自考英语(一)讲义(
  1) Unit 1 Text A How to Be a Successful Language Learner? 搭配:
  1. disagree with 不同意/动词词组
  2. guarantee sth. for sb. 保证某人某事/动词词组 e.g. This will not guarantee success for every adult language learner. 这样不能确保每一位学习 语言的成年人都成功。
  3. be different from 与什么不同/形容词词组
  4. succeed in sth./ doing sth. 成功做某事/动词词组
  5. offer advice to sb. 给某人建议/动词词组
  6. play with sth. 轻松学习某事物/动词词组
  7. in many ways 再很多方面/介词词组
  8. depend on sb./sth. for sth. 依靠某人或某事而获得某事/动词词组
  9. discover one''s own way to do sth. 发现并用自己的方法做某事/动词词组
  10. instead of sth./ doing sth. 想反/而没有做某事/介词词组
  11. wait for sb. to do sth. 等待某人做某事/动词词组
  12. look for sth./sb. 寻找某人或某物/动词词组
  13. make a mistake 犯错误/动词词组
  14. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事/形容词词组
  15. be willing to do sth. 愿意做某事/形容词词组
  16. do sth. with a purpose 有目的地做某事/故意做某事/动词词组
  17. be interested in sth./sb. 对某人或某物很感兴趣/形容词词组
  18. communicate with sb. 与某人交流/动词词组
  19. learn from sb. 想某人学习
  20. might do well to do sth. 最好做某事 句型:
  1. S.+V.+it+adj.+to do sth. 形式宾语句型 n. e.g. Some people find it difficult to succeed in language learning. Some people find it difficult to succeed in other fields. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly.
  2. It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 形式主语句型 e.g. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn for them. 语言点:
  1. success(n.)-successful(adj.)-succeed(v.) 成功
  2. hundreds of people 与 eight hundred people:请注意有数词存在后,表量名词的变化。
  3. advice/information 为不可数名次。不能有复数形式。
  4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事
  5. less than +adj. 不怎么+形容词的含义 如:less than happy 不怎么开心 阅读技巧:
  1. conversely

  2. on the other hand 这两个词出现时,下文所讲内容将与上文所提内容截然相反。 Text B Language 搭配:
  1. with the help of 在什么的帮助下
  2. at a table 坐在桌旁(准备就餐)
  3. in this way 这样
  4. mean to do sth. 本意是想要做某事
  5. not at all +adj. 一点也不+相容词的含义 e.g. not at all thirsty 一点也不渴
  6. as you see 可见
  7. consist of 包括,组成
  8. put sth. into sth. 把什么融入什么 句型:
  1. not only …but also…不但…而且… e.g. We can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways. 我们不但可以在语言的帮助下,还可以用其它的方式来告诉别人我们在想什么。
  2. neither… nor…既不…也不 e.g. People who can neither hear nor speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers. 既不能听也局能说的人也可以用他们的手指来彼此交流。
  3. each time 每一次(连词:用来连接两个句子) e.g. He shook his head each time the waiter brought him something to drink. 每一次服务员给他拿来喝的东西他都摇头。 语言点:
  1. mean-meant; shake-shook; meet-met
  2. 半系动词后加名词:look sad; keep silent
  3. 说语言要用 speak 阅读技巧: for instance 或 for example 后的文字是用来支持阐述上面所述文字的。
自考英语(一)讲义(
  2) Unit 2 Text A Taxes, Taxes, and More Taxes 搭配:
  1. be sure of 确保、一定、毫无疑问/形容词词组
  2. have a corner in/on sth. 垄断/动词词组 e.g. have a corner on the textile market 垄断纺织市场 have a corner in textile 对纺织品进行垄断
  3. lead the world with sth. 以什么来引领世界/动词词组
  4. vary in sth. 有差异 e.g. vary in ideas 想法有差异 vary sth. 改变 e.g. vary your attitude 改变你的观点 vary with 随什么而改变 vary from sth./sb. to sth./sb. 什么什么各不相同 e.g. vary from person to person 人人不同 vary from place to place 每个地方各不相同
  5. sth. is due. 到了该什么的时间了。 The federal taxes are due. 到了该收税款的时间 e.g. 了
  6. be similar to 与什么一样/形容词词组
  7. buy sth. for +多少钱/动词词组 e.g. buy a packet of cigarettes for twenty-five cents.
