全国2008年 全国2008年7月高等教育自学考试 2008 综合英语( 综合英语(二)试题 课程代码: 课程代码:00795
请将答案填在答题纸相应的位置上 I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题 语法、词汇。 四个选项中, 语法 、 、 、 四个选项中 选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。 本大题 小题。 共15小题。每小题 分,共15分) 小题 每小题1分 分 Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer.(15 points)
  1. You should have been more patient that customer. A. of C. for B. with D. at
A. with C. at
B. in D. of

  10. The boy never lets his friends when they need his help. A. in C. off B. down D. out

  11. The noise was so that only those with sensitive hearing were aware of it. A. dim C. faint B. soft D. gentle

  12. When the poor girl heard the bad news, she completely. A. broke away C. broke down B. broke up D. broke out

  2. You may this book; I don’t want it anymore. A. get C. maintain B. remain D. keep

  13. The purpose of teaching is to the minds of the students rather than dull them. A. refresh C. stimulate B. renew D. encourage

  3. His plans are very . He wants to master Chinese, English and French before he enters university. A. arbitrary C. ambitious
  4. Mary used to get up late,? A. does not she C. did she B. didn’t she D. use she B. aggressive D. abundant

  14. in the country, we had few social engagements. A. Living C. Being lived
  15. “You haven’t lost your ticket, have you?” “I hope .” A. so C. not B. no D. didn’t B. Having been lived D. Having lived

  5. This music album is as it was the only one ever signed by the pop star. A. unusual C. rare B. unique D. special

  6. They have discussed the problem for several times but could come to no. A. end C. result B. conclusion D. judgment
四个选项中, Ⅱ.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大 完形填空。 、 、 、 四个选项中 选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。 本大 题共15小题,每小题 分 题共 小题,每小题1分,共15分) 小题 分 Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points) From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us. When humans first 16 , they were like newborn children, unable to use this 17

  7. In ancient times, wealthy people liked hunting wild animals sightseeing. A. than to go C. other than going B. rather than to go D. more than going
tool. Yet once language developed, the possibilities for human kinds future attainments (成就) and cultural growth increased. Many linguists believe that evolution is that our highly evolved brain provides us 18 20 for our ability to produce and use language. They 19

  8. Don’t risk the job which so many people want. A. losing C. lost
  9. Fruit is rich vitamins.
1
B. to lose D. your life to lose
an innate (天生的) language ability not found in lower 21 for language is inborn, but that
organisms (生命体). Proponents of this innateness theory say that our
language itself develops gradually,
22
a function of the growth of the brain during childhood. Therefore,
Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts.(10 points)
  31. Sometimes I think how grateful I would be today if I had learned more back then about what really matters. A. The things I learned at school really matters a lot when I apply them to the cases nowadays. B. The things I learned at school doesn’t matter a lot when I apply them to the cases nowadays. C. I feel grateful that I have learned a lot of useful things at that time. D. I would feel grateful if I had really learned a lot of useful things at that time.
  32. Time is therefore always ticking in our inner ear. A. We can always hear the sound of the passing time. B. It always reminds us how time flies and we should hurry up. C. We always carry a watch with us, therefore we can hear the ticking. D. We should carry a watch with us, therefore we can hear the ticking.
  33. It was an insult not only to the old woman but to all mothers. A. The faithless son not only insulted his mother but also all mothers. B. The faithless son not only disappointed his mother but also all mothers.
there are critical biological times for language development. Current 23 of innateness theory are mixed. However, evidence supporting the existence of some 24 , more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages are best 26 to them, while
innate abilities is undeniable. taught in 25
grades. Young children often can learn several languages by being 27
adults have a much harder time learning another language once the become firmly fixed. 28
of their first language have
some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language does not develop automatically in a 29 from other human beings do not possess language. This
vacuum. Children who have been
demonstrates that interaction with other human beings is necessary for proper language development. Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human language acquisition than any innate capacities. These theorists view language as imitative, learned behavior. 30 , children learn language from their parents by
imitating them. Parents gradually shape their child’s language skills by positively reinforcing precise imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise ones.
  16. A. generated
  17. A. valuable
  18. A. essential
  19. A. confirm
  20. A. for
  21. A. potential
  22. A. as
  23. A. reviews
  24. A. In a word
  25. A. various
  26. A. revealed
  27. A. regulations
  28. A. Although
  29. A. distinguished
  30. A. As a result B. evolved B. appropriate B. available B. inform B. from B. performance B. just as B. reference B. In a sense B. different B. exposed B. formations B. Whether B. different B. After all C. born C. convenient C. reliable C. claim C. of C. preference C. like C. reaction C. Indeed C. the higher C. engaged C. rules C. Since C. protected C. In other words D. originated D. favorite D. responsible D. convince D. with D. passion D. unlike D. recommendation D. In other words D. the lower D. involved D. constitutions D. When D. isolated D. Above all
C. Not only the old woman but also all mothers felt offended and hurt by the son’s faithless behavior. D. Not only the old woman but also all mothers felt that the son was faithless.
  34. You’ll never see it again. His business is with other’s money. A. You can never see him again, because he is always doing business with others. B. You can never see your money again, because he is always doing business with others. C. You can never see your money again, because he is always investing money in business. D. You can never see your money again, because he is always earning his money by making use of other’s money.
  35. Many millions of dollars have since passed through my hands. A. Since I received that one dollar and twenty cents, I have dealt with many millions of dollars. B. After I received that one dollar and twenty cents, I have earned many millions of dollars. C. After I received that one dollar and twenty cents, many millions of dollars have fallen into my hands. D. Because of my hard work, I have earned millions of dollars.
  36. “King Claudius weather.” said Laura, looking prettily shy as she made the literary allusion. A. A whether pattern. B. The weather that dominates the season.
四个选项中, Ⅲ.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大 难句释义。 、 、 、 四个选项中 选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。 本大 题共10小题,每小题 分 题共 小题,每小题1分,共10分) 小题 分
2
C. The weather that is changeable. D. The weather of the season when there is a lot of snow.

