01-A.How to be a successful language learner? “Learning a language is easy, even a child can do it!” Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement. For them, learning a language is a very difficult task. They need hundreds of hours of study and practice, and even this will not guarantee success for every adult language learner. Language learning is different from other kinds of learning. Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find it difficult to succeed in language learning. Conversely, some people who are successful language learners find it difficult to succeed in other fields. Language teachers often offer advice to language learners: “Read as much as you can in the new language.”“ Practice speaking the language every day. ”“Live with people who speak the language.”“Don’t translate-try to think in the new language.”“ Learn as a child would learn; play with the language.” But what does a successful language learner do? Language learning research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways. First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes. Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word. Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They
find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it. What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner, you have probably been learning independently, actively, and purposefully. On the other hand, if your language learning has been less than successful, you might do well to try some of the techniques outlined above. 【课文译文】 怎样成为一名成功的语言学习者 “学习一门语言很容易,即使小孩也能做得到。” 大多数正在学习第二语言的成年人会不同意这种说法。对他们来说,学习一门语 言是非常困难的事情。他们需要数百小时的学习与练习,即使这样也不能保证每 个成年语言学习者都能学好。 语言学习不同于其他学习。许多人很聪明,在自己的领域很成功,但他们发现很 难学好一门语言。相反,一些人学习语言很成功,但却发现很难在其他领域有所 成就。 语言教师常常向语言学习者提出建议:“要用新的语言尽量多阅读”,“每天练 习说这种语言”,“与说这种语言的人住在一起”,“不要翻译??尽量用这种 新的语言去思考”,“要像孩子学语言一样去学习新语言”,“放松地去学习语 言。” 然而,成功的语言学习者是怎样做的呢?语言学习研究表明,成功的语言学习者 在许多方面都有相似之处。 首先,成功的语言学习者独立学习。他们不依赖书本和老师,而且能找到自己学 习语言的方法。他们不是等待老师来解释,而是自己尽力去找到语言的句式和规 则。他们寻找线索并由自己得出结论,从而做出正确的猜测。如果猜错,他们就 再猜一遍。他们都努力从错误中学习。 成功的语言学习是一种主动的学习。因此,成功的语言学习者不是坐等时机而是 主动寻找机会来使用语言。他们找到(说)这种语言的人进行练习,出错时请这些 人纠正。 他们不失时机地进行交流, 不怕重复所听到的话, 也不怕说出离奇的话, 他们不在乎出错,并乐于反复尝试。当交流困难时,他们可以接受不确切或不完 整的信息。对他们来说,更重要的是学习用这种语言思考,而不是知道每个词的 意思。 最后,成功的语言学习者学习目的明确。他们想学习一门语言是因为他们对这门
语言以及说这种语言的人感兴趣。 他们有必要学习这门语言去和那些人交流并向 他们学习。他们发现经常练习使用这种语言很容易,因为他们想利用这种语言来 学习。 你是什么样的语言学习者?如果你是一位成功的语言学习者,那么你大概一直在 独立地、主动地、目的明确地学习。另一方面,如果你的语言学习一直不太成功, 你不妨试试上面提到的一些技巧。
 

相关内容

新起点英语一年级下unit 16教案

   新起点小学英语一年级下册第 16 单元教学案 材料分析(教学内容 知识基础 后继地位) 教学内容:复习以上三个单元(第 13 到底 15 单元)重点单词的发音和词义;一些简单的句 型;日常用语;字母。 知识基础:第 13 到第 15 单元重点单词。 后继地位:通过对第 13 到第 15 单元的复习,进一步巩固所学的知识,将所学内容与生活实 际相联系,用简单的语言描述衣食等生活内容。将所学运用到实际中,激发学习兴趣、并培 养听说习惯,为今后的英 语学习奠定情感和知识基础。 目的要求 1、能够在 ...

新目标英语七年级上starter unit 1 period 2

   Language goal : "Greet people Hello! / Hi! Hello! / Hi! I’m Alice. I’m Bob. Good morning, Alice! Good morning, Bob! Teaching aims: 1.学会正确朗读和书写 学会正确朗读和书写Aa-Hh 学会正确朗读和书写 八个字母。 八个字母。 2.了解一些常用缩略字的含义。 了解一些常用缩略字的含义。 了解一些常用缩略字的含义 3.巩固所学的八个人名。 巩固所学的八个人名。 ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第四册)unit6textA课文翻译

   美的新领域 杰罗姆?韦德曼 当我是个小伙子时,有一次被邀去一位有地位的纽约绅士家中参加宴会。饭后,女主人 领着我们来到一个大厅,只见一大帮佣人正在把椅子排成长长的几排。最前面靠着墙的是乐 器。显然我正面临着一场晚上的室内乐。 我叹了口气。我对音乐一窍不通;我实际上是个乐盲。于是,我便采取了被困时一贯的 做法:我坐了下来,充耳不闻,让自己沉浸在思想的海洋中。 过了一会儿,我意识到周围的人们正在鼓掌,便认定可以安全地除去“耳塞”了。立刻我 便听到右边传来一个温和的声音。“你喜欢巴赫吧?”那声音说 ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程第三册Unit3-5Text A课文翻译

   相信就能取得成就 孩子们,二加二等于几呀?”老师问。 “黄颜色! ”我大声叫道。这么一叫,我就在两周 之内第六次被赶出了幼儿园的课堂。 那是 1974 年在佛罗里达州的迈阿密。 其实那也不是我最后一次被请出教室。 这样被逐出 了二十多次后,我终于被校方彻底开除。对此我的父母深感失望和尴尬,显然已智穷力竭。 我开始变得孤僻离群,与平日里那个充满活力、特爱说话的 5 岁男孩判若两人。由于一个老 师的暗示??我可能弱智,父母便带我去看小儿精神科医生。此时, 可能我们三人都想到了 不应再对我抱任何希 ...