  8. in addition to sth./doing sth. 除了(表示加的概念)/名词词组 e.g. In addition to teaching, she is in charge of managing the whole school. In addition to his flat in Chaoyang, he has anther flat in Haidian.
  9. in two forms 以两种形式
  10. charge on sth. 收取什么的费用 e.g. charge on cars in a city. 收取城内汽车的费 用。 be charged with 被控诉有某种罪行;be charged by sb. 由某人收取费用 charge for 收取多少价钱 e.g. How much do you charge for this car?这辆车你要多少 钱? in charge 负责 e.g. Who is in charge here? 谁在这负责?
  11. raise funds for 为什么筹集资金 eg raise funds for education 为教育筹集资金。
  12. complain about sth./sb. 抱怨某人或某事/动词词组;complain of sth. 述说病情
  13. spend sth. in doing sth.; spend sth. on sth. 花费时间;金钱;精力做某事/动词词 组
  14. have different views on sth./sb. 对某人或某事有不同观点/动词词组
  15. tend to do sth. 倾向做某事;
  16. agree on sth. 同意做某事;agree with sb. 与某人意见一致 语言点:
  1. salary 工资(n.)-salaried 工资的(adj.)
  2. a percentage of 表示抽象概念;数字+percent of 表示多少的百分比
  3. work 表示工作没有复数;works 表示工厂或著作 Text B Advertising 语言点:
  1. part of 某整体中的一部分(可大,可小;但不可分割) part of 某整体中很小的一 ;a 部分
  2. on radio/ television 通过收音机/电视
  3. sth. is available. 可以提供某物
搭配:
  1. attract sb.'s attention 吸引某人注意/动词词组
  2. for the most part 很大程度上,在大多数情况下,一般地说/作插入语
  3. persuade sb. To do sth. 劝说某人做某事/动词词组
  4. put out ads. 做广告/动词词组
  5. A is characteristic of B A 是 B 的特征 e.g. Quick speech is characteristic of me. 讲话快是我的特征。
  6. catch the eye 吸引某人/动词词组
  7. no more than 仅仅 e.g. What he said is no more than rubbish. 他说的话仅仅是垃圾。
  8. identify with 把什么和什么联系起来 e.g. It is hard for me to identify his behavior with his thought. 我很难把他的想法和他的行为联系起来。
  9. be carried over into 继续下去;遗留下去 e.g. The same techniques have been carried over into television ads. 同样的方法也运用在电视广告中。
  10. add sth. to sth.把什么加在什么上/动词词组;mix sth. and sth. 把什么和什么融合在 一起
  11. put up with 忍耐/动词词组 e.g. How can you put up with a person of his sort. 你怎么能容忍他那样的人?
  12. be responsible for sb./sth 为某人或某事负责/动词词组
  13. decide on sth.; decide to do sth. 决定(做)某事/动词词组
  14. make an estimate of the costs 估计价值/动词词组
  15. be involved in sth./doing 参与某事/动词词组
自考英语(一)讲义(
  3) Unit 3 Text A The Atlantic Ocean 搭配:
  1. separate A from B 把某人;或某物分开/动词词组
  2. keep sb. from doing sth. 使某人无法做某事;无法做某事/动词词组
  3. on the average 平均;below/above the average 在什么的水平以下;上/介词词组
  4. furnish sth for sb. 给某人提供某物/动词词组
  5. pile up 折起,累计,若干车辆碰在一起/动词词组 语言点:
  1. 本课带宾补的动词:make e.g. make early sailors unwilling to do sth.(宾补) Two things make the Atlantic Ocean rather unusual.
  2. 形容词的特殊用法: It is more than 4000 miles wide.(形容词后置) On the average the water is a little more than two miles deep.
  3. 形容词前有 as,so,no,too,how 等词时,不定冠词应置于形容词之后,如: e.g. We couldn't do it in so short a time. She is too kind a girl to refuse. Aids is so terrible a disease. He is too old a man to do that kind of job.
  4. suppose +句子=表示一种假设
  5. it takes/took +(某人)+多少时间+to do sth. 花了某人多少时间做某事。 It would take the ocean about 4000 years to dry up.
  6. much 可以用来修饰形容词的比较级。E.g. much better;much deeper.
  7. raise 为及物动词,后可以加宾语,e.g. raise the pay.(增加工资) ;rise 为不及物动词 (其后不能加宾语) ,e.g. the sun rises in the east. 注:宾语为名词,代词,动词的-ing.
