Text A How to be a successful language learner?
  本课主要单词
  
  1.successful adj. 成功的He is a successful writer. (他是一个有成就的作家。)
  He hopes he will be successful this time. (他希望他这次能够成功。)
  success n. 成功Their film is a great success.(他们的影片很成功。)
  We are sure of success. (我们一定能成功。)
  succeed v. 成功I succeeded in getting the joB.(我成功地得到了这份工作。)
  She succeeded in passing the exam. (她考试及格了。)
  
  2.adult adj. & n. 成年的,成熟的;成年人These adult films are not suitable for children.(这些成人电影,儿童不宜观看。)
  Don't worry too much about him, he is an adult now.(别为他过分担心,他是成年人了。)
  
  3.disagree vi. 有分歧,不同意;不符,不一致agree vi. 同意I disagree with you about this.〔对于这件事,我跟你的意见不同。〕These figures disagree with last week's results.(这些数据与上周的结果不符。)
  I agree with what you said.(我同意你所说的。)
  She agreed to the plan.(她赞成这个计划。)
  We haven't agreed on the date of the meeting.(我们还没商定会议的日期。)
  agreement n. 同意;协议disagreement n. 不同意We haven't reached an agreement yet.(我们还没达成协议。)
  There was no disagreement, and the proposal was accepted.(没有不同意见,这个建议被接受了。)
  (请注意:前缀dis-通常可以加在动词,名词,形容词前面,构成反意词。例如:dissatisfy,disorder,disable. 后缀-ment加在动词的后面,构成名词。例如:arrangement,argument 等。)
  
  4.statement n. 声明,陈述 (由动词state 加名词后缀-ment构成)
  Very soon he made his first public statement about the affair. (他很快就此事件首次发表公开声明。)
  Do you believe the witness's statement? (你相信证人的陈述吗?)
  (请注意动词与名词的搭配:issue a statement, make a statement)
  
  5.guarantee n. & v. 保证,担保,保修He gave his guarantee that he would repay the money as soon as he could.(他保证他会尽快还钱。)
  The washing machine is guaranteed for five years.(这台洗衣机保用5年。)
  (请注意guarantee做动词的用法:guarantee sth.,guarantee that, guarantee against/from )
  
  6.intelligent adj. 聪明的,明智的He made an intelligent decision.(他做出了明智的决定。)
  Human beings are much more intelligent than animals.(人类远比动物聪明。)
  Intelligence n. 聪明,智力She prided herself on her intelligence.(她为自己的聪明感到自豪。)
  Intelligently adv. 聪明地,明智地They dealt with the problem intelligently.(他们明智地处理了这个问题。)
  
  7.conversely adv. 相反地Some are wealthy but unhappy;conversely,others are happy but not wealthy.
  (有的人富有但不快乐,相反,另一些人快乐但不富有。)
  converse adj. 相反的I hold the converse opinion.(我的观点相反。)
  converse v. 交谈,谈话He felt it difficult to converse with Helen in English.(他觉得跟海伦用英语交谈很困难。)
  
  8.similar adj. 相似的,类似的The two animals are similar to each other in appearance.(这两只动物外表很相似。)
  similarity n. 相似,类似Their differences are more noticeable than their similarities.(他们的不同之处比相同之处更明显。)
  
  9.independent adj. 独立的,自主的(这个词的词根是depend,在depend的后面加上后缀 -ent可以构成形容词,加上 -ence则可以构成名词;在dependent,dependence前面加上前缀 in- 又可以构成反义词。)
  depend v. 依靠,依赖dependence n. 依靠,依赖dependent adj. 依靠的,依赖的independence n. 独立,自主India won its independence in 19
  47.(印度于1947年赢得了独立。)
  
  10.clue n. 线索,提示The police searched all the houses but found no clues.(警察搜索了所有的房屋,但是没有发现任何线索。)
  (注意用法:find/give a clue to sth.)
  
  11.conclusion n. 结论,推论conclude v. 断定,决定(注意用法:come to a conclusion,jump at a conclusion,draw a conclusion,reach a conclusion)
  What conclusions did you come to?(你得出了什么结论?)
  