人教版九年级英语unit 10

   Unit 10 section B 1a Tina’s morning 1.Got up late 2.Took a quick shower 3.Had left 4.Run all the way to school 5.Had left the keys at hame 1a Fool , costume ,go off , get dressed, show up ,change ,exhausted ,invite Embarrassed, get up ,empty ,reali ...

新起点英语二年级下unit 11教案

   小学新起点英语二年级下册 UNIT11 教案 Unit11 PE Class 教学目标 1.能够在本单元涉及的情景条件下听懂,说出与体育有关的 7 个单词和 3 个词组 2.能够在本单元涉及的情景条件下表达自己能干什么 3.能够用英文询问同伴能干什么,当同伴询问自己时能用英文回答 4.能够初步说出做操用语,能初步说出相关的歌谣 5.通过观察思考发展联想思维能力 6.能够感知字母的书写过程 Lesson 61 教学内容与目标 A Look, listen and chant . 1.利用挂图和 ...

人教新课标高中英语必修3 unit1

   必修3 必修 Unit 1 Festivals around the world 漫 画 欣 赏 画 面 描 述 A little boy is standing in front of a mirror.What he sees in the mirror is what he will be like in twenty years.He believes he will grow up to be a tall and strong young man. 寓 意 理 解 We shou ...

新视野大学英语3听力原文unit 1

   W: OK, it's your turn to pay the bill. I paid last time. M: What? You have a selective memory. You tried to pay last time, but your credit card failed; so I ended up paying! It's definitely your turn. Q: What is true according to the conversation?& ...

全新版大学英语第四册textA译文

   课文翻译 Unit 1 冰雪卫士 ??奈拉B史密斯 1812 年,法国皇帝拿破仑波拿巴率大军入侵俄罗斯.他准备好俄罗斯人 民会为保卫祖国而奋勇抵抗. 他准备好在俄罗斯广袤的国土上要经过长途跋涉才 能进军首都莫斯科. 但他没有料到在莫斯科他会遭遇劲敌??俄罗斯阴冷凄苦的 寒冬. 1941 年,纳粹德国元首阿道夫希特勒进攻当时被称作苏联的俄罗斯.希 特勒的军事实力堪称无敌.他的战争机器扫除了欧洲绝大部分地区的抵抗.希特 勒希望速战速决,但是,就像在他之前的拿破仑一样,他得到的是痛苦的教训. 仍是 ...

21世纪大学英语读写教程第二册textA(4-6)

   4Vicky ? beautiful, talented, very bright, voted "Most Likely to Succeed" in college ? got a promising job with a large company after graduation. Then, after two years without promotions, she was fired. She suffered a complete nervous bre ...

热门内容

中考英语模拟试题《详解答案》

   2007 年初三英语综合测试题 年初三英语综合测试题 英语综合测 第一卷 (共 60 分) (将答案按序号填在答卷纸上) 将答案按序号填在答卷纸上) 一、听力(共两节,计 20 分) A、 根据每小题所听到的对话, 从所给的 A、 C 三个选项中选择符合题意的图画 B、 (每 小题听一遍)(每小题 1 分,计 5 分) 。 1. A. B. C. 2. A. B. C. 3. A. B. C. 4. A. B. C. 5. A. B. C . B. 听对话回答问题(每小题听2遍)(每小题 1 ...

四级英语阅读理解20篇(带答案)

   大家学习网 北大曹其军老师英语阅读理解 20 篇 阅读理解单项练习 Passage1 In 1939 two brothers, Mac and Dick McDonald, started a drive-in restauran t in San Bernadino, California. They carefully chose a busy corner for their location. They had run their own businesses for years, ...

(陕旅版)三年级英语上册教案 Lesson 4(1) 第三课时

   (陕旅版)三年级英语上册教案 陕旅版) Lesson 4 Nice to meet you! ! 第三课时 一、教学目标(Teaching aims) 教学目标( ) 通过做听力题、唱歌、自编对话表演巩固本课内容。 二、教学重、难点(Key points and difficult points) 教学重、难点( ) ①做《活动手册》上的听力题。 ②学唱歌曲:Nice to meet you! ③自编对话表演 三、教学用具(Preparations) 教学用具( ) 老师准备录音机、歌曲磁带 ...

◇-疯狂英语资料库-◇ - NBA 篮球术语

   ◇-疯狂英语资料库-◇ - NBA 篮球术语>> 欢迎您,客人: 登录 | 注册成为会员 | 忘记密码 | 在线 | 搜索 | 帮助 | 工作室网站  疯狂英语论坛  ◇-疯狂英语资料库-◇ [返回]    NBA 篮球术语  标记论坛所有内容为已读  >> ◇-疯狂英语资料库-◇欢迎您的到来 <<   ◆您是本帖第 428 个阅读者◆       * 贴子主题: NBA 篮球术语   ...

英语口语

   What are you trying to say?(你到底想说什么?) Don't be silly.(别胡闹了。) How strong are your glasses?(你近视多少度?) Just because.(没有别的原因。) It isn't the way I hoped it would be.(这不是我所盼望的。) You will never guess.(你永远猜不到。) No one could do anything about it.(众人对此束手无措。) ...