  8. 在一般名词所构成的专有名此前需要加定冠词。 E.g. the Azores 亚苏尔群岛; the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋
  9. for 用来连接两个句子的时候为并列连词,表原因。 E.g. Here the water is quiet,for there is little wind.
  10. In the days of sailing vessels the crew were afraid they would be becalmed here.主谓一 致
  11. so … that/ such …that 句型:太…+句子 e.g. We now have such fast ways of traveling that this big ocean seems to have grown smaller. 我们现在有太多快速的旅行方式,因此大西洋看起来好像小了很多。 So 主要用来修饰形容词或副词;such 则最终需要修饰名词。
  12. across 为介词或副词,使用它时,句子中应该已有动词。 E.g Icebergs float down from the Far North across the paths of ships. Cross 为动词, 作谓语或跟在动词不定式 to 后面。 E.g. Columbus sailed for more than two months to cross it. Text B The Moon 搭配:
  1. be kept tied to sth./sb. 离不开某人/紧紧的依附于某物
  2. face towards sth./sb. 面向;face away from sth./sb. 背向

  3. keep sth./sb. in mind 牢记于心
  4. be lighted up by sth. 被什么照亮
  5. speak of 提及;说到
  6. reflect sth. on to sth. 把什么反射到什么上去 语言点:
  1. 半系动词(半系动词后加形容词) :remain/stand/look/appear
  2. 世界独一无二的事物前应该加定冠词。如:the earth, the world, the moon
  3. except,except for,besides 怎么区别? besides “除…外,还有…” ,指更进一步的拥有,包括所“除”事物在内。? Have you got any clothes besides these? 除了这些衣服你还有别的吗?? except 不包括所引事物。常与 no, none, nothing 等否定词或 all, everyone, everything 等连用,但不可用于句首。 They all went to the Summer Palace except one. 除一人之外他们都去了颐和园。 except for 常指除去所引情况让人稍感遗憾之外, 整体情况尚属理想, 被除去的事物与正在谈及的 事物之间不具有共同属性或性质。 The roads were clear except for a few cars. 除几辆小汽车外,路面很空旷。
  4. enough 作为副词时修饰形容词放在形容词后,adj.+enough for sb. to do sth. e.g. it is light enough for us to be able to see its outline.
  5. 初次接触到带介词定语从句,如: The light by which we see the old moon does not come from the sun, but from the earth. “The old moon in the new moon's arms” is nothing but that part of the moon's surface on which it is night. There are several ways in which we can make material more meaningful. Which 代指前面被修饰的名词, 翻译时, 就把 which 前的介词放在被修饰的名词前即可。 如: The light by which=by light 通过月光 surface on which=on surface 在月亮上的表面 several ways in which=in several ways 在很多方面
  6. 感观动词 see 的特殊用法:see sb. do sth.或 see sb. doing sth. 前者表示看到了全过程, 或者表示正在看到的动作。
  7. nothing but 表示仅仅 E.g. The money brought nothing but sadness.这笔钱仅仅带来了痛 苦。
自考英语(一)讲义(
  4) Unit 4 Text A Improving Your Memory 搭配:
  1. focus on sb./sth.; be focused on 集中;聚焦;关注/动词词组 a focus of attention 注意力/名词词组
  2. at all levels 在各个层次/介词词组
  3. make any sense to sb. 对某人来说有意义;某人不明白某事/动词词组
  4. make a difference in sth./doing sth. 在什么方面有区别/动词词组
  5. ability to do sth. 有能力做某事;注:永远没有 ability of doing sth./名词词组
  6. keep in random order 顺序混乱/动词词组
  7. group sth. into sth. 把什么按什么分组/动词词组
  8. as follows 如下所示/副词词组
  9. needless to say 毋庸多言/作插入语
  10. refer to sth./doing sth. 提到、指的是、参考;refer back to 重提某事;refer sb. to sb. else 让某人去找另外一人 e.g. If he needs any further information, refer him to me. 如果他 还需要了解什么情况,让他来找我。注:prefer 更喜欢。
  11. relate sth. to/with sth. 把什么和什么联系在一起:可指物或事件。 associate sb./sth. with sb./sth. 把某人或某事联系在一起:特指人。
  12. compare A with B 把 A 和 B 作比较/动词词组 语言点:
  1. a number of 表示许多,后面接可数名词复数;an amount
 

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