  37. My maternal grandfather, it is true, was cut off in the flower of his youth at the age of sixty-seven. A. In fact my maternal grandfather once cut a flower when he was sixty-seven. B. My maternal grandfather died sooner than was normal in his best time when he was sixty-seven. C. My maternal grandfather planted flowers when he was and died at the age of sixty-seven. D. My maternal grandfather didn’t like planting flowers and died at the age of sixty-seven.
  38. For a Frenchman, a German or an Englishman friendship is usually more special and carries a heavier burden of commitment. A. In the eyes of a Frenchman, friendship with a German and Englishman is usually special and demands much responsibility. B. In the eyes of a Frenchman, a German or an Englishman friendship is a special thing and burden of commitment. C. For a Frenchman, German or English friendship is more special and demands more responsibility. D. In the eyes of a Frenchman, a German as well as an Englishman, friendship is something special, and it demands much responsibility.
  39. Flunk one more course, and I’m out. A. If I fail another course, I’ll be transferred to another university. B. If I fail to find the right way, I’ll lose the game. C. If I fail another course, I’ll have to quit. D. If I fail another course, I’ll go out of the university.
  40. There is a great deal to be said for the suburb. A. About the suburb there is a long story. B. The suburb is really worth being described a lot. C. Everybody agrees that the suburb is beautiful. D. It’s not enough to give such a brief description about the suburbs.
people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major life changes and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social support helps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely. Social support, cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting (转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental support, money aid, material resources, and needed services--that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.
  41.Interpersonal relationships are important because they can. A.make people live more easily C.deal with life changes B.smooth away daily problems D.cure types of illnesses

  42.The researches show that people’s physical and mental health. A.1ies in the social medical care systems which support them B.has much to do with the amount of support they get from others C.depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles D.is related to their courage for dealing with major life changes
  43.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word“cushions”? A.Takes place of. C.Lessens the effect of. B.Makes up of. D.Gets rid of.

  44.Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work in spare time is an example of . 四个选项中, Ⅳ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答 阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从 、 、 、 四个选项中 选出一个正确答案, 题纸相应的位置上。 本大题共 小题,每小题2分 本大题共l0小题 题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共 小题,每小题 分,共20分) 分 Read the two passages and answer the questions. (20 points) Passage 1 Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal (人际的) relationships. One strength of the human condition is our possibility to give and receive support from one another under stressful (有压力的) conditions. Social support makes up of the exchange of resources among
3
A.social companionship C.instrumental support
B.informational support D.the strengthening of self-respect

  45.What is the subject discussed in the text? A.Interpersonal relationships. C.Ways to deal with stress. B.Kinds of social support. D.Effects of stressful condition. Passage 2 Fred Michel is one of
  7.2 million Americans who moonlight.
Once a week, after his day job as medical director of a mental health center,the 40-year-old psychiatrist(精神科医生)heads to a part-time job at a treatment center for young people.Twice a month,he travels three hours to another teenage treatment center. Last year,
  5.4 percent of the American workforce held second jobs,according to the US Labor Department,and that looks set to increase this ye
 

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