  12.communicate v. 交流,交际,通讯communication n. 交流,通讯communicative adj. 爱说话的To communicate with him is no easy job, as he is not a communicative person.(他是一个不爱说话的人,与他交流可不容易。)
  Speech and writing are man's most important methods of communication.(说和写是人类最重要的交流方式。)
  
  13.inexact adj. 不正确的,不精确的与independent一样,该词是由形容词 exact加前缀in- 构成的。
  
  14.incomplete adj. 不完整的complete adj.& v. 完整的;完成This is an incomplete sentence, please add the omitted part and make it complete.
  〔这是一个不完整的句子,请加上省略的成分使其完整。〕I don't think I can complete the work in 2 hours. 〔我想我在两小时内干不完这活。〕
  
  15.purpose n. 目的,意图,用途purposeful adj. 有目的的,有意图的purposefully adv. 有目的地,蓄意地The purpose of the meeting was to discuss his proposal.〔会议的目的是讨论他的建议。〕He let out the information purposefully to you.〔他有意向你透露了这个消息。〕
  
  16.regularly adv. 经常地,定期地regular adj. 经常的,定期的irregular adj. 不规则的,无规律的If you review your lessons regularly, you will do well on tests.
  〔如果你定期复习功课,就能在考试中取得好成绩。〕
  
  17.technique n. 技术,技巧,手艺Good study techniques help him to be one of the straight A students in his class.
  〔良好的学习技巧使他成为班上的全优生之一。〕
  
  18.outline v.& n. 概括;大纲,提纲;轮廓He listened carefully as I outlined my reasons.〔在我简述我的原因时,他认真地听着。〕The English teacher asked us to write a brief outline of the story.
  〔英语老师让我们写这篇故事的概要。〕He saw the outline of the house in the moonlight.(在月光下,他看到了那座屋子的轮廓。)
  本课主要词缀
  
  1.名词后缀 -ment agreement, statement
  2.名词后缀 -ation, -ion, -sion communication, completion, conclusion
  3.名词后缀 -ity similarity, regularity
  4.名词后缀 -ence intelligence, independence
  5.形容词后缀 -ful successful, purposeful
  6.副词后缀 -ly conversely, regularly, purposefully
  7.反义词前缀 in inexact, incomplete, independent
  8.反义词前缀 dis disagree, discover本课简介How to Be a Successful Language Learner 是一篇典型的说明文。此类文章通常以逻辑顺序安排材料,作者要回答HOW或WHY方面的问题。在说明文的阅读与写作中,要注意抓主题句以及使文章内容启承转合的常用词句。
  本课中,作者从一句引言入手,先谈了人们对语言学习的看法,然后阐述了自己对学好语言的看法。文章条理十分清楚,对我们学写说明文很有帮助。
  本课语言点
  
  1.Learning a language is easy.
  这是一个 主语+动词+表语 (SVP)句型。句中learning a language为动名词短语,在句子中做主语。再如:
  Forgetting the past means betrayal.(忘记过去就意味着背叛。)
  请翻译下面的句子:
  
  1)阅读英语比讲英语容易。(Reading English is easier than speaking it.)
  
  2)集邮是我弟弟的爱好。(Collecting stamps is my little brother's hobby.)
  
  2.Even a child can do it.
  even在句中作副词用,加强语气,表示“甚至(…也),连(…都)”。如:He even didn't trust his best friend.(他甚至不信任他最好的朋友。)
  请注意even与 even if/though的区别并翻译下面的句子:
  
  1)这个我连听都没听过。(I haven't even heard of it.)
  
  2)即使花了数天时间复习,他也没能考好。(He didn't do well in the exam even though he spent days reviewing.)
  
  3.Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement.
  句中who are learning a second language为定语从句,修饰先行词most adults,再如:
  The man who wrote this book is a teacher.(写这本书的人是一位教师。)
  请翻译下面的句子:
  
  1)穿蓝色夹克的那个男孩是我们的班长。
  (The boy who is in a blue jacket is our monitor.)
  
  2)你昨天借给我的那本书很有趣。
  (The book that you lent me yesterday is very interesting.)
  句中的would是助动词,表示“可能”,“(将)会”。例如:
  A picnic without you wouldn't be fun.(野餐没你参加会很没意思。)
  助动词would的用法很多,概括起来主要有如下几种:
  
  1)表示过去将来时:I felt confident that everything would be all right.
  
  2)表示意愿:I asked him not to do it,but he wouldn't listen to me.
  
  3)表示习惯性:Every evening, we would go for a walk along the river.
  
  4)表示虚拟,假设,条件:If you had come earlier,you would have seen him.
  
