英语句型(English Sentence Patterns) 英语句型
英语句型(English Sentence Patterns)(
  1) 英语句型
学习英语不仅仅要掌握一些英语单词,更重要的要掌握一些英语句式和句型,因为人们交际的最小单位主要是句子, 学习英语不仅仅要掌握一些英语单词,更重要的要掌握一些英语句式和句型,因为人们交际的最小单位主要是句子,下面是本人 摘选有关这方面的一些资料,供你学习和运用。 摘选有关这方面的一些资料,供你学习和运用。
从英语的句子结构上说,除了修饰名词的定语和修饰动词的状语外,在千变万化的句子中可归纳为五个基本句式,一般地说, 从英语的句子结构上说,除了修饰名词的定语和修饰动词的状语外,在千变万化的句子中可归纳为五个基本句式,一般地说,某 些动词用在某一句式中,下面笔者把这些句型和常用的动词进行归类,供你参考 些动词用在某一句式中,下面笔者把这些句型和常用的动词进行归类 供你参考。 归类 供你参考。
  1.S(主) + Vi(不及物动词)(谓) 主 )(谓 (不及物动词)( Time flies.
  1) S + V + adverbial(状语) 状语) 状语 Birds sing beautifully.
  2) S + Vi+ prep Phrase(介词短语) (介词短语) He went on holiday.
  3) S + Vi+ Infinitive (不定式) 不定式) 不定式 We stopped to have a rest.
  4) S + Vi+ Participle (分词) 分词) 分词 I'll go swimming.
  2. S (主)+ Vt (及物动词)(谓)+ O(宾) 主 及物动词)( )(谓 ( We like English.
  1) S + Vt + N/Pron
I like music. I like her.
  2) S + Vt + infinitive(不定式) 不定式) 不定式 I want to help him. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:attempt, dare, decide, desire, expect, hope, intend, learn, need, offer, pretend, promise, propose, pur pose, refuse, want, wish 等。
  3) S + Vt + Wh-Word + Infinitive I don't know what to do. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, find out, forget, guess, inquire, know, learn, observe, remem ber, see, settle, tell, think, understand, wonder 等。
  4) S + Vt + Gerund I enjoy living here. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:admit, advise, avoid, consider, defend, enjoy, excuse, finish, forbid, mind, miss, practise, risk, sugges t, give up, can't help 等。
  5) S + Vt + That-clause I don't think (that) he is right. 常用于这句型的动词有: admit, believe, command, confess, declare, demand, deny, doubt, expect, explain, feel(觉得) hear 听 觉得) 常用于这句型的动词有: 觉得 , ( ),show, suggest, s 说), hope, imagine, intend, know, mean, mind(当心), notice, propose, request, report, say, see(看出), (当心) (看出), uppose, think, understand, wish, wonder(觉得奇怪)。 觉得奇怪)。 觉得奇怪
  3. S (主)+ V(谓)( 主 系动词) ( )(lv)( 系动词)+ P(表) ( We are Chinese. 系动词外,还有一些动词也可以用作系动词, 表感官的动词 表感官的动词, 除了 be 系动词外,还有一些动词也可以用作系动词,
  1)表感官的动词,feel, smell, taste, sound, look, appear, seem 等。
  2) 表转 变变化的动词, 变变化的动词,become, get, grow, turn, go,等。
  3)表延续的动词 remain, keep, seem, hold, stay, rest 等。
  4)表瞬时的动词 com 等 表延续的动词 表瞬时的动词 e, fall, set, cut, occur 等
  5)其他动词 eat, lie, prove, ring, run, shine, sit, stand, continue, hang 等。 其他动词
  1) S + Lv + N/Pron(名词 代词) 名词/代词 名词 代词) He is a boy.
This is mine.
  2) S + Lv + Adj(形容词) (形容词) She is beautiful.
  3) S + Lv + Adv (副词) 副词) 副词 Class is over.
  4) S + Lv + Prep Phrase He is in good health.
  5) S + Lv + Participle(分词) 分词) 分词 He is excited. The film is interesting.
  4. S (主)+ Vt (谓)+ In O(间接 宾) + D O(直接 宾) 主 ( ( I give you help.
  1) S + Vt + N/Pron + N I sent him a book. I bought May a book.
