起飞
5

  15.radiocontrol 无线电控制
  16.downtown 城市商业区的
  17.will 意志力;决心
  18.house v. 给...房子住
  19.water v. 淌口水
  20.rule v. 控制;支配 Unit 4 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.c
  2.b
  3.b
  2.similar
  8.single
  4.d
所有的模型飞机都是无线电遥控的. 繁忙的商业街或购物中心通常是开饭店的好场所. 有志者,事竟成. 据说这套新公寓能住下六口之家. 见到苹果,他直流口水. 有钱就有势.

  5.c
  4.municipal
  10.difficult
  5.meaningful
  6.useful
II.
  1.smooth
  7.familar

  3.mental
  9.striking
III.
  1.Information that does not make any sense to you is difficult to remember.
  2.Association refers to associating what we want to remember with what we have already remem bered.
  3.Catagorezing words helps memory.
  4.Needless to say,if the books in the library were kept in a random order,readers could not find the b ooks they wanted.
  5.Forming an integrated image with all the information placed in a single memtal picture can help up to preserve a memory. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.psychologist
  2.a.meaningless
  3.a.organized
  4.a.repeated II.
  1.ability
  8.preserve III.
  1.mean
  7.memorize b.psychology b.meaning b.organizer b.repetition
  3.focus c.psychological c.meaningful c.organization c.repeat
  4.needless
  5.meaningful
  6.random
  7.Repetition

  2.accurately

  9.improvement
  2.organize

  10.image

  11.related to

  12.associate,with
  5.improve
  6.repeat

  3.visualize
  4.associate
  9.categorize

  8.communicate

  10.imagine
IV.
  1.Their research focuses on the learning skills of adults.
  2.It is meaningful to know how to use these phrases.
  3.The adult group consists of 15 people.
  4.Needless to say,we all know these facts.
  5.Memory refers to the ability to remember the past events or experience.
  6.I always associate the song with my school life. Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.T
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.T
  6.F
  7.F
  8.F
  9.F
  10.T
  3.a cage an three doors
II.
  1.eighteen

  2.repeat the number over and over
  5.a random
  6.reward

  4.wait a short time
6

  7.beginning,intermediate,advanced,and native-speaking students
  8.Weather,whether,wither,wetter Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.e
  2.b
  3.a
  4.c
  5.d
  4.released
  5.intermediate
  9.recall,contrast,interrupt,dial
  10.the meaning of words
II.
  1.kept
  2.contrast III.
  1.C
  2.D
  3.A

  3.human
  4.D
  5.B
Grammar Exercises I.
  1.declarative sentence
  4.exclamatory sentence
  7.imperative sentence
  10.imperative sentence II.
  1.Did he attend the English lecture yesterday?
  2.Was it still raining when you came in?
  3.Is there anyone in the house?
  4.Was the baby well looked after?
  6.Do you like to study in the reading room?
  2.imperative sentence
  5.interrogative sentence
  8.declarative sentence
  3.declarative sentence
  6.exclamatory sentence
  9.declarative sentence

  5.Do you usually get up early in the morning?
  7.Can he tell you the result next week?
  9.Will it be good weather tomorrow? III.
  1.Where is the post office?
  3.How does he study French?
  5.Why did Miss lee fell very bad?
  7.How is your mother?

  8.Was she able to swim across the lake?
  10.Did Mr. Brown lose his job again?

  2.When did Tom graduate from college?
  4.Who lost the key to the door?
  6.What are listed in the telephone book?

  8.Which bus do you think she is going to take?
  10.Why did he come?

  9.What did he advise you to go? IV.

  1.She and husband disagree on many issues.
  2.Cluld you talk about the problems about taxation.
  3.Bring me a glass of water,please.
  4.Your uncle does not say a word at home,does he?
  5.What are the customers complaining about?
  6.Did he travel in France of in Italy last summer?
  7.Did you read the ad in a newspaper or in a magazine?
  8.Do you have to pay a sales tax when you buy something?
  9.Who is responsible for the company's advertising?
  10.Many salarie
 

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