  5)表示婉转地请求或建议:Would you look after my cat while I am away?
  Unit
  14.They need hundreds of hours of study and practice,and even this will not guarantee success for every adult language learner.
  注意句中hundreds of hours的用法,阅读课本第六页注解
  2.
  请翻译下面的词组:
  
  1)十个学生 ten students数十个学生 tens of students
  2)五百年 five hundred years数百年 hundreds of years
  3)两千年 two thousand years数千年 thousands of years
  4)三百万美元 three million dollars数百万美元 millions of dollars
  5.Language learning is different from other kinds of learning.
  句中be different from 意为“与…不同”,如:My opinion is different from yours.(我的观点与你的观点不同。)
  请注意下面三个句子中所用的词组:
  Man is different from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use a language.
  Man differs from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use a language.
  The greatest difference between man and all the other animals is his ability to learn and use a language.
  从上面的句子中可以看出differ是动词,different 是形容词,difference是名词。
  
  6.… find it difficult to succeed in language learning.
  … find it difficult to succeed in other fields.
  句中的it是形式宾语(formal object),真正的宾语(real object)是不定式to succeed in language learning,此类用法在英语中很常见,请注意掌握。如:At first I found it difficult to remember all these new words.(开始我感到记住这些单词很难。)
  请翻译下面的句子:
  
  1)外面的噪音使我无法继续工作。
  (The noise outside made it difficult for me to go on with my work.)
  
  2)他们觉得再争论下去是浪费时间。
  (They consider it a waste of time to argue any further.)
  
  3)她认为把真相告诉小王是对的。
  (She thought it right to tell Xiao Wang the truth.)
  
  7.Language teachers often offer advice to language learners.
  本句中注意掌握动词offer的用法,请看下面的例句:
  
  1)He offered me a cup of tea after I sat down.(我坐下后他给我端来一杯茶。)
  
  2)What suggestions would you like to offer to those young teachers?(对这些新教师你有什么建议要提吗?)
  
  3)This shop offers all kinds of stationery.(这家商店供应各种文具。)
  
  4)The old man offered me 100 yuan for the used bike.
  (那个老人向我出价100元买这辆旧自行车。)
  
  5)She offered to help me with my English.(她表示愿意帮我学英语。)
  句中的advice为不可数名词,其后不加s,正如课本第六页注解3所说,有许多东西在汉语中是可数的,在英语中却是不可数的。如news,information,paper 等,若要表示“一个”这类概念,就必须加a piece of这类定语,例如:
  a piece of news a piece of advice a sum of money a piece of bread
  
  8.Read as much as you can.
  句中的much 是副词,用副词作同等比较时,可以用as … as和so … as 这种结构,如:
  
  1)Read as much as you can and your vocabulary will be enlarged.(尽量多阅读,你的词
 

相关内容

新起点英语一年级下unit 14教案

   新起点小学英语第二册 Unit 14 Clothes 教案集 材料分析(教学内容 知识基础 后继地位) 教学内容:单词 clothes,T-shirt,pants,shorts,jacket,sweater,skirt,dress,shoe,sock. 句型 Who is wearing a purple dress?I like my T-shirt. 字母 Z、X、C、V、B. 知识基础:在学习并掌握了有关衣服单词的基础上,运用颜色表达自己衣服和同伴的衣服, 也为表达自己喜欢什么颜色奠定 ...

新课标七年级英语unit10第一课时

   华坛山中学七年级英语导学案 执笔: 授课人: 黄丽 审核 : 授课时间: 审批: 姓名: 学案编号: 班级: 023 小组: 导读: 从下面的例子中你们可以总结出以情态动词 can 引导的一般疑问句的问答的什么 课题:Unit 10 Can you play the guitar?(第一课时 Section A 1a-1c) 课型:新授课 课时:1 课时 教师复备栏 或学生笔记栏 规律?当询问的对象变成第三人称单数的时候,这种句型需不需要将动词变成第 三人称单数形式? ①--Can you ...

英语日常口语??unit1

   瞧瞧Jim,都几点了,还赖在床上不起呢。 该起床了。It’s time to get up. ○ Get up! 起床! ○ Wake up! 醒一醒! 快起床。Get up soon. = Get out of the bed quickly. 我星期六通常晚起。I usually sleep late on Saturdays. ● sleep late“晚起” 快点儿!Hurry up!= Hurry! 时间还早呢。It’s still early. ○ It’s too early ...