  2) S + Vt + N/Pron + To/for-phrase He sent a book to me. He bought a coat for me. 的常用动词有: 带来), 间接宾语前需要加 to 的常用动词有:allow, bring, deny, do(带来), give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, per 带来 mit, promise, read, refuse, render, restore, sell, send, show, teach, tell wish, write 等。 的常用动词有: 演奏), 间接宾语前需要加 for 的常用动词有:bring, buy, cash, choose, fetch, get, leave, make, order, paint, play(演奏), 演奏),save, sing, spare 等。
  5. S (主)+ Vt(谓)+ O(宾) + O C(宾补) 主 ( ( (宾补) I make you clear.

  1) S + Vt + N/Pron + N We named our baby Tom. 常用于这句型的动词有: 命名)。 常用于这句型的动词有:appoint, call, choose, elect, entitle, find, make, name, nominate(命名)。 命名
  2) S + Vt + N/Pron + Adj He painted the wall white. 常用于这句型的动词有: beat, boil, cut, drive, find, get, hold, keep, leave, like, make, paint, see, set, turn, want, wash, wipe, 常用于这句型的动词有: wish 等。
  3) S + Vt + N/Pron + Prep Phrase She always keeps everything in good order.
  4) S + Vt + N/Pron + Infinitive I wish you to stay. I made him work 常用于这句型的动词有: 不定式带 的词: 常用于这句型的动词有:a)不定式带 to 的词:advice, allow, ask, beg, cause, choose, command, decide, encourage, expect, force, get, hate, invite, know, leave, like, love, order, permit, persuade, prefer, remain, request, teach, tell, want, warn, wish 等。 b)不定式不带 to 的词:feel, have, hear, know, let, listen to, look at, make, notice, see, watch 等。 不定式不带 的词:
  5) S + Vt + N/Pron + Participle (分词) 分词) 分词 I heard my name called. I feel something moving. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:catch, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, leave, listen to, look at, notice, observe, perceive, se e, set, smell, start, watch 等。
  6) S + Vt + N/Pron + Wh-word + Infinitive He show me how to do it. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:advise, ask, inform, show, teach, tell 等。
  7) S + Vt + N/Pron + That-clause He told me that the film was great.
常用于这句型的动词有 常用于这句型的动词有:assure, inform, promise, remind, teach, tell, warm 等。
  8) S + Vt + N/Pron + Wh-Clause He asked me what he should do. 常用于这句型的动词有: 常用于这句型的动词有:advise, ask, inform, show, teach, tell.
编辑 整理 初学英语的人常常感到在掌握一些英语单词和基本语法后, 在英语说和写方面还是很难表达自己, 笔者认为其中一个原因是没有 初学英语的人常常感到在掌握一些英语单词和基本语法后, 在英语说和写方面还是很难表达自己, 掌握一些英语句型,只有掌握了一些句型才能比较正确、完整地表达自己。下面是笔者收集的一些常用句型。 掌握一些英语句型,只有掌握了一些句型才能比较正确、完整地表达自己。下面是笔者收集的一些常用句型。 一些句型才能比较正确
  1. 否定句型
  1) 一般否定句 I don't know this. No news is good news. There is no person (smoke)/not a person/not any person (smoke) in the house.
  2)特指否定 特指否定 He went to his office, not to see him. I am sorry for not coming on time. I don't think/believe/suppose/feel/imagine you are right.
  3)部分否定 部分否定 All the answers are not right All is not gold that glitters I don't know all of them. I can't see everybody/everything. Both of them are not right.
  4)全体否定 全体否定
None of my friends smoke. I can see nothing/nobody. Neither of them is right. Nothing can be so simple as this.
  5) 延续否定 You didn't see him, neither/nor did I. You don't know, I don't know either. He doesn't know English, let alone/to say nothing of/not to speak of (更不用说) French. 更不用说) 更不用说
  6) 半否定句 We seldom/hardly/scarcely/barely hear such fine singing. I know little English. I saw few people.
  7) 双重否定 You can't make something out of nothing. What's done cannot be undone. There is no sweet without sweat. No gain without pains. I can't help /keep/ laughing whenever I hear it. No man is so old but (that) he can learn.
  8)排除否定 排除否定 Everyone is ready except you. He did nothing but play. But for your help, I couldn't do it.
  9)加强否定 加强否定
I won't do it at all. I can't see it any more. He is no longer a boy.