初三英语上册unit 1知识点复习

   Unit 1 How do you study for a test ? (一)学习目标(Language Goal) 1. Talk about how to study . 学会讨论各种学习方法和策略. 2. Find out your suitable learning methods. 找出适合自己的学习方法. (二)语言结构(Language Structures) 1. Verb + by with gerund by+动名词短语 表示"通过…途径,方法" 2 ...

人教新课标高中英语必修3 unit1

   必修3 必修 Unit 1 Festivals around the world 漫 画 欣 赏 画 面 描 述 A little boy is standing in front of a mirror.What he sees in the mirror is what he will be like in twenty years.He believes he will grow up to be a tall and strong young man. 寓 意 理 解 We shou ...

九年级英语unit11 reading

   Zhang Ming who is from USA is traveling in Shuitou No 1 Middle School. He wants to go to a supermarket hotel/bank… /restaurant/ hotel/bank…. But he doesn't know the way now. What should he do? Hi! Where is the restaurant? Sorry. I can t help can’t ...

人教新课标英语高中复习 必修一 unit1

   必修1 必修 Unit 1 Friendship 漫画欣赏 画面描述 A country man is driving his cart pulled by a donkey.A foreign traveler asks the old man to take him along.The old man picks him up and asks “Where are you going,Sir?” in English.To his , ? surprise,the foreigner ...

外研版初一英语module3unit1

   七年级上学期英语学科新课改教学案 MODULE 3 Unit 1 主备人: 石凤梅 审核人 :英语学科编写组 学习目标: 1.能听说读写本课时的单词:blackboard ,book,boy,classroom,desk,dictionary, football ,girl,library,mother,picture,student,teacher,television. 2.会听说读写句子: There is a blackboard .” “There are 46students i ...

牛津小学英语5A 小樱的课件 unit1(1)

   day (一)天;白天 the first day 第一天 first (缩写): 缩写): ):1st at school 在学校 the first day at school 在学校的第一天 Talk about our classroom: : I can see …in the classroom. There is a/an …in the … 一般疑问句形式: 一般疑问句形式 Is there a /an …in the …? 肯定回答: 肯定回答:Yes, there is ...

牛津高中英语模块七unit1 Reading

   M7 Unit1 Living with technology Lead-in: Science and technology 1. plays an important role in exploring the unknown fields and realizing the dreams of our ancestors(祖先). (祖先) 2.High technology has a direct effect on our life. What electric goods an ...

热门内容

研究生 英语作文 教程 PHD-essay writing-new

   Essay Writing 4.1 Descriptive Essays 4.2 Example/fact Essays 4.3 Classification Essays 4.4 Comparison/ Contrast Essays 4.5 Process Essays 4.6 Cause-Effect Essays 4.7 Argumentative/ Persuasive Essays 4.1 Descriptive Essays ?Definition??describe pers ...

关于多媒体技术在英语教学中应用的思考

   第 4 卷 第 12 期 Vol. 4 No.12 Read and Write Periodical 读与写杂志 2007 年 12 月 De ce mbe r 2007 关于多媒体技术在英语教学中应用的思考 张映霞 (榆林林业学校 摘 陕西 榆林 719000) 活 要: 本 文 阐 述 了 多 媒 体 教 学 在 英 语 课 堂 教 学 中 的 利 与 弊 及 多 媒 体 教 学 在 课 堂 上 所 产 生 的 生 动 性 、 跃 性 , 对 学 生 学 习 兴 趣 培 养 等 方 面 ...

中考英语语法复习列表?动词不定式(二)

   中考英语语法复习列表?动词不定式( 中考英语语法复习列表?动词不定式(二) 英语语法复习列表 不定式的特殊句型 too…to… 1) too…to 太…以至于… He is too excited to speak. 他太激动了,说不出话来。 Can I help you ? 需要我帮忙吗? Well, I'm afraid the box is too heavy for you to carry it, but thank you all the same. 不用了。 这箱子太重,恐怕你 ...

903九年英语3单元试卷

   九年级英语同步测试题 Unit Three (20 分) 一、 单项选择。 (总分:100 分) 总分: 1. I’ll be late home, but please don’t for me. You’d better go to bed first. A. stay up B. wake up C. fall asleep D. go to bed 2. They do what they want to do and don’t care other people like it ...

节庆英语秀

   节庆英语秀 Christmas (Dec. 25th) History and Traditions The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before Jesus Christ was born. Every family gathers together at Christmas time to exch ...