  2. 判断句型
  1) 一般判断句 It is important for us to learn English. It is kind of you to help me sincere means honest. The boy is called/named Tom. We regarded/consider it as an honor.
  2)强调判断 强调判断 It is English that we should learn. It is he who helped me a lot.
  3)弱式判断 弱式判断 Your sentence doesn't sound/look/appear/feel right. You look/seem as if/as thought you had been there before. Maybe/Perhaps/ she is ill. He is probably ill. He is likely ill. It is possible that he is late
  4) 注释判断 He can remember so many English words, that is (to say) he is a living dictionary.(活字典) 活字典) 活字典
  5) 正反判断
That sounds all right, but in fact it is not.
  6) 比较判断 It is more a picture than a poem.
  7) 互斥判断 He or you are wrong. Either he is right or I am.
  3. 祝愿祁使句式
  1) 一般句式 Study hard and keep fit. Be brave! Don't be shy! Get out of here.
  2)强语式 强语式 Do tell me. Never tell a lie.
  3) 委婉祈使句 Please tell me the true. Would/Will/Won't do me a favor? Would/Do you mind my smoking? What/How/ about going on foot?
  4)建议祈使句 建议祈使句 Let us go. Let us know the time. Don't let the fire out. Let's not waste the time.
You'd better start early. Shall we listen to some music? Why don't you get something to drink? Suppose/supposing you pick me up at about six? I suggest we (should) take the train.
  5)祝愿句 祝愿句 Success to you! Wish you a good journey. May you have a happy marriage. Here's to your success! Allow me to propose a toast to our friendship!
  4. 感叹句型 How well he speaks! How kind she is! What a nice weather it is! Here he comes! Such is life! Wonderful! Help!
  5. 疑问句型
  1) 一般疑问句 Is he a doctor? Do you the way to the station?

  2)反意疑问句 反意疑问句 He is a teacher, isn't he? It is quite cheap, don't you think?
  3) 特殊疑问句 What is the distance/width/size/population/temperature/fare? Who is he? What is he?(干什么的) 干什么的) 干什么的 What is he like? How is he? How do you like him? What do you think of him? What ever do you mean by saying this?
  4)选择疑问句 选择疑问句 He is a doctor or a nurse?
  5)间接疑问句 间接疑问句 Do you know how old he is? Tell me if (whether) you like it. What do you think/say/suppose I should do?
  6.数词句型 数词句型
  1) 表数目 It is exactly ten o'clock. It is five miles away from here. He is more than/over/ at least not less than
He is under/at most/no more than
  2)表年月日 表年月日 He was born on April 22 1994/in 1994 on the morning of Oct.
  3)表年龄 表年龄 He is 20 years old/years of age. He is at the age of
  4)表倍数 表倍数 It is four times that of last years. This is four times as big (again) as that one. This is four times bigger than that one. The income is double what it was. The output of coal was 200% greater than in 19
  5)表计量 表计量 It is 10 meters long/wide/high. It costs me 100 yuan. I spent 10 hours to finish it. It took me 10 days to finish it. It is worth 100 yuan.
  7. 关联指代句型
  1)两项关连 两项关连 I have two books, one is Chinese; the other English. I have five books, one is Chinese; the others English. To say is one thing, but/and/ to do is another.
One the one hand, I am your teacher, and on the other hand, I am also you friend. Some like to play football, others are fond of basketball.
  2)先后顺序 先后顺序 First/firstly, I wish good health, second/secondly success in your study, third/thirdly good luck in everything. First stop, then look, finally cross. At first/in the beginning/ he word hard. Later/Afterwards he is not so diligent.
  3)修饰限制 修饰限制 This is the same book as I lost yesterday. This is the same book that I lost yesterday.(同一本书) 同一本书) 同一本书 Don't trust such a man as over praise you. He/One/Those/They who should come failed to appear. A man/A person/The one/Anyone/People who saw her liked her very much. The day/time/moment will come when China is strongest in the world.
  4) 两项连接 He can speak not only English but also French. The book is both interesting and instructive. It is neither cold nor hot. Please either come in or go out. The old worker has experience and knowledge as well.
  5)加和关系 加和关系 Besides literature, we have grammar and writing. Apart from oxygen, there are some other gases in the air. In addition to "if", there is many other conjunctions that can introduce conditional clauses.
I must go



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